Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Hi, I’mi remembering to introduce the series this week. My name is Alisha. Welcome back to Weekly Words. This week we're gonna talk about really long words that are actually used. Okay, this is going to be interesting I think. Let's start.
The first word is “photosynthesis.” “Photosynthesis” is an eighth-grade American science school word... is an eighth-grade science word. This refers to “the process that plants use to convert sunlight to oxygen.” The process of “photosynthesis” is vitally important to the survival of humans. Right?
The next word is “imperturbable.” “Imperturbable” means someone who “can’t really get upset or excited,” like it's hard to a change the emotions of a person. So you might say, “I have a friend who’s imperturbable. No matter what we do or what we say, he doesn't get angry with us.”
Onward. The next is “counterintuitive.” “Counterintuitive” is a good word which means it's “the opposite of common sense.” So we talked about the word “intuitive” in a previous episode of Weekly Words where “intuitive” means “able to sense something or able to do something correctly without knowing... having to know much about it.” “Counterintuitive,” however, on the other hand, means not intuitive, or it seems like
something but just doesn't make much sense. It's not a common sense thing. So maybe, let's see, something that doesn't seem to make very much sense to you. Maybe in your office building, for example, you have to first push the door and then pull in order to open it. You might say, “Uh, the way the doors work in this building is very counterintuitive.” It doesn't make much sense.
The next word is “presumptuously.” “Presumptuously” simply means “failing to observe the limits of what is permitted or appropriate.” Oh, this is a tough one to use in a sentence. So anytime somebody does something that's just beyond the limits of what is considered normal in your culture, you can say that they're being “presumptuous” or acting “presumptuously.” So if, for example, a salesman comes to your door for some reason. But they enter the house and sit down on your sofa, you might say, “The salesman presumptuously entered my house and sat down on my sofa. I couldn't believe it.”
What? “Sphygmomanometer.” “Sphygmomanometer:” “an instrument for measuring blood pressure.” This is a new one for me too. “Sphygmomanometer” is this word. Isn’t this called “Really long words that are actually used”? I have only been familiar with this word in terms of the blood pressure cuff. When you go to the doctor and they need to check your blood pressure, they’ll put this thing, this “sphygmomanometer,” on your arm, usually, and then they’ll kind of pump it up and check your blood pressure. So it's a very technical word. The doctor might say to a nurse or to another doctor, “Can can you please get me the sphygmomanometer? We need to check this patient's blood pressure.”
Wow. Okay, I learned a new word today. End! Those are all the long words that are actually used sometimes. Give them a try. Work on your pronunciation for these. They're kind of interesting ones I think. Thanks again for joining us for Weekly Words. I will see you next time. Bye-bye! Sphygmomanometer.

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EnglishClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 06:30 PM
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Which word do you like the most?

Englishclass101.com Verified
Sunday at 09:30 AM
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Hi Ahmed,


On behalf of Patricia, you're welcome!


If you have any further questions, please let us know.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team Englishclass101.com

Ahmed
Sunday at 06:44 AM
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thank you Patricia for being so attentive to my mistakes. I find nothing on this website but continuous learning and help from you guys. job well done.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 06:26 AM
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Hello Ahmed,


Thank you for posting. Yes, "imperturbable" and "laid-back" are synonyms. Please note that the hyphen is optional with the word phrase "laid-back"; usually, it is clear by context if one is using it as an adjective for someone or something or if they are using it to describe the action of laying something back, as in "I laid back on the sofa and took a nap." Typically, though, it is better to use the hyphen so that your meaning is clear. ?


Let us know if you have any questions.


Cheers,


Patricia

Team EnglishClass101.com

Ahmed
Monday at 11:22 AM
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imperturbable is a new one.is it a synonym of laid back?