Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Beginner Season 1, Lesson 16 - She Will Be Sitting Close By
Chihiro: Chihiro here.
Daniel: Daniel here. Beginner series, season one, lesson sixteen. “She will be Sitting Close By..”
Chihiro: Hello, everyone. I’m Chihiro, and welcome to EnglishClass101.com.
Daniel: With us, you’ll learn to speak English with fun and effective lessons.
Chihiro: We also provide you with cultural insights and tips you won’t find in a textbook.
Daniel: In this lesson, you will learn how to plan future actions.
Chihiro: This conversation takes place at Naomi's apartment near the Innovative University campus, IU.
Daniel: The conversation is between Vicky and Naomi, 2 IU students.
Chihiro: The speakers are friends, therefore, the speakers will be speaking informally Daniel
Chihiro: Yes, and we also encourage you to post in the forum.
Daniel: We're ready to help.
Chihiro: And so are other members of the community.
Daniel: OK, let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Naomi: Hey, Vicky!
Vicky: Hey, Naomi! What's up?
Naomi: I hate to be the one to tell you this, but it turns out that Marco has been to see "Attraction" with both of us and Yuki. And, he even asked Oksana to see it with him.
Vicky: What?!!! I can't believe that!
Naomi: Uh huh. Well, I have a plan to make him pay. Do you want to hear it?
Vicky: Do I? Tell me!
Naomi: Good. I've already talked to Yuki and Oksana, and they want to help.
Vicky: Well, what's the plan?
Naomi: Well, Marco likes the pizza at the student union and he usually eats there before class. He always sits in the same seat.
Vicky: Go on…
Naomi: He will be eating there on Thursdays for the rest of the semester because he has his art history class in the afternoon. Yuki will be sitting close by at noon before he arrives. When he sits down, you should call him over to your table.
Vicky: What should I do?
Naomi: Just distract him for a while, and I'll sprinkle his pizza with hot chili powder…the whole bottle! He won't notice until afterward because he usually eats a slice in two gulps!
Vicky: That's so funny!
Naomi: Yeah, and Oksana will be sitting close by too… preparing to laugh of course!
Vicky: I can't wait!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Daniel: I really wouldn't want to be Marco when they carry out their master plan!
Chihiro: Yeah, I really like pizza, but something like that might put me off of it for a little while!
Daniel: Speaking of pizza, listeners, did you know that fast food pizza in the States is a very popular food and can be bought by the slice or as a whole pizza?
Chihiro: That's right. People serve it at parties, eat it at fast food or regular restaurants, or even have a slice as a snack. There are many toppings for pizzas, and these days many variations of crusts as well. Daniel, what's your favorite kind of pizza?
Daniel: Pepperoni!
Chihiro: Listeners, please tell us in the comments about your favorite pizza toppings!
Daniel: We're looking forward to hearing from you!
Chihiro: Now i'm getting hungry. But
VOCAB LIST
Daniel: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Chihiro: plan [natural native speed]
Daniel: something someone intends to do
Chihiro: plan [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chihiro: plan [natural native speed]
Next...
bottle [natural native speed]
Daniel: a glass or plastic container that has a narrow neck and usually has no handle
bottle [slowly - broken down by syllable] bottle [natural native speed]
Next...
Chihiro: art history [natural native speed]
Daniel: area of academic studies on the development of the visual arts
Chihiro: art history [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chihiro: art history [natural native speed]
Next...
to distract [natural native speed]
Daniel: to draw one's attention away from something to distract [slowly - broken down by syllable] to distract [natural native speed]
Next...
Chihiro: whole [natural native speed]
Daniel: full quantity of, total amount of
Chihiro: whole [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chihiro: whole [natural native speed]
Next...
to gulp [natural native speed]
Daniel: to eat or swallow something quickly or in large amounts
to gulp [slowly - broken down by syllable] to gulp [natural native speed]
Next...
Chihiro: slice [natural native speed]
Daniel: thin flat piece cut from something larger
Chihiro: slice [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chihiro: slice [natural native speed]
Next...
to sprinkle [natural native speed]
Daniel: to scatter in drops, to disperse in particles
to sprinkle [slowly - broken down by syllable] to sprinkle [natural native speed]
Next...
Chihiro: to prepare [natural native speed]
Daniel: to make ready
Chihiro: to prepare [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chihiro: to prepare [natural native speed]
Next...
chili powder [natural native speed]
Daniel: a dry powder that is made of chilies and other spices and that is used to give food a hot flavor
chili powder [slowly - broken down by syllable] chili powder [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Daniel: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases for this lesson.
Chihiro: The first phrase we’ll look at is, “It turns out.”
Daniel: This phrase is used when someone is about to talk about a final result. The information is usually surprising to the listener, and can be either positive or negative. For example, if someone says,
Chihiro: The trip started off with some troubles, but it turned out to be pretty fun in the end.
Daniel: This means that the end result of the trip was good, even though it started bad. And,
Chihiro: “I heard good things about the movie, but it turned out to be pretty boring”
Daniel: This means that the speaker was disappointed about the result of seeing the movie.
Chihiro: Good. Now, let's look at the phrase, “I can't wait”. This is used when the speaker is expressing positive excitement towards something. It is a common expression used to mean that the speaker wants something to happen quickly, or earlier than the scheduled time. Daniel, can you give us a quick example?
Daniel: Sure, how about, “I can't wait until the concert!”
Chihiro: Good! In this case, the speaker is expressing excitement towards a concert that he or she would really like to go to and therefore doesn't want to wait until the scheduled date. And,
Daniel: “I can't wait for Christmas to come!”
Chihiro: In this case, the child is very excited, probably to open presents.

Lesson focus

Daniel: Let's take a look at the future progressive as in “He will be eating there on Thursdays”. In Beginner Series, Season 1, Lesson 7 we learned about the progressive aspect.
Chihiro: Right, and in this lesson, we focus on the combination of the progressive aspect and the future tense. This combination is usually called the future progressive or future continuous tense.
Daniel: Remember in Lesson 7 we explained that the progressive aspect’s core meaning is “incomplete,” “changing”, “tentative”, or “unfinished”. And, in Lesson 15, we learned that the core meaning of the future tense using the word “will” is “predictability”.
Chihiro: Since you already know the core meaning of the future tense and of the progressive aspect, you are ready to look at verbs with the future progressive form and understand the grammar. To form the future progressive using “will”, we take the present participle form of the verb, that is, the ~ing form, and add the modal “will” before it. Do you have an example for us, Daniel?
Daniel: Yes, Chihiro will be preparing dinner when we arrive.
Chihiro: I will? Okay, the main verb in our example sentence is “prepare”. Since my preparation will not be finished before the main event, that is, your arrival, we use the progressive aspect, the ~ing form of “prepare”, which is “preparing”. And since we are predicting an event that has not happened yet, and not a fact, we put “wil”l before it to show the future tense. And, again, the example sentence is
Daniel: Chihiro will be preparing dinner when we arrive.
Chihiro: For more on the form of the progressive aspect, see the lesson notes in the PDF for Lesson 7.
Daniel: Now, let’s look at examples from the dialogue to see how the future progressive is used. Chihiro, what is our first example from the dialogue?
Chihiro: “Yuki will be sitting close by at noon before he arrives.”
Daniel: So because Naomi’s plan is for Thursday, she is making a prediction about what will happen on that day. So, she uses the future tense, which is shown by using the words “will be”. And, since Yuki will not have stopped sitting before noon, she uses the progressive aspect to talk about the incomplete action, that is, Yuki’s sitting. And so, the verb form in her sentence is “will be sitting” to talk about an action that will be in progress at a future time. So, you too can use the future progressive to talk about actions that you predict will be in progress at a specific time.
Chihiro: Let's see if you can find the other similar use in the dialogue.
Daniel: And when you find it, be sure to post to the comments section of the website if you do!
Chihiro: What is our next example, Daniel?
Daniel: In the dialogue, Naomi tells Vicky about Marco, “He will be eating there on Thursdays for the rest of the semester.”
Chihiro: Here we have an event that is already in progress. But, we can predict that this action will continue into the future. And, in this case, we can predict the duration, that is, the length of the action, that is, for the rest of the semester. Naomi uses “will” to show the future tense and the progressive aspect for “eat”, that is, “eating”, to show that she predicts that the action will be unfinished before the main action, the end of the semester.
Daniel: So, we can use the future progressive form to talk about the duration of a specific future event.Okay, to review, we use the future progressive to talk about events that we predict will be in progress at a future time, and we use it to talk about the duration of events that have a future part to them. As usual, by focusing on the core meaning of both the progressive aspect and the future tense, we can recognize the differences in meaning and use. So be sure to review the audio and notes for lesson 7 to review the progressive aspect in more detail.
Chihiro: Sounds good.

Outro

Daniel: That just about does it for today.
Chihiro: Ready to test what you just learned?
Daniel: Make this lesson’s vocabulary stick by using lesson-specific flashcards in the learning center.
Chihiro: There is a reason why everyone uses flashcards.
Daniel: They work!
Chihiro: They really do help memorization.
Daniel: You can get the flashcards for this lesson at
Chihiro: EnglishClass101.com
Daniel: OK, until next time.
Chihiro: Take care, everyone.

Grammar

English Grammar Made Easy - Unlock This Lesson’s Grammar Guide

Easily master this lesson’s grammar points with in-depth explanations and examples. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

54 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Friday at 10:42 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Hason,


Thanks for taking the time to ask us your question. 😄


The word "attraction" can be used in different contexts but it is defined as 'the power of evoking interest in or liking someone or something." For example, 'I have an attraction to the guy that works in the coffee shop' or 'Many people love to visit tourist attractions.'


Don't hesitate to let us know if you need anything else! 😄


Cheers,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

hason
Thursday at 12:07 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What does “Attraction” mean? I can't understand it. is it a film about sexy?or others?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Friday at 08:27 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Yves,


Thanks for sharing Yves!


If you ever have any questions throughout your studies, please let us know.


Kindly,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Yves Desrochers
Wednesday at 03:51 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

i think i found the other sentence in the dialogue uses the future progressive form :

" I'll sprinkle his pizza with hot chili powder"


Noami predicts that she will sprinkle chili powder on marco's pizza at a specific futur time.

Poor guy !

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 07:37 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Brunel JEAN,


Thank you so much for your positive message! 😇❤️️

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

Brunel JEAN
Tuesday at 09:37 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Bravo


With you English is simple.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 03:52 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Ro,


Thank you for taking the time to ask us your question.😄


Another way of saying 'turns out' is 'proves to be the case' or 'comes to light.' An example of a way to use this is: "It turns out that he was taller than I thought he was."


Please let us know if you have any questions throughout your studies.


Cheers,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Ro
Tuesday at 02:44 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi


I don't understand the meaning of 'turns out'. Can you explain me?


Thanks.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 08:03 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hey Guy,


Thank you for taking the time to leave us your comment. 😇


If you ever have any questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

Guy from Agen
Tuesday at 04:42 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi

first: my favorite kind of pizza is Napolitan!!

But I am happy to tell you I am in New Jersey for two weeks and yesterday we were my wife and I in New York at Lincoln Center.