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Lesson Transcript

English Prepositions Made Easy Season 1 Lesson 5 - Let's Check Out that New American Bar!
INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, and welcome back to EnglishClass101.com. This is English Prepositions Made Easy Season 1 Lesson 5 - Let's Check Out that New American Bar! John Here.
Becky: Hey I'm Becky.
John: In this lesson, you’ll learn the prepositions “by”, “around” and “near”. The conversation takes place at work.
Becky: It's between Rachel and Sean.
John: The speakers are co-workers, so they will use informal English. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Rachel: I heard that a new bar is opening somewhere around the train station.
Sean: That's right. It should be near 6th Avenue.
Rachel: Oh, there's an empty building near there. Is that it?
Sean: Where is it?
Rachel: It's by the library.
Sean: I think that's it.
John: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Rachel: I heard that a new bar is opening somewhere around the train station.
Sean: That's right. It should be near 6th Avenue.
Rachel: Oh, there's an empty building near there. Is that it?
Sean: Where is it?
Rachel: It's by the library.
Sean: I think that's it.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
John: Bars are good places to socialize.
Becky: I think bars and clubs are the most popular places to meet friends in the evening.
John: If I meet my friends during the day, we usually just go to a coffee shop.
Becky: Me too. I usually hang out at a Starbucks.
John: What about meeting new people?
Becky: I’ve met people just by starting conversations in bars, but that can be a little difficult sometimes.
John: I’ve met new people by joining meet-up groups.
Becky: Really? I hear groups like that are becoming popular. How did you find the group?
John: They advertise on Facebook, but there are websites too. It’s a good way to find people with similar interests, or to learn something new.
Becky: There are lots of groups for language learning, aren’t there?
John: Yes, you can practice your English at one! Let’s go together!
Becky: Ehhh, I don’t really socialize with work colleagues.
John: Harsh! Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
John: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Becky: to hear [natural native speed]
John: to perceive with the ears, to learn
Becky: to hear[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: to hear [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: bar [natural native speed]
John: a place to purchase and drink alcoholic beverages
Becky: bar[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: bar [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: somewhere [natural native speed]
John: some unspecified place
Becky: somewhere[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: somewhere [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: right [natural native speed]
John: correct, true
Becky: right[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: right [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: train [natural native speed]
John: a line of cars connected together and running on tracks used for the shipment of goods or transportation
Becky: train[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: train [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: should [natural native speed]
John: used to indicate responsibility
Becky: should[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: should [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: oh [natural native speed]
John: expression to show surprise, anger, or joy
Becky: oh[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: oh [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: empty [natural native speed]
John: no contents, nothing inside
Becky: empty[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: empty [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: building [natural native speed]
John: a structure with a roof and walls
Becky: building[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: building [natural native speed]
John: And last..
Becky: library [natural native speed]
John: a place where books are kept for use but not for sale
Becky: library[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: library [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
John: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is...
Becky: somewhere...
John: meaning "some unspecified place." What can you tell us about this?
Becky: This is a pronoun. You use it talk about a place that hasn’t been decided or named.
John: For example, if you want to go on a vacation but haven’t decided where yet, you could say...
Becky: “Somewhere in the mountains.” This means that the actual location isn’t decided yet; it just has to be around mountains.
John: You can also use this word for directions, when you're not sure of the precise location.
Becky: Yes, an example of that is “somewhere near the train station.”
John: Can you give us an example using this word?
Becky: Sure. For example, you can say, “I want to go somewhere hot for Christmas.”
John: Which means "I want to go to a place that is hot for Christmas." Okay, what's the next word?
Becky: Right...
John: ...meaning "correct." What can you tell us about this?
Becky: This is an adjective. You use it to describe things that are correct. And of course, the opposite of “right” is “wrong” or “incorrect.”
John: “Correct” sounds more formal than “right.”
Becky: It does. “Right” has many meanings, such as direction, but “correct” doesn’t.
John: Can you give us an example using this word?
Becky: Sure. For example, you can say, “If he gives one more right answer, he will win the prize!”
John: Okay, what's the next word?
Becky: Empty...
John: ...meaning "no contents, nothing inside." What can you tell us about this?
Becky: This can be used as an adjective to say that there is nothing inside a container.
John: It can be used for physical containers, like a cup or a bag.
Becky: Yes, you can say “empty cup” or “empty bag.” You can also use it for words or gestures, too.
John: What does it mean in this case?
Becky: It means that the feelings aren’t real. For example, “an empty promise.”
John: Can you give us one last example using this word?
Becky: Sure. For example, you can say, “She drank until her glass was empty.”
John: .. which means "she drank until her glass had nothing left in it." Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

John: In this lesson, you'll learn about the prepositions “by”, “around” and “near”. Okay, let’s get started!
Becky: I like the positive attitude.
John: Thanks! First up is “by.”
Becky: This is for place and position - you can use it for things that are beside something.
John: Let’s have some examples.
Becky: “Put the couch by the wall.” It can also be used for things that you keep in a handy position.
John: Like, “I keep a pen by me.”
Becky: Yes. You have a pen near you in case you need it. It’s in easy reach.
John: Next is “around.”
Becky: You can use “around” to say that something is in the area.
John: Such as “There are several convenience stores around the park.”
Becky: Yes. That means that there are several convenience stores in the park area.
John: It can also be used to say that something is surrounding something.
Becky: Yes, such as “There is a fence around this building.”
John: There’s an idiom using “around” that I like.
Becky: Oh, what idiom is that?
John: “Around the clock.” “The supermarket is open around the clock.”
Becky: Yeah, that’s a good one! It means “all day and night.” So in this case the supermarket would be open 24 hours - all the way around the clock!
John: And finally for this lesson, is “near.”
Becky: You use this for something that is close.
John: “The restaurant is near the river.”
Becky: Yes, this means that the restaurant is close to the river, but we’re not being specific on how close it is.
John: What about the word “nearby?” Can you use that in place of “near?”
Becky: You might hear “nearby” in conversation, but that’s actually wrong. “Nearby” is an adverb, so it shouldn’t be used in that sentence.
John: I’ll keep that in mind!

Outro

John: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Becky: Bye

17 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:30 PM
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Hi Listeners! Try making a sentence using each one of the prepositions we learned on this lesson.

*Post them at the comments.

 

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 09:02 PM
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Hello sina,


You are very very welcome. 😇❤️️ We were so happy to read your positive message!

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

sina
Friday at 04:54 AM
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Hi

Thank you for your efforts.

I believe it offers the best and fastest way for its learners,

And this is commendable.


sincerely.


Sina.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 04:08 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Az Ho,


You are very very welcome. 😇❤️️ We were so happy to read your positive message!

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

Az Ho
Monday at 10:25 PM
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Hi there ,


Thank you for this lesson it's really very important 😎.


Sincerly.


kind regards .

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Friday at 12:15 PM
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Hi there Arturo,


Thanks for your examples!👍👍👍


Please stay tuned, as we’re always updating new content on our website! 😄❤️️


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Arturo
Thursday at 11:21 AM
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Examples.


- I live near the bar.

- Today im gonna work around the clock

- I was painting the wall so i’ve put the piano by the door entrance.


Tx for the feedback.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 08:51 PM
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Hi Jhonny,


Thank you for taking the time to leave us your comment. 😇

If you ever have any questions, please let us know.


Best,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

Jhonny
Thursday at 11:55 AM
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Hey there!


These are my examples:


*There is a really big house by my house. (is this possible?)

*There is a supermarket near my house so I go to buy the groceries there every weekend.

*I can't find my keys. I'm sure I left them somewhere around here.


Thanks for the feedback!

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:39 AM
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Hello again Sofiane 😄


Thanks for your post and the positive feedback!


Please feel free to shoot through any questions you have throughout your studies.


Kindly,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Sofiane
Sunday at 06:36 PM
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Got it awesome conversation