Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Sadia: Hi from New York. This is Sadia. Thanks for joining us today.
Keith: Hey, and I’m Keith. Welcome to Gengo English Lesson 11 - “Don't Be Left Out in the Cold”
Sadia: In the last lesson, Lesson 10 - How to Stay in Style
While in America, you learned how to check in to a
hotel and how to request something.
Keith: You also learned about the phrase "is there” and “are there," and also
we talked about prepositions again.
Sadia: In this lesson you will learn how to talk about the
weather.
Keith: And this conversation takes place on a Friday morning, in a
hotel lobby.
Sadia: The conversation is between the main character,
Zo, and a front desk worker.
Keith: Alright, well let’s listen in to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Front Desk Worker: Good morning, sir!
Zo: Good morning! What's the weather like today?
Front Desk Worker: Well, it'll be sunny all morning, but it’ll rain in the
afternoon.
Zo: Ah, rainy days....
Front Desk Worker: Yes, bad weather later today, but you're lucky; spring is
a beautiful season. Beautiful weather here in April.
Zo: Really?
Front Desk Worker: Sure! There's some rain, yes, but also lots of sunny
days. Really great weather.
Zo: Thank you! Where are the taxis”
Front Desk Worker: Ah, yes—the taxis are in front of the hotel.
Zo: Thank you.
Front Desk Worker: Have a good day, sir!
Keith: One more time, slowly.
Front Desk Worker: Good morning, sir!
Zo: Good morning! What's the weather like today?
Front Desk Worker: Well, it'll be sunny all morning, but it’ll rain in the
afternoon.
Zo: Ah, rainy days....
Front Desk Worker: Yes, bad weather later today, but you're lucky; spring is
a beautiful season. Beautiful weather here in April.
Zo: Really?
Front Desk Worker: Sure! There's some rain, yes, but also lots of sunny
days. Really great weather.
Zo: Thank you! Where are the taxis”
Front Desk Worker: Ah, yes—the taxis are in front of the hotel.
Zo: Thank you.
Front Desk Worker: Have a good day, sir!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Sadia: What's the hottest topic in the English language?
Keith: The hottest topic? Are you being "punny"?
Sadia: No, I’m not making a pun or using words playfully. The weather
actually IS a pretty hot topic!
Keith: And hot topic means very common conversation I guess?
Sadia: Mm-hm. Popular.
Keith: You're right-- talking about the weather is the easiest
way to break the ice.
Sadia: Mm-hm. Break the ice means like to begin a conversation, especially with
a stranger.
Keith: Why do you think that is?
Sadia: I guess it's because the weather is the one thing
that affects us all!
Keith: It doesn’t matter if the weather is pleasant or
unpleasant, sunny or rainy, we all have opinions
about it!
Sadia: Speaking of which, it's entirely too
cold in New York today.
Keith: Spring was supposed to be pretty close. I don’t know what happened.
Sadia: Yeah, I know it’s freezing. You’re a winter person.
Sadia: No, no, no, no, no. I’m not a winter person. I’m absolutely about
warmth and sunshine! It has to be, maybe, 80 degrees Fahrenheit for me to be comfortable.
Keith: So you would say you’re a summer person.
Sadia: Yeah summer person.
Keith: Yeah, I think that’s a cool phrase that maybe some of our listeners can
Sadia: Yeah summer person means you’re a person who prefers the summer.
Keith: Who likes the summer. Me? I’m a winter person. I like the winter.
Sadia: Do you really?
Keith: Yeah, you know it’s because if it’s cold, I can put on more clothes. But if it’s hot, I can’t take off everything.
Sadia: That’s a good point.
Keith: OK, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Ketih: The first word we shall see is:
Sadia: rainy [natural native speed]
Keith: full of rain
Sadia: rainy [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: rainy [natural native speed]
Next:"
like [natural native speed]
Keith: in the manner of
like [slowly - broken down by syllable]
like [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: today [natural native speed]
Keith: the present day; after yesterday but before tomorrow
Sadia: today [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: today [natural native speed]
Next:"
in [natural native speed]
Keith: place where
in [slowly - broken down by syllable]
in [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: morning [natural native speed]
Keith: the earliest part of the day
Sadia: morning [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: morning [natural native speed]
Next:"
usually [natural native speed]
Keith: normally; commonly
usually [slowly - broken down by syllable]
usually [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: warm [natural native speed]
Keith: giving soft or gentle heat
Sadia: warm [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: warm [natural native speed]
Next:"
cool [natural native speed]
Keith: slightly cold; not warm
cool [slowly - broken down by syllable]
cool [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: careful [natural native speed]
Keith: taking much care; paying much attention
Sadia: careful [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: careful [natural native speed]
Next:"
sometimes [natural native speed]
Keith: at times; now and then; occasionally
sometimes [slowly - broken down by syllable]
sometimes [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: to rain [natural native speed]
Keith: to fall from the sky as water
Sadia: to rain [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: to rain [natural native speed]
Next:"
lucky [natural native speed]
Keith: having good chance or fortune
lucky [slowly - broken down by syllable]
lucky [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: beautiful [natural native speed]
Keith: very pleasant to look at
Sadia: beautiful [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: beautiful [natural native speed]
Next:"
taxi [natural native speed]
Keith: taxicab; hired car
taxi [slowly - broken down by syllable]
taxi [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: in front [natural native speed]
Keith: just ahead
Sadia: in front [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: in front [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: hotel [natural native speed]
Keith: a building that provides lodging and meals to travelers
Sadia: hotel [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: hotel [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Keith: OK well let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Sadia: OK, the first phrase we’ll look at is “What's the weather like today?”
Keith: That ever-important phrase.
Sadia: Mm-hm. OK, Zo is leaving the hotel. He probably wants to make sure he's
prepared for the long day he has ahead of her.
Keith: He probably won't have time to go
back to the hotel if there’s rain or if it’s too
cold, he might want a jacket or an umbrella, so he asks the front desk worker about today's forecast.
Sadia: Right. What's the weather like today, Keith?
Keith: It's cool, it’s crisp, and a little cloudy. And I heard that it's supposed to get cooler in the evening.
Sadia: Oh, my. Good thing I brought my scarf.
Keith: What's next?
Sadia: Next is the use of prepositional phrases.
Keith: Remember, prepositions are our best
friends! Or sometimes worst enemies. Remember that prepositions links nouns, pronouns, and phrases to other words in a sentence.
Sadia: So prepositional phrases are phrases that use prepositions.
Keith: In this dialogue, there’s several prepositional phrases
Sadia: Let's not forget that taxis can be found "in front of" the hotel.
Keith: Of course, "in" is not the only preposition. Let's play a game; I'll say a preposition, and you say a sentence.
Sadia: Okay! Go!
Keith: On.
Sadia: My books are on the table.
Keith: To.
Sadia: I'm going out to dinner tonight.
Keith: Throughout.
Sadia: Oh! Good one! Animals that hibernate sleep throughout the winter.

Lesson focus

Sadia: The focus points of this lesson are the conjunction, "but," the future tense, and adjectives with nouns.
Keith: In this dialogue, the front desk worker says, "Rainy in the morning, but sunny in the afternoon."
Sadia: You can combine 2 sentences with opposite ideas into one by adding the word, "but."
Keith: Listen to these two sentences - "Sarah ran as fast as she could to catch the bus. She missed it."
Sadia: By inserting the word "but" between these two sentences, you can combine them-- making them one nice, long sentence.
Keith: What does that become, Sadia?
Sadia: That becomes, “Sarah ran as fast as she could to catch the bus, but she missed it.”
Keith: Magic of the conjunctions. You put two sentences into one.
Sadia: Yep, conjunctions, they are magic. And they may seem difficult to understand, BUT it's actually quite simple!
Keith: Very nice one, Sadia!
Sadia: Thank you. To recap, in the dialogue, the front desk worker says, "Rainy in the morning, but sunny in the afternoon."
Keith: "But" is the conjunction.
Sadia: It connects two opposite ideas-- rainy and sunny-- to make one sentence. "Rainy in the morning, but sunny in the afternoon."
Keith: Let's move on to looking at the future tense.
Sadia: What's "future tense?" It refers to verbs, right?
Keith: That’s right. Verbs in the future tense have not yet happened; but, they WILL happen in the future.
Sadia: Ahh! Will. OK, so in the dialogue, Zo asks about the day's weather. The front desk worker says, “Well, it will be sunny all morning, but it will rain in the afternoon."
Sadia: Not only is there a conjunction in that sentence, there are future tense verbs, too! It WILL be sunny, it WILL rain.
Keith: Exactly. The day has just starter, so the worker tellsZo what the weather WILL be like for the rest of the morning.
Sadia: The front desk worker is making guesses, about what the weather may be like for the
rest of the day. So, the future tense is used to refer to things that have not yet happened, that haven’t happened-- but WILL!
Keith: And you can make a statement or sentence with a future tense verb by using a really easy and simple formula -
Sadia: Subject + WILL + verb. Our listeners WILL become amazing English speakers.
Keith: Yeah. And we WILL keep bringing them fun, engaging, educational lessons.
Sadia: True. So that’s future tense! What's next?
Keith: Why don't we talk about adjectives with nouns?
Sadia: Okay. It's common to pair adjectives with nouns. I'm
sure you all remember that adjectives are words used to DESCRIBE nouns. And they're always placed BEFORE the nouns they describe.
Keith: In this dialogue, the front desk worker says about the weather in April, "There's some rain, yes, but also lots of sunny days. Really great weather."
Sadia: Great example. SUNNY is an adjective that describes the DAYS in April. Sunny days.
Keith: And, "Really great weather." GREAT is an adjective that describes the WEATHER in April. Great weather.
Sadia: And here's another line from the dialogue - "Spring is a beautiful season. Beautiful weather here in April."
Keith: And BEAUTIFUL seems to be the important word here-- that’s the ADJECTIVE. Beautiful. "Spring is a beautiful season. Beautiful weather here in April." Beautiful DESCRIBES the spring season and the April weather.
Sadia: The formula here is simple too. It’s just adjective + noun. So, uh, happy + girl = happy girl.
Keith: How about loud + dog. That’s loud dog.
Sadia: Sunny + sky = sunny sky. Nothing can really top a sunny sky, so let's stop right here.

Outro

Keith: Alright, if you say so! Well that’s all for today, folks
Sadia: Hope you enjoyed today’s lesson. Bye-bye.

7 Comments

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EnglishClass101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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What's the weather like where you are?

EnglishClass101.com
Sunday at 6:09 pm
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Hello @Hossam, @Kamran and @Julie,


Thankyou all so much for your posts! It's great to have feedback from our students! ❤️️


I hope we can help you to achieve your English speaking goals.


Sincerely,

Eva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Julie
Wednesday at 10:25 pm
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It'll be sunny all morning and the afternoon,but it'll rain in the evening.

kamran
Saturday at 6:38 pm
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I really improve my english

hossam
Friday at 5:43 pm
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:neutral: thank you

Jessi
Wednesday at 4:04 pm
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wali,

Thank you for leaving a comment! It's great to have you here! :grin:

wali
Wednesday at 1:41 pm
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i have no comments and its very good to be in english class.