Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Daniel: Hi everybody, Daniel here.
Chihiro: Chihiro here. Discussing Vacation Plans.
Daniel: So what's it going to be for this lesson, Chihiro?
Chihiro: In this lesson, you will learn how to make suggestions.
Daniel: This conversation takes place at a diner.
Chihiro: The conversation is between two friends, Mike and Joey.
Daniel: Okay, let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Mike: So Susan and I are thinking of taking a vacation this summer. We have no idea where to go. Do you have any recommendations?
Joey: Yeah. Look, I went to Las Vegas on business. It was really cool. You can make hundreds of dollars gambling! They have the coolest pinball machines and slot machines! And there are tons of direct flights to Vegas every day, baby!
Mike: Uhh...yeah, I was thinking of someplace a little more romantic. It'll be our first trip since our honeymoon to Rome.
Joey: Oh. Yeah. Got it! What about the Grand Canyon? I heard you can take a mule ride down the canyon and sleep on the rocks.
Mike: Really? That doesn't sound very comfortable.
Joey: It's the most amazing thing! You can watch the sun set between the canyons.
Mike: Then what? You're stuck in the middle of nowhere in pitch dark. Maybe not.
Joey: All right. Then how about Hawaii? You can go surfing, scuba diving, snorkeling, or just sit on the beach and soak up the sun. Cowabunga, dude!
Mike: You know what? That sounds pretty good. Let me see what Susan has to say about it.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Chihiro: Wow, Joey seems to know a lot of great places!
Daniel: Yeah, or at least the popular ones.
Chihiro: What were the areas again?
Daniel: Las Vegas, Grand Canyon, and Hawaii.
Chihiro: Right, people can visit Las Vegas for the night life of parties, shows, and gambling.
Daniel: And go to The Grand Canyon to enjoy hiking or rafting in the deep valley, where you have an amazing view of the Colorado Plateau.
Chihiro: And Hawaii is a beautiful island state where people can enjoy the beach and nature itself. I actually just recently went to Hawaii, what can I say, it was beautiful. Beautiful beaches, beautiful weather, and beautiful nature. What about you Daniel? Any nice vacations?
Daniel: Yeah, I was in California. And I drove down on the central coast down Pacific Coast Highway. It was some of the most beautiful stretch of highway that I’ve ever seen.
Chihiro: That sounds nice.
VOCAB LIST
Chihiro: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word is:
Daniel: vacation [natural native speed]
Chihiro: leisure trip, trip taken only for enjoyment
Daniel: vacation [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: vacation [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: recommendation [natural native speed]
Chihiro: act of advising to choose something because it is good
Daniel: recommendation [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: recommendation [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: gambling [natural native speed]
Chihiro: activity of risking money in hopes of gaining more
Daniel: gambling [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: gambling [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: pinball machine [natural native speed]
Chihiro: game where the player tries to control a small metal ball with levers on a slanted surface with pins in an enclosed box to earn points
Daniel: pinball machine [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: pinball machine [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: slot machine [natural native speed]
Chihiro: gambling machine that starts when a coin is inserted and a lever is pulled or a button is pushed
Daniel: slot machine [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: slot machine [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: ton [natural native speed]
Chihiro: unit of weight measurement that is about two thousand pounds or one thousand kilograms
Daniel: ton [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: ton [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: honeymoon [natural native speed]
Chihiro: trip taken by a newlywed couple
Daniel: honeymoon [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: honeymoon [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: flight [natural native speed]
Chihiro: act of flying
Daniel: flight [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: flight [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: romantic [natural native speed]
Chihiro: of or relating to love
Daniel: romantic [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: romantic [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Chihiro: Let’s take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Daniel: The first phrase we’ll look at is, “There are tons.” This just means that there are many or a lot. It's actually a unit for measuring weight that is
about as heavy as a small car. Therefore, when Joey says,
Chihiro: “There are tons of direct flights to Vegas everyday baby!”
Daniel: It means that there are many direct flights to Vegas.
Chihiro: The next phrase we'll look at is, “You're stuck in the middle of nowhere.” This is an expression used when a
person is very far from any familiar surroundings and doesn't have a way of getting back. In the dialogue,
Mike says this about being between the canyons because there's nothing around there that is familiar. Have you ever been stuck in the middle of nowhere Daniel?
Daniel: Yeah, I was driving once on this rural highway and my car ran out of gas.
Chihiro: Ohh, that’s pretty bad. Now let’s not get lost and move on to the grammar point for this lesson then.

Lesson focus

Daniel: In this lesson, we’ll take a look at the present progressive tense to talk about things that are happening right now or around now. Chihiro, what's the construction for the present progressive?
Chihiro: It's the simple present from of the verb “be” + the “-ing” form of the main verb.
Daniel: For example,
Chihiro: “He is dancing to the music.”
Daniel: Simple as that, but the way you form present participle or the “-ing” ending verb depends on the verb.
Chihiro: For most verbs, simply add “-ing.” For example, “work” becomes “working” spelt w-o-r-k-i-n-g.
Daniel: With verbs ending in the letter “-e,” just remove the “-e” and add “-ing.” For example, “make” becomes “making” spelled m-a-k-i-n-g
Chihiro: For verbs ending in “-ie” remove the “-ie” and add “-ying.” For example, “lie” becomes “lying” spelt l-y-i-n-g.
Daniel: If the verb ends in one vowel and one consonant, then double the ending consonant. For example, “stop” becomes “stopping” spelled s-t-o-p-p-i-n-g.
Chihiro: But, if the verb ends in two vowels and one consonant, then don't double the ending consonant.
For example, “sleep” stays as “sleeping” spelt s-l-e-e-p-i-n-g.
Daniel: And one last note. Only double the ending consonant for stressed syllables. For example, “begin” with a stress over the last syllable in becomes “beginning” spelled b-e-g-i-n-n-i-n-g, but happen with the stress over the first syllable “ha” stays as “happening” spelled h-a-p-p-e-n-i-n-g.
Chihiro: To form the negative present progressive, it's the verb “be” + “not” + the “-ing” form of the verb. For example,
Daniel: He was not running fast. We often use contractions when speaking in the present progressive, for example, “They're working.” Try to use this yourself so that you can catch it when you hear it.
Chihiro: Here's an example from the dialogue and some general examples.
Daniel: “Susan and I are thinking of taking a vacation this summer.” “Thinking” has the regular ending “-ing.”
Chihiro: “He's hiking up the mountain right now.” “Hiking” drops the letter “-e” from the word “hike.”
Daniel: “She's tying her shoe laces.” The “-ie” in “tie” changes to “-ing.”
Chihiro: “They're tapping their pens.” “Tap” doubles the “-p” consonant.
Daniel: And finally, “We're looking for the cat.” “Look” doesn't double in consonant.
Chihiro: Okay. These may seem like a lot to remember, but with some practice you won't have to think of these rules.
Daniel: Right, it should eventually come naturally to you. So just take it step by step.
Chihiro: And check out the lesson notes in the PDF because it should be helpful

Outro

Chihiro: That just about does it for today.
Chihiro: See you next time.
Daniel: Bye, everybody.
REPETITION OF DIALOGUE
Mike: So Susan and I are thinking of taking a vacation this summer. We have no idea where to go. Do you have
any recommendations?
Joey: Yeah. Look, I went to Las Vegas on business. It was really cool. You can make hundreds of dollars
gambling! They have the coolest pinball machines and slot machines! And there are tons of direct flights to
Vegas every day, baby!
Mike: Uhh...yeah, I was thinking of someplace a little more romantic. It'll be our first trip since our honeymoon to
Rome.
Joey: Oh. Yeah. Got it! What about the Grand Canyon? I heard you can take a mule ride down the canyon and sleep on the rocks.
Mike: Really? That doesn't sound very comfortable.
Joey: It's the most amazing thing! You can watch the sun set between the canyons.
Mike: Then what? You're stuck in the middle of nowhere in pitch dark. Maybe not.
Joey: All right. Then how about Hawaii? You can go surfing, scuba diving, snorkeling, or just sit on the beach and
soak up the sun. Cowabunga, dude!
Mike: You know what? That sounds pretty good. Let me see what Susan has to say about it.

47 Comments

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EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 08:00 PM
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Hello Roman,


Thank you for joining us and for the lovely feedback!


We wish you all the success in your studies and thank you again.


Regards,

Éva

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Roman
Monday at 02:30 PM
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I've done. Thank you.

I am enjoying learning with you

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 12:13 PM
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Hello Ian,


Thank you for posting! We hope you're enjoying your studies with us.


Feel free to shoot through any questions you have throughout your studies.


Cheers,

Éva

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Ian
Tuesday at 06:18 PM
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Done

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 09:35 AM
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Hello Juan,


Thanks very much for your thoughts and feedback. 🙏🏽


We appreciate you taking the time to give it to us.


If you ever have any questions regarding your studies, please let me know.


Sincerely,

Éva

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Juan
Tuesday at 02:04 PM
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Nice content. I'm trying to remember grammar structure as the same time studying for an English language proficiency test.


Thank you for your efforts!

Juan.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:58 AM
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Hello Amer,


I hope we can help you to achieve your English language goals!! 😄😄


Feel free to shoot through any questions you have throughout your studies.


Many thanks,

Éva

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‪Amer Alkathiri‬‏
Thursday at 03:34 AM
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Thank you.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:47 PM
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Hello Mildred,


Thanks for getting in touch. 😄


The word "Cowabunga" is an exclamation. It is an informal word from a movie used to express delight! I believe it's from 'Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.' "Cowabunga dude!!"❤️️


I hope this is helpful to you. 😄👍Enjoy your studies!


Sincerely,

Éva

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Mildred
Friday at 10:55 AM
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Hi!


What means "Cowabunga" ?