Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Chihiro: Hi everyone, Chihiro here.
Daniel: Daniel here. Opening a Conversation, Part 1.
Daniel: Chihiro, what's our lesson today?
Daniel: In this lesson, you will learn how to greet somebody you haven't seen in a while.
Daniel: This conversation takes place in a business district.
Chihiro: The conversation is between two friends, Mike and Joey.
Daniel: The speakers will be speaking casually.
Chihiro: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Joey: Hey, Mike!
Mike: Hey, Joey. I haven't seen you in awhile. How's it going, man?
Joey: I'm doing good. How about yourself?
Mike: Not bad. I got married recently!
Joey: That's great! Congratulations. Say hi to Michelle for me.
Mike: Oh, Michelle and I broke up. I married Susan.
Joey: Oh. Anyway, let's talk about it over a beer sometime.
Mike: Yeah, let's do that!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Chihiro: Looks like they're going out for a drink sometime soon.
Daniel: Sure does. Pubs and bars are popular social environments that people can go drink and chat with both friends and colleagues.
Chihiro: Workers may relax in a bar after work or meet up with friends for a few drinks at the end of the week. Although some restaurants may serve food and drinks, people go to pubs and bars mainly for the drink and not to eat. So Daniel, do you go drinking?
Daniel: Not so much these days, I used to. How about you?
Chihiro: Once in awhile I do.
VOCAB LIST
Daniel: Okay, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
What’s the first word?
Chihiro: man [natural native speed]
Daniel: used to express excitement or surprise
Chihiro: man [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chihiro: man [natural native speed]
Next we have:
Chihiro: to marry [natural native speed]
Daniel: to become husband and wife
Chihiro: to marry [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chihiro: to marry [natural native speed]
The next word is:
Chihiro: recently [natural native speed]
Daniel: during a close period of time
Chihiro: recently [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chihiro: recently [natural native speed]
Next we have:
Chihiro: congratulations [natural native speed]
Daniel: an expression of pleasure for someone's success
Chihiro: congratulations [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chihiro: congratulations [natural native speed]
And next is:
Chihiro: to break up [natural native speed]
Daniel: to end a relationship
Chihiro: to break up [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chihiro: to break up [natural native speed]
The next word is:
Chihiro: anyway [natural native speed]
Daniel: despite what has been said before
Chihiro: anyway [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chihiro: anyway [natural native speed]
The next word is:
Chihiro: beer [natural native speed]
Daniel: alcoholic drink made from malt and hops
Chihiro: beer [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chihiro: beer [natural native speed]
And the last word is:
Chihiro: sometime [natural native speed]
Daniel: at a time in the future that is not specified
Chihiro: sometime [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chihiro: sometime [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Daniel: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Chihiro: The first phrase we’ll look at is, “Haven't seen you in a while.” This is a phrase used in
situations when two people are meeting after a long time of not seeing one another. The “How’s it going, man?” in the dialogue is also a phrase that usually follows, and it simply means “How are you?” The word “man” is slang and is optional.
Daniel: The second phrase we'll look at is, “Let’s talk about it over a beer sometime.” Joey is suggesting that the two of them go out drinking sometime so that they can talk about the topic more in depth.
Chihiro: Sounds good. Let's carry on to the grammar point for this lesson.

Lesson focus

Daniel: When talking about events that began and finished before now, the simple past form is used. It is often used with finished time-expressions like “yesterday” and “last year.” You make most simple past sentences by adding “-ed” to the end of the infinitive, which is the dictionary form of the verb.
Chihiro: For example, the verb “to help” in past tense becomes “helped,” spelt h-e-l-p-e-d. When the verb ends in “-e,” simply add “-d” at the end of the infinitive form. This is a regular verb.
Daniel: The verb “to like” becomes “liked,” spelled l-i-k-e-d.
Chihiro: When the verb ends in “-y” with a vowel, “-a,” “-e,” “-i,” “-o,” “-u” directly before it, simply add “-ed” like the regular rule, but if it ends in consonant followed by a y,” change the “y” to “-ied.”
Daniel: For example, “to try” becomes “tried,” spelled t-r-i-e-d.
Chihiro: For some verbs that end with a consonant, double the consonant* when using the past tense. For example, “stop” becomes “stopped,” spelt s-t-o-p-p-e-d.
Daniel: But, if the verb ends in two vowels and one consonant, then don't double the ending consonant. For example, “seem” becomes “seemed,” spelled s-e-e-m-e-d.
Chihiro: Now, if the verb ends in two consonants, then don't double the ending consonant. For example, “want” becomes “wanted,” spelt w-a-n-t-e-d.
Daniel: And finally, only double the ending consonants of stressed syllables. For example, “prefer” becomes “preferred,” spelled p-r-e-f-e-r-r-e-d, but “wonder” stays as “wondered,” spelled w-o-n-d-e-r-e-d.
Chihiro: There are irregular verbs as well. You must learn these forms separately. These may seem like a lot of rules, but you'll learn them through practice.
Daniel: That's right. So here are some examples from the dialogue.
Chihiro: I married Susan.
Daniel: I got married!
Chihiro: Michelle and I broke up.
Daniel: Note that the last two verbs are irregular verbs.
Chihiro: We’ll talk more about past tense verbs in future lessons.
Daniel: Be sure to check the lesson notes in the PDF for this lesson.

Outro

Daniel: That just about does it for today. Okay, see you later!
Chihiro: Bye for now!
REPETITION OF DIALOGUE
Joey: Hey, Mike!
Mike: Hey, Joey. I haven't seen you in awhile. How's it going, man?
Joey: I'm doing good. How about yourself?
Mike: Not bad. I got married recently!
Joey: That's great! Congratulations. Say hi to Michelle for me.
Mike: Oh, Michelle and I broke up. I married Susan.
Joey: Oh. Anyway, let's talk about it over a beer sometime.
Mike: Yeah, let's do that!

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Hello Nasur mohamed,


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Nasur mohamed
Saturday at 12:06 AM
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Thanks you alot for these informations

Iam from sudan

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Chel
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Nice i learned a lot

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jessica
Friday at 05:07 AM
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hello,

this is my first day studying english. I got a free trail for 7 days and my lessons is already blocked. =( Super sad.

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EUGENE
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For me it was useful,thx

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Artem
Thursday at 02:23 PM
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I can't believe it's already Friday, anyway what are your plans for the weekend? - where is a wrong word order, cause in audio we hear - I can't believe it's Friday already