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Lesson Transcript

Hi, everybody and welcome back to Top Words. My name is Alisha. Today, we're going to talk about 10 Employment-Related Words. So, let's go.
"To apply for a job." The first expression is "to apply for a job." When you apply for a job, you do a job application, a job application form where you have to write your personal information and then you often have to submit some other materials. Your CV or your resume, and then maybe a photograph to something like that. So, "to apply for a job" is to essentially notify the owner or the manager at the company that you are interested in, that you would like to work there. That is "to apply for a job." So, in a sentence, "I applied for a job at Apple."
"To interview for/to have an interview." The next expression is "to interview for something" or "to have an interview." So, after you apply for a job, if you passed the application stage, you may be asked to have an interview. So, "to have an interview" is the stage where you meet your prospective, maybe meet your potential future employer or manager or co-workers and you have a discussion. They interview you. They talk to you about your skills, your goals, who you are as a person. An interview, to have an interview, or we can say, "To interview for a position." So, for example, "I'm going to interview for a sales position." "I'm going to interview for a teacher position." "I'm going to interview for a cake baking position." You never know. You never know. Cakes need to be baked. Anyway, so if you decide you're going to apply to be a cake baker, you say, "I have an interview for a cake baker position." In a sentence, "I got an interview for a new job."
"To get an offer." The next expression is "to get an offer." So, after the application, and perhaps after the interview, if the employer or manager or whoever, if they like you, the next phase is usually an offer, a job offer. So, we would say, "I got an offer for a job." "I got an offer from Apple." "I got an offer for a management position." So, we can use "offer for a job" to be very general, an offer for a specific position. "I got an offer for a donut tester position" or we can say, "I got a job offer from a company." "I got a job offer from Kleenex." Okay. There are three different ways that we can use this expression. Another sentence, "I got a really great job offer."
"To accept an offer." The next expression is "to accept an offer." So, when the offer comes, you can choose to accept or decline the offer. "Accept" means yes, "decline" means no. So, "to accept an offer" means to say yes, to agree to work in that position, to agree to work for the company, to agree to do that job which you applied for. "To accept an offer." In the sentence, "Are you going to accept the offer from that company?"
"To start working." The next expression is "to start working." So, "to start working a new job." We can use this to talk about the job, your responsibility specifically, or the company. So, "I'm going to start working at Apple next week," or "I'm going to start working at my new job next week," or "I'm going to start working as a sales management professional next week," for example. So, "to start working" is an expression that's used for a new job. Sometimes people will say about their regular schedules, like I start working every day at eight o'clock. It's okay. You can use that as well. I would say, "I start work every day at eight o'clock." "I start my job every day at eight o'clock." But when you join a new company, you can also say, "I start working for my new company on Monday," for example.
"To get a promotion." The next expression is "to get a promotion." A promotion means essentially like to level up at work, to go to the next level in terms of money, in terms of responsibility, in terms of prestige. Prestige means kind of like the respect or the--yeah, like the respect of a position. So, "to get a promotion" is usually seen as a positive thing. So, if you do a good job in your position, you may get a promotion. In the sentence, "Do you think you'll get a promotion next year?"
"To get a raise." The next expression is "to get a raise." "To get a raise" is specifically an increase in your pay, an increase in your pay which may or may not be accompanied by, be together with a promotion. So, maybe you get a promotion and a raise at the same time, that could be, or maybe you have the same job description but you get a raise. It's like a type of promotion really. Getting a raise is like a type of promotion, sort of, like a monetary promotion, I guess.
Now that I think about it though, promotion feels really kind of more about the job title or responsibility level, and then that may or may not have a raise attached to it. So, "to get a raise" means to get more money, to have a higher salary, higher hourly wage, to get a raise. I have heard some people say, "Get a rise in pay" as well but that might be more common in British English. Americans say, "Get a raise." In a sentence, "I hope I get a raise this year."
"To demote." The next expression is "to demote." So, I talked about the word "to promote" or "to get a promotion," meaning to go up a level, to increase your responsibilities at your job. But if you have bad performance or if there is a problem at your job or something goes array, something goes bad, there's an issue or you have to take responsibility for a company problem, whatever, you have to go down a level. We say that that's being demoted. That would be to demote someone. So, we have "promote," to go up and "demote," meaning to go down. Promote, demote. In a sentence, "I heard the manager in the next department was demoted."
"To quit." The next expression is "to quit." So, "to quit." Be careful of your pronunciation. I hear sometimes my students say, "To quite my job." That's a funny one, "to quite." It is not "to quite," it is "to quit." There's that tall I sound, quit. It sounds like "bit" or a "kit" or "mitt" or "it." So, "to quit a job." "To quit a job" means to stop working somewhere, to finish your--well, maybe not finish your responsibility. It means to stop working a specific position. It means to stop working at a specific company. Of course, you can say, "To quit a job."
You can also quit other things in your life. For example like, "To quit a task on a computer" or "To quit dating someone," people could say that. "To quit staying up late at night." I mean, you can use that for any number of actions--any action that you want to stop doing. We can use "to quit." But when you want to stop working at a company, the vocabulary word we use is "to quit." In this sentence, "I think I need to quit my job."
"To be fired." Oh, the next expression is "to be fired." So, the previous word "to quit" is your own choice. You choose to quit a job, to quit something. However, if there's a big problem that is your responsibility or maybe there's some circumstance, something happens, I don't know what, but it is not your choice to leave your job but your employer's choice or your manager's choice. They decide you cannot continue working here. This is the expression, "to be fired," like, "I got fired from my job." "I was fired from my job." "To be fired" means to lose your job, to be forced to quit your job, is to be fired. In this sentence, "One of my colleagues was fired last week."
So, that's the end. Those are 10 Employment-Related Words. I hope that those are helpful for you in applying for jobs and maybe even applying for universities to some degree. I don't know. Thanks very much for watching this episode of Top Words and we will see you again soon. Bye.
Going to work. We're at work. Employment-related words, we're working. That's what I do all day when I work, pretty much. Okay. Stop that. Let's talk seriously about serious things.
There's not really like a promotion--there's no promotion in this job. That's not like I'm going to be like mega host.
Can I read that? I don't know. I forgot, I forgot, I forgot if I said the example sentence. I had a very strong coffee at lunch.
Promote, demote--what am I doing? I thought I was going to try and do something like that but nothing is coming out so we're going to stop that right now.

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