Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Intro

Barbara: Good afternoon!
Braden: Braden here. Finding a Place to Call Home in the US. In this lesson, you’ll learn about English gerunds and renting locations.
Barbara: This conversation takes place at a property rental company.
Braden: And it’s between Jonathan and the company manager.
Barbara: Jonathan and the manager have never met, so they are speaking professionally.
Braden: Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Jonathan: Hello ma'am. I'm here today about reserving your 3rd Avenue property.
Manager: When will the event take place?
Jonathan: The first week of March.
Manager: What is the purpose of this function?
Jonathan: An international seminar.
Manager: Let me see. The 3rd Avenue property; that would be the Stratford Mansion, correct?
Jonathan: Yes. I'd just like to check into reserving it for the first week in March.
Manager: It is currently unreserved. We advise reserving properties as early as possible.
Jonathan: That would be fine. I would like to reserve for the "Department of International Relations at the University of Indiana."
Manager: We do require a fifty percent down payment to reserve.
Jonathan: And how much would that be?
Manager: Five thousand dollars.
Jonathan: Five thousand dollars? Is it more than $2000 per day to rent the Stratford Mansion?
Manager: That's including our winter discount. Usually it's three thousand dollars per day.
Jonathan: I'm going to have to get back to you about that reservation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Braden: So, we wanted to talk a little bit about rental locations.
Barbara: Renting is typically defined as an agreement where payment is made for the temporary use of a service or property owned by another person.
Braden: There are several different types of rental agreements, including leasing, as well as an almost infinite number of reasons to rent or lease.
Barbara: In the dialogue, Jonathan is beginning to negotiate for the rental of a Stratford mansion.
Braden: By definition, a mansion is a large, impressive house and they are typically very old although not necessarily.
Barbara: In recent years, the rental industry in the United States has grown considerably. This is thought to be because of the 2007-2010 financial crisis. The logic is that during times of financial difficulty, consumers are more likely to consider renting instead of buying a home.
Braden: A United States survey published in 2010 indicated that as much as 27 percent of current renters have no plan to purchase a home.
Vocabulary and Phrases
Braden: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Barbara: property [natural native speed]
Braden: a thing or things that belong to someone, often used for land
Barbara: property [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: property [natural native speed]
: Next:
Barbara: reserve [natural native speed]
Braden: retain or hold for someone
Barbara: reserve [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: reserve [natural native speed]
: Next:
Barbara: mansion [natural native speed]
Braden: a large impressive house
Barbara: mansion [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: mansion [natural native speed]
: Next:
Barbara: unreserved [natural native speed]
Braden: without reservation
Barbara: unreserved [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: unreserved [natural native speed]
: Next:
Barbara: shall [natural native speed]
Braden: expressing the future tense
Barbara: shall [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: shall [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Braden: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Barbara: In the dialogue, we heard phrases that demonstrated Stating Principal Objectives
Braden: When you meet with someone in a business setting, it’s common practice to identify the reasons for the meeting.
Barbara: These reasons are often referred to as principal objectives.
Braden: Clarifying the objectives before a meeting starts is also an expected business practice. Usually, the person who called the meeting is expected to state these principal objectives at the start of the meetings
Barbara: Some other ways to State principal objectives are, “We're here today to ...” and then state the objectives or, “I'd like to make sure that we ...” and then state your reasons.
Braden: Could you break this down?
Barbara: Principal objectives (slowly)
Braden: And one time fast?
Barbara: Principal objectives (fast)
Braden: Our next phrase is down payment. A “down payment” is the initial payment when something is purchased using credit.
Barbara: Technically, the way the Manager used this phrase is incorrect. However, this conversation is from real life, and it’s useful to know that many people will use it incorrectly.
Braden: A “down payment” refers to purchased goods. In the dialog, Jonathan is discussing the short term rental of a property. He’s not trying to purchase the Stratford Mansion.
Barbara: This is a technicality. However, in some business contexts, such as banking or real estate, such distinctions are important.
Braden: Could you break this down?
Barbara: down payment (slowly)
Braden: And one time fast?
Barbara: down payment (fast)
Braden: Let’s take a look at the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Barbara: The focus of this lesson is a review of English Gerunds.
Braden: In the dialogue, we heard the phrase
Barbara: I advise reserving properties as early as possible.
Braden: The English gerund form of the verb is the 'ing' form of the verb. Gerunds are verbs that are used as nouns. In other words, by adding 'ing' to any verb, you can change that verb into a noun.
Barbara: Gerunds are often used at the beginning of sentences when focusing on activity as the subject of conversation.
Braden: Some sample sentences would be, “Playing tennis is good for your health, and good fun!” and “Listening 10 minutes a day to English will help you improve your understanding of the language.”
Barbara: It's also possible to use gerunds as a direct object of a verb.
Braden: Some examples would be, “Hanna enjoys listening to classical music.” and “Jason admits spending too much money on toys.”
Barbara: Let’s take a look at Prepositions and Gerunds. Gerunds are also objects of prepositions. This means that whenever a verb follows a preposition, use the gerund or 'ing' form of the verb.
Braden: This is especially important for adjective and preposition combinations and phrasal verbs which generally end in prepositions.
Barbara: For example, “I looked into buying a new computer.” and “Sally was afraid of walking alone in the dark.”
Braden: Now let’s look at Verbs and Gerunds. There are many verbs that are almost always followed by the gerund form.
Barbara: Some of the most important are “admit,” “avoid,” “consider,” “delay,” “discuss,” “enjoy,” “finish,” “keep,” “postpone,” “recommend,” “risk,” “suggest,” and “tolerate.”
Braden: Some example sentences would be, “He avoided paying late fees on the account.” and “She denied knowing anything about it.”
Barbara: Be aware that the negative gerund form is 'not + verb + -i-n-g'. For example, “She regrets not studying French in college.
Braden: Now let’s look at Phrasal Verbs and Gerunds. Gerunds are used with phrasal verbs that end in prepositions. Phrasal verbs are verb phrases which are made up of two or more words, generally the verb plus one or two prepositions.
Barbara: Not all phrasal verbs combine with other verbs. Here are some common phrasal verbs that combine with other verbs in the gerund form, “bring about,” “call off,” “check into,” “cut out,” “figure out,” “get over,” “look into,” “put off,” and “take over.”
Braden: Some example sentences would be, “The coach called off practicing for the day.” and “Tom looked into finding a new job.” and “She took a long time to get over losing her dog.”
Barbara: Now let’s look at some Adjective Combinations and Gerunds. Gerunds also follow common adjective and preposition combinations. Remember that prepositions are always followed by the gerund form.
Braden: For example, “accustomed to,” afraid of,” “bored with,” “concerned about,” “convinced of,” “dedicated to,” “disappointed in,” and “exposed to.”
Barbara: In other words, any adjective and preposition form you learn will always be followed by the gerund if used in combination with a verb.
Braden: Here are some common adjective and preposition combinations.
Barbara: “filled with,” “guilty of,” “innocent of,” “interested in,” “known for,” “proud of,” “remembered for,” “scared of,” “tired of,” “upset with,” and “worried about.”
Braden: And to finish things off, how about a sample sentence. “She's interested in taking French lessons.”

Outro

Braden: Excellent! That just about does it for today.
Barbara: Thanks for being with us!
Braden: Thanks for listening!
Barbara: See you next time!

9 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello EnglishClass101.com listeners! Do you work for a rental company? Have you ever had to negotiate with a rental company? Tell us about it!

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 02:06 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi there Alma,


Thanks very much for sharing your experiences with rental properties.


Please let us know how we can help you on your journey.


Cheers,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Alma
Monday at 02:06 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi EnglishClass101.

I have never worked for a rental company but I have rented properties many times. The payment amounts for the rentals have never been part of the negotiation, just things like pets, requisites and that kind of stuff.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:42 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Haymar,


Glad to hear about your improvements! Thanks for sharing with us!


If you ever have any queries, please don't hesitate to contact us.


Cheers,

Eva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Haymar Kyi Soe
Wednesday at 12:03 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

My proficiency skill in grammar gradually improves because of your sharing.

Sincerely,

Haymar

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:56 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi there Lorna,


Excellent news! We're pleased to be helping you along your journey to speaking fluent English.


We are constantly updating the lessons on our site so please stay tuned! 👍


Feel free to ask us any questions that come up.


Cheers,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Lorna
Monday at 07:28 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello everyone:


As I always say: Such an interesting and helpful lesson, today.

I have had to negotiate about renting an apartment, several times in the last 4 years; because of I moved in New York, though.

Usually, the conversation has been a little bit more informal than this lesson, since the negotiators tried to be more friendly and casual to get me into their prices without listening to my suggestions. Fortunately, most of the time, I got the prices I was able to pay because I got smatter than them, listening first and than attacking. LOL 😄

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Friday at 05:30 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Jhon,


Are you sure your one-week free Premium subscription started on last Tuesday?

You can always track your subscription dates in your account info:

https://www.englishclass101.com/member/member.php?page=payment


Best,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

Jhon
Saturday at 01:31 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi dear friends Englishclass101.com


I got a one week Premium Sucription free last Tuesday, Now 4 days later my lessons have been blocked and Im been direct to an Upgrade page. Would you help me to nail this down please.


Great platform!


John