Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Chihiro: Hey, everybody! I’m Chihiro. How Can the English Words for Time Help You Figure out Where She Is?
Ryan: Hey, everyone, it’s Ryan.
Chihiro: In this lesson, you'll learn how people can get upset.
Ryan: This conversation takes place at Teddy's place.
Chihiro: The conversation is between Drew and Teddy.
Ryan: The speakers are friends; therefore the speakers will be speaking casually.
Chihiro: Let’s have a listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Drew: Teddy, is that who I think it is?
Teddy: Who…
Drew: Three o'clock…
Teddy: Oh yeah, it's Sonya!
Drew: What the heck is she doing here?
Teddy: Hey, I didn't invite her; she must have heard from one of your friends…
Drew: I...I can't believe she had the nerve to come here…
Teddy: Oh, come on! That was ages ago now! You're not still mad at her, are you?
Drew: Mad? Are you kidding me! I'll never forgive her for what she did to me! I was a complete fool to ever trust her! I cried for weeks because of her!!
Teddy: Drew, calm down! That was a long time ago! Besides it was just a…
Drew: Just a what? Hmm? Just a what? Cowabunga was more than just a turtle to me! I should have never trusted her and her husband to look after him that summer…when I saw him that evening after my trip…on his beautiful dark green shell…
Teddy: …Hey…you all right?
Drew: (drinking one down) I need another drink…
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Drew: Teddy, is that who I think it is?
Teddy: Who…
Drew: Three o'clock…
Teddy: Oh yeah, it's Sonya!
Drew: What the heck is she doing here?
Teddy: Hey, I didn't invite her; she must have heard from one of your friends…
Drew: I...I can't believe she had the nerve to come here…
Teddy: Oh, come on! That was ages ago now! You're not still mad at her, are you?
Drew: Mad? Are you kidding me! I'll never forgive her for what she did to me! I was a complete fool to ever trust her! I cried for weeks because of her!!
Teddy: Drew, calm down! That was a long time ago! Besides it was just a…
Drew: Just a what? Hmm? Just a what? Cowabunga was more than just a turtle to me! I should have never trusted her and her husband to look after him that summer…when I saw him that evening after my trip…on his beautiful dark green shell… stiff…(getting emotional)
Teddy: …Hey…you all right?
Drew: (drinking one down) I need another drink…
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Chihiro: Okay, house parties.
Ryan: House parties, do you like them Chihiro?
Chihiro: I like them if they're good!
Ryan: I agree with that.
Chihiro: I've been to really fun big ones before, and not so fun big ones before too. But parties are fun in general, I guess.
Ryan: Yeah, I tend to enjoy house parties when I know who the guests are. I feel more welcome that way, like I'm not stepping on anybody's feet.
Chihiro: Listeners, Although it depends on the party, people will invite other people for most large parties.
Ryan: That's why you'll see people you don't know and that's why Drew saw Sonya there, even though it was a party for him and he didn't want to see her.
Chihiro: Right, you can bump into almost anybody at a house party, so be prepared for the unexpected! I sometimes found out people I knew from elsewhere were friends with my close friends as well.
Ryan: Yeah, especially something in, like, a university community, many people tend to know many other people that you may know!
Chihiro: How are parties in your country?
VOCAB LIST
Chihiro: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Ryan: heck [natural native speed]
Chihiro: word used in place of the swear word 'hell' that is not offensive
Ryan: heck [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ryan: heck [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ryan: to invite [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to request the attendance of
Ryan: to invite [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ryan: to invite [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ryan: nerve [natural native speed]
Chihiro: rude action that makes another angry
Ryan: nerve [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ryan: nerve [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ryan: to take ages [natural native speed]
Chihiro: expression used when something takes a lot of time
Ryan: to take ages [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ryan: to take ages [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ryan: to forgive [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to stop feeling anger towards something
Ryan: to forgive [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ryan: to forgive [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ryan: fool [natural native speed]
Chihiro: silly person, person who lacks good judgement
Ryan: fool [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ryan: fool [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ryan: to trust [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to rely on the truthfulness or ability of something or someone
Ryan: to trust [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ryan: to trust [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ryan: to calm down [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to become peaceful or relaxed
Ryan: to calm down [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ryan: to calm down [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ryan: trip [natural native speed]
Chihiro: a journey from one place to another
Ryan: trip [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ryan: trip [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Chihiro: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the phrases from this lesson.
Ryan: The first phrase is,
Chihiro: "three o'clock."
Ryan: What Drew is talking about here is not time, but rather the location of a person. What this means is that since he's talking with Teddy, he's indicating where a person is standing by giving him the hands of a clock imagining that Teddy is standing in the middle of the clock facing twelve. This way he can indicate where something is.
Chihiro: You might have seen this done in movies, to tell somebody the location of something secretly, without anybody knowing.
Ryan: And that's what Drew was doing, so he didn't have to point.
Chihiro: Okay, the next phrase we'll look at is,
Ryan: "Cowabunga was more than just a turtle to me!"
Chihiro: What Drew means by this line is that his pet turtle wasn't just a turtle to him – he meant much more.
Ryan: That’s why Drew uses this phrase to describe his turtle, Cowabunga.

Lesson focus

Chihiro: Okay, the focus of this lesson is the order of adjectives. Believe it or not listeners, there's an order for adjectives in English.
Ryan: Yes, it's a prefered order, in which native speakers learn naturally, so if you ask an English speaker the order of adjectives they might be a little confused.
Chihiro: When you string adjectives together, you should say them in a certain order. But it's not necessarily not understandable if you don't get the order right.
Ryan: No, people will still understand you, but it'll sound more natural if you get the order right and it'll sound smoother.
Chihiro: Okay, now with that said, the order goes like this, first you have the Determiner, the Opinion comes next, followed by the Adjective, and then Size, Shape, Age, Color, Origin, and finally Material.
Ryan: In plain English now. The first one, determiner, are the words like "the" or "some" or "my". These come at the beginning of a string of adjectives.
Chihiro: The next one is an opinion adjective, in other words, something like "beautiful" or "silly" or "fun". That comes second.
Ryan: The third one is the size. In other words how big or how small something is.
Chihiro: And the fourth one in line is shape. Shape adjectives are words like "circular", "triangular", and perhaps even "irregular"
Ryan: So up to now, a string of adjectives may sound like this. "The ugly little deformed duckling."
Chihiro: That's "the" for the determiner, "ugly" as an opinion adjective, "little" for size, and "deformed" for shape.
Ryan: Moving along, the adjective after a shape description is age. How old something is if you need to mention it or a describing word, such as "young" or "middle-aged".
Chihiro: And the next one up is color. Is the noun "red" or "brown" or is it "reddish brown"
Ryan: What follows after that is the origin, or in other words, where it's from. Is it Brazilian or is it Chinese?
Chihiro: And then finally we have material. What is it made of? Is it cotton, is it plastic, metal or ceramic?
Ryan: And then at the end you place your noun. The main thing. Don't forget that one!
Chihiro: You won't of course have all of these adjectives to state every time you have a noun to describe, but you will have a variety sometimes to mention.
Ryan: When you do, you may want to keep this order in mind. As usual, the more you practice it, the more familiar it'll sound to you.
Chihiro: In the meantime, let's give some examples of a sequence of adjectives. Go ahead, Ryan.
Ryan: "The smart, tall, eight year old Nigerian boy."
Chihiro: Okay, here the sequence is "smart, tall, eight year old, Nigerian". Opinion adjective, size, age, origin.
Ryan: Remember to not add an "s" to the word "year" since it's an adjective here. Okay, give us another example.
Chihiro: Okay. How about, "A small, round, purple and orange rubber ball."
Ryan: So the adjectives were, “small, round, purple and orange, and rubber”. So Size, shape, color, material.
Chihiro: And here’s one last example for you guys, "my cracked, antique, Spanish tea set."
Ryan: "Cracked, antique, Spanish tea set." Shape, age, and origin.
Chihiro: Right. Okay, all three examples sound like they're in the right order.
Ryan: Okay, shall we end our grammar point there?
Chihiro: Okay, Ryan, let’s close our easy, understandable grammar point then.

Outro

Chihiro: Okay, that just about does it for today. Okay, everybody thanks for listening!
Ryan: Bye for now!

16 Comments

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Tahar AZIRI
Wednesday at 08:39 PM
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Hi there !

Thanks for all what you are doing in order to make our English learning easy and efficient.

So, in which cases can we use "little" to express the meaning of "small" like in " a little boy" and to express the meaning of "not much" like in the proverb ". Too late and too little".

Please tell me all that is possible about the usage of this word.

Thanks in advance.

Tahar

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:34 AM
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Hello Az Ho,


Thank you so much for your heart! ❤️️❤️️

We are very happy that you like to study with us.

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

Az Ho
Tuesday at 07:59 PM
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❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 03:35 PM
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Hi there Eugene,


Thanks very much for your question! The word "nerve" is a noun and a verb. As a noun it has two meanings: it is fibres in the body that send messages to the brain or spinal cord and it can mean confidence or self-confidence.

As a verb is means to "brace oneself mentally to meet a demanding situation."


In your example it is being used as a noun meaning "she had the confidence to use his toothbrush." In the phrase "had the nerve" it is usually in relation to being surprised someone had this confidence, generally in a negative way.


I hope this is helpful to you! 😄


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Eugene
Friday at 05:11 PM
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Hi. I have a question about word @nerve@

Is it noun or verb?

In all of those examples it is a noun.

She HAD THE NERVE to use his tooth brush.

Could be nerve a verb with the same meaning?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:17 PM
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Hello Guy,


Thanks for the post and the positive feedback!


Feel free to ask us any questions you have throughout your English language studies. 😄😎


Cheers,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Guy
Sunday at 02:49 AM
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Hello

Good lesson but drinking is not a solution!!

Thanks

EnglishClass101.com
Friday at 07:43 PM
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Hello Lylia,


Thankyou for your post!😄👍


I hope you enjoy studying with us.


Cheers,

Eva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Lylia
Saturday at 10:39 AM
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The poor turtle...

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 04:35 AM
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Hello Citrus009,


Thanks for posting!


What they mean is the turtle is very important to them and that its more than just some turtle.


If you have anymore questions please let us know!


Cheers!

Patricia


Team EnglishClass101.com