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Lesson Transcript

English Prepositions Made Easy Season 1 Lesson 8 - Where's the Nearest Post Office in the United States?
INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, and welcome back to EnglishClass101.com. This is English Prepositions Made Easy Season 1 Lesson 8 - Where's the Nearest Post Office in the United States? John Here.
Becky: Hey I'm Becky.
John: In this lesson, you’ll learn the prepositions “across” and “opposite.” The conversation takes place at work.
Becky: It's between Rachel and Sean.
John: The speakers are co-workers, and they will use both formal and informal English. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Rachel: Sean, can you take this package to the post office?
Sean: Where is it?
Rachel: It's across the street.
Sean: Is it next to the bank?
Rachel: No, it's opposite the pizza place.
Sean: Sure. I'll be back soon.
John: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Rachel: Sean, can you take this package to the post office?
Sean: Where is it?
Rachel: It's across the street.
Sean: Is it next to the bank?
Rachel: No, it's opposite the pizza place.
Sean: Sure. I'll be back soon.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
John: Ah, the United States Postal Service.
Becky: USPS delivers mail and packages across the country. If you need it to be delivered quickly, or it’s of special importance, you can pay extra for quicker shipping and tracking.
John: Regular post can be slow and I’ve had so much mail never arrive.
Becky: Really? I’ve never had a problem with the mail service.
John: Never? I’ve received damaged packages too.
Becky: Honestly, I’ve never had a problem.
John: Yeah, I have friends that have had problems too, and then others that never have.
Becky: I guess it’s just luck of the draw?
John: Maybe! If it’s something important, these days I use a private courier service like FedEx or UPS.
Becky: They’re more expensive.
John: But more reliable, in my experience at least.
Becky: Maybe you should tip your mailman so you don’t get any more missed mail or damaged packages.
John: Maybe I should! Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
John: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Becky: can [natural native speed]
John: to be able to
Becky: can[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: can [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Becky: package [natural native speed]
John: box or large envelope that is delivered
Becky: package[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: package [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Becky: post office [natural native speed]
John: a building where postal services, such as sending mail, can be obtained
Becky: post office[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: post office [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Becky: street [natural native speed]
John: a public road, usually with houses and buildings lining it
Becky: street[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: street [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Becky: bank [natural native speed]
John: a business that offers financial services such as loans and accounts
Becky: bank[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: bank [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Becky: pizza [natural native speed]
John: a food that originated in Italy and is usually a flat, round dough covered in various toppings
Becky: pizza[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: pizza [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Becky: place [natural native speed]
John: location, room, or space
Becky: place[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: place [natural native speed]
John: Next we have...
Becky: back [natural native speed]
John: to return to a previous place or position
Becky: back[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: back [natural native speed]
John: And lastly...
Becky: soon [natural native speed]
John: in or after a short time
Becky: soon[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: soon [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
John: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is...
Becky: ...can...
John: ...meaning "to be able to." What can you tell us about this word?
Becky: This is a special class of verb called a modal verb.
John: You use “can” to say that you have the ability to do something.
Becky: You often use it in questions, such as “can you swim?”
John: And also statements like “I can swim.”
Becky: You can also use it to give permission, as in “You can borrow my bike.”
John: Can you give us an example using this word?
Becky: Sure. For example, you can say, “I can juggle.”
John: ..which means "I am able to juggle." Okay, what's the next word?
Becky: Post office...
John: ...meaning "a building where postal services, such as sending mail, can be obtained." What can you tell us about this?
Becky: There are two words. The first is “post,” which means “mail” or “to send mail.”
John: The second is “office,” which is “a building or room used as a place of business.”
Becky: So it’s a place of business for mail!
John: As we heard earlier this lesson, in the US it’s called the US Postal Service.
Becky: But informally, it can be called the Post Office or Postal Service.
John: Can you give us an example using this word?
Becky: For example, you can say, “The letter was delivered by the post office.”
John: Okay, what's the next word?
Becky: Place...
John: ...meaning "location, room, or space" How do you use the word “place”?
Becky: It’s a general term for a specific location or space.
John: What do you mean by specific location?
Becky: For example, you can say “let’s meet at the library.” But, if everyone knows that it will be the library, you can say “let’s meet at that place” instead.
John: You also hear things like “his place” or “my place.”
Becky: A possessive plus “place” usually means that person’s home. So “my place” is the same as “my home.”
John: What’s an example using this word?
Becky: You can say, “We go to the same place every Friday.”
John: ...which means "We go to the same location every Friday." Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

John: In this lesson, you'll learn about the prepositions “across” and “opposite.” Another two prepositions for this lesson!
Becky: We’re getting through a lot of these in this series.
John: We are! So let’s get going and start with “across.”
Becky: This is a preposition of movement or place. It can be used for moving from one side to another.
John: Like “walked across the street.”
Becky: When you use it for movement, there is usually a verb there, such as “walk.”
John: Or “run,” or “swim,” things like that.
Becky: “Across” can also be used for the position of something related to something else.
John: For example, “Across the road.” Let’s look at some sentence examples.
Becky: “We walked across the street to the playground.”
John: “The science lab is across the hall.”
Becky: There are a couple of idioms with “across” also.
John: Such as “across the board.”
Becky: This means that something is affecting everyone or everything.
John: For example, “There will be job cuts across the board.”
Becky: That means that every department in the company will be losing staff.
John: Another idiom is “across the pond.”
Becky: In this case “the pond” is the Atlantic Ocean. So, it means America and Europe. But because it’s used a lot by British people, it often means England or the UK.
John: “He is going on vacation across the pond.”
Becky: If you say that in America, it means he’s going on vacation in Europe, probably in the UK.
John: The next preposition is “opposite.”
Becky: This can be used to talk about position related to something else.
John: As in, “There is a bus stop opposite the high school.”
Becky: Or to say that two actors are in the same movie or TV show.
John: “Jennifer Lawrence is starring opposite Leonardo DiCaprio.”
Becky: “Opposite” sounds pretty similar to “across,” but you can’t use “opposite” for movement. “I walked opposite the street is wrong.
John: And “Jennifer Lawrence is starring across Leonardo DiCaprio” is wrong too.

Outro

John: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Becky: Bye

17 Comments

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EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:30 PM
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Hi Listeners! Try making a sentence using each one of the prepositions we learned on this lesson.

*Post them at the comments.

 

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Friday at 08:55 AM
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Hello James,


Thank you for taking the time to write to us. 😄👍


That sentence has an error in it - it should be "The goods are being sold across the pond next week." It means 'the goods are being sold 'across the pond' (an idiom meaning 'the other side of the Atlantic Ocean'—when in America this means Europe and vice versa) next week.


The word 'being' can be used in many different ways. It is the -ing form of 'to be.' The word 'being' can be a present participle, it can be a passive voice, a gerund, an adverb or part of a noun phrase.


I hope this is helpful to you. 😄👍 If you would like further assistance, I suggest upgrading to our ‘Premium Plus’ membership to get personal instructions from one of our English teachers through our ‘MyTeacher’ feature! (Link: www.englishclass101.com/myteacher)


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

James
Friday at 02:57 AM
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"The goods will being to be sold across the pond next week."

Can you explain the structure of this sentence?

Can 'being' be used as a verb?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:32 PM
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Hello Yen,


Thanks for taking the time to comment.


If you'd like some help with your written English, please feel free to contact your teacher on the 'MyTeacher' feature.


Regards,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Yen
Wednesday at 12:45 PM
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Hi all,


For me, the Post Office is so convenient. Personal or company can post mail or package in case of urgent need and the same number have never had any problem as well. Just the international express fee is a bit expensive.

If my writing has any errors, please feel free to correct my writing.

Thank you, Team!


Yen Tran

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 07:04 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello sina,


You are very very welcome. 😇❤️️ We were so happy to read your positive message!

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

sina
Sunday at 07:24 AM
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Hi

thank you ery much❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 07:29 AM
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Hello Az Ho,


You are very welcome. 😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

Az Ho
Tuesday at 06:50 PM
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THANK YOU ❤️️

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:42 PM
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Hi there Jhonny,


I love receiving letters, don't you? Jhonny, thanks for taking the time to write to us! 😄


Please feel free to shoot through any questions you have throughout your studies.


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Jhonny
Monday at 06:28 AM
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Hey there!


In Mexico it isn't very common to use the Postal Service but I have a friend that has sent me a postal card so it will be my first time using the Postal Service.


I know, I should use it more often. I don't remember exactly where it is. I think it is opposite a hotel. After picking the postal card I will walk across the street again and buy a gift for my friend.


Thank you for your feedback.