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Learn Nouns in English: 100+ Must-know English Nouns!


Nouns refer to objects or concepts—usually a person, place, or thing. Virtually any conversation you’ll have in English will involve you or the other party talking about nouns:

  • “The zoo was busy yesterday.”
  • Henry left the meeting early.”
  • “This article is all about nouns.”

Thus, learning the most common nouns in English is necessary if you hope to hold a conversation for very long! In this article, I’ll go over the most vital 100 nouns in English you need to know. These are words you’ll hear or read often, and that you’ll find yourself needing to use on a regular basis.

But before I start the list of 100 nouns in English, it’s important that you know about the types of nouns in English and how to use them. Below you’ll find information to help you learn about English nouns.

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Table of Contents
  1. Types of Nouns in English & How to Use Them
  2. 100+ Most Common Nouns in English
  3. Conclusion: Master Nouns in English & Much More with EnglishClass101!

1. Types of Nouns in English & How to Use Them

Nouns 1

1- Types of Nouns in English Grammar

There are three main types of nouns in English, in terms of class: Common vs. Proper, Concrete vs. Abstract, and Countable vs. Uncountable.

After these classifiers, there are also Collective, Mass, and Partitive nouns.

1. Common and Proper Nouns

A common noun is a noun that refers to a person, place, or thing, without using a proper name. It’s simply whatever the thing is called, in a general sense.

A proper noun, on the other hand, is the name of a specific entity, such as a nation, building, or person. In English, all proper nouns are capitalized; words like “Monday” should never be written as “monday”. Proper nouns are also individual examples of common nouns, but not all instances of common nouns have associated proper nouns. For example, a horse (common noun) may be named “Mr. Ed” (proper noun), but not all horses have names. Below are some examples of this:

Common NounsProper Nouns
BuildingEmpire State Building
ManMr. Jerry
ParkHanging Rock State Park

2. Concrete and Abstract Nouns

Concrete nouns are nouns that are tangible; you can see them, smell them, hear them, taste them, and physically touch or feel them.

English abstract nouns are nouns that you can’t experience using your five senses, but are still real.

Below are some examples.

Concrete NounsAbstract Nouns

(You can eat and taste bacon.)

(Ideas are real, but aren’t tangible.)

(You can see, hear, and feel a river.)

(Loyalty is a real concept, but isn’t tangible.)

(You can see, touch, and smell a candle.)

(Intelligence is real, but not tangible.)

(You can see and touch a pillow.)

(Hope is real, but can’t be felt with the five senses.)


3. Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Countable nouns are nouns that you can count using a definite number.

Uncountable nouns are those that can’t be counted using a definite number.

Below are some examples.

Countable NounsUncountable Nouns

Many Rocks

Note that you can use countable nouns in both singular and plural forms. For example, you can say “a book” or “three books,” and be grammatically correct.

However, uncountable nouns can only be used in singular form, typically without an article; it would sound funny to say “a nostalgia” or “six nostalgias.” Rather, you would say something along the lines of “Finding my Tamagotchi gave me nostalgia.”

4. Collective, Mass & Partitive Nouns

This is where things can get extra tricky with nouns in English grammar, so don’t worry if you need to go over this section a few times!

Collective nouns refers to a collection of several things, usually people or animals. It is a single word that encompasses many of the same things.

Mass nouns refer to a noun that can’t be “counted,” but is still measurable.

Partitive nouns refers to a part of something, usually part of a mass noun. Use of this noun usually involves the following sentence structure: ___ [partitive noun] of ___ [mass noun].

For your convenience, here are some lists for each type of noun, with example sentences so you can see how these nouns are used in English grammar.


“He pushed through the crowd.”

“Bert had to pick up more flour at the store.”

“He ate another slice of pizza.”

“A wolf pack trekked through the snow.”

“The DVD collection began gathering dust.”

“Morty wanted the best cut of meat.”

“He corralled the herd.”

“The sandwich needed more pepper.”

“She ate the last piece of cake.”

“The birds flew together in a flock.”

“She poured some juice for her daughter.”

“A spoonful of honey is very sweet.”

2- How to Form Plural Nouns

Nouns 2

So, how do you take a singular noun and make it plural?

It depends on the word, though you almost always add an “-s” to the end. There are instances, however, where you add “-es” or “-ies.”

Here are some examples of these rules, but keep in mind that there are exceptions to these rules more often than not.

1. Add -s

The majority of nouns in English simply require you to add an “-s” in order to make them plural. In particular, nouns that end with -th, -ph, -o, -f, -fe, and -on, almost always become plural by adding an “-s,” though this pluralization isn’t limited only to these endings.

Here are some examples:

  • Cat > Cats
  • Eye > Eyes
  • Mountain > Mountains
  • Risk > Risks

2. Add -es

There are some nouns which require you to add an “-es” in order to make them plural.

Oftentimes, these are nouns that end in a double “s,” as we don’t put three s’s consecutively in English.

There are other instances where “-es” is used, such as when a noun ends in -sh, -ch, -s, -x, or -z. Further, there are instances where nouns ending in “-o” require -es instead of -s (though the rules for this are flimsy).

Also, “-es” is required for nouns that end in “-is.”

Here are some examples of each rule above:

  • Dress > Dresses
  • Glass > Glasses
  • Eyelash > Eyelashes
  • Tomato > Tomatoes
  • Basis > Bases

3. Add -ies

The rule for “-ies” is simple. For any singular noun that ends in the letter “y,” remove the “y” and replace it with “-ies.”

  • Library > Libraries
  • Party > Parties
  • Country > Countries
  • Bunny > Bunnies

The only exception to this rule is when the “-y” is preceded by a vowel, in which case only an “-s” is needed (e.g. way > ways).

4. Add -i

Nouns that end in “-us” can be made plural by replacing the “-us” with “-i” (e.g. fungus > fungi).

A Mushroom

There are also some words that are both singular and plural. Some examples include “deer,” “sheep,” “pants,” and “scissors.”

3- What’s the Difference Between an English Noun and Pronoun?

Differentiating between an English noun and pronoun can be difficult, especially for those new to the English language.

Technically speaking, a pronoun is a type of noun. Pronouns are nouns that are used for the sole purpose of identifying a person, animal, or thing (rather than simply naming it). Common pronouns include “he,” “she,” and “it”; these indicate who or what is being referred to, without using a proper noun (such as a name).

Distinguishing between an English noun and pronoun is something that you’ll become better at with lots of practice and experience!

2. 100+ Most Common Nouns in English

Nouns 3

Now that you have a better idea about how nouns are used, you should find this nouns list a lot more useful. Let’s go over the 100+ most common nouns in English!

1- Appliances

We live in a world filled with appliances designed to make our lives easier. Knowing the names of common appliances in English will be essential when you visit, or relocate to, an English-speaking country. Here’s an overview of the most common and practical appliances in English.

WordMeaningUsage in SentenceAdditional Notes
TV“TV” is short for “television,” which is found in nearly every American household. 

These words can be used interchangeably.
The TV broke, so Sasha couldn’t watch the season finale of her favorite show.
FridgeAn appliance used to keep food cold and fresh, usually vegetables, meats, and other foods/beverages that are best kept cold.Alaina put the soda can in the fridge so it would be cold when she drank it later.“Fridge” and “freezer” are often used together in sentences, due to their similar uses.
FreezerAn appliance used to keep food frozen. This is often done to ensure that the food remains edible for long periods of time.Mark took the leftover chili out of the freezer to thaw for dinner that night.Oftentimes, people have an appliance that serves as both a fridge and a freezer.
Air ConditionerAn appliance used to keep a home (or room) comfortably cool, especially during the warmer months. Also called an “AC.”Sweating, Henry got up to turn on the air conditioner.
HeaterAn appliance used to keep a home (or room) warm, especially during the cooler months.Jenny turned up the heater as she watched the snow fall outside.
FanAn appliance that keeps a home cool by keeping the air circulated; however, this doesn’t keep a home at a certain temperature, like air conditioners do.Gretta stood in front of the fan to cool down after her run.
WasherAn appliance used to wash clothing.Sue put the dirty clothes in the washer this morning.
DryerAn appliance used to dry clothing after it’s been washed.Later, her husband put them in the dryer.“Washer” and “dryer” is another pair of words that tends to be used together.
MicrowaveA “microwave” (also called a “microwave oven”), is a kitchen appliance used to heat food as well as pop popcorn or melt butter.Beatrice heated the leftover food in the microwave to have for lunch.
HairdryerA “hairdryer” is a handheld appliance used to dry hair after bathing or otherwise getting one’s hair wet.Mel just bought a new hairdryer.
DishwasherA “dishwasher” is an appliance that’s used to clean dishes and silverware.After dinner, she collected the dishes and put them in the dishwasher.Not to be confused with just a “washer,” which washes clothes.
Coffee makerA “coffee maker” is an appliance that makes coffee after water and coffee grounds have been put in. Coffee makers come in various forms, but they all do basically the same thing.Al became grouchy after his coffee maker broke this morning.

Espresso Machine

2- Technology

The world is continually evolving toward an internet- and technology-based existence. This makes it essential to know and understand the most basic technology nouns! Below is a list of the words you’ll most likely need to know, and will be using, while in an English-speaking country.

WordMeaningUsage in SentenceAdditional Notes
ComputerA “computer” is a device that people use for many purposes, namely to go on the internet or perform other digital tasks.Alex needed a new computer for work.
KeyboardA “keyboard” is a device comprising of several letter, number, and action keys that people use for typing on a computer.Ellen spilled coffee on her keyboard, so it stopped working.
MouseA “mouse” is a device that people use to move the cursor on the screen of a computer or laptop.Carlos’s hand hurt after using the mouse all day.Mouse here is not to be confused with the animal mouse!
LaptopA “laptop” is similar to a computer, though it tends to be smaller and is portable. Its name refers to the fact that a person can set it on their lap as they work on it.Lucy was glad that she could bring her laptop on the plane.
TabletA “tablet” is a device smaller than a laptop, and usually doesn’t fold like a laptop does when not in use. 

Tablets normally have good internet functionality and are often used for gaming or reading.
Pierre purchased the new book to read on his tablet.
CellphoneA “cellphone” is a device that’s relatively small (usually able to fit in someone’s pocket) and is used wirelessly to call or text message others as well as go online (if it’s a smartphone).Ollie dropped his cellphone on the ground and the screen shattered.
Headphones“Headphones” are a device that one puts on their head (similar to ear muffs or a headband) to listen to music via another device (like a laptop).Victor wanted to buy new headphones, but didn’t have enough money.You may hear someone refer to “earphones” or “earbuds.” These are devices that are used for the same purpose, but are smaller and the part with the speaker is put inside the ear, not over it.
ChargerA “charger” is a device with a wire which is plugged into an outlet on one end, and a device on the other, to recharge the battery.“Can I borrow your charger?” asked Kayla.
BatteryA “battery” gives certain devices the energy they need to run and function.The battery was running low, so Amber hurried to charge it.“Charger” and “battery” are often used together in a sentence, as “chargers” are used to charge “batteries.”
Wi-Fi“Wi-Fi” allows you to have internet access while away from home.Molly was disappointed that the store didn’t have Wi-Fi.
InternetWhen you go online, you are using the “Internet.”Riley and her boyfriend didn’t have internet the first week in their new apartment.
ServicePeople often use the word “service” to mean either a service provider (usually for the internet), or the service itself.“I can’t believe I don’t get service here!” said Ray at his grandparents’ house.“Wi-Fi,” “internet,” and “service” are often used together, as they all relate to each other.
WebsiteA “website” is a specific place on the internet, defined by a web address.Bob had always dreamed of running his own website.
PictureA “picture” is an image, and in this case refers to one you would find online.Ken liked Elle’s picture on Facebook.This can also be called a “photo” or a “pic.”
FileA digital “file” is similar to a real-life file. It’s a place on a computer or other device where you can store information or programs.Ingrid saved the file before leaving work.
AccountAn “account” is something that allows a person to access something online or on a device.She couldn’t believe her Twitter account was hacked.“Account,” “Username,” “Password,” and “Login” are often used together, as they’re closely associated. 

For example, your login is composed of your username and password, which are used to access your account.
UsernameA “username” refers to what a device or website will know you as, and is almost always required alongside a password for access to an account.Manny wanted his username to be different than his real name.
PasswordA “password” is a word, phrase, or series of numbers+letters that only you (or a select group of people) know, and is used to gain access to an account or information.Sandra forgot her password again.
LoginA “login” usually refers to login information (usually a username + password).Hans would never let anyone know his login information.

3- Transportation

From the moment you begin your journey, transportation is one of the most urgent factors you’ll have to consider. Throughout the United States, you’ll find many different modes of travel and transportation; in the list below, you’ll find the most common nouns in English that have to do with transportation.

Car Driving Down Road

WordMeaningUsage in SentenceAdditional Notes
AirplaneAn “airplane” (sometimes just called a “plane”) is a means of transportation by air.Omar was relieved when he found his airplane ticket.
AirportThe “airport” is where planes land and take off from, and where people go to board a plane.“What time should I pick you up at the airport?” asked Carmen.
TrainA “train,” commonly referred to as a “locomotive,” is a fast mode of transportation by railway.Wayne had always wanted to ride a train around the countryside.
Train stationThe “train station” is where trains go and leave from, and where people board the trains.He couldn’t believe how crowded the train station was.
SubwayA “subway” is an underground train system.Mya almost missed the subway train.
BusA “bus” is a common mode of public transportation; it’s a large, long vehicle that carries many people to various locations.Aunna hated riding the bus to work.
Bus stopThe “bus stop” is where buses go to and take off from, and where people board the bus.There are few things more miserable than waiting at a bus stop in the cold.
TaxiA “taxi” is another form of public transportation, consisting of a normal-sized car and a driver, who will take you where you need to go.Kim waited and waited, but couldn’t get a taxi to stop for her.Taxis are a common mode of transportation in the United States, and you’ll find access to traditional taxi services as well as those by companies like Uber and Lyft.
Bike / BicycleA “bike” (or “bicycle”), is a means of transportation with two wheels that moves as you pedal.To get more exercise, Gretchen started riding her bicycle everywhere.
Traffic lightA “traffic light” (also called a “traffic signal”) is a device over busy intersections that indicate whether to stop your vehicle or continue going through, based on what color the light is.Gordon enjoyed looking at the scenery while stopped at the traffic light.
IntersectionAn “intersection” is a place on a street where vehicles can be coming from multiple directions.Risa felt nervous when approaching the intersection.
RoadA “road” is a place where vehicles drive or people walk, and is relatively small and usually not busy.Taylor thought it was peaceful walking down the dirt road in the evening.
StreetA “street” is usually larger than a road, and busier. It’s usually meant only for vehicles/bikes.Nikki looked both ways before crossing the street.
AreaAn “area” is a general space or place.“I live in the area surrounding the library,” he told her.

4- Restaurant

I don’t know about you, but eating out at restaurants is my favorite part of visiting new places. Food and dining atmospheres are both comforting and adventurous at the same time! To ensure that you have the best dining experience possible, be sure to study these relevant English nouns for beginners!

Someone Pointing to Menu Item

WordMeaningUsage in SentenceAdditional Notes
TableA “table” is an elevated platform that people sit around to eat.“Which table should we sit at?” asked Barnie.
MenuA “menu” is a selection of what’s available to eat and drink at a restaurant, and how much it costs.“Wow, there’s so much on the menu to choose from,” said Lisa.Depending on the restaurant, the menu can be on a large board above where you order, on a small paper or pamphlet on the table, or both.
ServerA “server” is the person who brings you your food and beverages, and usually the bill at the end of your meal.The server arrived with their food.
WaiterA “waiter” is a male server.She asked the waiter for a refill of her drink.
WaitressA “waitress” is a female server.The waitress asked everyone how the food was.
BillThe “bill” is a piece of paper with a final statement of how much your meal costs.Vince looked at the bill and couldn’t believe how much the meal cost.This is not to be confused with a dollar bill, or with the name Bill!
ForkA “fork” is an eating utensil with three or four prongs, used to pick up food so you can eat it.After a terrible day, Quin couldn’t believe the restaurant staff would forget to give him a fork.
KnifeA “knife” is an eating utensil used to help cut through bigger pieces of food to make them easier to eat.Once the waiter had given him a fork, Quin realized the knife was dirty.
SpoonA “spoon” is an eating utensil with a curved end that holds liquid/semi-solid foods like soup or pudding.Quin left the restaurant early after he dropped his spoon on the floor.
Chopsticks“Chopsticks” consist of two separate sticks that are used to pinch or pick up food to eat. These are commonly found in restaurants that serve Asian-style food.The next day, he went to a Chinese restaurant and learned how to use chopsticks.
PlateA “plate” is a mostly flat dish that is used to serve food on.“I forgot how big the plates here are,” Elsa said.
BowlA “bowl” is a rounded dish typically used to hold liquid or semi-solid foods like soup or pudding.“You really ate the whole bowl of chili!” she exclaimed.
GlassA “glass” is a container used to hold beverages.“Can we get one more glass over here?” Hank asked the waitress.
Water“Water” is the most common beverage to drink with a meal, and most restaurants give you free water with your meal.“I’ll just have water, please,” Wanda said.
Tea“Tea” is a beverage made with hot water and herbs. It can also be served cold over ice, known as iced-tea.Anya enjoyed the fragrance of the tea.
Beer“Beer” is an alcoholic beverage made from fermented cereal grains.Andrew finished off his second beer quickly.
Wine“Wine” is an alcoholic beverage made using fermented grapes.“Which wine do you recommend?” she asked her date.
Vegetables“Vegetables” are a plant-based component of many meals, especially in lunches and dinners.Watching her diet, Hilary ordered the omelet that had lots of vegetables.
Beef“Beef” is meat that comes from a bull or cow, and can come in many forms – two of the most popular are burgers and steaks.Linus had a craving for beef, so he ordered a steak with potatoes.
Pork“Pork” is meat that comes from a pig, and can also come in many forms – pork chops and hot dogs are just two examples.“Can I have the rice bowl with pork?” he asked.
Chicken“Chicken” refers to the meat from a chicken, and is one of the most-eaten meats in the United States.Tina ordered the chicken salad.
Fish“Fish” can refer to any type of edible fish – some of the most common are salmon, tilapia, and tuna.“What fish dish do you recommend?” she asked the waiter.
Tofu“Tofu” is a soy-based substitute for meat, and is a common option for vegetarians/vegans.“Can I have this meal with tofu instead of chicken?” Kit asked.

5- School Essentials

Whether you’re currently a student or not, school and education are common topics of conversation in the United States. You should be able to navigate through such a conversation easily, as long as you know these everyday English nouns.


WordMeaningUsage in SentenceAdditional Notes
Elementary schoolIn the United States, “elementary school” usually refers to grades 1-5.Grayson’s daughter is seven years old, and is in elementary school.
Middle school“Middle school” in the United States usually refers to grades 6-8.His son, however, is in middle school.
High schoolIn the United States, “high school” usually refers to grades 9-12.“I can’t wait to graduate high school!” Helen said.
College“College” refers to schooling after high school, usually in pursuit of a specific career.Will hadn’t yet decided on which college to go to.
UniversityA “university” is similar to a college, though universities tend to be larger, have more options, and provide more resources to students.Zoey wished that her son would attend the university right after high school.
ClassroomA “classroom” is a place, usually within a school building, where classes and lessons take place.The classroom was closed for the day due to an accident.
ClassmateA “classmate” is someone with whom you go to class with/is taking the same class as you.Peter didn’t get along with most of his classmates.
TeacherA “teacher” is one who teaches at a school.Rhonda asked her son which teacher was his favorite this year.
ProfessorA “professor” is one who teaches, usually at a college or university.Olive had to ask her professor for another chance to pass the exam.
StudentA “student” is one who attends school, college, or university, or who is in the process of actively learning in general.Alice is a student of Biology at her college.
MajorA “major,” in college, is a certain path of learning (e.g. if you major in something, it means that you are studying that more than anything, usually in order to get a career in that area).Jared had a hard time picking a major, but decided on Engineering.Major here is not to be confused with the adjective major (meaning “big” or “important”), or the military term Major.
DegreeA “degree” is a type of certificate that proves a person has graduated successfully from high school or college.Claire only had two more weeks of school until she could get her degree.Degree here is not to be confused with degrees (related to temperature), or degree (meaning “extent”).
Homework“Homework” is schoolwork that is taken home to work on, and turned in to a teacher on a specified date.Ian always asked his big brother for help on his math homework.
ProjectA “project” in school is usually an assignment that a student (or group of students) is given a specified amount of time to finish. This can be an essay, a powerpoint, or any other school-related assignment.Terry was almost finished with his school project when his little sister came in and destroyed his work.
ExamAn “exam” is a type of test, usually long and covering a wide range of topics, that a class takes at the end of the year or semester.He was up all night studying for the exam.
BreakA “break” is a period of time when school is not in session. There’s usually a break each quarter, with summer break being the longest.Antoine couldn’t be more excited for summer break!Break here refers to a period of rest or time off, and is not to be confused with the verb break!

6- Occupation

In the United States, people can be pretty obsessed with their jobs. You’re bound to have people ask you all the time what you do for a living, how you like doing it, and how you got into that field of work. Below is a small sample of possible job titles you may hear (or use to describe your own job).

(Learning about nouns in English because you’re looking for a U.S. job? Be sure to check out our article on how to find a job in the United States!)

A Coffee Mug Saying

WordMeaningUsage in SentenceAdditional Notes
DoctorA “doctor” is a person who is qualified to prescribe treatment/medication and diagnose someone with an illness/disorder.Louis went to school to become a doctor.
LawyerA “lawyer” is someone well-versed in the law and who practices the law in one of many positions related to it.Joel needed a lawyer before he would speak to the authorities.
NurseA “nurse” is someone with medical knowledge, who is often charged with caring for sick patients.The nurse changed the patient’s bedding each day.Nurse here is not to be confused with the verb “nurse.” As a verb, “nurse” can mean to take care of and aid in healing. It can also refer to a mother breastfeeding her baby.
ManagerA “manager” is someone who manages a business, company, store, etc., and its staff.The store manager was very nice and offered them a discount after the inconvenience.
ChefA “chef” is one who prepares and cooks food, usually in a restaurant.Leila enjoyed food, so she wanted to become a chef.
BusinessmanA “businessman” (or “businesswoman”) is one who works at an executive-level position within a company, or who is well-versed in financial knowledge regarding that business.Anna thought the businessman looked too serious.
Police officerA “police officer” is one who enforces the law, and has the authority to put someone under arrest.Tim’s father was a police officer.Police officers can also be called “policemen” (for males), “policewomen” (for females), or cops.
FirefighterA “firefighter” is one who is involved in putting out fires.Cara wanted to be a firefighter ever since one of them saved her life as a child.
EngineerAn “engineer” is one who has a good knowledge of mechanics, and is typically involved in creating or fixing things that involve mechanics.Wendy wanted to be an engineer like her father.

7- Family Members

Talking about your family with someone is a great way to develop a closer bond, and maybe even a friendship! Here are the most common nouns for family members in the United States.

(Family Members Exploring Outside

WordMeaningUsage in Sentence
ParentsThe “parents” are those who conceived and raised (or simply raised, in the case of adoption)  a child.Trisha didn’t get along with her parents as a teenager.
DadA “dad” (also called a “father”) is the male parent.Arthur’s dad taught him how to play chess.
MomA “mom” (also called a “mother”) is the female parent.Violet enjoyed spending time with her mother.
Siblings“Siblings” are children with the same parents.Lily needed some time away from her four siblings.
BrotherA “brother” is a male sibling.Nel and her brother enjoyed playing together as children.
SisterA “sister” is a female sibling.Cassie’s little sister wore yellow a lot.
UncleAn “uncle” is the brother of one’s mother or father.Tom fixed the car with his uncle.
AuntAn “aunt” is the sister of one’s mother or father.Liz liked going to the store with her aunt.
NephewA “nephew” is the son of one’s sibling.Martin’s sister had a son named Matthew, making the child his nephew.
NieceA “niece” if the daughter of one’s sibling.A couple of years later, Martin’s brother had a daughter named Melody, making her his niece.
CousinTwo people are “cousins” if each of them was born to a different sibling in the same family.Matthew and Melody are cousins.
HusbandA “husband” is a male spouse.Jen’s husband never helped her clean up the kitchen after dinner.
WifeA “wife” is a female spouse.Adam couldn’t believe Cheyenne was going to be his wife.

8- Body Parts

Yes, body parts. Below is a list of the body part names you’ll be using most often, but we have a longer list of body parts as well, with images for each!

(A Foot

WordMeaningUsage in Sentence
HeadYour “head” is above your shoulders.The doctor scratched his head in thought.
ShoulderYour “shoulder” is between your arm and neck.Thomas injured his shoulder while skiing.
ArmYour “arm” is a limb to which your hand is attached.Cathy’s arm fell asleep in the middle of the night.
HandYour “hand” is attached to your arm.Sara’s hand cramped from writing too much.
Finger“Fingers” are appendages attached to your hand.Jane cut one of her fingers while peeling an apple.
LegYour “leg” is a limb to which your foot is attached.After hurting his leg, Albert needed to walk using crutches.
FootYour “foot” is attached to your leg.The shoe was too tight and hurt his foot.
Toe“Toes” are appendages attached to your feet.She stretched her toes after taking her shoes off.
ChestYour “chest” is below your neck, and contains your heart.She put her hand over her chest and felt her heart beating quickly.
AbdomenThe “abdomen” is the portion of the body containing the stomach and other digestive organs.After the huge meal, Andy rubbed his abdomen in satisfaction.
FaceYour “face” is at the front of your head, and contains the following things.She put her face in her hands in shame.
EyesYour “eyes” are below your forehead, and allow you to see.Brian told his girlfriend she had pretty eyes.
NoseYour “nose” is below your eyes, and allows you to smell things.The scent of dinner cooking reached her nose and made her happy.
MouthYour “mouth” is below your nose, and allows you to ingest food.Xavier got hit in the mouth with a football.
EarThe “ears” are on the sides of your head, and allow you to hear things.After listening to the loud music, she heard ringing in her ears.


Alarm clocks, meetings, flight schedules, and store closing times are all examples of when time vies for your attention. This is a topic with many layers, but I’ve done my best to outline the most important time-related nouns in English for you below!

Signs with

WordMeaningUsage in SentenceAdditional Notes
Today“Today” refers to the current day.I’m looking forward to eating dinner later today.
Yesterday“Yesterday” refers to the previous day (the day before today).I was able to sleep in and relax yesterday.
Tomorrow“Tomorrow” refers to the next day (the day after today).Hopefully the weather is still nice and sunny tomorrow.
DayA “day” refers to a period of twenty-four hours.This is a pleasant day.
WeekA “week” refers to a seven-day period.Brandy had to skip school all week because she was sick.Week is not to be confused with the word “weak,” which means to lack strength.
MonthA “month” refers to one-twelfth of a year, consisting of about four weeks or thirty days each.August is Jennifer’s favorite month.
YearA “year” refers to twelve months, or the time it takes for the earth to revolve around the sun.Wendel will be moving away next year.
HourAn “hour” consists of sixty minutes, and there are twenty-four hours in one day.Lucy couldn’t wait until the hour was over so she could leave work and go home.
MinuteA “minute” consists of sixty seconds.He didn’t think he could stand another minute of her lecturing.Minutes are also used in telling time, along with hours. For example, when someone says that it’s 8:48 am, the “48” means 48 minutes after 8 o’clock.
SecondA “second” is a short period of time, sixty of which make up one minute.One second she was happy, and the next she was crying; what did he do wrong?Second here is not to be confused with the adjective “second,” which refers to being after the first of something.
CalendarA “calendar” shows the months of a given year, as well as the days in that month. It can be either in tangible paper form and hung on a wall, or an app on a phone or computer. Calendars are used to track what day it is, upcoming dates and holidays, and to help schedule events/appointments.After checking her calendar, Nel had to cancel her date for next week.
DateA “date” refers to a specific day, usually consisting of the month, day, and year.“What’s today’s date?” Joe asked.Date here is not to be confused with the word’s other two meanings. One meaning is a date, like a romantic time out with someone (as it’s used in the “calendar” example sentence). The other meaning is a type of fruit.

Days of the Week

Learning about nouns in English language isn’t really complete until you know the days of the week, too!

Medicine Organizer with Days of week

WordMeaningUsage in Sentence
Sunday“Sunday” is the first day of the week, and is the second day of the weekend.Po went to church on Sunday.
Monday“Monday” is the second day of the week, but the first day of the work week.Raina didn’t look forward to work on Monday.
Tuesday“Tuesday” is the third day of the week, and the second day of the work week.Abby looked forward to lunch with her boyfriend on Tuesday.
Wednesday“Wednesday” is the fourth day of the week, and the third day of the work week.Sil skipped school on Wednesday.
Thursday“Thursday” is the fifth day of the week, and the fourth day of the work week.“What should I bring to the potluck on Thursday?” she asked.
Friday“Friday” is the sixth day of the week, as well as the fifth and final day of the work week.Zora worked the late shift at work on Friday night.
Saturday“Saturday” is the seventh day of the week, and the beginning of the weekend.Fay looked forward to sleeping in on Saturday.

3. Conclusion: Master Nouns in English & Much More with EnglishClass101!

Nouns 4

I hope you enjoyed this English nouns lesson and learned some valuable information about the most common nouns in English with EnglishClass101.com! What did you learn about English nouns? Are there any English nouns you still want to learn about? Let us know in the comments! We always look forward to hearing from you!

Learning about nouns in English language studies can be difficult, but know that with enough practice you’ll get the hang of it!

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At EnglishClass101, we have learning and study tools for every student’s success. Combine that with your hard work and determination, and you’re sure to master English! You’ll be speaking, reading, and writing English like a natural before you know it!

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Celebrating Flag Day in the United States


A flag can say a lot about its country, and each one is steeped in years of history. The United States Flag, adopted in 1777, has undergone many changes over the years as circumstances change and states are added to our nation. 

So, why is Flag Day observed in the U.S.? In this article, you’ll learn all about Flag Day’s meaning to U.S. citizens, some facts about the U.S. Flag, and some important vocabulary. 

Let’s get started.

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1. U.S. Flag Day History and Meaning

The United States Flag against a white background

What is Flag Day in the U.S.?

Flag Day in the United States is a day of commemoration for the country’s freedom and—even more so—its flag, which was adopted in 1777 by the Second Continental Congress. The adoption of the U.S. Flag signified independence from Great Britain and unity among the different states. Prior to its incorporation, the U.S. Flag looked very much like the British Flag; in addition, the different states had previously fought the British under a variety of different flags. Bernard J. Cigrand is credited as being the person who had the most influence in making Flag Day an official holiday, though there were people before and after him who made the same proposal. In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson took Cigrand’s proposal into consideration and decided to make Flag Day official.

Flag Day in the U.S. is a time of commemorating the events leading to the country’s independence and reflecting on what it is to be a United States citizen.

2. When is Flag Day in the U.S.?

Each year, the United States celebrates Flag Day on June 14.

3. How is Flag Day Celebrated?

While the U.S. National Flag Day is not a public holiday, there are a variety of activities that can take place on this day. On Flag Day, U.S.A. citizens fly the flag at their homes and outside of their business buildings. The country is bright with red, white, and blue wherever you go! Even major roads and streets may be decorated with red, white, and blue streamers or miniature flags.

The National Flag Day Foundation also does a special flag-raising ceremony, in which attendees sing the national anthem (The Star-Spangled Banner) and say the Pledge of Allegiance with their right hand over their heart. There’s usually a Flag Day parade as well.

In Philadelphia, many people visit the Betsy Ross House to celebrate Flag Day. This is the previous home of Betsy Ross, the woman often credited with creating the first U.S. Flag. Another popular location on Flag Day is the Star-Spangled Banner House, which is in Baltimore, Maryland. 

4. Changes to the Flag

Betsy Ross flag

Do you know how many times the United States Flag has been changed or altered in some way? Twenty-six! 

Betsy Ross’s flag was composed of thirteen red and white stripes in alternating order, and a blue canton in the top left corner containing thirteen stars arranged in a circle. Today, the flag contains thirteen red and white stripes, but now there are fifty stars (one for each state), no longer in a circle. 

5. Must-Know Flag Day Vocabulary

A bald eagle

Are you ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this article? Here’s a quick list! 

  • White
  • Red
  • Blue
  • Sing
  • Bald eagle
    • The national bird of the United States
  • Revolutionary War
    • The war that allowed the United States to gain its independence from Great Britain
  • Flag
  • Stars and Stripes
    • The United States Flag consists of fifty stars (representing the fifty states) and thirteen stripes (representing the original thirteen English colonies in the U.S.). Stars and Stripes is a nickname of the U.S. Flag.
  • Parade
  • United States
  • Betsy Ross
    • The woman credited with creating the first U.S. Flag, in 1870
  • Philadelphia
    • A large city in the state of Pennsylvania, where the first U.S. Flags were made
  • Star-Spangled Banner
    • The national anthem of the United States, written by Francis Scott Key in 1812; also a nickname of the U.S. Flag
  • Pledge of Allegiance
    • A pledge spoken to indicate allegiance (loyalty) to the United States
  • Old Glory
    • A nickname used for the U.S. Flag

To hear the pronunciation of each word, be sure to visit our U.S. Flag Day vocabulary list

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about Flag Day in the United States with us, and that you took away some valuable information. 

What does your country’s flag look like? Do you have a Flag Day in your country? Let us know in the comments! 

If you want to continue learning about U.S. culture and the English language, EnglishClass101.com has some great free resources for you, straight from our blog:

This only scratches the surface of everything we have to offer English-learners. To make the most of your time on EnglishClass101.com, create your free lifetime account today. You can also upgrade to our Premium or Premium PLUS options, which will give you access to exclusive content and lessons. 

Happy learning, and stay safe out there!

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Learn the Best Compliment Phrases in English


When you compliment someone, you’re doing so much more than offering them kind words. You’re also boosting their confidence, showing them that you’re on their side, and extending a hand of friendship (or strengthening the one you have). A meaningful, well-placed compliment can even change a person’s entire day for the better!

Just about everyone loves compliments, and learning how to offer compliments in someone’s native language will make both of you feel great!

Lucky for you, EnglishClass101.com has prepared a simple guide on the best compliment phrases in English for a variety of situations and people. Once you have these down, you can build off of them and create your own unique compliments for the people in your life!

Let’s learn English compliments together!

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Table of Contents

  1. English Compliments List
  2. How Do You Make Compliments Sound Sincere?
  3. What to Expect Afterwards
  4. Final Thoughts

1. English Compliments List

1- Look & Personality

Two Women Chatting with Hot Drinks

Many compliments in English are aimed at a person’s appearance or their personality.

Here are some basic sentence structures you can use when giving compliments in English about someone’s looks or personality. These are phrases that you can say to anyone simply by filling in the blanks with the appropriate words for the situation.

Compliment Notes Example Situation
“I love your ___!” Here, you can fill in the blank with something about the person that you love.

This can be an article of clothing, a personality trait, or even a haircut.

You run into someone you know at the grocery store and notice they recently got their hair cut or styled.

You greet them and say “I love your haircut!”

“Your ___ is/are so ___.” Here, you can fill in the first blank with the thing or trait you’re commenting on.

In the second blank, you put an adjective to describe that thing or trait.

A female friend picks you up to spend the day together. You notice that she recently had her nails done.

You comment by saying “Your nails are so pretty.”

“That/Those ___ is/are really ___.” This is the same as the compliment directly above.
You meet with a friend who’s wearing a pair of cool-/cute-looking shoes you haven’t seen them wear before.
You compliment their shoes by saying “Those shoes are really cute/cool.”
“I like ___” Here, you put the object or trait that you like in the blank. A colleague you know well comes into the office wearing a new shirt.

You compliment their shirt by saying “I like the shirt you’re wearing.”

“Is that a new ___? I like it.” Here, you put what you’re commenting on in the blank. This phrase is normally used for clothing, other objects, or changes in appearance.

When you use this compliment, it shows that you really pay attention to that person and what they own/wear.

You’re spending time with a close friend and suddenly notice they’re wearing a new jacket.

You say “Is that a new jacket? I like it.”

“You’re so ___.” Use this phrase to compliment someone on a personality trait you admire in them. Someone gives you a compliment, so you smile and say “You’re so sweet!”

A- English Compliments to a Woman

If you’re trying to win a woman’s heart, here are some compliments you can say to her. Generally, these are best used on a date or other romantic occasion.

Man Flirting with Woman

Compliment Notes Example Situation
“You have a beautiful smile.” You say something that makes your date laugh, and you tell her “You have a beautiful smile.”
“You look lovely.” You’re picking up your date, who’s dressed up, and you tell her “You look lovely.”
“Has anyone told you how beautiful you are?” Many women love to be complimented in the form of a question, especially in a romantic context like a date. You’re on a date with a woman you think is very beautiful, and you say this to her.
“You have a kind heart.” You see a woman you like do something nice for someone, so you say this to her the next chance you get.
“You’re beautiful inside and out.” By telling a woman she’s beautiful inside and out, you’re saying that both her appearance and personality are beautiful to you. When you’ve been in a relationship with a woman for a little while, you can say this to her to brighten her day.

B- English Compliments to a Man

Is there a man who’s caught your eye or your heart? Here are a few compliments you can give him. These are best used on a date or other romantic occasion.

Woman Complimenting Man’s Cooking

Compliment Notes Example Situation
“You’re very handsome.” You happen to see a man you like dressed up nicely, so you say this to him.
“How charming you are!” You’re on a date with a man, and he says something cute or funny, so you tell him this.
“You’re very strong.” This can mean either physically, mentally, or emotionally. A man you like is helping you carry something heavy. To compliment him, you can say “You’re very strong.”
“There aren’t many men like you.” This phrase implies that you think this man is one-of-a-kind and better than most other men. When you’ve been in a relationship with a man for a while, you can tell him this to brighten his day and show your appreciation.
“You’re a good man.” You can tell this to a man who you think is a good person.

Do you need to brush up on your English vocabulary? You may want to check out the following vocabulary lists on EnglishClass101:

2- Work

Colleagues Chatting After Work

Giving someone a compliment on a job well done or overall good work performance can really make their day and encourage future success. Depending on how well you know the coworker (or employee), you may want to give a more general compliment or one that’s more specific and detailed.

Here are a few typical English compliments for the workplace!

A- General

Compliment Example Situation Notes
“Good job.”
“Well done.”
“Nice work.”
“Nicely done.”
“You did great.”
A colleague you know well receives a high performance rating on a big project.

After they tell you about it, you say one of these phrases to congratulate them.

All of these phrases are interchangeable. They are simple ways of congratulating someone on a job well done.

In informal situations, such as spending time with close friends, all of these phrases can also be used sarcastically. This is usually done when you or another member of the group does something clumsily or not very well.

However, in formal situations, these are used as genuine compliments.

B- Specific

Compliment Example Situation Notes
“You gave a really good presentation.” One of your colleagues had given an important presentation earlier, and you thought they did really well.

After work, you make sure to tell them “You gave a really good presentation.”

“That’s a great idea.” You’re stuck on a task that seems impossible, and your partner for the project suggests something that may help.

Relieved, you tell them “That’s a great idea. (Thank you.)”

“You did really well (on) ___.” A colleague just got finished redesigning your company’s website.

Impressed, you tell them “You did really well redesigning the website.”

Here, you can fill in the blank with whatever thing that person did well on.
“I appreciate your work on this.” One of your employees did a really good job on a difficult task you assigned them.

To let them know you’re impressed and that you took notice of their work, you say “I appreciate your work on this.”

“The way you ___ was amazing.” A colleague did a great job working with a difficult client earlier that day.

To show them you’re impressed, you say “The way you handled that client was amazing.”

Here, you can fill in the blank with whatever task/assignment/action this person did that you thought was amazing.

Do you need more words for the office or talking about your job? Check out the following vocabulary lists on EnglishClass101:

3- Skills


Some of the best English compliments you can give someone are those about their skills. If you notice that someone does really well at something, go ahead and let them know!

Compliments Example Situation Notes
“Great job out there!” Your friend invited you to a tennis tournament they’re competing in.

After the event, you meet up with your friend and tell them “Great job out there!” to show you were impressed with their skills.

“Are you sure you’re not a professional?” Your friend does photography as a hobby and offered to take your wedding photos.

After you see how good the photos are, you say “Are you sure you’re not a professional?”

This is a fun, informal way of letting someone know how highly you think of their skill or ability in something.
“Wow, I’m impressed!” You attend a play that your friend is acting in, and they did a remarkable job.

After the play, you tell them “Wow, I’m impressed!”

Woman Performing on Stage

Compliments Notes Example Situation
“You’re good at ___.” Here, fill in the blank with the skill or activity you’re commenting on.

You can also add the modifiers “really” or “very” to show that they’re better than good. 😉

You’re at a friend’s house and they play their guitar for you.

They did well, so you say “You’re (really) good at playing the guitar.”

“You’re a great ___.” Here, fill in the blank with the name of the hobby, profession, or other activity you’re commenting on. You see a friend’s painting that they’ve been working on for weeks.

It looks very cool, so you tell them “You’re a great painter.”

“You ___ beautifully.” Here, fill in the blank with the skill or activity the person does beautifully.

Use this phrase if you really want to see that person smile. This compliment tends to mean a lot to someone.

You hear someone you know singing and think they sing very well.

When you get the chance, you tell them “You sing beautifully.”

“You’re such a good ___.” Here, fill in the blank with the name of that person’s profession, hobby, or role. In debate class, you find yourself impressed with a classmate’s speaking abilities.

After class, you tell them “You’re such a good speaker/orator.”

“You’re a ___ [adjective] ___ [skill/hobby/profession].” This one is a little more complicated.

In the first blank, fill in a positive adjective that describes their skill, hobby, or profession.

In the second blank, put the name of their skill, hobby, or profession.

1. “You’re a talented writer.”

2. “You’re a wonderful soccer player.”

3. “You’re a skilled origamist.”

Compliments Example Situation Notes
Cooking “This is a really good meal.”

“Wow, can I have the recipe?”

“Thank you for this wonderful meal.”

You’ve just finished eating dinner at a friend’s house.

To compliment their cooking, you say one of these phrases.

Photography “Those are beautiful pictures.”

“You’re so good at photography.”

“You’re great with a camera.”

A friend shows you some photographs they’ve taken recently.

You’re impressed, so you say one of these phrases to them.

Drawing “Your drawing is really cool/pretty.”

“I really like your drawing.”

“I wish I could draw as well as you.”

You happen to look over to your classmate’s desk and notice them drawing.

You think it’s a great drawing, so you tell them one of these phrases.

Writing “Your writing is very good.”

“I like reading what you write.”

“You should write a book!”

A friend was kind enough to show you something they wrote.

You think it’s really good, so you tell them one of these phrases.

Singing “I’m so jealous of your singing voice!”

“Your singing voice is very pretty.”

“Where did you learn to sing like that?”

You and some friends have a karaoke night, and you’re surprised when one of them is a very good singer.

To compliment them, you say one of these phrases.

Sports “You did really well in your ___ game.”

“It was fun watching you play.”

“You could be in the ___!”

You watched a sports game that someone you know played in.

You thought they did well, so you tell them one of these phrases.

In the first phrase, you can replace the blank with whatever game they were playing. (Ex. “soccer game.” )

In the final phrase, you can replace the blank with a sports team or organization related to the sport they were playing. It means that they’re good enough to play professionally. (Ex. “in the NFL!” )

Games “You’re a wonderful ___ player.”

“You always beat me at ___.”

“One of these days I’ll win.”

You’ve just finished playing a game with a new acquaintance and they won.

You’re impressed, so you tell them one of these phrases.

In the first phrase, you can replace the blank with whatever game you were playing. (Ex. “Backgammon player.” )

In the second phrase, you can replace the blank with whatever game you were playing. (Ex. “at Monopoly.” )

There are so many things you can compliment someone on regarding their skills! If you need to brush up on your vocabulary for these topics, EnglishClass101 has the following vocabulary lists:

4- Bonus: Very American Compliments

Woman Smiling

Now, here are some English slang compliments that Americans love to use, especially on social media. Don’t be surprised if you hear some of these in person, too!

Compliment Notes Example Situation
You’re the real MVP.” This is a popular phrase in the United States, rising to fame as a meme featuring Kevin Durant.

It means that you’re the “most valuable player,” which is a title awarded to sports players.

It can be used as a genuine compliment but is almost always said ironically and humorously.

You pick up a piece of litter off the ground and throw it away.

Someone you know sees and says “You’re the real MVP.”

“You’re on fire.” / “You’re on a roll.” This means that someone is continuously doing very well at something. You’re about to beat your high score in a video game. Your best friend says, “You’re on a roll!” to encourage and compliment you.
“Why/how are you so ___ ?” Fill in the blank with either a positive adjective or a clause to finish the thought. A coworker walks by your desk and notices that it’s very clean. They say “How are you so organized?” as a compliment.
“You’re on your A-game.” This means that someone is doing something to the very best of their ability. You’ve passed three exams in a row. Your friend in class notices, and says “You’re on your A-game!”
“You’re a doll.” This means that someone is being very kind, sweet, or cute. It’s typically said between two female friends. Your female friend invites you to her house for lunch. You bake cookies before coming over and bring them with you.

When your friend sees the cookies, she tells you “Thank you. You’re a doll!”

2. How Do You Make Compliments Sound Sincere?

Positive Feelings

When you give a compliment in English, the last thing you want to do is sound insincere or fake. Americans tend to be very sensitive to this and might form a negative opinion of you if they think you’re not being sincere with your compliments.

When you pay someone a compliment in English, there are a few things you can do and be mindful of to sound more sincere.

  • Avoid complimenting too much or too often.

    If you’re always giving people compliments, those people will become less likely to believe that you’re sincere. Be sure to only compliment when you mean it, and even then, don’t compliment every time you feel like it. In general, you should save your compliments for times and situations that matter.

  • Don’t overdo your compliment.

    When giving compliments in English, don’t overdo it. Just as you shouldn’t compliment too often, you also shouldn’t put too much in your compliment.

    Avoid using words like “fantastic,” “spectacular,” and “wonderful,” unless you really, really mean it. Don’t make your compliment overly wordy, and don’t keep going on and on about it.

  • Make sure your compliment is relevant.

    If you comment on something that has nothing to do with the current situation, people may not take the compliment seriously (or will be confused by it).

    For example, if you’re playing a video game with a friend, it’s probably not the right time to compliment them on their new haircut or guitar skills.

    Sometimes, if you’ve just met someone for the first time, it may be appropriate to offer an off-handed compliment about their appearance or something good you’ve heard about them.

  • Comment on details.

    You can skip this tip if your English isn’t very good yet. Basic compliments will still make someone’s day. But if you feel confident enough, people love to hear the little details about why you’ve complimented them.

    Being able to comment on details shows that you’re really paying attention to them and mean what you’re saying.

    For example, instead of just saying “I love your haircut,” you can say “I love your haircut. It really frames your face well.” Instead of saying “You’re good at playing the guitar,” you can say “You’re good at playing the guitar. It sounds very smooth and natural.”

  • Look them in the eyes.

    Generally, in the United States, people prefer eye contact when speaking with each other. This is especially true when talking about a serious topic or letting someone know you’re being honest with them.

    Appropriate eye contact for Americans is something that will become more natural to you as you continue speaking with people.

    For more information on body language in the United States, you can check out my article on Body Language!

3. What to Expect Afterwards

In the United States, people have different reactions to compliments depending on a variety of factors.

1. Situation/Setting: Work or social? Friend or stranger? In public or in private?
2. Who’s giving the compliment: How well do they know you, and in what context?
3. What the compliment is about: Was your compliment sincere? Is it something they’re comfortable being complimented on?

In general, Americans will gladly receive compliments with a “thank you.” A lot of the time, they’ll also give you a compliment in return. This can be about either the same thing or something else:

High Heeled Shoes

A: “I like your shirt.”
B: “Thank you! I like yours too.” OR “Thank you! I really like your shoes by the way.”

Some people may try to deflect the compliment if they feel uncomfortable, embarrassed, or not worthy of the compliment:

A: “That was a great presentation!”
B: “Thanks, I thought I could have done better though.” OR “You thought so? I could have done better.”

In the event that this happens, don’t worry too much. They probably do appreciate the compliment, but it’s best not to push it on them.

4. Final Thoughts

As long as you’re sincere in your compliments and don’t hand them out too freely, especially around people you see all the time, Americans tend to love being complimented—and giving compliments in return.

Do you feel more comfortable giving the most common compliments in English now? What are some common compliments in your own language? We look forward to hearing from you!

Once you’re more confident in your English-speaking abilities, don’t be afraid to experiment a little. You can use the same sentence patterns and basic phrases we went over in this article to create your own compliments in English. While any compliment can make someone smile, a more unique one will warm their hearts.

And remember that EnglishClass101.com will be here to help and guide you as you continue delving into the English language! Create your free lifetime account today, and learn English like never before!

Happy English learning!

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Finding the Perfect Mad with Anger Sentence in English!


We all have bad days, and we all have at least the occasional wave of anger toward someone or something. Expressing your emotions is healthy, and this is certainly as true for anger as it is for any other emotion. While yelling or screaming things in your own language, kicking walls, slamming doors, and stalking off irritated can help you reduce anger, nothing beats communicating your anger with someone in words they understand.

The word “anger” in English refers to a negative feeling of frustration, disappointment, or even rage. In this article, we’ll answer the question “How can I express my anger in English?” and teach you some of the most commonly used angry English expressions.

By learning angry phrases in English, you will have a whole arsenal of things to tell people in the U.S. when you’re angry. Expressing anger in English can open doors to communication. And sometimes it just feels good. (But, of course, at some point you’ll need to cool down—for some tips and advice, scroll to the bottom of this article.)

Are you ready? Here’s EnglishClass101’s guide to getting angry in English, complete with many mad with anger sentences in English!

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Table of Contents

  1. Angry Imperatives
  2. Angry Warnings
  3. Angry Blames
  4. Describing How You Feel
  5. Bonus: How to Calm Yourself Down When You’re Angry
  6. How EnglishClass101 Can Help You Express Yourself in English

1. Angry Imperatives

Negative Verbs

You use an angry imperative when you want to tell someone what to do. The angry English phrases below are useful for communicating when someone needs to stop what they’re doing!

1- Shut up!


When you tell someone to “shut up,” you’re demanding that they stop talking. Essentially, it’s like telling someone to shut their mouth (which, interestingly, is another common angry sentence in English).


A mother and her teenage son get into a big fight; one of them says something the other doesn’t like, so they yell “Shut up!”

Additional Notes:

While this is traditionally an “angry” phrase, it’s also used in two other contexts:

1) Jokingly telling someone to shut up (like if one best friend is teasing another)

2) Sometimes this phrase is said when someone is saying something good, though this is less common. For example, if someone tells you they’re taking you to Disneyland for your birthday, you might say “Shut up!” in excitement or disbelief.

2- Stop it.


Use this phrase to tell someone to quit doing whatever they’re doing. (And you mean now!)


Your family continually teases you about something, and you can’t take it anymore so you yell “Stop it!”

Additional Notes:

Like the phrase above, this phrase is occasionally used in a joking manner, like between friends. That said, if someone says this to you and you’re not quite sure if they’re serious or not, it’s better to be on the safe side and stop.

3- Cut it out!


This phrase means exactly the same thing as “stop it” but is generally less serious.


A parent might use this angry phrase with his or her children to get them to calm down or stop behaving inappropriately.

Additional Notes:

Can be used jokingly or in mild situations.

4- Leave me alone.


Sometimes, you just need to be by yourself while you calm down and collect yourself. This phrase tells someone to let you do that (with the implication that you’ll be even angrier if they don’t leave you alone).


You and your significant other get in a big fight, and out of desperation to be alone and temporarily stop the fighting, you say “leave me alone.”

Additional Notes:

While the other phrases in this section are often used jokingly, this phrase tends to be more serious and is less frequently used jokingly. If someone says this to you, it’s best to “give them some space” (leave them alone).

5- Get lost.


When you tell someone to “get lost,” it’s the same as telling them to leave you alone or go away. This tends to be a more derogatory way of saying “leave you alone,” and implies that not only do you want them to go away, but you also don’t really care where they go. You’re so angry you just want them gone.


You’re fighting with a close friend or family member about something serious, and then you tell them to “get lost.” Because this person is close to you, these words are meant to hurt them and show your anger by implying that you don’t care where they go.

Additional Notes:

From time to time, this phrase can be used jokingly or lovingly, but not very often.

2. Angry Warnings

When you feel anger beginning to bubble up inside you, or when someone’s about to cross a serious line, it’s only fair to give them a warning. Use the English angry phrases below to let someone know you’re getting angry with them.

1- Don’t mess with me.


Say this to someone if they’re starting to make you angry, especially if they’re saying mean things or trying to physically hurt you. This is meant to warn them that if they don’t stop, you’re going to fight back.


You’re at school and another student comes up to you and starts making fun of you or is bothering you in general. You could say, “Don’t mess with me,” as a warning that they need to stop.

One Kid Threatening Another

2- You’re asking for trouble.


This is similar to the phrase above. It means that if the other person won’t leave you alone or stop what they’re doing, you’re going to fight back.


Someone living in your apartment complex tries to start a fight with you. You could tell them “You’re asking for trouble,” as a warning that if they start a fight, you’ll fight back and win.

Additional Notes:

I don’t recommend using this angry sentence in English very often, if at all. It’s best used when you feel like you’re in some kind of danger and want the other party to back off and leave you alone.

3- Okay, you asked for it!


Use this phrase if the other party didn’t heed your earlier warnings. This phrase is warning them that because they didn’t listen before, you’re going to fight back.


The person at your apartment who tried to start a fight didn’t back down, so now you’d say, “Okay, you asked for it!”

4- Don’t make me say it again.


This angry phrase is often used between two people who are close: family members, close friends, or significant others. On occasion, it may be used by a teacher to a student (or an entire classroom).

When you say this phrase, it means that you’ve already told the person to stop doing something and they didn’t listen. This phrase implies that if you have to tell them again, you’ll be so angry that they’d better watch out!


You’re renting an apartment with a friend, and they haven’t been paying the full amount they owe. You’ve been telling them for months that they have to start paying more, but they won’t listen. During an argument over the rent money, you say “Don’t make me say it again!”

This phrase is often followed by the words “or else…,” which means that there will be a negative consequence if they don’t listen (e.g. your friend can’t live with you anymore).

5- This is my last warning.


This is a very classic phrase that children growing up in the U.S. often hear from their parents. It’s very similar to the phrase above, but it implies even further that there will be negative consequences if they don’t listen.


A mother has repeatedly told her young child not to run in the house. Finally, after the thirteenth time, she pulls him aside and says, “No more running through the house. This is my last warning.”

6- I don’t want to see you again.


Use this phrase when someone very close to you has done something to hurt you. It means that you’re so hurt and angry by what they did or said that you hope to never see them again. Sometimes, it can be used as a cue for them to leave.


You significant other did something that really hurt you or made you angry. So you tell them “I don’t want to see you again!”

7- I will not tolerate that.

Mother Scolding Child


This phrase is most commonly used by teachers to their students (or whole classrooms) and by parents to their children. It can also be used between friends and significant others.

When you use this phrase, it means that someone crossed a line or did something they really shouldn’t have done. Saying this indicates that if it happens again, there will be very negative consequences.


A student starts saying bad things to a teacher or is severely misbehaving in class. The teacher pulls the student aside and says “I will not tolerate that!”

8- How many times do I have to tell you?


This phrase is similar in meaning to “Don’t make me say it again” but is actually less angry and more frustrated. It means that you’re very disappointed and frustrated with someone for not listening to you or doing what you want them to do.

You can use this phrase in a wide variety of situations and across different relationship barriers (e.g. you can use this phrase equally toward a significant other, a co-worker, or your child).


Your friend has been bothering you all week to go to an event with them the following weekend. You keep telling them no, but they keep insisting. Finally, you’re so annoyed with them that you say “How many times do I have to tell you? I don’t want to go.”

9- You’re getting on my last nerve.


When you use this phrase, it means that someone is getting very close to making you angry (or angrier).


A family member just won’t leave you alone about something. You’re getting really annoyed with them, so you say “You’re getting on my last nerve,” to warn them that they should stop.

Additional Notes:

Sometimes, you may hear something along the lines of “You’re pushing my buttons.” This phrase may sound odd, but it really just means the same thing as “You’re getting on my last nerve.”

10- I’ve had enough.


This is both an angry phrase and a phrase of defeat. It means that you’re both very angry and weary of fighting or arguing and you just want it to stop. This phrase is often said in an assertive tone and means something similar to “stop it.”


You and your co-workers are arguing about something at work, and you’re really stressed out. You’re frustrated and angry that your co-workers won’t listen to you so you finally say “I’ve had enough,” and leave the room if possible.

3. Angry Blames

Oftentimes, a person’s first reaction to a stressful situation or something that angers them is to blame someone. Use the phrases below to express your disappointment toward someone’s words or actions and to show that you’re angry at them for something that happened. Note that many of these are angry questions in English, and don’t really require an answer.

1- What were you thinking?


Use this phrase when someone does something really stupid or something that makes you angry. It implies that they must not have been thinking clearly to do something as terrible as they did.


A father finds out that his daughter snuck out of the house a few nights ago. He approaches her about it and asks, “What were you thinking?”

2- Who do you think you are?


This phrase implies that you don’t like the attitude of the person you’re angry with. Say this to someone if you think they’re acting too prideful or rude, and it’s making you angry.


You’re standing in line at a restaurant and someone cuts in front of you. You’re already having a bad day, so you tell them “Who do you think you are?”

3- Are you out of your mind?


This phrase is very similar to “What were you thinking?” but is generally used in more serious situations, or when the person did something terrible.


You and one of your friends get into a big argument, and they grab your cell phone and throw it across the room. You immediately ask them, “Are you out of your mind?”

4- What’s wrong with you?


This is similar to “What were you thinking?” and “Are you out of your mind?” When you say this phrase to someone, it implies that you think the only way they could be acting the way they are is if there’s something wrong with them.


You’ve just told someone not to do something, and they did it just to make you angry. You say “What’s wrong with you?”

Additional Notes:

You may sometimes hear the phrases “You’re sick,” “You’re messed up,” or “You’re crazy,” especially on television. These all mean practically the same thing.

5- You aren’t listening to me.

Couple Having Argument


This blame phrase indicates that the person you’re angry with isn’t paying attention to what you’re saying, especially in the middle of an argument.


You and your spouse get into an argument about something, and you keep trying to explain something to them, but they interrupt you every time you start talking. You could say “You aren’t listening to me,” to call them out on it or to just end the discussion.

6- It’s all your fault.


This is the most classic of angry blame phrases in English. It literally means that whatever negative thing happened is entirely the other person’s fault.


Your friend kept you awake all night so you couldn’t study, and then you failed the test the next day. The next time you see them, you could say “I failed the test. And it’s all your fault.”

7- You messed everything up.


This is similar to “It’s all your fault.” Oftentimes, this is used when someone blames another person for something bad that happened (especially if things were planned to go a certain way but didn’t).


You’ve been working on a huge project for weeks, and a family member accidentally deletes all the files from your laptop the day before it’s due. You tell them “You messed everything up!”

8- You’re impossible.


When you tell someone “You’re impossible,” it means that you’re frustrated with them about their attitude, an action they did, or something they said. Essentially, it’s “impossible” to deal with them or be around them without becoming angry or frustrated.


You’re having an argument about something with a family member, and they keep interrupting you when you try to talk. Finally, out of frustration, you yell “You’re impossible!” and walk away from the conversation.

Additional Notes:

Oftentimes, close friends and family members will say this to each other jokingly out of mild frustration. This angry blame has the exact same meaning but is said in a more light-hearted manner.

9- It’s none of your business.


Use this phrase when someone tries to interfere with your life in a way that’s not welcome. This phrase basically means that whatever is going on in your life, or how you live it, isn’t for them to interfere with.


You’re mother sets you up on a date with someone without telling you. When you ask her why she would do it, she says “I thought you needed a boyfriend/girlfriend.” You then roll your eyes and say “It’s none of your business!”

10- I can’t believe you.


This phrase is similar to “You’re impossible.” It basically means that you’re angry or in shock about something someone did or said. It seems impossible to you that they could have done or said it.


Your sibling spilled orange juice all over your homework assignment. Your turn to them and say “I can’t believe you! You ruined my homework!”

11- How could you do this?


Use this phrase when someone does something that really hurts you, especially when you feel betrayed by them. It’s basically asking them how they could be so inconsiderate, or even wicked, to have done that thing (especially behind your back).


Someone finds out their spouse or significant other has been unfaithful to them. They ask them “How could you do this?”

12- You’re blaming me?


People often use this phrase when someone tries to put the blame on them for something that’s (arguably) the other person’s fault. It’s sort of a rhetorical question about who the blame should really be on.


You wait outside your friend’s house at an agreed upon time to take them to the airport, and they take a very long time getting ready. On the way there, you get stuck in heavy traffic and they miss their flight.

Your friend says, “I can’t believe you made me miss my flight!” You reply “You’re blaming me? You should have been ready sooner.”

4. Describing How You Feel

Once the yelling, fighting, and blaming has come to an end, it’s important to try and express how you really feel (and why). This may not be the best time for a conversation, but using one of the phrases below can help you open the door for one later.

1- I’m ready to talk.

Father Listening to Son


Oftentimes, this phrase is used after taking some time alone following an argument. It indicates that you’re angry about something, and that you’re finally ready and comfortable to talk about it rationally with that person.


You and your spouse had a fight, and you left the house for a while to cool down. When you come back home, you find them and say “I’m ready to talk.”

2- I’m very upset.


Use this phrase to let the other party know that you’re feeling upset or angry. Oftentimes, just stating this fact is enough to open up the conversation.


You find out that your child has been lying to you. While talking with them about it, you say “I’m very upset.”

Additional Notes:

This phrase is often used as the beginning of a longer sentence: “I’m very upset about ___,” or “I’m very upset that ___.”

So, in the example situation, you could also say “I’m very upset that you lied to me.” This makes the source of your anger or frustration clearer to the person you’re talking with.

3- I’m fed up with it.


This phrase may sound a little strange, but it essentially means that you’ve had enough of something and you can’t take any more (like when you’re full and don’t want to be fed anymore food). Use this phrase when you’re tired of someone’s attitude or behavior, or even during a situation.


A family member has been getting on your nerves all day, and you finally tell them “I’m fed up with it!”

4- I hate it/you.


This is one of the strongest phrases on this list, because hate is such a potent emotion. When you say this, it means that you hate the situation (it) or the person you’re talking to (you).


A child is arguing with her mother, and the fight becomes heated. Finally, the child says “I hate you!” and runs out of the room.

Additional Notes:

In the United States, people use the phrase “I hate you” as a joke all the time, especially when someone has caused them a minor inconvenience that they can both laugh about. You can usually tell whether it’s a joke or not based on the context, but I don’t recommend joking about this very often (just to be safe).

5- I’ve never been so disappointed.

Man with Forehead Against Wall


Say this phrase when you want someone to know that they’ve really upset you this time. When you say this phrase, it means that this person has disappointed you more than you’ve ever been disappointed before.


A close friend recently did something to hurt you. While venting about it to someone else, you say “I’ve never been so disappointed.”

6- You make me so angry.


This is a very clear, to-the-point angry phrase. You’re simply letting the other person know that they make you angry. This is a great phrase to use if you don’t want to worry too much about elaborating and just want to get to the point.


Your significant other does something that irritates you again. You tell them “You make me so angry!”

7- I can’t handle this anymore/right now.


Use this phrase to let someone know that you’re done and overwhelmed with them (or the situation).


You’ve been having a rough day, and at the end of the day you get home to some family drama. You tell everyone “I can’t handle this right now,” and go to your room.

8- I wish ___.


Use this phrase to communicate with someone what you want from them or how you wish things were.


A few common ways to finish this sentence include:

  • “I wish you would listen to me!”
  • “I wish you would stop doing that!”
  • “I wish you would leave me alone.”
  • “I wish you weren’t so ___ [negative adjective].”
  • “I wish none of this had happened.”

5. Bonus: How to Calm Yourself Down When You’re Angry

Letting out your anger every once in a while is vital to maintaining healthy relationships. But so is learning how to cool down and get in control of how you’re feeling (and how you respond to your emotions). While this is a life-long task, and something that requires constant thought and practice, there are a few things you can do to put yourself in a better frame of mind after getting angry:

  • Take a few deep breaths: Don’t roll your eyes at me. Taking some deep breaths can be a way to slow down your heartbeat and your thoughts; doing this can help you see things more clearly and rationally.
  • Exercise: Whether you exercise on a regular basis or not, doing some kind of physical activity may help you feel better. Exercise releases endorphins, which are chemicals that put you in a better mood (even if you don’t enjoy exercising itself). I personally find taking a long walk very helpful, but running, lifting weights, or even cooking a meal, can help.
  • Listen to music: Listening to music is a common way of understanding and releasing one’s emotions in a healthy way. Whether you prefer listening to angry music to fully experience your negative emotions, or you prefer listening to something calm to help you cool down faster, this can be an effective way to get yourself back on track.
  • Write something: For some people, writing is an excellent form of release. You can write a page or two in your journal about why you’re angry, work on a story or writing assignment, or even write an angry letter to someone (that you won’t give them). Putting your thoughts into words on the page or screen can help you process your feelings more easily. Wondering how to express your anger in writing? Check out this fascinating, honest article on the topic.
  • Take a nap: We all know how grouchy we can get when we’re tired or sleepy. If possible, lie down in your room and take a nap. Oftentimes, just a few minutes of sleep can help us think more clearly and rationally. If you’re too angry to sleep, just lie down and try to relax.
  • Walk in the other person’s shoes: When you “walk in someone else’s shoes,” you try to look at things from their perspective. You need to ask yourself what the other party may be thinking and feeling, and why they think or feel that way. Then, you examine yourself and your behavior in light of what you discovered about the other party. Did they think you were being irrational? Why? This is a fantastic way to gain insight, and can help you dissolve issues more effectively in the long run (even if it’s difficult sometimes to consider the other person’s thoughts and feelings).
  • Think to yourself some calming mantras: A “mantra” is sort of like a motto or phrase and is usually said or thought of in order to create a calmer or more inspired mindset. For example, you can think to yourself something simple like “Calm down” or “Everything will be okay.”
  • Distance yourself: Sometimes spending some time alone, or just getting away from the person or situation that’s making you angry, is the best thing you can do. Whether you go to your room and close the door, go for a walk or run, or spend some time at the mall or a cafe, having that distance can help you cool down and think more clearly.

Once you’ve had some time to cool down, it’s time to reconcile. If you’ve left a conversation, argument, or situation unfinished, it’s usually best to go back and finish it. Hopefully, the other party (or parties) has also taken some time to calm down so you can both have a much more rational discussion if one is required.

Couple in Autumn Leaves

6. How EnglishClass101 Can Help You Express Yourself in English

By now, you should have plenty of angry phrases to get you through your toughest days. While it’s usually best to hold your tongue in times of great anger, letting it out is healthy and important from time to time. And sometimes the other person’s just asking for it…

Self-expression is a vital aspect of being human, and being able to do so effectively is essential for maintaining healthy relationships, both with others and with yourself. If you want to continue learning how to express yourself in English, EnglishClass101.com has various learning tools and vocabulary lists dedicated to this (including an anger vocabulary list in English). Knowing how to describe your anger in English is just one aspect of the bigger picture:

Know that your determination to learn English, and all the time and effort you’re putting into it, will pay off. Not every aspect of this language-learning journey is easy, but EnglishClass101.com hopes to make every lesson as fun and effective as possible!

Keep up the diligent work and know that one day, you’ll be speaking, writing, and reading English like a native! You can do this. 🙂

Before you go, let us know in the comments what your favorite angry sentence in English is! What are the most common angry phrases in your native language, and what do they mean? We look forward to hearing from you!

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Celebrating Mother’s Day in the United States

What would the world look like without mothers? I imagine it would be much bleaker than it is already. Mothers provide love, inspiration, and countless other essentials! That’s why each year, the United States celebrates Mother’s Day and gives mothers that one day of appreciation they really deserve.

In this article, you’ll learn all about Mother’s Day in the United States, from its origin to modern-day traditions. You’ll also pick up some useful vocab along the way!

Let’s get started.

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1. What is Mother’s Day?

In the United States—and numerous countries around the world—Mother’s Day is a holiday dedicated to honoring one’s mother. Let’s talk about the origin of Mother’s Day, and how it’s evolved over time.

The History of Mother’s Day

In the United States, Mother’s Day began in 1908 at the request of Anna Jarvis, whose mother (Ann Jarvis) died in 1905 after a life full of love and service. She had a memorial for her mother at St. Andrew’s Methodist Church in 1908, though Mother’s Day became a national holiday years later, in 1914.

Ironically, a few years after Mother’s Day became official, Anna Jarvis began protesting the holiday. She believed it had become too commercial (as many holidays do over time), with the sales of Mother’s Day cards and other gifts.

Mother’s Day Today

Mother’s Day in the United States is still very commercial today, with many children and husbands searching for the best Mother’s Day gifts each year. However, the traditional Mother’s Day values have largely remained intact. This holiday is, above all else, a special day to show love, respect, and appreciation for one’s mother.

2. When is Mother’s Day this Year?

Mother’s Day is on a Sunday

Each year, Mother’s Day is celebrated on the second Sunday of May. For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s date for the next ten years.

  • 2020: May 10
  • 2021: May 9
  • 2022: May 8
  • 2023: May 14
  • 2024: May 12
  • 2025: May 11
  • 2026: May 10
  • 2027: May 9
  • 2028: May 14
  • 2029: May 13

Learn the Top 5 Important Dates in America with EnglishClass101.com!

3. Mother’s Day Events & Traditions

Children Kissing Their Mother on the Cheeks

As we mentioned earlier, Mother’s Day is a time of gift-shopping, looking for the perfect present to make one’s mother smile. On Mother’s Day, gift cards, flowers, chocolates, and handmade items are very popular gifts that a mother can expect to receive.

In families with young children, a common tradition is to give their mother breakfast in bed. This usually means a tray full of different breakfast foods—such as eggs, toast, pancakes, bacon, or donuts—and bringing it to their mother in bed. This allows her the leisure of eating a nice meal with zero effort on her part (unless the kids made a mess in the kitchen…).

A nice Mother’s Day brunch is another common tradition. The word “brunch” is an informal combination of the words “breakfast” and “lunch,” and it’s usually eaten in the late morning. This can be a home-cooked meal her husband makes, or the family may go out to eat at an expensive restaurant together.

There are no set events that happen on Mother’s Day, though many types of organizations do hold special Mother’s Day events. For example, churches may have a special Mother’s Day service and brunch, and schools may encourage children to prepare cards or gifts for their mothers. It’s not uncommon for some businesses or recreational places to offer special deals or events just for Mother’s Day.

    → Check out our list of popular United States Foods to see what a lucky mother may be able to enjoy eating on this day!

4. Mother’s Day Flowers

Flower bouquets are one of the most popular gifts for Mother’s Day!

While these bouquets can contain any type of flowers, some of the most popular include roses, tulips, and orchids, as well as any other common flowers for this time of year.

    → Learn 10 Flower-Related Words with EnglishClass101.com, and don’t forget to let us know what your favorite flower is!

5. Must-Know Vocabulary for Mother’s Day

A Stack of Chocolate Squares

Ready to review some of the vocabulary words from this lesson? Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for Mother’s Day in the United States!

  • Sunday
  • Mother
  • Son
  • Daughter
  • Present
  • Dinner
  • Rose
  • Mother’s Day
  • Love
  • Chocolate
  • Greeting card
  • Celebrate
  • Gift certificate
  • Breakfast in bed

To hear the pronunciation of each word and phrase, and to read them alongside relevant images, please be sure to check out our English Mother’s Day vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about Mother’s Day in the United States with us!

Do you celebrate Mother’s Day in your country? If so, what do traditions there look like? Let us, and your fellow English learners, know in the comments!

If you want to learn even more about United States culture or the English language, you may want to read the following pages on EnglishClass101.com:

These articles are a great place to start, but we have so much more to offer! Create your free lifetime account with us today, and start learning English right away. You can also upgrade to our Premium or Premium PLUS plans for exclusive lessons and features to help you learn faster!

Happy Mother’s Day, and stay safe! 🙂

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Life Event Messages in English: Happy Birthday & Much More!


By learning how to write life event messages, you’re opening a door to growing personal relationships with others. This is especially important when you’re in a country that speaks a language other than your native tongue. People appreciate it when you take notice of their major life events and offer your congratulations or condolences appropriately.

There are some life events that just about everyone can relate to, whereas others are specific only to one or a few countries. Those that are familiar to you already can help build relationships based on similarities, while those that are unfamiliar give you the opportunity to show your respect for the country’s traditions.

Learn how to wish “Happy Birthday” in English, and other life event messages, with EnglishClass101.com!

A note before we begin:

It’s very easy (and natural) to adopt phrases and use them when you’re supposed to. That’s what this article is here for, after all! But turning good wishes and encouragement into politics or ritual is always a risk if you never go deeper. When it comes to those close or important to you, don’t be afraid to test the waters with your English, and send a more heartfelt message—words from the heart can really change a life for the better. This is a good place to start, but continue to improve your English so you can form more meaning around your words!

Now, I’ll teach you Happy Birthday phrases in English, as well as messages for other life events. At EnglishClass101.com, we hope to make learning English both fun and informative!

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Table of Contents

  1. Many Ways to Say Happy Birthday!
  2. Baby Showers & The Birth of a Baby
  3. Graduations
  4. New Job or Promotion
  5. Retirement
  6. Weddings & Anniversaries
  7. Funerals & Offering Condolences
  8. Responding to Bad News
  9. Responding to Injuries or Illness
  10. Sample Holiday Greetings & Messages
  11. Conclusion: How EnglishClass101 Can Make You a Master of English Messages

1. Many Ways to Say Happy Birthday!

In the United States, we love to celebrate the birthdays of others (and our own)! Birthday celebrations vary from person to person (and family to family), with celebrations tending to become less elaborate and special as we grow older. But cake, cards, and a well-placed birthday message are always welcome! As for the Happy Birthday Song, well, it depends on who you ask.

Birthday Cake with Question Mark Candle

1- General Birthday Wishes

Believe it or not, there are both formal and informal ways of wishing someone a happy birthday. I’ve categorized common birthday messages below accordingly, as well as added a couple of versatile expressions that can be used either formally or informally.


  • Wishing you the best on your birthday.
    • This is a more formal birthday wish and sounds a lot more natural in writing than in speech. It’s a nice phrase to use in a birthday card to someone you’re not very close with, or to post on their social media.
  • Have lots of fun on your special day!
    • This is another birthday wish that’s better in writing and is more casual than the above phrase. It’s something you may see written on your social media from a distant relative or a former teacher/employer.


  • Happy Birthday!
    • This is by far the most commonly used birthday wish. It can be used both in writing and in speech, and sounds equally natural in either. Do note that this phrase is also pretty impersonal since there’s not a lot of meaning behind it.
  • Happy Belated Birthday!
    • You can use this phrase if you really wanted to wish someone a happy birthday, but completely forgot about it… This phrase can be used both in writing and in speech.
  • Congratulations on another trip around the sun.
    • People often use this phrase in reference to the fact that the earth revolves around the sun over the course of one year. One year older means one more time around the sun. It can be used in both writing and speech, but tends to be more commonly used in writing (particularly on social media).


  • I hope you have a great birthday!
    • This is a pretty generic birthday wish, and can be used both in writing and speech. Further, you can say this to people you know well, or people you hardly know at all. It’s wordier than “Happy Birthday” but still impersonal.
  • Congratulations on turning another year older!
    • This is similar to the “trip around the sun” birthday wish but sounds a little more formal. It tends to sound more natural when written, making it great for birthday cards or social media messages.

2- Special Birthdays

In the United States, there are a few birthdays we like to focus on more than others. Below are some common expressions used to wish someone a happy birthday on these special birthdays. Keep in mind that these tend to fall into the either/or category, meaning that they’re not considered extremely formal or informal. Feel free to use them at will! 😀

  • Happy Sweet 16!
    • In the United States, we consider a person’s sixteenth birthday a big deal and often celebrate it with a party or get-together. This type of celebration is most common for girls.
  • Happy 18th – you’re an adult now!
    • Eighteen is the age of officially becoming an adult in the United States, and is probably the most looked-forward-to birthday by children and teens because there’s so much more freedom. This phrase is pretty generic, but it (and its variations) are commonly seen on social media.
  • Congratulations on turning 21! Don’t drink too much.
    • After someone’s eighteenth birthday, they still have to wait three years before they can legally buy alcohol—making the twenty-first birthday another huge milestone! It’s common for people to joke about not drinking too much while wishing someone a happy twenty-first birthday.
  • Wow, 30! You’re getting old.
    • There’s a certain stigma about turning thirty in the United States, and it’s often associated with the gradual moving forward from youth. People often joke about “getting old” when wishing someone a happy thirtieth birthday.
  • I can’t believe you’re turning the big 4-0.
    • Forty is another big birthday in the United States, typically marking the end of “youth” and the beginning of a person’s “middle-aged” years. Sometimes, people refer to this as “the big 4-0.” After forty, every tenth birthday (fiftieth, sixtieth, etc.) tends to be celebrated more so than other birthdays.

2. Baby Showers & The Birth of a Baby

A Mother and Father Spending Quality Time with Their Baby

A pregnancy can be one of the most exciting moments in a couple’s life, so of course they’ll want to share it. For the soon-to-be mama, it’s common for friends and family to host a baby shower, during which she’s gifted with practical things for the coming baby (clothing, diapers, bottle warmers, etc.), and all the guests play baby-related games.

After the baby is born, don’t be surprised to see your social media freckled with pictures of the new baby and tons of ooh-ing and ahh-ing comments below them, along with best wishes for the family.

1- Informal

  • He/she is so adorable!
    • This is the kind of ooh-ing and ahh-ing that new parents will hear from close friends or family members. It’s often used on social media after the parents post pictures of the new baby, but can also be used in speech when actually seeing the baby in person.
  • He / she looks just like his / her mother / father!
    • Another common way of complimenting the baby and its parents is to use this phrase, either in writing or in person. In the United States, we enjoy pointing out similarities in appearance, and it often makes the parents happy to hear. For example, a mother may beam when someone says of her son: “He looks just like his father!”

2- Formal

  • Congratulations on your new baby boy/girl!
    • This is one of the most common phrases used for congratulating a new baby. This is mostly considered a formal phrase, though it can also be used informally. It simply congratulates the couple on their baby, and doesn’t have very much meaning behind it.
  • Wishing you and your little one a happy life!
    • This phrase has a little more meaning behind it, but is used formally in most cases. It’s a way of not only congratulating the couple, but wishing them the best for their (and their child’s) future.
  • Enjoy these days while you can; they’ll be over before you know it.
    • Honestly, this phrase is a bit of a cliche, but it is a favorite for many people. This is usually said by someone who has older or grown children as a reminder to the new parents to enjoy every second with their little one.

3. Graduations

Students at Graduation Ceremony

Graduating, whether from high school or college, is one of the most significant moments in a person’s life. It’s also one of the most exciting as new possibilities and even a brand new life lies ahead. Take some time to wish the new graduate well and congratulate them on their success and the hard work they put in to get there!

  • Congradulations!
    • This is a phrase you’ll hear and read everywhere during graduation season. It’s a play on words, where the t in “congratulations” is replaced with the d in “graduation.” It’s a clever way of congratulating someone on their graduation.
  • Congratulations on your well-deserved success.
    • This is a much more formal phrase, and is often used by former teachers or family members you’re not very close with. It’s a way of letting the graduate know that you’re proud of them and that they really earned their success in school.
  • Congratulations on your graduation; you earned it!
    • This phrase falls into the either/or category, as just about anyone can use this phrase to congratulate a graduate. It’s similar to the above phrase, but uses less formal language (“well-deserved success” is much more formal than “you earned it”).

4. New Job or Promotion

When someone gets a new job or receives a promotion, it’s both a bit exciting and frightening. So with this in mind, be sure to both congratulate them on their success and hard work, and let them know that you believe in them and wish them well.

  • I’m wishing you much success in your new position.
    • This is the most formal phrase in this section, and is most commonly found in written form (usually on a card or on social media). However, it can also be used in speech and is equally as meaningful.
  • Congratulations on your new job.
    • This is less formal and can be used in writing or in speech. It’s a simple, efficient way of congratulating someone on their new job, and can be said to anyone you know.
  • Congratulations on your promotion!
    • You can use this phrase with anyone, and it can be used in writing or in speech. It’s a simple way to let someone know how happy you are for them on their promotion.
  • Congratulations! I know you’ll do well in your new position/job.
    • This phrase goes a step further by also showing them you’re confident that they’ll do well. I recommend using this phrase when congratulating a friend or family member, but it can be used for just about anyone.
  • I’m so proud of you.
    • This phrase can be used either by itself or at the end of one of the other phrases. It adds more meaning to your message, and is best used with someone you’re close to (a close coworker, best friend, or family member).

5. Retirement

In the United States, retirement is something that everyone looks forward to. The day a person stops working signifies that they can live the rest of their days comfortably. It’s often a time for taking up hobbies they couldn’t do before, and overall living a more ideal lifestyle that isn’t hampered by pre-retirement responsibilities. Let the recent retiree in your life know that you’re proud of them for making it so far (and that you envy them just a little if you’re not retired yet).

  • Congratulations on your retirement.
    • This is a simple, easy phrase to use that may sound more natural in writing.
  • Best wishes for this next chapter/season in your life.
    • In the United States, it’s common to refer to retirement as a brand-new chapter or season in someone’s life. It represents something different, a time that holds events not yet known. Wishing a new retiree the best during this time in their life is a great way to show them that you’re glad for them, and that you want them to have happy years ahead.
  • Wishing you all the best for your golden years ahead.
    • Another common term for retirement is “the golden years”, due to the newfound freedom and relaxation that come with retirement. This phrase is similar to the one above, and can be used in the same way.
  • Congratulations on your retirement – I (or we) will miss having you.
    • This is a congratulatory phrase that a boss or fellow co-workers may tell a soon-to-be retiree if they’ve been working at that company for a long time. This one may sound more natural in writing, but can also be spoken.

6. Weddings & Anniversaries

Bride and Groom in Field of Flowers

Is someone you know getting married?

Marriage is the ending of two separate lives, and the beginning of one new, shared life with the person you love. In the United States, we’re definitely likely to gush over the relationships and love lives of those around us, even more than we gush over our own relationships. When we hear the good news that two people we know who were made for each other are going to tie the knot (meaning “get married”), we can’t help but express our joy and best wishes for the couple.

1- Weddings


  • Wishing you a lifetime of love and happiness.
    • This is a pretty formal phrase to wish a couple well in their marriage. You can use this phrase with any married (or soon-to-be-married) couple in your life, regardless of how close you are. This phrase usually sounds better in writing, whether in a nice card or on social media.
  • I’m wishing you all the best in your marriage.
    • You can also use this formal phrase to congratulate a couple regardless of how close you are. It’s similar to the above phrase, but is a little less specific. This one also sounds better in writing.
  • Congratulations to the happy couple!
    • Use this phrase if you know the couple getting married, but not well enough to be elaborate in your congratulations. It shows that you’re happy for them and that you wish them well. This is typically best used in writing.


  • Congratulations! I know you’ll be happy together.
    • Are you a friend or close acquaintance of a soon-to-be married couple? This is a great phrase to use to congratulate them! It expresses both your joy in their marriage and your confidence that they’ll be together happily for life.
  • Congratulations! You’re so good for each other.
    • Have you personally watched a couple grow together and form a closer relationship over time? Have you been waiting for the day they decided to marry? This is a great phrase to use if you want to express how happy you are for them and that you know they’re a perfect couple. This can be used in both writing and speech, but may sound more natural in writing.

2- Anniversaries

  • Happy (Wedding) Anniversary!
    • This is a simple way to wish the couple a happy anniversary. Note that you can choose to omit the word “wedding” if you want to, as this is usually implied. This is commonly seen on social media and in cards, as well as in spoken language. You can use this phrase regardless of how well you know the couple.
  • Congratulations on ___ years of marriage. Wishing you many more happy years together.
    • This is a more formal congratulations phrase. Where the blank space is, you would put the number of years they’ve been married: “Congratulations on five years of marriage. Wishing you many more happy years together.” This sounds most natural in writing, but can also be used in spoken language, especially during a speech or a toast to the couple.
  • __ years together! Congratulations!
    • This phrase is mostly informal, but should be used only if you know the couple fairly well. In the blank space, you would put the number of years they’ve been married: “Five years together! Congratulations!” This sounds most natural in writing, but is sometimes used in speech when the person saying it is close to the couple.

7. Funerals & Offering Condolences

Death is a touchy topic, and deeply personal; however, it’s an unavoidable part of life. Whether you need to send your condolences to a friend who lost someone, or you wish to say a few final words to someone you’ve lost, there are a few basic phrases you can use.

1- Final Words

  • Rest in peace.
    • This is the most frequently used phrase for final words. It’s a simple way of wishing for the deceased person to rest easily.
  • We’ll never forget about you/your legacy.
    • It’s also common to mention that the deceased person will not be forgotten, and never will be. This is significant to many people, as a person’s legacy (or the positive remembrance of the life they led) is a way of keeping their essence alive even after they’re gone. This is also a display of great respect for the deceased person.
  • You were a great ___ [father, mother, role model, etc.].
    • This phrase often follows the above phrase, as a way of elaborating on what that person’s legacy is. In the blank space, you would put the thing you most remember them as, or that you most admired them for. For example: “You were a great role model to me.”

2- Offering Condolences

  • My condolences.
    • This is a simple, catch-all phrase that you can use to offer someone your condolences after their loss. You can use this phrase with someone you don’t know very well.
  • I offer you my condolences.
    • This one is a little more formal, and can be used much the same way as the above phrase. It may be best to say this to someone you know a little bit better, though. The exception is if you’re writing this in a card for someone, in which case you can also say this to someone you don’t know very well.
  • I’m sorry for your loss.
    • You can say this to someone who’s grieving, whether you know them well or not. It’s most commonly said to a friend or family member, though, as it sounds a little less formal, and more from the heart.

8. Responding to Bad News

One Woman Comforting Another Woman Who's Crying

Everyone goes through hard times. We lose jobs and opportunities, break our phone screens, sprain our ankles, and go through rough patches in our relationships. But a little bit of encouragement, a helping hand, and a listening ear can go a long way toward helping someone through a bad or difficult situation. Here are some phrases you can use to show your care and concern for someone going through a hard time.

1- Less Personal

  • I’m sorry to hear that.
    • This is a very basic phrase that you can use to express mild concern or sympathy for someone. You can use this phrase regardless of how close you are to the person, and you can use it both in speech (most common), or on social media in response to a “bad news” post.
  • Things will get better soon.
    • If you want to give someone a little bit of encouragement when they’re feeling down, this is a great phrase to use. It can be used both in speech and in writing. Do be mindful of how and when you use this phrase, though; if it feels too impersonal or comes at a bad time, the person you’re talking to may feel that you don’t really care or that you’re being insensitive. But generally, this phrase is well-received.
  • This is temporary. / This will pass.
    • People often use these two phrases interchangeably, and they mean roughly the same thing as the previous phrase. Both of these phrases seek to tell the person you’re talking to that whatever they’re going through isn’t going to last forever. Oftentimes, people need to hear this in order to keep things in perspective and find the energy to keep going. You can say them in speech and in writing to just about anyone. But, again, do be mindful of how and when you use them.

2- More Personal

  • Are you okay? / Is everyone okay?
    • If you know the person pretty well, you can ask them if they are okay (the first phrase), or if everyone involved is okay (the second phrase). This shows that you really care and want to make sure that everything’s fine. A good example of when to use this phrase would be if you found out that a friend got into a car accident.
  • I’m here if you need anything. / I’m here if you need to talk.
    • These two phrases are good to use around a close friend or family member who’s going through a tough time. The first phrase indicates that you’re willing to help that person out if they need it, and the second phrase is a way to invite that person to vent (talk about what’s going on) to you. Keep in mind that you should only use these phrases if you’re actually willing to help or listen.
  • You’re in my thoughts. / You’re in my prayers.
    • Use these phrases to express that you’re thinking about this person (the first phrase) or that you’re praying for them (the second phrase). Many people find it comforting to know that they’re not alone and that people care and are there for them. In most cases, you can say this to anyone, regardless of how close you are.
  • Know that you have my full support.
    • In the same vein as the above phrase, you can say this to someone as a way of letting them know you care and are there for them. This is also a good phrase to use if the person you’re trying to comfort has a difficult choice to make (or has made a difficult choice already).
  • I’m sorry – I can’t imagine how hard this is for you.
    • If someone you know is going through something very difficult and you’re not quite sure what to say, you can use this phrase. It shows your care and concern, and also indicates that you realize the severity of their situation even if you’ve never experienced the same thing. It can be used both in writing and in speech.

9. Responding to Injuries or Illness

Woman Not Feeling Well

When someone you know has taken ill or has gotten injured, here are some general phrases you can use to wish them well and offer comfort. All of these phrases can be used formally or informally. Most of them sound most natural in writing, but they can also be spoken in person (like if you’re visiting someone at a hospital).

  • Get well soon!
    • This is probably the most frequently used phrase for this purpose. You can say it to anyone, and it is very versatile.
  • Feel better!
    • This phrase is almost identical in meaning to the one above, and can be used much the same way.
  • Take care.
    • When you tell someone to “take care,” you’re asking them to look after themselves and do all they can to stay healthy and safe.
  • Wishing you a quick recovery.
    • This one is a little bit more formal than the rest, but is used in much the same way. It expresses your desire for that person to get better quickly, especially if he or she has a more serious injury or illness.

10. Sample Holiday Greetings & Messages

Here are the most common phrases for holiday wishes (and greeting after holidays) in the United States, based on our most popular holidays and times of year. If you can put the word “happy” in front of a holiday name, you’re basically good to go. Well, except for Christmas…

1- Christmastime Wishes

Wishing someone a Merry Christmas is no longer a straightforward concept in the United States, and there’s plenty of hullabaloo about the different ways to say “Happy Holidays.”

Honestly, the most important thing is that what you say comes from the heart; although being mindful of another person’s religious status is always a good idea when it comes to the different ways to say “Happy Holidays.” Here are some sample holiday greetings, both religious and secular, to wish someone a good holiday season.

  • Merry Christmas!
    • This is the most traditional, simple Christmas greeting in English, though it’s not appreciated by everyone. It can be used both formally and informally, and in speech and writing.
  • Wishing you (and your family) a warm Christmas / holiday season.
    • This one is much more formal, and is most often expressed in writing. It’s also pretty flexible, as you can refer to Christmas, or the holiday season in general.
  • Wishing you and yours a Merry Christmas / Happy Holidays.
    • This is another formal, flexible Christmastime wish, and is usually expressed in writing. The “yours” in this phrase refers to one’s family members and other loved ones.
  • Happy Holidays!
    • This is the second-most common Christmastime wish, and is usually said as a secular version of “Merry Christmas.” It’s very informal, and can be expressed both in speech and in writing.
  • Merry Christmas / Happy Holidays, and may all your dreams come true.
    • In this phrase, one of the two main greetings is combined with a general wish for one’s dreams to come true. For most people, religious or not, Christmas is a joyful and magical time—the time of year that dreams can come true! This is said most often in writing, and is very rarely used in speech.
  • Seasons Greetings
    • This one may sound odd at first, but it’s simply a way of wishing someone a wonderful Christmastime season. It’s more heartfelt than “Happy Holidays” and less specific than “Merry Christmas,” making it a touching phrase to use in order to wish someone good things during the entire season. This is used almost exclusively in writing, and is somewhat formal.
  • Happy Hanukkah!
    • There are many people in the United States who celebrate Hanukkah instead of Christmas, and because Hanukkah is very close to Christmas, this is another one of the most common ways to say “Happy Holidays,” especially in Jewish communities.

2- New Year

Not long after Christmas, people in the United States celebrate New Year’s Eve and New Year’s Day. Celebrations often include fireworks, staying up until midnight (or later), plenty of drinking and good food, and time with friends and family. Here are the most common New Year’s holiday greetings.

  • Happy New Year!
    • This is the most common way of wishing someone a good new year. It’s very informal, and can be used in both written and spoken language.
  • Wishing you (and yours) well in ___ [year].
    • This is more formal and is generally written. It’s a way to wish someone (and their loved ones) a great new year. In the blank, you would write the upcoming year. For example: “Wishing you and yours well in 2020.”
  • Have a great ___ [year].
    • You can use this phrase both formally and informally, and it can be both written and spoken. In the blank, you would write the upcoming year.
  • See you next year!
    • This is another informal phrase, and is often used jokingly between people who are departing close to the new year. For example, it’s December 30 and you and your friend are getting ready to part ways after spending the day together. One of you says, “See you next year!” which sounds like a long time away, but is really only a couple of days in the future. Your next greeting after the holiday will be a new year!

3- Valentine’s Day

Valentine's Day Marked on Calendar with Hearts

In the United States, we celebrate Valentine’s Day on February 14 each year. It’s a day for lovers and sweethearts to express their love for each other. This is often done through gift-giving (chocolates, flowers, and stuffed animals are especially popular), spending quality time together, and writing each other sweet cards or notes. Whether you’re in a relationship with someone or not, though, you can still wish just about anyone a Happy Valentine’s Day.

  • Happy Valentine’s Day!
    • Honestly, this is the only way that most people wish others well on this day, especially in passing, or if they don’t know each other well. It’s very informal, and can be both spoken and written.

There’s a whole world of things you could say to your sweetheart or significant other on Valentine’s Day! The most important thing is that it’s from the heart and honest. If you’re at a loss for words, though, and need to see some sample holiday greetings, be sure to take a look at our Valentine’s Day vocabulary list. You’ll find plenty of sweet and romantic phrases in English that you can write in your letter, or use as a sweet greeting after the holiday.

4- St. Patrick’s Day

St. Patrick’s Day is celebrated on March 17 each year in the United States. Some defining characteristics of this holiday are the color green, leprechauns, rainbows, and plenty of beer (colored green, of course). Here are the two most popular greetings for St. Patrick’s Day.

  • Happy St. Patrick’s Day!
    • This is the most traditional greeting, and you can say it to anyone you meet this day!
  • Happy St. Paddy / Patty’s Day!
    • “St. Paddy” and “St. Patty” are two ways of shortening “St. Patrick.” This is simply another, shorter way of greeting someone on this day.

5- April Fool’s Day

Playing a Friendly Prank

April 1 marks April Fool’s Day in the United States. On this day, many Americans have fun by pulling pranks on people, sometimes small and other times frighteningly elaborate. The press even gets involved in this one!

  • Happy April Fool’s Day!
    • Admittedly, not too many people will wish you a Happy April Fool’s Day, but it doesn’t mean you can’t say it to them. This phrase is pretty informal, and is probably best used around people you know well (family, friends, and coworkers). This is because not everybody cares that much about April Fool’s Day.
  • April fool(s)!
    • This is less a greeting, and more a way of letting someone know they’ve been “fooled” after a prank or joke.

6- Easter

Easter is one of the most important religious holidays in the United States, and it celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ three days after his crucifixion. However, the holiday has gained more secular (and commercial) meaning, and today people often associate it with hunting Easter eggs, waiting for the Easter Bunny who hides them, and consuming lots of candy (all in the warmer springtime).

  • Happy Easter!
    • This is the most common way of greeting someone on Easter. It can be used in both religious and secular environments, and sounds equally natural written or spoken.
  • Happy Resurrection Day!
    • This greeting, on the other hand, is exclusively religious and is best used in religious environments.

The following holiday greetings require little explanation. They’re all fairly informal, unless otherwise noted, and can be used both in writing and in speech.

7- Cinco de Mayo

Cinco de Mayo is “Fifth of May” in English, and commemorates this day in 1862 when Mexico won the Battle of Puebla against a much larger French army. It’s also a day when Americans celebrate Mexican-American culture.

  • Happy Cinco de Mayo!

8- Independence Day

Independence Day in the United States takes place on July 4 each year. It’s the celebration and commemoration of this day in 1776 when America declared itself independent from Great Britain, and the Declaration of Independence was adopted. This is one of the most significant holidays in the United States, and is often celebrated with barbeques and fireworks!

  • Happy Independence Day!
  • Happy Fourth of July!

9- Memorial Day

Memorial Day takes place on the final Monday in May. It’s the day that Americans remember those who have fallen in war and sacrificed everything to defend their country. Schools are closed on this day, and many businesses as well.

  • Happy Memorial Day!

10- Veterans Day

Veterans Day is observed each year on November 11. This is a day set aside to honor and remember everyone who has served in the military.

  • Happy Veterans Day!
  • Thank you to all those who serve or have served in the military.
    • This is a more formal Veterans Day greeting, and you can express it in writing or in speech. It’s a way of showing respect and gratitude for those who defend the country.

11- Halloween

Each year, many Americans look forward to Halloween on October 31. On this day, people often dress up in frightening (or simply creative) costumes. This is a day to celebrate the things that scare us, things that are gross, and the supernatural. Spooky parties, trick-or-treating, and eating as much candy as your stomach can hold pretty much define today’s Halloween celebrations.

  • Happy Halloween!

12- Thanksgiving

Family Enjoying Thanksgiving Meal Together

Thanksgiving in the United States takes place on the fourth Thursday in November. As the name implies, this is a day where people are expected to be thankful—for something they have, the people in their life, or life itself. One of the most defining aspects of Thanksgiving is the consumption of a large meal with family and friends, almost always including turkey or ham. Other popular foods include pumpkin pie, stuffing, sweet potato casserole, and deviled eggs (though the most popular foods depend on where you are in the United States).

  • Happy Thanksgiving!
  • Happy Turkey Day!

13- Mother’s Day

The United States celebrates Mother’s Day on the second Sunday in May. This is a day for celebrating one’s mother, and showing her love and gratitude for all she’s done for you. It’s common to give her flowers, chocolates, or a card.

  • Happy Mothers Day!

Here are more personal, heartfelt things you can say, besides the surface-level “Happy Mothers Day.” Most of these may sound better written, but can also be spoken to her in person. (Either way, you’re sure to bring a smile to her face!)

  • Thank you for everything. I love you!
  • I’m glad that you’re my mom.
  • I hope to be as good of a mother/parent as you are someday.
  • I appreciate everything you’ve done for me!
  • I couldn’t ask for a better mother. Happy Mothers Day!
  • Words can’t express how thankful I am for you.

14- Father’s Day

The third Sunday in June marks Father’s Day in the United States. On this day, people show their fathers how much they mean to them, and thank them for all they’ve done. This holiday has become very commercialized in the United States, and it’s common to shop around for “the best” Father’s Day gift. Common gifts include watches, alcoholic drinks, sports-related items, and of course, a heartfelt Father’s Day card.

  • Happy Father’s Day

Here are some more personal, heartfelt Father’s Day phrases and wishes! These typically sound better written, but can also be spoken in person.

  • I appreciate everything you’ve done for me.
  • I hope to be as good of a father/parent as you are someday.
  • Thank you for being the world’s best dad!
  • Thank you for your place in my life. I don’t know who I’d be without you.
  • Words can’t express how thankful I am for you!

15- First Day of Spring

Most Americans greatly enjoy the spring season (except for allergies!), so it’s pretty common to wish someone well on the first day of spring.

  • Happy first day of Spring!

11. Conclusion: How EnglishClass101 Can Make You a Master of English Messages

That was a lot of ways to offer congratulations and condolences! Do you feel more prepared to wish those in your life well on their special occasions, or comfort someone in times of trouble? Can you think of any type of life event that I didn’t cover? Let us know in the comments!

To continue amping up your English skills, visit us at EnglishClass101.com and take advantage of our practical learning tools. We have something to offer for every learner, including podcasts for on-the-go learning, insightful blog posts like this one, and free English vocabulary lists to expand your word knowledge. You can also chat with fellow English learners on our community forums, or upgrade to Premium Plus to begin using our MyTeacher program!

It takes determination to master a language, and dedication to really start absorbing its country’s culture. Your hard work will pay off, and you’ll be speaking like a native English-speaker before you know it! And EnglishClass101.com will be here with you for each step of your language-learning journey.

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Celebrating Earth Day in the United States

Earth Day is a relatively new holiday that focuses on education about the environment and on finding ways to preserve the natural world around us. In this article, you’ll learn about the importance of Earth Day, how it’s celebrated in the United States, and more interesting Earth Day facts.

Let’s get started!

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1. What is Earth Day?

Earth Day is a worldwide celebration that began in the United States in 1970. An oil spill in Santa Barbara, California in 1969 is credited for spurring the first Earth Day. Hosted by Senator Gaylord Nelson the first celebration attracted over twenty-million participants. Earth Day was originally created as a grassroots movement, and while the holiday has spread over time and gained more support around the world, its message is still the same.

This holiday is meant to be both educational and fun, a day for children and adults alike to learn more about the environment. Today, it’s estimated that at least 500-million people partake in Earth Day events around the globe!

2. When is Earth Day?

An Image of the Earth From Space

Each year, people celebrate Earth Day on April 22. This date was chosen partly because it coincides with the time between college students’ spring and summer breaks, making it easier to reach them.

3. How is Earth Day Celebrated in the United States?

As mentioned earlier, Earth Day is a holiday dedicated to teaching people about the environment in a way that’s fun and attractive. Common Earth Day activities include volunteer work to help clean up the environment, planting trees, or teaching others about the importance of caring for the earth. Some places also host Earth Day parades or other large celebratory gatherings.

On Earth Day, United States schools typically use this opportunity to teach students about the environment itself, as well as sciences related to the environment (such as biology). Most events held on this holiday are geared toward audiences that want to learn more about the planet and how to protect it from things like pollution and waste.

In the past, Earth Day was considered a more political holiday. But nowadays, it’s simply a day of fun and education.

4. Themes & Special Events

Most years, Earth Day has a new theme based on current trends, events, and environmental goals. Further, because Earth Day is celebrated around the world, some countries may hold special events.

For example, in 2012, people in Beijing, China, rode bikes to promote more eco-friendly transportation. 2016’s theme was “Trees for the Earth,” which focused on the importance of trees and forests.

In 2020, people will be celebrating Earth Day’s 50th anniversary, which has a two-fold theme. First, there’s a goal of planting nearly eight-billion trees by this date (this goal was set a few years ago). Second, there’s going to be a focus on climate change.

5. Essential Earth Day Vocabulary

A Tiger Running in the Snow

Here’s a list of the most important words and phrases for Earth Day! You should recognize some of them from this article.

  • Water
  • Atmosphere
  • Earth
  • Green
  • Clean
  • Earth Day
  • Trash
  • Pollution
  • Volunteer
  • Reduce trash
  • Recycle
  • Rainforest
  • Reuse
  • Protect
  • Planet
  • Global warming
  • Environment
  • Energy
  • Endangered
  • Ecosystem
  • Eco-friendly
  • Conserve
  • Conservation
  • Care for
  • Resource

To hear the pronunciation of each word, and to read them alongside relevant images, be sure to check out our English Earth Day vocabulary list! Here, you can also see how to use these words in a sentence.

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about Earth Day with us, and that you took away some valuable information.

Do you celebrate Earth Day in your country? What do you do to help the environment? We look forward to hearing from you in the comments!

If you would like to learn more about U.S. culture and holidays, you may find the following pages on EnglishClass101.com useful:

Whatever your reasons for wanting to learn English or about U.S. culture, know that EnglishClass101.com is the best place to expand your knowledge and improve your skills. With tons of fun and effective lessons for learners at every level, there’s something for everyone!

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Happy Earth Day!

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U.S. Weather: How to Describe Weather in English


Talking about the weather is just about universal. It’s a topic used to make small talk, divert from more serious topics or situations, and even express joy or annoyance. Weather is physical and natural, can evoke emotion and memories, and is one of the most convenient topics to be able to talk about in a pinch. Not only that, but the weather is often used in more creative contexts, such as metaphors and expressions.

By knowing how to describe the weather in English, you really are opening doors to many conversations. Consider this your U.S. weather radar on weather phrases in English and much more! By the time you’re through with this article, you’ll be able to talk about all types of weather in English!

EnglishClass101.com hopes to make expanding your weather vocabulary both fun and insightful for you!

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Table of Contents

  1. Phrases and Words about Weather in English
  2. Temperature and Seasons in the United States
  3. How to Form Sentences about Weather in English
  4. Common Ways to Comment on the Weather
  5. Idioms Related to Weather in English
  6. Creative and Literary Use of Weather & Seasons
  7. Conclusion

1. Phrases and Words about Weather in English


Here are some weather words in English you should know to talk about U.S. weather. These words are the most common types of weather in English you’re likely to experience. We’ve also included explanations below these words to give you a better idea of what they mean.

1- Basic

There are many different types of weather in English that you can talk about and experience. Here are the basics:

  • Sun (Sunny)
    • It’s considered “sunny” when the sun is out, and there are no (or few) clouds.
  • Cloud (Cloudy; Cloudless)
    • It’s considered “cloudy” when there are many clouds in the sky.
    • It’s considered “cloudless” when there are no clouds in the sky.
  • Rain (Rainy)
    • Any time that it’s raining, the weather can be described as “rainy”.
  • Drizzle
    • A “drizzle” means that it’s raining, but only lightly.
  • Sprinkle
    • When it’s “sprinkling,” it’s similar to when it’s drizzling.
  • Hail
    • “Hail” is when icy balls fall from the sky in cold weather, usually when it’s humid but not cold enough to snow.
  • Sleet
    • “Sleet” is similar to hail but is formed differently and usually occurs in the winter.
  • Snow (Snowy)
    • It’s considered “snowy” either when it’s snowing or when there’s a lot of snow on the ground.
  • Breeze (Breezy)
    • A “breeze” is a light wind.
    • It’s considered “breezy” when a light wind is ongoing.
  • Wind (Windy)
    • “Wind” occurs when air is blown forcefully.
    • It’s considered “windy” when the wind is ongoing or is considerably strong.
  • Fog (Foggy)
    • “Fog” is a layer of clouds that come down very near (or even touching) the ground.
    • It’s considered “foggy” whenever this fog is noticeable or particularly thick. Oftentimes, foggy weather makes it difficult to see very far in front of you and is a bad weather condition to travel in.
  • Frost (Frosty)
    • “Frost” is a very thin layer of ice.
    • Something is considered “frosty” if it’s covered in a thin layer of ice.
  • Ice (Icy)
    • “Ice” is frozen water. In terms of weather, ice usually refers to a body of water that has frozen over or rain/snow that has frozen over something (like a road).
    • Something is considered “icy” if it’s covered in ice.
  • Gloomy
    • “Gloomy,” while not a technical weather term, refers to weather that’s not generally pleasant. This usually means cloudy, rainy, overcast, or cold.
  • Overcast
    • When the weather is described as “overcast,” it means that clouds (usually dark rain clouds) are covering the sky. This is the type of weather you’re most likely to experience if you visit a state like Washington or Oregon!

Once you have these words down, you’re ready to bring up the weather in English conversations — the perfect ice-breaker.

2- Storms and Natural Disasters

When talking about weather in English, it’s important to know terms for harsher weather too. Here’s some practical vocabulary for extreme weather events in English.

  • Thunder
    • “Thunder” is the loud sound that happens during thunderstorms and is the result of a lightning strike forcing the air around it to expand.
  • Lightning
    • “Lightning,” which occurs most often during a thunderstorm or other nasty weather, is a streak or flash of electricity in the air.
  • Thunderstorm
    • A “thunderstorm” is a type of weather condition characterized by dark, thick clouds, rain, lightning, and thunder. Thunderstorms range in severity, with some being very mild and short-lived and others being heavier and more dangerous.
  • Snowstorm
    • A “snowstorm” is characterized by a heavy snow and is usually accompanied by strong winds.
  • Blizzard
    • A “blizzard” is a severe snowstorm and is often considered dangerous.
  • Tornado
    • A “tornado” is defined as air that’s rotating in a violent motion and touches both the ground and the base of a cloud.
  • Microburst
    • A “microburst” is similar to a tornado, though it moves differently. Microbursts typically occur during serious thunderstorms.
  • Dust/sandstorm
    • “Dust storms” and “sandstorms” are common in drier areas of the United States. These events occur when the wind picks up dust or sand from the ground and blows it into the air in a large gust.
  • Hurricane
    • A “hurricane” is a large storm that occurs over water, especially in more tropical regions.

Arizona Duststorm

3- Words to Describe Temperature

Here’s a final list on weather and climate in English. This should give you a better idea of how to describe the weather in English based on temperature and humidity.

  • Warm
    • The temperature is considered “warm” when the temperature is high but not too high.
  • Hot
    • The temperature is considered “hot” when the temperature is very high.
  • Cool
    • The temperature is considered “cool” when the temperature is low but not too low.
  • Cold
    • The temperature is considered “cold” when the temperature is very low.
  • Chilly
    • If the weather is “chilly,” it means that it’s pretty cold.
  • Humid
    • “Humid,” in and of itself, is not a temperature; however, it does affect how the temperature is perceived. If it’s “humid,” it means that there’s a lot of moisture in the air.
  • Dry
    • “Dry” is another word that doesn’t represent an actual temperature, but it affects how the temperature is perceived. If it’s dry, there’s no (or very little) moisture in the air.
  • Scorching
    • “Scorching” means that it’s excessively hot and usually very dry. You may hear this word used often when talking about a desert.
  • Roasting
    • “Roasting” means that it’s very hot. This word can be used to describe both dry and humid heat. It’s often said in exaggeration when someone is uncomfortable because of the heat.
  • Freezing
    • When it’s “freezing,” this can mean one of two things: 1.) It’s actually freezing, meaning that the temperature is below thirty-two degrees Fahrenheit (zero degrees Celsius), or 2.) It’s just very cold.
  • Crisp
    • “Crisp” is used to describe temperature that’s both cool and refreshing. This word is most often used to describe the temperature during autumn.

2. Temperature and Seasons in the United States

The weather and temperature in the United States varies by region, and people experience the changing of seasons differently depending on where they live. In this section, we’ll go over what to expect in U.S. weather forecasts by season and region.

If you want a more accurate and in-depth look at this, you can also view a U.S. weather map online or check in to the U.S. Weather Service. You can also use a U.S. weather radar map before your trip to have a better idea of what to expect, or you can keep tabs on a U.S. weather forecast channel.

Keep in mind that there are four general “regions” of the United States. Before we delve into seasonal information, here’s a quick rundown of which states belong to which region:


  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • North & South Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Wisconsin


  • Connecticut
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont


  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Delaware
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • North & South Carolina
  • Oklahoma
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia


  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Montana
  • Nevada
  • New Mexico
  • Oregon
  • Utah
  • Washington
  • Wyoming

With that out of the way, let’s take a look at the seasons in the United States as well as more weather and climate information in English. Be sure to keep your eyes peeled for some of the weather words in English we went over in the previous section!

1- Spring


1. When is Spring?

In the United States, spring officially begins on March 20 or 21, whichever day the Vernal Equinox takes place on and ends on the summer solstice, which is usually June 21 (but can also take place on June 20 or June 22).

2. Basic Attributes of Spring

Spring in the United States is known as the time of year when winter comes to an end. It’s when (most) people rejoice over the warmer days to come and all of nature returns to life. Flowers bloom, trees begin budding and sprouting leaves, and hibernating animals return from hibernation. The snow and ice begin to melt, and it snows less frequently in most places.

Spring is also a trying season for those with allergies, as they’ll once again have to suffer through the first few weeks of new pollen in the air. Overall, Americans seem to love and appreciate springtime for all of its good qualities.

3. Spring Around the U.S

Midwest: Here, you can expect to see some rain during the spring.

Northeast: This is another region of the U.S. where you can expect to see some rain during spring.

South: Spring in the south is generally a time for nice weather, though it will rain in most southern states as the weather warms up.

West: When it comes to the west, the weather tends to vary in the northwest and southwest. For instance, spring is generally rainy in states like Washington and Oregon, while states like Arizona and New Mexico are much drier.

2- Summer

Meat and Veggies on the Grill

1. When is Summer?

In the United States, summer typically begins on June 21, though it can begin on June 20 or June 22. It ends on the autumnal equinox, which takes place in late September (anywhere from September 21 to September 24).

2. Basic Attributes of Summer

Across the U.S., summer is known as being the warmest season. The days are longer, the temperatures rise, and most states get to see the sun more often! Summer is also generally considered a season of fun and freedom —schools across the country observe their summer break, and the longer days and added sunshine significantly improve people’s moods (especially in states that don’t usually see a lot of sunshine!).

This is usually the season when families and individuals like to travel, take vacation time from work, and spend lots of time outdoors. For the best summer experience, though, make sure to check a U.S. weather radar or a U.S. weather map to ensure the weather will be nice during your visit.

3. Summer Around the U.S.

Midwest: Summer in the midwest can be described as warm, but do keep in mind that summer may bring thunderstorms and rain.

Northeast: While the northeast tends to be cold most of the year, it does warm up quite a bit in the summer.

South: The south is generally known for having nice summer weather, despite some rainstorms.

West: Again, northwest and southwest weather conditions vary. In the northwest, it rarely gets very hot in the summer; it’s what most Americans consider “perfect weather.” The southwest tends to get hotter during summer and is also drier.

3- Fall/Autumn


1. When is Autumn?

Autumn begins on the day of the autumnal equinox, which is anywhere from September 21 to September 24. It ends on the day of the winter solstice, which is on December 21 or December 22.

2. Basic Attributes of Autumn

In general, autumn tends to be a mild season in terms of weather and temperature. It’s best known as the time of year when the leaves change color and eventually fall to the ground. The weather begins to cool down after the heat of summer, and days gradually get shorter again.

Many people perceive autumn as a season of coziness, a time to enjoy the cool weather and lovely scenery, before snuggling up inside with family, friends, or a book. In the United States, there’s another common element of autumn: the Pumpkin Spice Latte at Starbucks arriving once again!

3. Autumn Around the U.S.

Midwest: The dryness of the midwest continues into autumn, with generally mild weather.

Northeast: This is a good region of the U.S. to go looking at autumn leaves on the trees, especially in areas that are more tree-dense. The overall weather is mild.

South: Many states in the south are known for having nice autumn weather and a lengthy autumn season.

West: Autumn in the west is generally nice—most years, it isn’t too hot or too cold. There are also many places here that are great for looking at autumn leaves; having lived in both Colorado and Washington, I can vouch for these being two states with lovely autumn scenery.

4- Winter

Child in Coat Holding Snow in Mittens

1. When is Winter?

Winter begins on the winter solstice, which takes place on either December 21 or December 22. It ends on March 20 or March 21, the beginning of spring.

2. Basic Attributes of Winter

Across the United States, winter is known as the coldest season and is often associated with snow, ice, and frost. Even for those states that rarely get snow, temperatures drop and the weather tends to become glum. This is also the season when the days are shortest and the least amount of sunlight is available. But to offset this gloominess and coldness, winter is also when Christmas and New Year’s take place!

Again, using a U.S. weather radar map to ensure that your winter visit will be pleasant and safe is advised! Further, the U.S. Weather Service may alert you to any hazardous weather, so do take heed of its advice.

3. Winter Around the U.S.

Midwest: The midwest is pretty notorious for very cold winters with lots of snow.

Northeast: This region of the U.S. also gets a lot of snow during the winter and may have some of the worst winters in the country. If you don’t like the cold, this is probably not the region for you.

South: The majority of the south doesn’t have very bad winters. They tend to be short and sweet.

West: When it comes to the west, the northwest tends to be a little bit colder than the southwest, though neither region usually has bad winters. The west typically experiences mild winters with a few snowstorms (depending on the year).

3. How to Form Sentences about Weather in English

Here, we’ll go a little bit more into how to describe the weather in English using common sentence patterns and weather phrases you’re likely to hear. These are phrases you can use in just about any conversation about weather in English!

Small Talk: Commenting on the Weather

  • “It’s [adjective] today.”
    • “It’s [warm] today.”

Man Riding Bicycle with Dog in Field

  • “It’s [number] degrees.”
    • “It’s [59] degrees.”
    • Note that in the United States, we use Fahrenheit instead of Celsius to measure temperature!
  • “This [season] has been [adjective].”
    • “This [winter] has been [long].”
  • “It’s such a(n) [adjective] day!”
    • “It’s such a [gloomy] day!”
  • “Isn’t the weather [adjective] today?”
    • “Isn’t the weather [chilly] today?”
  • “I [like/love/don’t like/hate] this weather.”
    • “I [don’t like] this weather.”
  • “This weather makes me feel [emotion].”
    • “This weather makes me feel [blue].”
    • Note: Feeling “blue”? Later in this article, we’ll go over an expression called “the winter blues” to help you better understand what this means.
  • “It’s so [adjective – usually temperature-related]!”
    • “It’s so [hot]!”
  • “[Type of weather] is predicted for the next week.”
    • “[Rain] is predicted for the next week.”
    • People in the United States definitely like to be ahead of the weather by using U.S. weather forecast apps and U.S. weather maps!

Asking about the Weather in English

There are a few basic ways to ask about the weather in English.

  • How’s the weather?
  • What’s the weather like?
  • What’s the weather forecast for [day or time frame].
    • “What’s the weather forecast for [tomorrow]?”
    • “What’s the weather forecast for [next week]?”

4. Common Ways to Comment on the Weather

In this section, we’ll go over sentences about weather in English based on the season. By the end of this section, you should have a few good phrases to describe the weather in English under your belt!

1- Spring

Lovely Spring Setting with Bench

Spring weather conversations often have to do with joy over winter ending and an appreciation for the warmer weather and all the things that come with it (flowers, animals, people being in a better mood, etc.). Here are some examples of weather phrases in English you may hear in a conversation about spring or things you can say.

  • “I’m so glad winter is over!”
  • “I’m so glad that spring is finally here.”
  • “It’s nice out today.” or “Isn’t it nice out today?”
  • “It’s so beautiful outside.”
  • “I enjoy this weather.”
  • “I look forward to summer.”
  • “That breeze feels nice.”
  • “It looks like rain is coming.”

Do note that everyone’s perception of springtime is different, and not everyone will be glad that winter is over or enjoy the qualities of spring. In these cases, you may hear the opposite of some of these phrases (“I’m upset that winter is over,” “I look forward to winter,” etc.).

2- Summer

Summer is the warmest season all across the U.S., and many comments and conversations have to do with the heat. Here are some good phrases to describe the weather in English during the summer.

  • “It’s so hot today!”
  • “It’s so humid/dry.”
    • As mentioned earlier, each region of the United States experiences the seasons differently. Some states have a very humid summer (like Texas) and some have a very dry summer (like Arizona).
  • “Drink plenty of water/fluids!”
  • “Let’s do something today!”
  • “Let’s turn up the AC (air conditioning).”
  • “I’m roasting!” or “It’s roasting!”
    • Here, the first statement means that the person speaking is feeling very hot, while the second statement indicates that the temperature itself is hot.
  • “I can’t believe how hot it is.”
  • “I like having longer days again.”
  • “Bugs are the only thing I don’t like about summer.”
    • With warm weather comes more creepy-crawlies, both outside in their homes and inside of our homes.
  • “I’ll never complain about winter again.”
    • People are quite funny sometimes. When we become desperate to escape the heat of summer, we finally see the good in winter. We say things like this even though we know we will complain about the winter when its turn comes.

3- Fall/Autumn

During autumn, comments about the weather overall tend to be more mild/neutral than during any other season, probably because the weather tends to be the most mild for many U.S. states. Most comments have to do with the leaves changing, as well as the gradual weather/temperature fluctuations that happen during this season. (Autumn also marks the beginning of what I call “the holiday season,” when several big holidays take place throughout autumn and winter up until the new year. Many comments during this season have to do with the holidays.)

  • “The weather is nice today.”
  • “The leaves are so pretty.”
  • “That’s a pretty cold breeze.”
  • “I hope it’s not too cold on Halloween.”
  • “I hate needing to rake leaves.”
  • “I enjoy crunching the leaves under my feet.”
  • “This time of year is [adjective].”
    • Here, the adjective used to describe autumn will vary depending on who you’re talking with. If it were me, I might say, “This time of year is [peaceful].” Other adjectives may describe the temperature or something else unique to the season.

4- Winter

Winter is the coldest season, and thus weather-related comments usually have to do with the cold temperature and related weather conditions.

  • “It’s so cold today!”
  • “I can’t believe how cold it is.”
  • “I’m freezing!”
  • “It’s chilly out today.”
  • “Let’s go inside and warm up.”

Couple Warming Up in Front of Fire

  • “I should have brought a jacket/coat.”
  • “The snow is so pretty.”
  • “The roads are too icy to drive on.”
    • Checking in with a U.S. weather radar map and paying attention to any U.S. Weather Service alerts can be helpful in avoiding (or preparing for) a situation like this.
  • “They canceled school because the roads are too dangerous.”
  • “Let’s play in the snow,” or “Let’s [snow-related activity].”
    • Depending on where you are in the United States, winter may be a good time to enjoy participating in (or watching) various snow- or ice-related activities. Some of these include sledding, skiing, snowboarding, ice skating, and making snowmen.
  • “I hope it warms up soon.”
  • “I can’t wait until spring/summer.”
  • “I’ll never complain about summer again.”

5. Idioms Related to Weather in English

Now that you know the basics of talking about weather in English, it’s time to look at some idioms.

Oftentimes, people use sentences about weather in English that have another meaning. Here are a few of the most common weather English idioms for you to review and practice while you expand your weather vocabulary!

1- “It was a breeze.”

When someone says that doing something “was a breeze,” it means that it was very easy or simple to do.

A: Congratulations on passing your exam!
B: Thanks! It was a breeze!

2- “A sunny disposition/attitude.”

When someone is said to have a “sunny” disposition or attitude, it means that they’re either cheerful or kind and amiable (and oftentimes both).

A: I wish I was more like Shay.
B: I know, me too. He has such a sunny disposition.

3- “Winter blues.”

Woman Experiencing Winter Blues

When you or someone you know has the “winter blues,” it means that you’re feeling sad or depressed due to the winter season. It’s similar to feeling “blue” or sad, but it’s specific to winter. The cold weather, lack of sunshine, and shorter days are often associated with depression.

A: What’s wrong, honey?
B: I don’t know. I think I just have the winter blues.

4- “Spring fever.”

“Spring fever” can have two meanings, both closely associated. The first, and most common, meaning of “spring fever” is a happiness and joy for winter ending. Just like winter tends to cause depression, spring does the opposite! The second meaning of “spring fever” is a heightened sexual desire or a deeper romantic feeling, also associated with the end of winter and the beginning of spring.

A: You seem happy today. Must be spring fever!
B: That’s probably it.

5- “After/beyond the storm.”

In this phrase, “the storm” typically refers to something negative, whether it be a difficult time in someone’s life or general negative feelings. When someone talks about “after” or “beyond” the storm, it means that the hardship or bad situation is over.

A: I finally found another job.
B: I’m so glad to hear you’re beyond the storm now.

6- “Calm before the storm.”

Once again, “the storm” refers to something negative. Oftentimes when it comes to the weather, there will be a period of good weather and tranquility right before a storm or other bad weather hits. This phrase indicates that while things are calm now, a bad time or situation can be expected in the near future.

A: Life was going so great, but I guess it was just the calm before the storm.
B: I’m sorry to hear about that.

7- “Under the weather.”

When someone is “under the weather,” it means that they aren’t feeling well. Usually, this indicates that they’re sick, but it can also refer to being emotionally unwell.

A: I can’t come in to work today. I’m feeling a bit under the weather.
B: Okay. Get well soon.

8- “Rain on someone’s parade.”

This is an interesting phrase to use, and one of my favorites. Imagine watching a parade go down the street (or being in one yourself) and then needing to call it quits early because it started raining badly. When you “rain on someone’s parade,” it means that you’ve ruined their fun or taken away from an experience that was supposed to be good for them.

A: This was the worst birthday ever. She totally rained on my parade!
B: I know. I’m sorry about that.

9- “Weather a storm.”

“Weather a storm” sounds confusing at first. Keep in mind that the weather referred to here means “come safely through” and doesn’t refer to weather as in temperature or weather conditions. And once again, the “storm” refers to something negative. So, when you “weather a storm,” it means that you’re going through a hard time and will make it out okay.

A: I feel like my life is falling apart.
B: I think you just need to weather the storm. It’ll be okay.

10- “Biting cold.”

When someone refers to “biting cold,” it basically means “extremely cold.” While a temperature can’t actually “bite,” it can be cold enough that it hurts exposed skin like a bite would. Some people also use the term “nipping cold,” which means the same thing.

A: Tamara made it through the biting cold just fine.
B: Good for her. I could never do that.

11- “(S)he’s so cold.”

When used figuratively, saying that someone is “cold” usually means that they’re distant or show little emotion, especially to the point of appearing rude or standoffish.

A: Me and my mother don’t have much of a relationship. She’s very cold.
B: That’s how my relationship with my brother is.

12- “An icy stare.”

When someone refers to “an icy stare,” icy can usually be replaced with “mean” or “distant.” It’s the kind of stare that might make you feel cold or uncomfortable or give you a “bad vibe” in general.

A: Did you see that icy stare she was giving him?
B: I did! I wonder what that was about.

13- “Cold-hearted.”

If someone is “cold-hearted,” it means that they appear either emotionless or selfish/mean.

A: I think her husband is very cold-hearted.
B: Well, maybe give him another chance. I heard he’s shy.

14- “A hot temper.”

Woman Talking Down to Another Woman

When someone has a “hot temper,” it generally means that they either get angry very easily or that they act out when they’re angry. Oftentimes, it means both. If someone warns you that another person has a hot temper, take heed and be careful not to offend or hurt them.

A: I think I’ll say hello to Tom’s wife.
B: Be careful, I hear she has a hot temper.

15- “Hotheaded.”

“Hotheaded” means about the same thing as “hot tempered,” though it can also refer to a sense of stubbornness and pride along with the anger.

A: Valerie’s daughter is pretty hotheaded, don’t you think?
B: Not as bad as me at her age!

16- “Blue/clear skies.”

When it comes to weather in the United States, most of us love clear blue skies! When someone refers to blue or clear skies (outside of actually talking about the weather), it refers to something good or positive. One common phrase associated with this is “clear skies ahead,” which means that things will be good from that point on.

A: This was a tough semester.
B: Yeah, but it should be clear skies ahead from now on.

6. Creative and Literary Use of Weather & Seasons

Talking about the weather isn’t limited to small talk.

Oftentimes, weather and seasons are used in a literary sense as a way of making a metaphor/simile, creating an image in someone’s mind or evoking specific emotions. For example, in literature and poetry, people often compare the changing of seasons with the changes of life itself (and even use phrases like “seasons of life” to describe these changes).

Spring is often associated with birth and life, or even happiness itself. While autumn and winter tend to represent death or misery. Just as winter changes to spring, from death comes life, and from sadness comes happiness; and vice-versa. This is a common theme when it comes to weather in literature.

People can also use words related to seasons and weather to evoke emotions or even nostalgia, such as using positive words associated with summer to remind someone of summers of the past. This is especially true in terms of imagery and appealing to the senses.

Another example of weather terms in literary use is the name of the fictional character “Jack Frost,” whose last name indicates who he is (a representation of winter and the cold) and what he does (freezing things over, etc.).

Weather talk is often used in poetry and other forms of writing for these reasons and can enrich writing and conversation greatly.

7. Conclusion

Now that you know some weather words in English, good phrases to describe the weather in English, and more information on weather in the United States, you should be more equipped for small talk and bigger-picture conversations during your stay here. We hope you enjoyed expanding your weather vocabulary with us, and that you learned enough about U.S. weather to make an informed decision about your stay or visit.

Is weather talk similar in your own country to that in the United States? What sort of weather phrases do you use there, and which of these sentences about weather in English do you feel ready to try out in a conversation? Let us know in the comments!

If you want to learn even more about United States culture and English, visit us at EnglishClass101.com and see all that we have to offer. From free vocabulary lists to insightful blog posts on various topics, there’s something for every English learner. You can also use our online community forum to discuss lessons with fellow English learners or create a Premium Plus account to take advantage of our MyTeacher program!

We’re excited for your English-learning journey and all the places it’ll take you—and we’re even more delighted that you’re here! Know that your hard work will pay off; before you know it, you’ll be speaking English like it’s your native tongue, and we’ll be here every step of the way there. Best wishes!

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Learn the Top 100+ Adjectives in the English Language!


Adjectives add depth and flair not only to writing, but to the world and our perception of it. You can create layers of meaning and paint a vivid picture using just the right words, making it imperative to learn these top 100+ adjectives in English. By studying the words on our list, and the provided examples of adjectives at work, you’ll be able to describe and define just about anything—that’s a lot of word power!

At EnglishClass101.com, we hope to make learning about every aspect of the English language both fun and informative, starting with this English adjectives lesson!

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Table of Contents

  1. What is an Adjective?
  2. English Adjectives Usage: How Do You Use Adjectives?
  3. Basic English Adjectives List: 100+ Common Adjectives in English
  4. Conclusion: How EnglishClass101 Can Help Your English Skills Flourish!

1. What is an Adjective?

Most Common Adjectives

Before we begin looking at specific English adjectives and adjective examples, what is an adjective?

Adjectives are descriptive words, and allow you to define what something is like. This can be related to any aspect of the noun or pronoun you’re describing: appearance, size, smell, characteristic, and so on.

Using descriptions in speech and writing gives you the power to be specific, to embellish, and to better capture the ideas you’re trying to express. By the time you’re through with the adjective definition and examples below, you’ll be a step closer to more effective (and sometimes flowery!) communication.

2. English Adjectives Usage: How Do You Use Adjectives?

Improve Pronunciation

Here are some English adjective rules to keep in mind before continuing to our list!

An adjective is used to define or describe a noun or pronoun, and can appear either before or after that noun or pronoun. Take for example the following adjective examples.

Example 1:
“He lives in a large city.” (adjective + noun)

Example 2:
“The city is large.” (noun + be verb + adjective)

You can also use more than one adjective to describe a single noun or pronoun. If the adjectives are “coordinate,” meaning that they sound normal with the word “and” between them, or reversed, you can separate the two (or more) adjectives with commas.

Example 3:
“He lives in a large, noisy city.”

You can also separate the adjectives with the word “and,” in the instance that using commas would sound weird, as in the following example.

Example 4:
“The city is large and noisy.”

Finally, there are some adjectives that can line up together in a sentence without commas. These are called hierarchy adjectives, and occur when each adjective defines or describes a different aspect of the noun or pronoun.

Example 5:
“He’s a single twenty-five-year-old entrepreneur.”

In the above example, commas aren’t necessary because each adjective describes a different aspect of the man and his life. He is single (a status), twenty-five years old (an age), and an entrepreneur (an occupational role).

3. Basic English Adjectives List: 100+ Common Adjectives in English


Now that you’ve studied the adjective definition and examples, you’re ready to delve into our adjective list!

For your convenience, we’ve organized our list of English adjectives by category, each one representing different types of adjectives. This should give you a better idea of when and how to use each adjective.

We’ve also listed some of these adjectives as pairs; these are adjectives that mean the opposite of each other. We’ll give adjective examples for each word in the pair, because when learning English adjectives, opposites can help you retain the information better

Let’s get started!

1- Describing Dimensions, Sizes, & Distance

Some of the most common adjectives are used in describing dimensions, sizes, and distances. These are words that people use all day, every day, without even thinking about it, making these types of adjectives a vital asset to this list of adjectives.


“Big” – Large; taking up or covering a lot of space.
“Small” – Tiny, taking up or covering little space.

“Big” – “They have a big yard.”
“Small” – “There was a small problem.”


“Wide” – Having a large breadth measurement (measurement from one side to another side).
“Narrow” – Having a small breadth measurement.

“Wide” – “Aunt Mercy’s hips had gotten wide.”
“Narrow” – “The path through the gate was too narrow for her.”


“Tall” – Having a high height measurement.
“Short” – Having a low height measurement.

“Tall” – “Jim grew tall over the summer.”
“Short” – “Kaitlin looked short next to him.”

Tall Boy and Short Girl


“Heavy” – Having a high weight measurement.
“Light” – Having a low weight measurement.

“Heavy” – “Parker carried the heavy package.”
“Light” – “He let Lily take the light one.”


“High” – Having a large height measurement; being a long way above the ground.
“Low” – Having a small height measurement; being only a little way above the ground.

“High” – “She didn’t know how high the airplane was going to go.”
“Low” – “Kyle was scared when the pilot flew low.”


“Close” – Nearby; not a long distance away.
“Far” – A long distance away.

“Close” – “Nani came close to giving up.”
“Far” – “She continued, though her goal seemed far away.”

Additional Note:
There’s a phrase often used in English, using both of these words: “So close, yet so far.” This phrase indicates that something may be near (usually referring to a goal or intended outcome), but the means of getting there isn’t good enough, and so it’s still out of reach.

2- Describing General Quantity

The adjective words I outlined below are those that describe a general quantities that are not necessarily determined. These are adjectives you’ll hear quite often, as it’s easier to use a placeholder word than to count the number of nouns there are, or to name every noun involved.


“Samuel had some mangos in the back of his truck.”

Here, the adjective some describes the noun “mangos.” He doesn’t just have mangos; he has some mangos. This is an undefined number, but indicates more than one or two.


1. “She didn’t want to gain any attention at the party.”
2. “He was willing to go along with any of the ideas.”

The adjective any refers to not being exclusive to a single noun or pronoun, and can be used in both a positive and a negative sense.

The first example sentence shows any in a negative sense; she isn’t picky about who does or doesn’t give her attention, because she wants none. The sentence could be rewritten: “She wanted to gain no attention at the party.”

The second example sentence shows any in a positive sense; he isn’t picky about which idea he goes along with, because they all seem equally good.


Every person there knew her secret.”

In the above sentence, the adjective every is quantifying the noun “person.” Every indicates that no one (or nothing) is excluded; it’s all-inclusive. In this instance, it means that each person there knows her secret, without exception.


“I want to grade each paper myself.”

The adjective each is very similar in meaning to “every.” However, each indicates a one-by-one basis, as opposed to an all-at-once basis. In the above sentence, the speaker wants to check all of the papers, one-by-one. It also indicates that the papers the speaker wants to grade are of limited number or type; if they said every instead of each, it might sound like they want to grade all the papers in the world (depending on the context, of course).


“All” – “Ursula wanted all the glory.”
“None” – “Though his friends were eating ice cream, Lionel had none.”

“All” – In the example sentence, all is an adjective that quantifies the noun “glory.” All indicates “the entirety,” of something, meaning that Ursula wanted to have every last bit of glory.

“None” – None means the opposite of all. In the example sentence, the adjective none quantifies the noun “ice cream.” Lionel didn’t have ice cream.

A couple

“I could really go for a couple glasses of wine.”

A couple indicates that there are two of something. In the above sentence, the speaker (in a general sense) is saying that they want two glasses of wine. (But we all know that a couple glasses can soon turn into a few…)

A few

“Gordon left for the airport a few minutes ago.”

A few indicates more than one or two, and is usually limited to smaller numbers depending on the context. In the above sentence, a few is an undefined number of minutes, but indicates that it wasn’t very long ago that Gordon left.


“Janie had several friends.”

Several indicates more than “a few,” but less than “many.” Technically speaking, several is meant to indicate “seven,” but as with most words, this original meaning doesn’t really hold up today, and this adjective can mean anything more than “a few.”


“There were many incidents that day that upset Carla.”

Many indicates “a lot.” We can assume from the above sentence that Carla had a very bad day, because there were a lot of upsetting incidents.


“Bonnie would never know how much he loved her.”

Much, once again, indicates “a lot.” (Think of: “He loved Bonnie a lot.” ) However, it’s imperative to note that many and much can’t be used interchangeably.

Many indicates a number, while much indicates an undefined quantity, also called a “mass noun.” Using them in place of each other is incorrect, despite their similar meanings at the surface.

This is a challenge to remember even for native English-speakers, so do be mindful of this rule: Use many when referring to a number, and much when referring to a general quantity.


“Joe felt a little sorry for his friend.”

Little is the opposite of “much.” It indicates a small quantity, as opposed to a large quantity. In this case, Joe isn’t overly sorry for his friend, but he does feel slightly bad.

3- Describing Numbers & Order

Actual numbers can also be used to describe something, especially in terms of expressing order. Below I’ve listed the numbers one through ten, each one with its ordinal term below it; this is the term you would use to describe order, which I’ll talk about a little later.

By the way, if you want a much more comprehensive view of English numbers, I’ve written a separate article just about that! Do check it out if you need to brush up on your number vocabulary.

Numbers 1-10

  • 1 (One)
    • First
  • 2 (Two)
    • Second
  • 3 (Three)
    • Third
  • 4 (Four)
    • Fourth
  • 5 (Five)
    • Fifth
  • 6 (Six)
    • Sixth
  • 7 (Seven)
    • Seventh
  • 8 (Eight)
    • Eighth
  • 9 (Nine)
    • Ninth
  • 10 (Ten)
    • Tenth

How to Use: Order

To use numbers to describe order, simply place the ordinal term of the number place something is in.

For Example:

Noland finished the race in ___ place.

Here, you replace the blank space with the ordinal term for what place he came in.

Noland finished the race in third place.

How to Use: Defining How Many

To use numbers to define how many there are of something, put the numeral or written number in front of the noun.

For Example:

Stella ate ___ apples.

Put the number in the blank spot to indicate how many apples Stella ate.

Stella ate 3 apples.


Stella ate three apples.

4- Describing Speed, Difficulty, Importance, etc.

What adjective words can you use to describe speed, the difficulty of something, or how important something is? These are fairly abstract types of adjectives, but are essential in expressing both facts and how you interpret those facts.

Things like difficulty and importance are subjective, meaning that your perception of them may be different than someone else’s perception. You may find something easy that someone else finds difficult; you may not care as much about a topic as a friend does.

Being able to adequately express these opinions and interpretations to people, as well as describe the facts surrounding them, will take your English communication to a higher realm. This list of adjectives is a good place to start, but the sky’s the limit!


Fast – At high speed/pace; quick.
Slow – At low speed/pace.

Fast – “Brenda moved fast to get out of there.”
Slow – “Time was moving very slow.”


Easy – Not difficult; simple; straightforward; not labor-intensive.
Difficult – Complex; labor-intensive; hard.

Easy – “For Dan, passing the test was easy.”
Difficult – “Ned found it more difficult.”


Important – Having much significance; necessary; of much value.
Unimportant – Having little significance; unnecessary; of little value.

Important – “It was important that Jamie made it to the finals.”
Unimportant – “To do well, Jamie had to forget about the unimportant things.”

Additional Note:
In this adjective and many others, you can make it mean the opposite by adding the prefix “un” or “in.” Keep an eye out for more words on this adjectives list that include these prefixes!


Significant – Having much importance; holding much meaning; notable.
Insignificant – Having little importance; holding little meaning; not notable.

Significant – “There was a significant drop in crime that year.”
Insignificant – “However, the change in quality of life was insignificant.”

5- Describing Value

In a lot of ways, we really do live in a value-based world. We judge objects, activities, other people, and even ourselves, based on our perceived value (or worth) of them. While there are a myriad of ways to describe or define value, I’ll just go over the most basic English adjectives of quality.


Good – Adequate; high-quality.
Bad – Inadequate; low-quality.

Good – “Scot did good work on the project.”
Bad – “Hopefully it’ll help him overcome his bad rap.”


Amazing – Wonderful; very good.
Awful – Terrible; very bad.

Amazing – “Watching the sunset was amazing.”
Awful – “But it was awful when the mosquitos came out.”

Couple Watching Sunset Together


Invaluable – Of the utmost value; irreplaceable; priceless.
Worthless – Of no worth; of the lowest quality.

Invaluable – “To her, the necklace was invaluable.”
Worthless – “Sadly, when she lost it, her efforts to find it again were worthless.”


Cheap – Low in cost; low-quality; not valuable.
Exquisite – High-quality; valuable; beautiful.

Cheap – “The perfume she bought was just a cheap knock-off brand.”
Exquisite – “The chandelier in her living room was exquisite.”

6- Describing Situations

Some situations are far more memorable than others, for better or worse. But every second we take a breath, we find ourselves in some kind of situation. In this section, I’ll introduce you to an adjective definition and examples for describing most situations on a basic level.


Safe – Having little or no risk, leaving little chance of something bad happening.
Dangerous – Involving risk, especially of something that could harm those involved.

Safe – “Valerie always wanted to ensure that her children stayed safe.”
Dangerous – “Tony often found himself in dangerous situations while on the police force.”


Fun – Involving entertainment and/or enjoyable activities.
Boring – Lacking entertainment and/or enjoyable activities.

Fun – “Lou thinks that playing hockey is lots of fun.”
Boring – “On the other hand, he thinks that watching it is boring.”


Familiar – Experienced or known about before.
Unfamiliar – Not experienced or known about before.

Familiar – “Everything about being in her childhood home felt familiar.”
Unfamiliar – “But not having her parents around was an unfamiliar feeling.”


Uncomfortable in an embarrassing kind of way.

“It was awkward when Alex ran off to use the bathroom.”

7- Describing Colors & Patterns

Colored Crayons Lined Up

When it comes to English adjectives, colors and patterns are some of the loveliest things a person can describe. Here are the English adjectives you can use to do so!


First color in the rainbow; the color of blood.

“He drove a red car.”


Second color in the rainbow.

“He only wore orange shoes, so everyone thought he was weird.”


Third color in the rainbow; color of the sun.

“Marcel’s son always asked him why the sun was yellow.”


Color before blue in the rainbow; the color of grass.

“Alondra always enjoyed walking in the green grass.”


Color in the rainbow after green; the usual color of the sky.

“Albert’s favorite color is blue.”


The color between blue and purple; named after a dye.

“Cora decided to purchase the indigo dress instead of the black one.”


Last color of the rainbow; commonly found in clothing, blankets, etc.

“She enjoyed wearing her purple coat.”

Woman in Snow Wearing Purple Coat


The color produced when red and white are mixed.

“The pink flowers were Eloise’s favorite.”


A color somewhere between black and white.

“Maxwell often became depressed when the sky was gray and overcast.”


The lightest color on the spectrum, from which all other colors are capable of being formed.

“Vince and his girlfriend watched the white clouds drift by.”


The darkest color on the spectrum, which is capable of consuming all other colors.

The black cat held its head up high.

A Black Cat Against a White Background


Light – Lacking darkness; of a lesser hue, tending toward white.
Dark – Lacking light; of a deeper hue, tending toward black.

Light – “Susan much preferred the light color scheme of the first painting she saw.”
Dark – “The oil painting after it used many dark colors.”


Having more than one color, usually several.

“Sharla laughed at Dan for wearing his multicolored jacket.”


Argyle, despite sounding a lot like “gargoyle,” is simply an adjective that describes a diamond-like pattern. This is often found on cloth materials, especially clothing.

“Olive begged Peter not to wear his argyle sweater to the get-together.”


Plaid (also called tartan) is a pattern that involves crisscrosses of various shades of color. It’s often found on clothing in the United States.

Anita wore plaid shirts just about every day.


A striped pattern indicates a design of many lines going either vertically or horizontally, typically on an article of clothing or other everyday object.

“Liz thought that her striped dress made her look fat.”

Polka Dot

A polka dot pattern is one that usually involves large dots of any color on a background of a different color (or shade).

“Liz much preferred her polka dot dress.”

Woman olding Red Polkadot Coffee Mug

8- Describing Shapes

In this section, I’ll cover how to describe the shape of things. This is a topic less likely to come up in a day-to-day conversation (unless your profession involves shapes!), but is definitely useful to know.

Round (Rounded)

Round – The shape of a circle.
Rounded – Having edges or an overall shape that resembles something round.

Round – “The ball was round.”
Rounded – “The table had rounded edges.”

Square (Squared)

Square – Having four corners and four sides, each of equal measure.
Squared – In this case, resembling something that is square, or having been made to look square.

Square – “The coffee table was in the shape of a square.”
Squared – “The hedges were squared by the landscaper.”

Additional Note:
The word “squared” has another meaning when used mathematically. In math, it means “doubled,” and has nothing to do with actually being square. Be sure to take note of the context when using this word, or reading/hearing it!


Having four corners of equal measure, and four sides of different lengths (with those across from each other being equal in length).

“The dining room table was rectangular.”


Resembling a triangle, which has three angles and three sides.

“Bobby had kind of a triangular face.”


A shape with four angles and four sides, similar to a rectangle but with pointed tips; usually vertical; the shape of a baseball field.

“Her narrow face had almost a diamond shape.”

Additional Note:
When talking about a “diamond shape,” in the United States, we’re rarely talking about something that’s shaped like an actual diamond. Real diamonds vary in shape and size, whereas the diamond shape we use to describe things is limited to the above description.


A shape meant to indicate love, as shown in the image below.

“Before departing, they used their hands to form a heart shape.”

Hands in Heart Shape Around the Sun

9- Describing Weather

Weather is small-talk’s best friend, and it’s something you experience constantly. Here’s a list of the most basic weather adjectives to help you express what the weather is and how you feel about it! For a more in-depth look at U.S. weather vocabulary and information, check out my article on United States Weather!


Hot – Of a high temperature.
Cold – Of a low temperature.

Hot – “It was hot sitting in the sunshine outside.”
Cold – “Marko still preferred it to the cold winter.”


Warm – Of a moderately high temperature.
Cool – Of a moderately low temperature.

Warm – “Hector likes to take walks in the warm weather.”
Cool – “He likes it even better when there’s a cool breeze.”


Dry – Lacking moisture.
Humid – Having much moisture.

Dry – “After a very dry summer, they expected rain.”
Humid – “With the downpours came more humid weather.”

Downpour of Rain


A weather condition in which there’s a lot of wind.

“Lana had to keep fixing her hair because it was windy outside.”


When snow is falling, or there’s a lot of snow on the ground. Can also refer to somewhere that it snows a lot.

“The children wanted to play outside during the snowy weekend.”


When it rains a lot. Can also refer to somewhere that it rains a lot.

“Elsa was tired of being inside because of the rainy weather.”

For more weather words, be sure to check out our Weather Vocabulary List!

10- Describing Taste

I’m tempted to say that food, and therefore taste, is just as universal a topic as the weather. And how often do the two things go together? When I think of the summer heat, I think of watermelon and barbeques; when I think of the winter cold, it’s soup and hot chocolate. Here are some taste-related English adjectives to describe food.


Sugary or possessing a sugary flavor.

“The chocolate and peanut butter fudge was very sweet.”


Containing or tasting like salt.

“The lasagna was too salty for Elizabeth’s taste.”


Strong, puckering flavor; can sometimes indicate something has expired.

“Lemons are much too sour to eat by themselves.”


Often strong or bold flavor, usually in a way that’s unpleasant.

“She can’t drink that kind of coffee because it’s too bitter.”

Coffee Mug on Plate with Coffee Beans


Mild – Not having much spice.
Spicy – Hot; can cause watery eyes, swelling in throat, etc.

Mild – “Sandra prefers foods that are more mild.”
Spicy – “But her husband loves to eat spicy foods, like habanero peppers, in his meals.”


Typically refers to having a refined flavor, especially being spicy or salty.

“Gary’s favorite meal at the restaurant was the savory steak and potatoes.”


Usually refers to an offbeat, sometimes citrusy, flavor; often used to describe fruity or heavily spiced foods.

“She thought the mango salsa was a little too tangy.”

11- Describing Feeling & Sense

Below is an adjective list of the most common adjectives used to describe feeling and sense. Learning these adjective words will give you a better idea of how to express what things feel like, both physically and emotionally. Take a look at these adjective definitions to better describe the world around you in terms of feeling.


Soft – Easily moldable; not hard.
Hard – Solid and rigid; not easy to break.

Soft – “The blankets were soft.”
Hard – “However, the mattress was too hard.”


Smooth – Without calluses or bumps; oftentimes flat.
Rough – With calluses, bumps, or ridges.

Smooth – “The marble countertops were smooth.”
Rough – “The tree bark was quite rough.”


Pleasant – Comfortable; nice; enjoyable.
Unpleasant – Uncomfortable; unenjoyable.

Pleasant – “The feeling of the sun on her skin was pleasant.”
Unpleasant – “The sunburn she got afterwards, however, was very unpleasant.”


Comfortable – A desirable or pleasant feeling; good for rest and relaxation.
Uncomfortable – Not desirable or pleasant, especially for rest or relaxation.

Comfortable – “The living room design was very comfortable.”
Uncomfortable – “Stan felt uncomfortable in his office chair.”

Uncomfortable Businessman


Painless – Not involving pain; easy.
Painful – Involving pain; difficult.

Painless – “The procedure was fairly painless.”
Painful – “Jen had some painful memories of her hometown.”

12- Describing Traits, Appearance & Condition

All the time, people describe objects and other people using aspects related to these types of traits. The adjective examples below aren’t exhaustive, but these are the most common English adjectives to describe a person!

1. Physical


Young – Having few years.
Old – Having many years.

Young – “Po remembered visiting the library when he was young.”
Old – “But now, both he and the library were old.”


Strong – Having much strength/energy.
Weak – Having little strength/energy.

Strong – “Franny still felt strong after running the marathon.”
Weak – “Joe’s work performance had been weak.”


Healthy – In good condition; strong; not sick.
Sick – In poor condition; weak; unhealthy.

Healthy – “After a week in the hospital, Fred was healthy again.”
Sick – “Karla stayed home from school because she was sick.”


Pretty – Attractive in appearance, especially a female.
Ugly – Unattractive in appearance.

Pretty – “Rey never felt pretty, so she wore a lot of makeup.”
Ugly – “Lisa always thought that the cat next door was ugly.”


Slim – Small, especially in terms of body mass.
Fat – Large, especially in terms of body mass.

Slim – “Sara was very slim.”
Fat – “But her father, Mr. Farrow, was a fat man.”

Fat Man

2. Other


Employed – Having work/a job.
Unemployed – Not having work/a job.

Employed – “Natalie felt lucky that she was still employed after the big layoff.”
Unemployed – “She knew plenty of other newly-unemployed people from her work.”


Educated – Having education, especially college/university education. Can also refer to simply being intelligent or knowledgeable on something.

Uneducated – Not having much education.

Educated – “Rebecca came from a very educated family, but never went to college.”
Uneducated – “That didn’t make her completely uneducated; she knew a lot about programming.”


Single – Not in a relationship with someone; unmarried; alone.
Married – Joined in marriage with someone.

Single – Ned was the only single person in the group.
Married – Even Perry was now married.

13- Describing Personality, Behavior & Feelings

Now that we’ve gone over the conditions and outer traits that are common in people, let’s take a deeper look. Here are some common adjectives used to describe who (or how) a person is: English adjectives of personality, emotions and behavior.

Happy, Carefree woman

  • Kind
    • Being nice and considerate toward others, usually in a selfless way.
    • “Missy is very kind; she helps those in need.”
  • Open-minded
    • Willing to look at things from multiple sides; ability to put oneself in another’s shoes.
    • “Kelly tries to be open-minded and see things from other perspectives.”
  • Funny
    • Having a good sense of humor, and able to make others laugh.
    • “Why is Kevin so funny?”
  • Friendly
    • Having an open and kind personality; welcoming toward others; encouraging friendship.
    • “Marge always tries to be friendly with the newcomers.”
  • Happy
    • Having positive feelings; joyful; seeing things in a positive way.
    • “Everyone who knew John talked about how happy he was.”
  • Relaxed
    • Feeling rested and calm; not exerting much energy.
    • “Marcia finally felt relaxed after a long day at work.”
  • Excited
    • Having strong (usually positive) feelings about something; greatly looking forward to that thing.
    • “Rita’s children were excited to go to the beach.”
  • Hopeful
    • Having good feelings about what’s to come; expecting good things even in bad circumstances.
    • “Bert was always hopeful about the future.”

2. Negative

Woman Crying

  • Mean
    • Not nice; willing to hurt others.
    • “Silvia was mean when she decided to blame her sister for the accident.”
  • Rude
    • Not well-mannered; usually outspoken; careless about others’ feelings.
    • “Kit was rude by spitting out her food at the dinner party.”
  • Selfish
    • Only concerned with oneself; caring only about oneself.
    • “Danny was known all over town for being selfish.”
  • Narrow-minded
    • Fixed in one’s ways; not willing to look at other sides or opinions.
    • “Nick was often narrow-minded about people.”
  • Sad
    • Feeling negatively, often in a depressed our mournful way; associated with crying.
    • “Boyd was sad when his dog died.”
  • Angry
    • Strong negative feelings, usually indicating resentment or frustration.
    • “Allisa didn’t know why she felt angry about the event.”
  • Frightened
    • Scared; afraid; not feeling safe; alarmed.
    • “Her daughter was frightened when she saw the spider.”
  • Lonely
    • Feeling alone; negative feelings of emptiness.
    • “Xavier became lonely after his breakup.”

4. Conclusion: How EnglishClass101 Can Help Your English Skills Flourish!

We hope you enjoyed learning about common adjectives (and adjective definitions) with us! The adjective words we went over on our adjective list barely scratch the surface of description and definition in English, though. To include every adjective would be a bit superfluous

Do you feel more confident answering the question, “What is an adjective?” Which of these adjectives do you see yourself using often? Write us a paragraph or two using some of these adjectives to practice your word skills: A paragraph about yourself, your country or hometown, or even a poem. It’s your choice. 😉

At EnglishClass101.com, we aim to make sure that you enjoy every second of your English-learning journey, while learning valuable information and skills. We provide practical learning tools for every student, from insightful blog posts like this one to free English vocabulary lists, and even an online forum to discuss lessons with other English learners. If a one-on-one and more tailored approach is your style, you can also upgrade to a Premium Plus account to take advantage of our MyTeacher program!

Whatever your reasons for studying English, know that with enough determination and effort, you can master the language and better understand U.S. culture. EnglishClass101 will be here with you for every step of your learning journey!

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Learn English with the Best Netflix Series & Movies!


Netflix and its competitor streaming services are dominating the television and movie industry (just check the Netflix stock!). It’s no surprise, considering the generally low prices, the variety of content there is to watch, and their flexible nature (like using Netflix downloads to watch on your phone!). And with so many quality Netflix Originals coming out, it’s becoming more and more addictive and binge-worthy. Netflix prices may be rising, but considering the quality stuff it’s bringing to the table nowadays, that’s understandable.

This also makes Netflix an excellent tool for learning a language through television shows and movies. There’s so much to watch, and definitely something for everyone considering that Netflix stocks up on quality shows—not to mention the availability of subtitles. Taking into account Netflix’s increasing cultural selections, you can also know that you’re learning your target language (English) in the context of the United States and English culture.

In this article, I’ll be discussing Netflix for learning English and give you an overview of some of the best shows on Netflix, and great Netflix movies. To get the most out of this article and your show-bingeing experience, visit the Netflix USA website (Netflix.com) and go to Netflix sign up on the Netflix USA website if you don’t yet have an account (or Netflix sign in if you do), as this will give you full access to Netflix content.

At EnglishClass101.com, we hope to make learning English both fun and effective, exciting, and insightful!

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Table of Contents

  1. How Can You Use Netflix for Learning English?
  2. Netflix Watch List: The Best Netflix Series
  3. Netflix USA Movies: List of the Best Movies on Netflix
  4. Conclusion: How EnglishClass101 Can Help You Learn English Effectively

1. How Can You Use Netflix for Learning English?

Improve Pronunciation

It sounds a little outlandish, doesn’t it? That you can actually improve your English skills by enjoying some good, quality Netflix time. It is true, with a catch: To reap the greatest rewards this way, you’ll have to put in some effort.

That said, there are multiple ways that you can study English by watching shows on Netflix, and many things that make Netflix so convenient for this purpose!

1.) The Listening Factor: Actively and consistently listening to a new language helps expose you to various aspects of that spoken language in a fluid manner. This includes average talking speed, pronunciation, slang, and accents.

2.) Subtitles: Watching Netflix (USA) movies or shows with subtitles on allows you to read while listening, allowing you to practice two aspects of the language at once. It’s a good idea to try watching Netflix series or movies with subtitles in your own language, as well as subtitles in your target language (English).

3.) Writing Things Down: Watching Netflix series or movies to learn English also has the advantage of allowing you to write down unfamiliar words or phrases to look up later. While you can technically do this in any context, you can’t pause a real-time conversation to do this!

4.) Pause and Rewind: Speaking of pausing, using Netflix movies and series to learn English allows you the freedom to pause whenever you want. After you’ve written down your unfamiliar words, you can also rewind the show to have the characters say those words or phrases again. This way, you can practice your speaking skills by repeating after them until you think you have it down.

5.) Context: Another valuable asset of Netflix to learn English is that you can hear words and phrases in context. Sometimes, watching context on a screen to begin with makes facing real situations easier; this goes for language, too! While watching some of the best Netflix shows, be mindful of the context: How are the characters feeling? Where are they? What time period is the show set in? What are the characters’ backgrounds or current situations? Sometimes being able to grasp what words mean in context is better than having a textbook or dictionary definition!

6.) Entertainment: You’re more likely to study (or do anything, really) if you enjoy doing it. If you can make studying English something you look forward to and less of a chore, you’re more likely to continue. Further, having a positive outlook and good feelings about something, like studying, can improve the end result. Watching the best Netflix shows and movies provides great entertainment, and using Netflix as a study tool sure beats a textbook-only learning experience!

And trust me, with the shows outlined below in our Netflix list, you won’t be short on entertainment! Enjoy your comedy, drama, crime, sci-fi, and suspense, all while making progress toward your end goal! Go to Netflix, sign up, click to watch the best shows on Netflix, stock up on your favorite snacks, and there you are!

2. Netflix Watch List: The Best Netflix Series


Are you ready to begin watching a Netflix series in English? Longing to find a Netflix show that will keep you wanting more? I thought so. There’s just something about a quality series that’s magnetic.

Whether you’re looking for Netflix dramas, Netflix shows for teens, or Netflix comedies, you’ll find it here.

Here’s our list of the best shows on Netflix. Enjoy, and keep in mind that you can learn more about each one on the website. (This will be even easier with a Netflix download on your phone!)

1- The Office (U.S.) — 2005-2013

When you start watching U.S. Netflix, The Office may be the best place to start (and it’s leaving soon!).

The Office is a mockumentary-style sitcom, following the business lives and personal lives of multiple workers at the Dunder Mifflin Paper Company. Over the course of the show, you’ll delve deep into the hearts and minds of the characters (from the “world’s best boss” Michael Scott to the power struggle of quirky and often annoying Dwight Schrute). Expect office romances, subtle pranks, and awkward situations, all wrought by the motivations of unique but still highly relatable characters.

Famous Actors:
Steve Carell; Rainn Wilson; Jenna Fischer; John Krasinski; B.J. Novak; Mindy Kaling; Ed Helms; Paul Lieberstein; Angela Kinsey

The Office is considered one of the most successful TV series of all time, and for good reason. Not only is it absolutely hilarious and heartwarming, but it offers an honest and relatable look into the daily reality of many American office workers.

This show will also be helpful in learning slang, subtle jokes in English, and varying sentence structures and vocabulary depending on who’s speaking (the show does a great job of characterization in this way).

Common Expressions:

  • “That’s what she said.”
  • “Assistant to the regional manager.”
  • “Bears. Beets. Battlestar Galactica.”

Be sure to watch the trailer for The Office to get a feel for the comedy that transcends other comedies, and use your Netflix login to start watching. This one alone is worth signing up to Netflix.

2- The Crown — 2016-Present

The Crown is about the life of Queen Elizabeth II, as well as the most significant events seen by the 20th century.

Famous Actors:
Claire Foy, Matt Smith, Vanessa Kirby, Eileen Atkins, Jeremy Northam, Victoria Hamilton

This Netflix show is so good that it has been nominated for twenty-six Primetime Emmy Awards for its first two seasons. The cast of this show also use a British dialect, which will expose you to a common English dialect.

Quotes from the Character Winston Churchill:

  • “Where there is heroism, there will always be hope.”
  • “People have to be angry at someone. But as leader, one cannot simply react to everything.”

You can watch the trailer for The Crown and find out more information on its Netflix page, if you want to get a glimpse of what to expect from this historical Netflix series.

3- Stranger Things — 2016-Present

This sci-fi television show, set in the 80s, follows the journey of a town as it discovers secret experiments. The show also touches on supernatural events and creatures, including an alternate realm they call “The Upside Down.” On Netflix, Stranger Things has become a sensation (with the exception of its most recent season)!

Famous Actors:
Winona Ryder; David Harbour; Matty Cardarople

This show is interesting as it’s set in the 1980s—this means that you’ll get a glimpse into U.S. life in the ‘80s, and will hear lots of ‘80s slang. While you won’t necessarily use ‘80s slang in day-to-day life now, it will give you some insight into what living in the past was like, and how it shaped today’s U.S. culture.


  • “Mornings are for coffee and contemplation.”
  • “Science is neat, but I’m afraid it’s not very forgiving.”

Not sure you’ll like this one? Watch the Season One trailer above to see what you’re in for!

4- A Series of Unfortunate Events — 2017-2019

This whimsical Netflix Original (based on the book series A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket) is one that both children and adults will enjoy. It follows the intelligent Baudelaire children in their attempt to find their missing parents, all while trying to get untangled from Count Olaf’s evil plots to gain their fortune. You’re sure to enjoy the somewhat foreseeable twists and turns (and frustrations!) that the Baudelaires go through, meeting their interesting family members, and discovering all about who their parents are. And, seriously, you’ll laugh and cry throughout this series as Netflix hones in on the fears we all experience. On Netflix, A Series of Unfortunate Events is as binge-worthy as it gets.

Famous Actors:
Neil Patrick Harris; Matty Cardarople; Patrick Warburton; Nathan Fillion; Usman Ally

This is a great show to watch if you want to improve your vocabulary, as “big” words are often incorporated into the show as a joke ( as the children “know what it means.” ) If you have kids and plan on using Netflix as part of your language-learning, A Series of Unfortunate Events is a great Netflix kids’ show that you’ll love just as much as they do!

Common Expressions:

  • “We know what [that word] means.”
  • “Life is a conundrum of esoterica.”
  • “There’s no word to describe the feeling of waking up and knowing instantly that something is terribly wrong.”

5- Criminal Minds — 2005-2019

Now on Netflix, Criminal Minds, a long-running crime drama, follows a close-knit group of crime investigators, who must dig into the minds of serial killers in order to bring them down. In the process, it’s not uncommon for the team (or the viewer) to see a little bit of “serial killer” in themselves. As with any great drama, there are romances, hardships, character transformations, a lot on the line, and plenty of twists and turns.

Famous Actors:
Matthew Gray Gubler, A.J. Cook, Thomas Gibson, Kirsten Vangsness, Paget Brewster

Each episode of this Netflix crime drama begins with a poignant quote, which lays the foundation of the episode, and ends with another which helps to conclude it. This will not only be great for your vocabulary practice, but will give you additional insight into literature and art that Americans place much value on. You’ll also hear a lot of crime-related words and phrases.

Common Words:

  • “Unsub”
    • This is one of the most commonly used words in the shows across characters. It’s short for “Unknown Subject,” referring to someone the team is collecting information on or looking for in relation to a crime/killing.

6- The Good Place — 2016-2020

This is one of the funniest Netflix TV shows on this list, and it’s growing in popularity!

The Good Place begins when Eleanor Shellstrop (played by Kristen Bell) finds herself in “The Good Place” after she dies. She wonders how, considering the bad life she lived, until realizing it’s a mistake. As she meets other citizens of The Good Place and gets to know its keeper Michael (played by Ted Danson), secrets start to unravel that set the course of the show—all while Eleanor tries to become a better person. Be ready for some hearty laughs and heartfelt tears while watching.

Famous Actors:
Jameela Jamil; Kristen Bell; Ted Danson

One of the most fascinating aspects of this Netflix show is its use of filler curse words. In The Good Place, cursing is prohibited so any time someone (Eleanor) tries to do so, they can only say a filler word. This is outlined below.

Quotes & Common Expressions:

  • “Shirt”
  • “Fork”
  • “Shrampies”
    • Eleanor’s term for shrimp, which she absolutely loves.
  • “I came up with hundreds of plans in my life, and only one of them got me killed.”
  • “What a condescending bench.”

7- Hell on Wheels — 2011-2016

Now on Netflix, Hell on Wheels follows the construction of the First Transcontinental Railroad in the late 1800s. The main character, Cullen Bohannon, ends up at the construction site “Hell on Wheels” in his search to bring justice to his wife and child who were killed by Union soldiers. The show also follows an array of other characters—from the railroad’s investor Thomas Durant, to the mysterious “Swede,” prostitutes, and other railroad workers present.

If you’re looking for a great mix of drama, romance, adventure, suspense, and comedy wrapped up in a Netflix action series—all in a historical setting—this is the show for you.

Famous Actors:
Anson Mount; Colm Meaney; Robin McLeavy; Phil Burke; Christopher Heyerdahl; Common

This show takes place in a historical setting, making it a great way to familiarize yourself with U.S. history and the shaping of the country’s current culture (without being bored to tears). Throughout the show, phrases and concepts from this time period are used and brought up as well.

Fun Fact: Common, who plays Elam Ferguson in the show, is also a famous American rapper. On top of his work in acting and rapping, Common writes, models, and is a known philanthropist. His full name is Lonnie Corant Jaman Shuka Rashid Lynn.


  • “No one tortures his enemy, if he must torture himself in the process.”
  • “What’s good for the railroad is good for America.”

8- Frasier — 1993-2004

Frasier Crane moves to Seattle, Washington to become a radio psychiatrist and to get over his recent divorce, which allows him to spend more time with his brother, Niles (also a psychiatrist), and father, Martin Crane (a retired cop who soon moves in with Frasier). This sitcom follows the Cranes’ journey in reconnecting with each other, making new friends, and getting into all kinds of trouble and awkward situations, usually due to the Crane brothers’ competitive nature and pretentious personalities.

Over the course of the show, you’ll find that sometimes the Crane brothers plot with each other to accomplish their lofty goals, but most of the time they plot against each other in an attempt to outdo the other. For all of their similarities, the differences in their psychiatry practices and beliefs often cause a rift between them, as the show aims to highlight the differences between the Freudian (Frasier’s) and Jungian (Niles’s) psychiatries.

Famous Actors:
Kelsey Grammer; Jane Leeves; Peri Gilpen; David Hyde Pierce; John Mahoney

Because the show largely follows the lives of two fairly high-class men, it offers a unique perspective on life in the United States. Further, much of this show takes place in the 90s and early 2000s, and oftentimes you can see the shifts and changes in everyday life as the years pass. Lots of references are also made to literature, the arts, and psychology, and the Crane brothers often use French phrases to describe things.

Commonly Used Quotes:

  • “I’m listening.”
  • “Aw geez.”
  • “I’m a bit psychic.”

9- Losers — 2019

Interested in Netflix documentaries? Losers is a short documentary series, with each episode covering the story of a different real-life athlete who failed, and failed again, but continued to persevere even if it didn’t mean getting the win or victory. In this mini documentary series, Netflix zeros in on the concept that winning isn’t the most important thing, and losing isn’t the worst thing that can happen. It also delves into the question of what success or failure really look like, and what they really mean. If you’re feeling down or need a little inspiration, you’ve found the goldmine.

Famous Athletes:
Jean van de Velde; Surya Bonaly; Michael Bentt; Pat Ryan; Mauro Prosperi; Aliy Zirkle; Jack Ryan

Some episodes are multilingual (e.g. some French dialogue with English subtitles, etc.), while still being largely an English-language show. It also features athletes and their stories from around the world.

Often-Used Words:

  • “Loser”
  • “Defeat”
  • “Burden”
  • “Boring”

10- Maniac — 2018

Maniac is a dark miniseries with psychological themes. Essentially, the story follows the lives of Annie Landsberg (Emma Stone) and Owen Milgram (Jonah Hill), both of whom are mentally unwell and for their own reasons sign up for a psychological trial. They meet, and find their lives intertwined in the weird and sometimes frightening hallucination/dream trials (induced by taking the pills “A” “B” and “C”). They discover themselves and each other over the course of the trial, all while the scientist taking over the experiment, Dr. Mantleray, deals with his own issues.

Famous Actors:
Emma Stone; Jonah Hill; Justin Theroux; Sonoya Mizuno; Gabriel Byrne; Sally Field

The storyline in this Netflix limited series is full of twists and turns, and is pure entertainment. The dialogue is humorous, with lots of play-on-words, sarcasm, and slang—great for hearing these things in the context of how people speak today. But between every line is raw emotion, which is a hard thing to come by in entertainment these days. Explore yourself as your explore their world.

Common Expressions:

  • “When an addict dies, do you think it’s suicide?”
  • “What’s wrong isn’t that I’m sick. It’s that I don’t matter.”
  • “Life is simple as hell until you bring on a partner.”

Wanna watch a trailer that’ll give you goosebumps? Head over to Maniac’s Netflix page, watch the trailer, and get ready for your next binge-watch.

3. Netflix USA Movies: List of the Best Movies on Netflix

Movie Genres

Are you more interested in good movies on Netflix? Now that we’ve gone over some spiffy Netflix series, we’ll move onto our Netflix movie list. We know that not everyone has time to dedicate to a Netflix series, and that some people prefer to watch one good movie instead.

Once you’ve found one that interests you, go to your Netflix sign in and watch away! Because when it comes to Netflix USA movies, they’re almost always worth it.

1- Bird Box — 2018

On Netflix, dark movies abound, and Bird Box is one of them.

One of the most popular Netflix Original movies, Bird Box tells the story of a post-apocalyptic world which begins with seemingly random mass violence and suicides in Russia that move to the United States. A pregnant woman named Malorie (Bullock), and a group of survivors she joins, quickly discover that looking at a supernatural force causes a person to immediately go insane and kill themself. Eventually, the woman is alone with two children, who must all traverse the river blindfolded until they reach safety, encountering numerous dangers on the way.

Famous Actors:
Sandra Bullock; Trevante Rhodes; John Malkovich; Danielle Macdonald; Sarah Paulson

One of the most interesting aspects of how language is used in this Netflix show is the use of “Boy and “Girl” as children’s names. Not only is it a reflection of Malorie’s state of mind and emotions regarding motherhood, but it shows a unique depth of the English language that’s not often explored: names as placeholders.


  • “If you look, you will die. Do you understand?”
  • “She stepped out of the car and ran into the street, and she’s not suicidal.”
  • “Life is more than just what is. It’s what it could be. What you could make it.”

Watch the Bird Box (Netflix) trailer on its Netflix page, and see what you’re in for! When it comes to good movies on Netflix, this is one of the most popular, after all.

2- Monty Python and the Holy Grail — 1975

This is a British movie which focuses on the Arthurian legends. In the film, King Arthur and “Patsy” his squire search for men to join the Knights of the Round Table, and later go on to search for the Holy Grail which leads them through a series of trials, temptations, and humorous situations. The film makes great use of play-on-words, and infuses humor both under the surface and more overtly. That said, the type of humor in this show isn’t for everyone.

Famous Actors:
Graham Chapman; John Cleese; Terry Gilliam; Eric Idle; Terry Jones; Michael Palin

Monty Python and the Holy Grail is one of the many productions by Monty Python, a group dedicated to comedy sketches. Another one of its popular movies is Life of Brian (also on Netflix).


  • “Ask me the questions, bridgekeeper. I am not afraid.”
  • “We want…a shrubbery!”
  • “It’s just a flesh wound!”

Watch the Monty Python and the Holy Grail trailer, and then head over to Netflix to watch one of the best comedy movies of its time.

3- Black Mirror: Bandersnatch — 2018

Netflix’s Black Mirror: Bandersnatch is a sci-fi “interactive” movie, where you control the actions of the main character Stefan Butler, an aspiring “choose-your-own-adventure” video game programmer. The film takes place in England during the ‘80s, and features multiple possible endings (and variations of those endings) based on which choices you make—from choosing which breakfast cereal to eat (does it really make a difference? I have no idea.) to deciding whether or not to pour tea on Stefan’s laptop when he gets frustrated. Here, Netflix presents a very unique (and sometimes dark) part of its contributors’ personalities in the best way possible.

Famous Actors:
Fionn Whitehead, Will Poulter, Asim Chaudhry, Craig Parkinson, Alice Lowe

Making decisions for the main character throughout the show that affect the outcome(s) is good for practicing both listening and reading skills, as well as decision-making in English. It’s also fascinating to reflect on Netflix’s price for making this interactive movie: a lawsuit from the Choose Your Own Adventure publishing company, Choosesco.

Common Expressions:

  • “You’re just a puppet. You are not in control.”
  • “There’s messages in every game. Like Pac-Man. Do you know what PAC stands for? P-A-C: ‘program and control.'”

Watch the Black Mirror: Bandersnatch trailer on its Netflix page before leaping in for yourself!

4- The Boy in Striped Pajamas — 2008

A list of good movies on Netflix wouldn’t be complete without mentioning The Boy in Striped Pajamas.

The Boy in Striped Pajamas, based on the book by John Boyne, follows the story of a nine-year-old boy named Bruno who grows up in Germany during WWII. After his father’s promotion to Commandant, they move to a home beside a Jewish concentration camp in Poland.

When out exploring one day, Bruno discovers and befriends a young boy on the other side of a fence who wears what he thinks are striped pajamas (which are really prison clothes). During the course of their friendship, Bruno learns more and more about the poor treatment of Jews (some of his house servants are Jews) without realizing who his new friend is.

As far as Netflix USA movies go, this is one of my favorites!

Famous Actors:
Asa Butterfield; Jack Scanlon; Vera Farmiga; David Thewlis; Rupert Friend; David Hayman

This movie offers a unique perspective and story about WWII, and shows glimpses of what life was like back then. You’ll also hear a range of accents and dialects from the different characters, making it a realistic option for learning to understand nuances in the English language.

Common Expressions:

  • “I don’t understand. One man caused all this trouble?”
  • “We’re not supposed to be friends, you and me. We’re meant to be enemies. Did you know that?”

After watching the trailer, you’ll definitely want to know how things unfold (or fall apart…). So check it out on Netflix today! It truly is one of the best movies on Netflix, especially for the history lover or culture aficionado.

4. Conclusion: How EnglishClass101 Can Help You Learn English Effectively

We hope you enjoyed our list of the best Netflix shows and movies, and that we helped you find the perfect binge fix for your English-learning journey! Netflix prices are more and more beginning to reflect what you get, don’t you think?

Which of our picks most interested you, and why? Did we leave out any good ones? Let us know in the comments!

On EnglishClass101.com, we have an array of blog posts like this one to boost your English skills and immerse you in U.S. culture. You can also check out our free vocabulary lists to expand your word bank, chat with fellow English learners on our community forum, and learn English one-on-one with your own personal teacher using our MyTeacher program (available to Premium Plus members). At EnglishClass101.com, there’s something for every learner and every learner is able to flourish! Get started today!

In the meantime, get your Netflix login ready and watch the best movies on Netflix, or find a new favorite Netflix series! None of these catch your interest? Check out Netflix.com or an app for Netflix downloaded on your phone to find more options.

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