Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Hi, everybody. Welcome back to Top Words. My name is Alisha, and today, we're going to talk about 10 Words for Talking About Nutrition. So, let's get started.
"Nutritional facts." The first word is "nutritional facts." If you look at the back of a food product, in this case, it's not written in English, but at the back of a food product, you will often see, in many countries, depending on the regulations in your country, a list of information, numbers and some words. Those are the nutritional facts of that food product. In a sentence, "Check the nutritional facts for important dietary information."
"Calorie." The next word is "calorie." So, "calorie" is the word that's assigned, which means energy, the energy in a food, essentially. So, some foods are high calorie, some foods are low calorie. In a sentence, "Avoid eating lots of high-calorie foods if you want to lose weight."
"Carbohydrate/carbs." The next word is "carbohydrate." "Carbohydrate" is a very long word, so we usually abbreviate it. We usually shorten it to "carbs." So, "carbs" are foods. For example, bread, rice, pasta, sweets, sugars, and things. These are foods which will give you like a quick burst, a quick bit of energy. In a sentence, "I can't help but eat lots of carbs sometimes."
"Protein." The next word is "protein." "Protein" is often talked about when you want to build muscle or lose weight. "Protein" relates a lot to muscle. It can help you build muscle too if that's your goal. So, we use "protein." "Protein" is a much--it takes your body a longer time to access the energy in protein than it does at carbohydrates. So, people say it's important to have a balance of protein and carbohydrates in your diet for a quick energy and slow release energy. In a sentence, "It's important to get enough protein."
"Sugar." The next word is "sugar." So, "sugar." We talked about "sugar" and "carbohydrates." It is pure energy, but usually, it is not a healthy type of energy, especially if it's added to a food. So, "sugar" is just--it's a carbohydrate. It's just energy and it doesn't have really much other good stuff nutritionally in it, but it can help make things sweet, and it can help give quick burst of energy. So, it's very commonly found in candy and sweets. In a sentence, "Eating too much sugar can be bad for your skin."
"Fat." The next word is "fat." There's of course animal fat. So, like bacon, for example, is kind of famously delicious because it is a fatty piece of meat. There's a lot of fat in it. So, fat can make food taste better. And then, fat also has a bad reputation because it can--of course, the word "fat," oftentimes people say, "I don't want to be fat." But "fat" in food can make things taste better. There can be good kinds of fats in trying to reduce bad fats. So, in a sentence, "Fat helps make things taste better."
"Sodium." The next word is "sodium." "Sodium" is essentially salt. Lots of sodium can be bad for you. People tend to recommend, I think, to keep low sodium levels in your food. So, "sodium" is salt. In a sentence, "Make sure not to consume too much sodium."
"Vitamins." The next word is "vitamins." So, "vitamins" are kind of good, like body boosting thing. They can give you like extra good stuff for your body, essentially. So, like fruits and vegetables have lots of vitamins in them, for example. In a sentence, "Fruit juice has lots of vitamins."
"Diet." The next word is "diet." So, be careful. There's the word "to diet," which means to limit your food and drink, to limit your consumption in order to lose weight. But there's also the noun form of "diet." So, in this case, I mean diet as in your eating habits, your eating lifestyle. So, for example, I could say, "It's important to have a balanced diet." Meaning, it's important to keep balance in the foods that you eat and the things that you drink. So, a balanced diet refers to a balanced eating and drinking lifestyle. So, "diet," when used in this way, means lifestyle, not like an intention to lose weight. So, please be careful with this word. In a sentence, "Keeping a balanced diet is important for a healthy lifestyle."
"Ingredients." The next word is "ingredients." So, if you check the nutritional facts on the back of a food product, you'll usually see a list of ingredients. So, the ingredients are the things inside that product, the things that are used to make the product you're looking at right now. The ingredient list is created based on the quantity of that item in that product. So, if you're buying candy, for example, the first item in the ingredient list is probably going to be sugar. And then after that, the item with the next highest quantity will be in the list. So, ingredients are the things used to make that product. Ingredients. In a sentence, "I always check the ingredients list."
So, those are 10 words that you can use for talking about nutrition. I hope that those are helpful for you the next time you're at the supermarket. Thanks very much for watching this episode of Top Words and we'll see you again soon. Bye.