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Lesson Transcript

Hi, everybody. Welcome back to Top Words. My name is Alisha and today, we're going to talk about 10 phrasal verbs for eating and drinking. Let's get started.
"Drink up." The first phrasal verb is "drink up." Drink up. "Drink up" is a happy, is a cheerful phrase we used that means let's start drinking, or let's enjoy drinking, or please drink. You can use it when everybody gets their drinks. You can say, "All right. Our beers are here, let's drink up." It has the nuance of drink a lot. You can also use it as a challenge to someone, someone who loses a bet or loses an argument. You can say, "Drink up." It's kind of a challenge. It's like a friendly command for drink. In a sentence, "Our beers are here. Everybody, drink up."
"Take down." The next phrasal verb is "take down." Take down, as in "take down an order." "Take down" is a phrasal verb that the staff like waiter or waitress will use at their restaurant. They may come to your table and say, "Can I take down your order?" They may also say, "Can I take your order?" of course, but to take down is like to take your order and write it down on a notepad, for example, on a notebook. Take down your order. You might hear this. In a sentence, "When you're ready, I can take down your order."
"Ring up." The next word is "ring up." Ring up. We use "ring up" to mean total, to total something, to total a bill, to total the amount of something at a restaurant or shopping, too, for example. Again, this is a word that waitstaff, the staff the restaurant may use. When you finish your meal, they will ring up your bill, they will ring up your total, and you will pay that amount at the end of your meal. In a sentence, "I'll ring up your bill at the cash register."
"Set down." The next phrasal verb is "set down." Set down. We use "set down" for items which we are carrying and then we set or we place on a table. Usually, there's a downward motion. If you're carrying something, you can use it for a backpack if you want to. To set down, to drop something, to leave something, to put it on a table, to put it in a place, specifically, there. We can use "set down" at a restaurant, like, "Please, set the plate down on the table," or, "Can you set down my drink over there?" or, "I'll set down your order over here." "Set down" means to place something, something you were carrying. To place it on a table or to place it on a desk. Set it down. In a sentence, "Please, set down the plates carefully."
"Cut up." The next phrasal verb is "cut up." "Cut up." We use "cut up" to mean cut, but "cut up" usually means to cut all of something. If you receive, I don't know, chicken or beef or pork or some large item you need to cut, we say "Cut up" to mean cut the entire piece, to cut everything you receive. In a sentence, "Make sure to cut up steak into small pieces," for example. It's easier for children to eat. Or, "I take a long time to cut up my meat," for example. "Cut up" means cut everything.
"Cut into." The next phrasal verb is "cut into." To cut into means just to make one slice into something. Usually, we use "cut into" for the first slice. We use it, maybe, to check that something is properly cooked sometimes, like to cut into a chicken or to cut into turkey. We usually use this for the first slice, the first experience. Like, "When I cut into the chicken, all the juices came out. It looked delicious." "I'm excited to cut into my Thanksgiving turkey this year," or, "I'm really looking forward to cutting into that steak later. It looked great." Cut into is that first cut, that initial cut where you can see, maybe what the meat looks like, or you get a sense of how the rest of your meal is going to taste. Cut into the first slice. I want to cut into my dinner later
"Sop up." The next phrasal verb is "sop up." Sop up. To sop means to soak with liquid. To soak with liquid. To sop up, therefore, is like to soak liquid from a bowl or from a cup or something. We use this with bread, usually. If you're eating soup, for example, and there is leftover soup in your bowl, you can take bread and sop up, soak up the liquid from your soup with bread. To sop up liquid. To soak and pick up something is the image here. To sob up bread. For example, "I like to sop up my soup with bread," or, "I like to sop up extra sauce with a biscuit," for example. Usually, there's some bread and some sauce or liquid we use with this phrase.
"Cool down." The next phrasal verb is "cool down." "Cool down" means to let something become lower temperature naturally. To let something cool down really means to allow something to gradually go to a lower temperature. If you make a pie, for example, it's very hot when it comes out of the oven. Oftentimes, the recipe will say allow to cool down and serve, for example, meaning after the pie is taken from the oven, you should let the temperature cool, you should let the temperature come down before eating. To cool down is like reducing the temperature, but just naturally over time. In a sentence, "Make sure to let your mashed potatoes cool down before you try to eat them."
"Heat up." The next phrasal verb is "heat up." Heat up. We use "heat up," usually to talk about microwave use or oven use. It's taking a cold food or, maybe, a frozen food, usually just a cold food kept in the refrigerator, put it in the microwave and turn it on to heat the food, to make it warm again. "To heat up" is like to move the heat level up, to increase the temperature of the food. We use the phrasal verb "heat up" to do this. For example, "I like to heat up my pizza before I eat it, my leftover pizza," or, "You should heat up yesterday's soup. It would be really good to have that tonight," or, "Maybe, we should heat up something quick for dinner tonight." "Heat up" means to increase the temperature of a cold thing.
"Chow down." The next phrasal verb is a slang expression. It's "chow down." "Chow down" means to eat really excitedly. It's not a phrasal verb I personally use very much, but you can use it to express your enthusiasm for something. It's typically used for junk food type things or like really, really everyday foods. Like in the USA, it's like sandwiches or hot dogs or something you might get in a sporting event. We'll say, "I want to chow down on a sandwich later," or, "I want to chow down on some pizza after this." To chow down is enthusiastically eat, like you're not thinking about being polite, you're not worried about looking nice while you eat. You're just enjoying eating very enthusiastically, like, "Oh, let's chow down on some pizza later," for example." For example, "We're going to chow down on some barbecue this weekend. It'll be great."
Those are 10 phrasal verbs for eating and drinking. I hope that those are useful for you as you visit restaurants and, of course, eat and drink. If you have any questions or comments, please make sure to let us know in the comments section below this video. Thanks very much for watching this episode of Top Words and I'll see you again soon. Bye!
Or, for example, we're going to chow down on some BBQ this weekend. I mess it up. Okay, one more time. Usually, just a cold food kept in the refrigerator, placing it in the microphone. Microphone? No, microwave. Microphone... that's funny! Let's try that again.