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Lesson Transcript


Barbara: Good morning!
Braden: Braden here. What Do You Get When You Cross Economics and Music in the US?
Barbara: In this lesson, you’ll learn about adjectives that end in -ic or -ical and Leading a meeting.
Braden: This conversation takes place in the morning, at a meeting.
Barbara: And it’s between the chairman and Sarah.
Braden: The meeting is formal, and Sarah is the Chairman’s aid, so she speaks professionally. Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Chairman: We need to finish organizing the March Seminar. How are we doing? Sarah?
Sarah: To begin with, this past week, Jonathan and I were able to confirm with Daniel Giesbrecht, and he said he'd love to participate in the seminar.
Chairman: Excellent! What else?
Sarah: We've reserved fantastic hotel rooms for the delegates and reserved the restaurants for the three days of the Seminar.
Chairman: And the other delegates?
Sarah: Going along smoothly. Mr. Jeffery Nye seems particularly energetic and seemed interested in incorporating some kind of musical component into his presentation.
Chairman: Something lyrical I hope?
Sarah: I don't know sir. I couldn't get it out of him.
Chairman: No worries. He's known for mixing economic and musical examples in very creative ways. How's the schedule shaping up?
Sarah: We've got the chronological structure planned out, but we need to determine the speakers. Specifically, who will deliver the keynote?
Chairman: Could you get that taken care of soon, please?
Sarah: That's part of the problem, sir. We have the outline, but I need more input from you and the committee in order to really nail this down. Could we set up an extra meeting on Thursday at ten?
Braden: So, we wanted to talk a little bit about Leading a meeting
Barbara: A meeting is defined as “an act or process of distinct parties assembling for a common purpose.” Usually, a meeting is a gathering of two or more people that has been convened for the purpose of achieving some kind of common goal.
Braden: Usually, that meeting will have been “called” or organized by one of the participating individuals. Usually, the individual that called the meeting also leads the meeting.
Barbara: Being a meeting leader is one of the most important positions within the meaning. The meeting leader controls the “turn-based” system that predominates in most Western meetings.
Braden: In other words, it's the meeting leader that decides who speaks and when.
Barbara: In the dialogue, the chairman is aware of all the tasks that Sarah has been assigned. He asks her questions about those tasks, and she reports directly to him.
Braden: All the other members present also hear the report which is one of the major benefits of meetings.
Barbara: However, the structure of Western meetings requires that reporting be done to the meeting leader.
Vocabulary and Phrases
Braden: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Barbara: organize [natural native speed]
Braden: arrange into a structure
Barbara: organize [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: organize [natural native speed]
: Next:
Barbara: reserve [natural native speed]
Braden: retain or hold for someone
Barbara: reserve [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: reserve [natural native speed]
: Next:
Barbara: delegate [natural native speed]
Braden: a person who represents others in a conference
Barbara: delegate [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: delegate [natural native speed]
: Next:
Barbara: deliver [natural native speed]
Braden: formally hand over something
Barbara: deliver [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: deliver [natural native speed]
: Next:
Barbara: input [natural native speed]
Braden: what is put in
Barbara: input [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: input [natural native speed]
: Next:
Barbara: energetic [natural native speed]
Braden: showing or involving a great activity or vitality
Barbara: energetic [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: energetic [natural native speed]
: Next:
Barbara: incorporate [natural native speed]
Braden: take in or contain as part of a whole
Barbara: incorporate [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: incorporate [natural native speed]
: Next:
Barbara: components [natural native speed]
Braden: a part or element of a larger whole
Barbara: components [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: components [natural native speed]
Braden: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Barbara: In the dialogue, we heard the phrase I couldn’t get it out of him.
Braden: which is a figurative way of saying, “He wouldn’t tell me.”
Barbara: What’s useful about this phrase is that it carries with it the idea that she did ask him about it.
Braden: This is particularly useful with bosses because it shows that you are thinking along the same lines as your boss.
Barbara: Bosses like that.
Braden: Yes they do. Could you break this down?
Barbara: I couldn’t get it out of him (slowly)
Braden: And one time fast?
Barbara: I couldn’t get it out of him (fast)
Braden: Our next phrase is How are we doing? Sarah? This is an example of requesting a report about something.
Barbara: Since they are in a group setting and the chairman is leading the meeting, he needs to specify who he asked the question to.
Braden: By phrasing the question separately, the chairman made it clear that he expects everyone to report during the meeting but by specifying Sarah directly after the question, he maintains control over who speaks first.
Barbara: Another example could be, “Sarah, how is the hotel project coming along?”
Braden: Could you break this down?
Barbara: How are we doing? Sarah? (slowly)
Braden: And one time fast?
Barbara: How are we doing? Sarah? (fast)
Braden: Let’s take a look at the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Braden: So Barbara, what’s the focus of this lesson?
Barbara: The focus of this lesson is adjectives that end in -ic or -ical
Braden: In the dialogue, we heard the phrase
Barbara: We’ve got the chronological structure planned out, but we need to determine the speakers.
Braden: Many adjectives end in either '-ic' or '-ical.' For example, here are some Adjectives that end in '-ic,' “athletic,” “energetic,” “prophetic,” and “scientific.”
Barbara: Some example sentences would be, “The boys are very athletic and play a variety of sports.” or “I didn't realize you were so energetic!”
Braden: Some others would be, “His writings were very prophetic, and some think show the way of the future.” and “Many feel that the only valid way to learn is the scientific approach.”
Barbara: Now let’s look at some examples of adjectives ending in '-ical' – “magical,” “diabolical,” “cynical,” and “musical.”
Braden: Let’s use these adjectives in a sentence. First magical, “We had a magical evening at the concert.” Second, “His political use of the military was diabolical.”
Barbara: Next, “I wish she weren't so cynical. I don't know whether I can believe anything she says.”
Braden: And last, “Timothy is quite musical and plays the piano well.”
Barbara: An extension of the adjective ending '-ical' is the adjective ending in '-logical'.
Braden: More often than not, These adjectives tend to be used with scientific and medical related terms.
Barbara: For example, “psychological,” “cardiological,” “chronological,” and “ideological.”
Braden: Could you use these in some sample sentences?
Barbara: Sure. With psychological, it would be “The psychological study of patients has led to many helpful discoveries.”
Braden: And I’ll do one with Cardiological. How about, “The cardiological unit of the hospital has saved many lives.”
Barbara: Good! Next is Chronological. A sentence could be, “The chronological listing of each King's reign can be found on page 244.”
Braden: And last we have “Many feel that an ideological approach to our political problems will not solve anything.”
Barbara: There are a few cases in which both adjective endings can be used with the same root. However, there is a slight change in meaning.
Braden: That’s right. For example, economic vs. economical. “economic” means “relating to economics and finance.”
Barbara: And economical means something like “money saving” or “frugal.”
Braden: An example sentence would be, “The economic picture looks pretty depressing for the next few quarters.”
Barbara: And for economical a sample sentence would be “It's economical to reuse your banana peels as compost.”
Braden: Now let’s look at Historic vs. historical. Historic means “famous and important” but Historical means “dealing with history.
Barbara: For example, “The historic Battle of the Bulge was fought in Belgium.”
Braden: And for historical, “The historical significance of Da Vinci's writings was discussed in Peter Gould's essay.”
Barbara: Lastly, we’ll take a look at lyric vs. lyrical. Which was used in the dialogue?
Braden: lyric means “relating to poetry” whereas lyrical means “resembling poetry, musicality, etc.”
Barbara: Pretty similar if you ask me. How about some example sentences to clear this up?
Braden: Sure! How about “Lyric poetry reading can help you find the music of everyday language.”


Braden: That just about does it for today.
Braden: Thanks for listening!
Barbara: See you later!