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Top US 10 Cities and Regions - San Francisco and Northern California
The city of San Francisco is located in northern California. This city is located on the tip of the San Francisco Peninsula and encompasses 231 square miles, of which 185 square miles are water.
In addition to San Francisco, the northern California area includes the major cities of San Jose, Oakland, and Sacramento. The geography of this area is diverse, consisting of sandy beaches along the Pacific Coast on the west and Sierra Nevada Mountains on the east. This area includes Central Valley, which is a rich agricultural area where numerous farms and vineyards are located.
Though most of California is known for mild winters and dry summers, San Francisco's climate differs due to the fact that is surrounded on three sides by the Pacific Ocean, which greatly influences the temperature. This city is known for cool winds and fog.
According to the 2010 census, the population of San Francisco was 805,235, making it the second-most densely populated major U.S. city.
San Francisco was founded by the Spanish in 1776 and became part of Mexico in 1821. This area became part of the United States in 1846 as a result of the Mexican-American War. When the California Gold Rush started in 1848, this city grew rapidly. In 1906, three-quarters of the city was destroyed by an earthquake and resulting fire.
Tourism is also a major source of income for the area, with tourists coming to see the area's distinct cultural features, such as the Golden Gate Bridge, Chinatown, Fisherman's Wharf, cable cars, architecture, and geography. This city is famous for its hills, of which there are fifty within the city limits.
This city has several public and private colleges and universities located within the city limits, including the City College of San Francisco, San Francisco State University, and the University of California-San Francisco. It is also known for its entertainment and performing arts venues as well as its museums and historical sites.