Lesson Transcript

Hi everybody, welcome back to Ask Alisha, the weekly series where you ask me questions and I answer them. Maybe!
First question this week is actually two questions. I got two of the same question I want to answer.
First!
Question from Expedito Xavier: Hi Alisha, I would like to know the difference between "toward," "forward," and "backward." Thanks.
Also, from Marcelo dos Santos Oliveira. Hi!
How do I use the words "toward" and "forward"?
Okay, let's discuss. First, "toward" means "in the direction of something."
So, this can mean any direction. Just in the direction of something.
Examples!
The car moved toward the highway.
We headed toward the restaurant.
I'm moving toward the park.
Then, the word "forward" means "moving in a direction" in front of you."
So this can mean physically moving with your body, or it can mean like a concept or an experience.
Examples!
I took one step forward.
The project is moving forward smoothly.
We're going forward with this idea.
So then "backward" is the opposite of "forward."
It means "moving in a direction behind you."
So again, this can mean physically with your body, or it can mean conceptually, like with an idea or a project.
He took three steps backward.
The project moved backward because of the mistake.
Our boat is moving backward!
So, I hope that that helps you. Toward is kind of any direction; in the direction of something.
Forward is movement in front of you.
Backward is movement behind you.
So I hope that helps you a little bit.
Next question!
Comes from, uh, Aline! Hi, Aline.
Aline says, "hi Alisha," what is the difference between "everybody," "somebody," and "everyone," and when can I use them?
Okay!
Uh, "everyone" and "everybody" are the same. We use them the same way.
I would say that "everybody" is probably a little more casual and maybe more commonly used than "everyone."
Somebody, however, refers to a person who is related to a discussion or to a situation in some way.
So, examples of this:
Can somebody help me cook dinner?
Did somebody pick up my phone?
Somebody stole my bag!
So, in each of these example sentences,"somebody" refers to a person who can hear the speaker, or who is closely related to the situation.
Everyone and "everybody" are just...everyone!
Like, there's no relation to the situation, necessarily.
So I hope that that helps.
Next question!
Comes from Wrandreypson Moreira Dos Santos. Hi.
Uh, what is the difference between "may" and "can"?
Yeah, common question.
Please check the 10 minute and 50 second mark of this video.
I talked about "may" and "can" and the differences and some examples in this video.
So please check this out. I hope it helps.
Next question.
Comes from Tan Teshin! Hi Tan!
What's the difference between "difficult" and "hard"?
Okay, "difficult" and "hard," yeah.
If you're talking about the level of challenge of something, they have the same meaning.
The only difference between these two words is that "difficult" sounds much more formal than "hard."
Most native speakers, especially American English speakers, use "hard" to talk about a level of challenge.
Like "this is really hard," or "oh my gosh, that looks so hard," or "I don't know, this seems really hard."
Instead of "difficult."
Difficult is used in more formal situations.
Next question!
Next question comes from Dewi! Hi!
Dewi says, I frequently hear "whatever it takes," but I don't know what it means. Please explain it.
Sure.
So, this is often used in expressions like "I'll do whatever it takes to get the job."
It means "I will do everything I possibly can to get the job."
So this can mean good things or bad things.
It means anything and everything.
The person will do their best in order to achieve some goal.
Examples!
I'll do whatever it takes to get into that university.
We'll do whatever it takes to win the contest.
So this is a very determined phrase.
So it's something that's like...you're really, really going to try hard to do something, and you want to express that.
So you'll do anything in order to achieve some goal.
Hope that helps.
Those are all the questions that I want to answer this week.
Thank you so much as always for sending your questions to me.
Remember, you can send them at EnglishClass101.com/ask-alisha.
If you liked the video, don't forget to give us a thumbs up, subscribe to the channel,
and check us out at EnglishClass101.com for some other good study resources.
Thanks very much for watching this episode of Ask Alisha, and I will see you again next week!
Bye bye!

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