Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina: Hello and welcome to EnglishClass101.com. This is British English Basic Boot Camp Lesson 1 – How to Introduce Yourself. I’m your host Gina.
Gabriella: And I’m Gabriella.
Gina: In this lesson, you’ll learn the basics about introducing yourself in the UK.
Gabriella: The formal conversation takes place in an office, and the casual one takes place at a party
Gina: Each conversation is between two people
Gabriella: The speakers are business people in the first conversation, and in the second they are a friend and a family member.
Gina: Let’s listen to the formal English conversation first.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gina: We heard two different types of introduction there.
Gabriella: We did – both formal and informal.
Gina: Let’s talk a little about a formal situation first.
Gabriella: As this is an audio lesson, we wouldn’t have seen this, but Gabriella and Donna probably shook hands as they were introducing themselves.
Gina: Shaking hands is very important when you first meet someone, isn’t it?
Gabriella: It is. The handshake should be firm but not harsh and not last for too long. Just a few shakes of the hand is enough.
Gina: Do people shake hands in informal situations?
Gabriella: They can do. It isn’t as common though.
Gina: What might people do instead in informal situations? I don’t remember much hugging and kissing happening…
Gabriella: No, that’s quite rare! Maybe a nod of the head or a raised hand, almost like a little “hello” wave.
Gina: This sounds a little complicated to judge. How do you know if things are formal or informal, or whether you should shake hands or not?
Gabriella: If you’re unsure, then let the other person set the tone. Let them introduce themselves first if you can and follow their lead.
Gina: But if you can’t let the other person go first?
Gabriella: Then I would suggest being formal. If you’re too formal then it may be seen as funny, but if you’re too informal you run the risk of offending someone.
Gina: How about using people’s names? Surnames or first names?
Gabriella: Sometimes people will introduce themselves and then tell you what you can call them. The situation dictates what name to use too. At a party you’ll definitely use someone’s first name or nickname, but at work it could be either the surname or first name.
Gina: Yeah, some workplaces are informal enough that even the most important bosses are happy to be called by their first names. Others would want to be addressed by their surname, as Mr. or Mrs.
Gabriella: If in doubt, ask!
Gina: I think that’s good advice for many things!
Gabriella: Me too!
Gina: Okay, let’s move onto the vocabulary.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gina: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Our first item of vocabulary for this lesson is “to call”.
Gabriella: This can mean many things, but in the context of the dialogue it refers to how you say someone’s name. “Please call me David” means “please use the name David”.
Gina: If you’re not sure, you could ask someone “what should I call you?”
Gabriella: That’s right. It’s not just used for people though – you can also use it for places, buildings, sports teams… anything.
Gina: Ah, for example, Manchester United are called the Red Devils, right?
Gabriella: In this case it’s referring to a nickname that the team are known as. So yeah, it can be used for anything.
Gina: Next is “brother”.
Gabriella: In simple terms, a brother is a male family member that has the same parents as you. The female equivalent is sister.
Gina: “Brother” can also cover people who share only one parent or someone adopted into the family too.
Gabriella: If you have a male friend that you’re really close to you can call him your brother too. It’s used in many circumstances.
Gina: Finally we have the verb “to know”.
Gabriella: If you have some knowledge, then you know it. I know how to speak English.
Gina: That’s handy for these lessons!
Gabriella: It is, isn’t it? You can also say that you know people.
Gina: Ah, like I know you, because we work on these lessons together.
Gabriella: Yes, you have knowledge of who I am. Another handy thing for recording together!
Gina: (laughs) Yes, it is! Okay, let’s on to the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Gina: In this lesson, youll learn about the verb “to be”. This is a very important verb in English, isn’t it?
Gabriella: It is. It’s at the core of many sentences and is especially handy when you’re introducing yourself.
Gina: Okay, let’s run through the different forms it takes, because although it’s a very common and important verb, it’s also one of the most irregular.
Gabriella: Of course it is!
Gina: So when referring to yourself in the present tense, we use…
Gabriella: “Am”. As in, “I am David”.
Gina: “I am speaking English”.
Gabriella: When speaking of somebody else, it’s “are”. “You are Donna.”
Gina: “You are speaking English”. How about a third person?
Gabriella: “Is”. “He is David.” “She is Donna.”
Gina: “He is speaking English.” “She is speaking English”. And if it’s more than one person?
Gabriella: It’s “are”. “They are David and Donna”.
Gina: “They are speaking English”.
Gabriella: That’s right!
Gina: Let’s hear some more examples from the dialogue.
Gabriella: “I am friends with your brother and he speaks very highly of you.”
Gina: That’s “am” as the speaker is talking about himself. Like when Donna says “I’m glad to hear that.”
Gabriella: Ah, did you notice something about the example you just gave?
Gina: Ah yes, it was ‘I apostrophe m’ “I’m” instead of “I am”.
Gabriella: It’s more common for the verb “to be” verb to be contracted in speech so “I am” becomes “I’m”.
Gina: “You are” becomes ‘you apostrophe re’ “you’re”.
Gabriella: “He is” and “she is” become ‘he apostrophe s’ “he’s” and ‘she apostrophe s’ “she’s” respectively.
Gina: And “they are” is ‘they apostrophe re’ “they’re”.
Gabriella: You have to be careful with “you’re” and they’re”, as there are some words very similar to them that have different meanings, and even native speakers confused them sometimes!
Gina: Thanks for the extra information!

Outro

Gina: Well, that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check the lesson notes and practise introducing yourself in English.
Gabriella: See you next time. Bye!
Gina: Bye!

8 Comments

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EnglishClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 06:30 PM
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Can you introduce yourself in British English?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 07:33 PM
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Hello Haz,


Thanks so much for getting in touch!


It's wonderful to have you here from Afghanistan!


We hope you enjoy your studies with us.


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Hazbullah
Saturday at 06:19 PM
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Hello, my name is Hazbullah and I am from Afghanistan and you It's nice to meet you.


Also you can call me Haz or




Thank you

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:28 PM
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Hi there Lwin Ko,


Welcome from Myanmar.


I'm glad you're enjoying your lessons with us.


If you ever have any questions, please let us know.


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

H2K
Saturday at 07:03 PM
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Hi, My name is Lwin Ko from Myanmar.It's nice to meet you.

Also you can call me 'Koe'.

It's glad to learn english language on your path way.


Thank you!.

Koe

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 04:43 AM
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Hello Nyawal John,


You are very welcome. 😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

Good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

Nyawal John
Tuesday at 04:36 AM
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I love it thanks 😊 ❤️

Liiban
Monday at 12:35 AM
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I dont hve any many from africa iam poor man is it free ot is it money