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Lesson Transcript

Gina: Hi, I’m Gina.
Gabriella: Hi everyone, I’m Gabriella
Gina: Counting 1 to 100 in English.
Gabriella: In this lesson, you’re going to learn about the numbers from 1 to 100. Let’s listen to the four sets from Michelle’s dialogue using numbers 1 to 100.
Gina: Ok.
A: Wow, you have a lot of foreign coins there! How much do you have?
B: I have thirty three Euros and sixty four cents, plus forty five pounds and fifty eight pence.
A: What are today's winning lottery numbers?
B: They are seven, sixteen, nineteen, twenty four, thirty, forty two and forty nine.
A: How did the race go?
B: I ran the full twenty six miles in four hours and fifty eight minutes. I came sixth in my category.
A: How are your football team doing this season?
B: We were twelfth, but we've won a few games recently so now we're third!
Gina: We’re going to talk a lot in this lesson about how to say numbers.
Gabriella: Yes, we’re going to teach you how to say every number up to 100, and also how to use numbers when they’re being used in the context of orders.
Gina: I think we should also speak a little about how numbers are written, don’t you?
Gabriella: Yes. English uses Arabic numbers, and these are very commonly used across a lot of the world so most, if not all, of our listeners will already be familiar with them.
Gina: I’m sure our listeners know how to write “one” or “two” already. But what about order numbers, called ordinal numbers, such as “first” or “second”?
Gabriella: We can spell them out of course, such as F-I-R-S-T for first, but there is a shorthand way of writing them.
Gina: I like shortcuts, so let’s hear about them!
Gabriella: For ordinal numbers that end in “st”, like “first”, we write the number and then S-T.
Gina: So “first” would be the number 1, then S-T.
Gabriella: Yes, it would. “Second” is written with the number 2 followed by N-D and “third” with the number 3 followed by R-D.
Gina: Most ordinal numbers end in a “~th” sound, such as “fourth” or “fifth”.
Gabriella: Ah, those are easy. It’s just the number followed by T-H and they all follow that same pattern.
Gina: So “sixth” is the number 6 followed by T-H?
Gabriella: That’s right.
Gina: Okay, thanks for the explanation! Don’t forget to check the lesson notes so that you can actually see these numbers written down.
Gabriella: Yeah, that’s important!
Gina: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is...
Gabriella: foreign [natural native speed]
Gina: something from a different country to your own
Gabriella: foreign [slowly - broken down by syllable] foreign [natural native speed]
Gina: Next
Gabriella: Euro [natural native speed]
Gina: the currency used in some countries in Europe
Gabriella: Euro [slowly - broken down by syllable] Euro [natural native speed]
Gina: Next
Gabriella: pound [natural native speed]
Gina: the currency used in the UK
Gabriella: pound [slowly - broken down by syllable] pound [natural native speed]
Gina: Next
Gabriella: winning [natural native speed]
Gina: gaining the victory
Gabriella: winning [slowly - broken down by syllable] winning [natural native speed]
Gina: Next
Gabriella: lottery [natural native speed]
Gina: a game of chance, usually for a cash prize
Gabriella: lottery [slowly - broken down by syllable] lottery [natural native speed]
Gina: Next
Gabriella: race [natural native speed]
Gina: a competition between runners to see who is the fastest
Gabriella: race [slowly - broken down by syllable] race [natural native speed]
Gina: Next
Gabriella: category [natural native speed]
Gina: a group of people or things that share a similar characteristic
Gabriella: category [slowly - broken down by syllable] category [natural native speed]
Gina: And last,
Gabriella: recently [natural native speed]
Gina: in recent times – the last few days or weeks
Gabriella: recently [slowly - broken down by syllable] recently [natural native speed]
Gina: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Our first word for this lesson is “foreign”.
Gabriella: This refers to anything from a different country. You hear it a lot in phrases such as “foreign country” or “foreign food”.
Gina: We can use it as a standalone word too, can’t we? We can just say “that’s foreign” to explain it’s from a different country.
Gabriella: That’s right. And although we can say “foreign people”, it’s far more common to say “foreigner” to describe people from different countries.
Gina: Sure. Next we have two words that are similar, so we’ve grouped them together and they are “Euro” and “pound”.
Gabriella: These are both currencies – types of money. The Euro is used in the European Union or EU, and the pound is used in the UK.
Gina: The UK is in the EU, but chose to keep its own money instead of switching to the Euro.
Gabriella: Yes. And a pound consists of a hundred pennies.
Gina: Our final item for this lesson is “recently”.
Gabriella: “Recently” refers to the time leading up to today. It isn’t very specific though.
Gina: What do you mean by that?
Gabriella: If I say that I’ve been ill recently, it doesn’t tell you how long I’ve been ill for. It could be a couple of days, it could be a week… It doesn’t tell you the exact time frame. It’s used for more general statements.
Gina: If we want to be specific we would say “for three days” or “a week”.
Gabriella: Yes, we would.
Gina: Okay. Let’s move onto the grammar now.
Gina: In this lesson, you’ll learn all about numbers and how to use them.
Gabriella: Firstly, we should define the two types of numbers, so that people don’t mix them up.
Gina: Okay. We have cardinal numbers and ordinal numbers, and they both serve a different purpose.
Gabriella: Yes. If you use the wrong one in a sentence it won’t make sense, so be careful.
Gina: Firstly, what are cardinal numbers?
Gabriella: These are numbers concerned with quantity. “There are three apples.” “I worked for two days.”
Gina: So numbers such as “one”, “two”, “three”, “four” and so on.
Gabriella: Yes. The easy numbers!
Gina: There are also ordinal numbers, and we touched on these earlier.
Gabriella: Yes, we did. These are numbers concerned with order. “I came first in the race.” “This is my fourth attempt.”
Gina: So numbers such as “first”, “second”, “third” and “fourth.”
Gabriella: Once you get past twenty, English numbers fall into a regular pattern that is quite easy to master.
Gina: You just have to get to twenty first, right?
Gabriella: Right! So let’s get to twenty right now.
Gina: I’ll do one to ten, and then you can take us up to twenty.
Gabriella: Okay.
Gina: (pause between each) One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten.
Gabriella: Eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen.
Gina: So there’s a small pattern there, as some numbers have “~teen” added at the end to make new numbers.
Gabriella: Yeah, “four “ becomes “fourteen” for example, but that doesn’t work with all of them.
Gina: No, it doesn’t! So, how about counting to a hundred now?
Gabriella: Firstly we need to run through the multiples of ten.
Gina: I’ll do that. Ten, twenty, thirty, forty, fifty, sixty, seventy, eighty, ninety.
Gabriella: The pattern for the other numbers up to a hundred is that you use a multiple of ten and then add a number from 1 to 9.
Gina: So sixty-three. Forty-two. Eighty-four.
Gabriella: That’s right.
Gina: How about ordinal numbers?
Gabriella: It’s a similar pattern. You take 1 to 10 and then I’ll take 11 to 20 again.
Gina: First, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth.
Gabriella: Eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth, fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth, nineteenth, twentieth.
Gina: There are a lot of “~th” sounds there.
Gabriella: There are! Above twenty, you use the multiples of ten again – tenth, twentieth, thirtieth, fortieth, fiftieth, sixtieth, seventieth, eightieth, ninetieth, hundredth.
Gina: But if you want to say the ordinal number of sixty three, you don’t say ‘sixtieth third’, do you?
Gabriella: No, you use “sixty-third” instead. It’s the cardinal number “sixty” plus the ordinal “third”. The ordinal tens are only used for the actual multiple of ten.
Gina: So “forty-second” and “eighty-fourth”.
Gabriella: That’s right.


Gina: Ok, that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check the lesson notes!
Gabriella: Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time!
Gina: Bye!