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Lesson Transcript

Beginner Season 1, Lesson 15 - He Will Pay for That!
Daniel: Daniel here.
Chihiro: Chihiro here. Beginner series, season one, lesson fifteen. “He will Pay for That.”
Daniel: Hello and welcome to the beginner series, season one at EnglishClass101.com, where we study modern English in a fun, educational format.
Chihiro: So brush up on the English that you started learning
long ago, or start learning today.
Daniel: Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. Chihiro, what are we looking at in this lesson?
Chihiro: In this lesson, you will learn how to talk about plans.
Daniel: This conversation takes place at Naomi's apartment, a student at Innovative University.
Chihiro: The conversation is between Oksana and Naomi
Daniel: The speakers are friends, therefore, the speakers will be speaking casually.
Chihiro: Basic and premium members,
Daniel: If you have a 3G phone,
Chihiro: You can see the lesson notes in your favorite browser on your phone.
Daniel: Stop by EnglishClass101.com to find out more.
Chihiro: Let’s listen to the conversation.
Naomi: I can't believe Marco! That makes me so mad!
Oksana: I bet!
Naomi: He will pay for that!
Oksana: Pay? How?
Naomi: I'm not sure. But, if we don't do something, many other girls will suffer.
Oksana: That's true. He tried to invite me too. I will help you!
Naomi: Thanks, Oksana!
Oksana: My pleasure. I know, we should talk with Yuki and Vicky also.
Naomi: Good thinking, Oksana! Vicky is your roommate, right? Do you know where she is now?
Oksana: I do! She will be in Professor Brooks's class until noon.
Naomi: Let's go wait for her. Then we will find Yuki too this afternoon!
Oksana: Wow, Naomi! I will remember not to betray you!
Chihiro: Uh oh, looks like Naomi's very mad!
Daniel: Yeah! I wonder what she's going to do?
Chihiro: I'm not sure, but I wouldn't want to betray her either!
Daniel: Yeah, I agree! Anyways, as Naomi mentions, Vicky is Oksana's roommate. Often, college students live with roommates in and out of the dorms. Sharing the rent with other people is an economical option for students and is also a great way of meeting people in the dorms.
Chihiro: That's true. Even after people move out of the dorms, they may live with roommates in apartments for the very same reason. I lived with two other people when I was in college too; it was lots of fun!
Daniel: Sounds like it!
Chihiro: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Daniel: mad [natural native speed]
Chihiro: angry
Daniel: mad [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: mad [natural native speed]
to suffer [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to feel pain or distress
to suffer [slowly - broken down by syllable] to suffer [natural native speed]
Daniel: pleasure [natural native speed]
Chihiro: state of feeling very gratified
Daniel: pleasure [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: pleasure [natural native speed]
I bet [natural native speed]
Chihiro: of course, definitely
I bet [slowly - broken down by syllable] I bet [natural native speed]
Daniel: to find [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to locate, to come across after searching
Daniel: to find [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: to find [natural native speed]
roommate [natural native speed]
Chihiro: person living in the same room or apartment or house
roommate [slowly - broken down by syllable] roommate [natural native speed]
Daniel: to invite [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to request the attendance of
Daniel: to invite [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: to invite [natural native speed]
noon [natural native speed]
Chihiro: midday, twelve o'clock p.m.
noon [slowly - broken down by syllable] noon [natural native speed]
Daniel: to wait [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to be in a state of expectation
Daniel: to wait [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: to wait [natural native speed]
to betray [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to mislead, to disappoint expectations
to betray [slowly - broken down by syllable] to betray [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Let’s take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Daniel: The first phrase we’ll look at is, "I can't believe him!". In the dialogue, Naomi says, "I can't believe Marco" when she talks about Marco to Oksana.
Oksana can see that she is very angry with Marco because of this phrase and her tone of voice. It's an expression of disbelief and is often used in times of anger as in the dialogue, or used in times of surprise. Chihiro, give us an example of the phrase used with surprise.
Chihiro: How about, "I can't believe we won $10,000,000!"
Daniel: Woohoo! OK, so Chihiro is obviously surprised that she's won $10,000,000, therefore, she expresses her disbelief by using "I can't believe"
Chihiro: OK, I hope that made it clear. Now onto the next phrase. Let's take a look at when Naomi says, "He will pay for that." The “pay” in this context is not about money, but about retaliation. It is a phrase used when somebody wants to punish another for doing something bad. In the dialogue, Naomi wants to make Marco pay, meaning that she wants to get back at him for doing her wrong. Daniel, give us an example.
Daniel: "You'll pay for not studying for two weeks!"
Chihiro: Yes, this means that the person will feel the effects of not studying for two weeks, and therefore will be affected negatively.
Daniel: Okay, sounds good. Now let’s take a look at the grammar point for this lesson.

Lesson focus

Daniel: In Beginner Series, Season 1, Lesson 6 we learned about the simple aspect. In this lesson, we focus on the combination of the simple aspect and the future tense. This combination is usually called the simple future tense. In Lesson 6 we explained that the simple aspect’s core meaning is “unchanging”. That is, the event that we are talking about is thought of as a complete whole and not as an event that we expect to change. The simple future is used to talk about events that have not happened yet or may happen after now. Chihiro, how about an example?
Chihiro: Sure, when we talk about tomorrow, we usually use the future tense, as in "I will eat a hamburger for dinner tomorrow." “Will eat” is the future tense of “eat”. In this lesson, we can be a little more specific. We will look at the core meaning of the future tense and the different ways it is used.
Daniel: One thing we need to point out is that there is more than one way to talk about the future in English. One reason for this is that there is actually no true future tense in English.
Chihiro: Right. Usually we use either the modal “will” before the main verb or we use the phrase “going to”. For now, let's focus on using “will” to talk about the future, and we will refer to it as the future tense. To make this, we take the dictionary form of the verb and add the modal “will” before it. Daniel, can you explain the previous example?
Daniel: Sure. In the sentence, "I will eat a hamburger for dinner tomorrow", we see that the verb is “will eat”, which is the main verb “eat” with the modal “will” before it.
Chihiro: The core meaning of “will” in the future aspect is predictability. In other words, “will” is used when we think we know what will happen in the future. We saw before that the present tense is used to talk about immediate facts. In contrast, the future cannot be known as facts. We can however, make predictions, often with some certainty. So, let’s combine the core meaning of “will” with the core meaning of the simple aspect to see the meaning of the simple future
Daniel: Okay, let's look at examples from the dialogue to
see how the simple future is used. In the dialogue,
Naomi tells Oksana about Marco,
Chihiro: "He will pay for that!"
Daniel: In this phrase she means that she predicts that he will suffer for what he did. The reason she makes this prediction is because she is planning to help it happen. Since she is making a strong prediction and not talking about a fact, she uses the future tense.
And, since the event, that is, Marco’s paying, is considered as a whole event, she uses the simple aspect. This is the most common use of the simple future, that is, to make strong predictions about future events. Often this function of the simple future is used with specific times, although that is not the case in our example. An example of this is, “I will take the
test tomorrow”, since “tomorrow” is a specific time.
Chihiro: Another example of the simple future in the dialogue is when Oksana tells Naomi,
Daniel: "I will remember not to betray you!"
Chihiro: Oksana sees how angry Naomi is at Marco and does not want Naomi to ever be angry with her. So, she uses “will” to predict her future behavior. She also uses the simple aspect of “remember” because remembering is a state that will not change.
Therefore, the simple future can be used to talk about future states or habits.
Daniel: Good. The next example from the dialogue is when Oksana tells Naomi about Vicky,
Chihiro: "She will be in Professor Brooks' class until noon."
Daniel: Oksana predicts that Vicky will be in class because she knows her schedule. But, of course, she doesn’t have 100% certainty because it hasn’t happened yet. So, she uses “will” to make her strong prediction.
But, since she is talking about the class as a complete whole, she uses the simple aspect. In this case, the event has already begun, but the end is just scheduled. So, the simple future can be used to talk events that are true now that have an ending point in sight.
Chihiro: Here's one more example. Naomi tells Oksana,
Daniel: "If we don’t do something, many other girls will suffer." In this sentence, Naomi is predicting what will happen based on a condition. That condition is shown in the phrase, "If we don’t do something." Because the result depends on the condition, it cannot be known as a fact, but only predicted. So, Naomi uses “will” to show the future tense. And, because she talks about the event, the suffering of many girls, as a whole event, she uses the simple aspect. So, the simple future can be used to make predictions based on future conditionals.
Daniel: Alright. Let's review briefly. We use the simple future to make predictions about future events, especially with reference to a specific time. We also use it to talk about future states and habits, present
events with a future end in sight, and to make predictions based on future conditionals.
Chihiro: And, as we have seen in the last several lessons, by focusing on the core meaning of the simple aspect and the future tense, we can recognize the differences in meaning and use.


Daniel: Also be sure to review the audio and notes for lesson. Well, that just about does it for today.
Chihiro: Before we go, we want to tell you about a way to drastically improve your pronunciation.
Daniel: The voice recording tool.
Chihiro: Yes, the voice recording tool in the premium learning center.
Daniel: Record your voice with the click of a button.
Chihiro: And then play it back just as easily.
Daniel: So you record your voice and then listen to it.
Chihiro: Compare it to the native speakers
Daniel: And adjust your pronunciation
Chihiro: This will help you improve your pronunciation fast
Daniel: See you soon, everyone.
Chihiro: Bye for now.


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