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Lesson Transcript

Daniel: Daniel here.
Chihiro: Chihiro here. Beginner series, season one, lesson twenty-three. “I haven’t Seen You Jog.” Hello and welcome to EnglishClass101.com, the fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn English.
Daniel: I’m Daniel, and thanks again for being here with us for this Beginner Series, Season One lesson.
Chihiro: In this lesson, you will learn how to talk about things in the negative form.
Daniel: This conversation takes place in the dorms at Innovative University, IU.
Chihiro: The conversation is between Oksana and Vicky, two students at IU.
Daniel: The speakers are friends.
Chihiro: Don’t forget, you can leave us a comment on this lesson.
Daniel: So if you have a question or some feedback, tell us.
Chihiro: Stop by EnglishClass101.com. Click on comments.
Enter your comment and name. And that’s it.
Daniel: We’re looking forward to hearing from you.
Chihiro: Let’s listen to the conversation.
Vicky: Hey, Oksana, have you seen my shorts? I don't remember where I put them.
Oksana: Which ones are you talking about?
Vicky: You know, the blue ones—the ones I use for jogging. Oksana: Jogging? I haven't seen you jog since I can remember! Vicky: That's very funny. Now help me find those shorts!
Oksana: Why can't you just use your black ones? They're right there.
Vicky: Well…I know they're stretchy, but I don't fit in them anymore…
Oksana: Oh jeez, here, let me help you look for them, you NEED to go to the gym!
Chihiro: Sounds like Vicky needs some exercise!
Daniel: It does! Sounds like she jogs as well... well at least she used to!
Chihiro: Universities vary in sizes, but you might see some joggers here and there on campuses.
Daniel: Right, you might see people jogging to stay fit, or see the university athletes jogging as part of their training. Do you jog, Chihiro?
Chihiro: Once in a while. How about you Daniel?
Daniel: Jogging? Oh no. It's bad for my knees and I hate it. I do like cycling and the step machine at the gym, though.
Chihiro: OK, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
Chihiro: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Daniel: shorts [natural native speed]
Chihiro: pants that are knee length or shorter
Daniel: shorts [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: shorts [natural native speed]
to remember [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to recall, to think again
to remember [slowly - broken down by syllable]
to remember [natural native speed]
Daniel: to jog [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to run at a slow pace
Daniel: to jog [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: to jog [natural native speed]
funny [natural native speed]
Chihiro: humorous, causing laughter
funny [slowly - broken down by syllable] funny [natural native speed]
Daniel: to help [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to assist; to support
Daniel: to help [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: to help [natural native speed]
to stretch [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to extend
to stretch [slowly - broken down by syllable] to stretch [natural native speed]
Daniel: to fit [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to be of the right shape and size
Daniel: to fit [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: to fit [natural native speed]
gym [natural native speed]
Chihiro: a place equipped with machines and other tools for exercising
gym [slowly - broken down by syllable] gym [natural native speed]
Daniel: to put [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to place
Daniel: to put [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: to put [natural native speed]
to know [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to have information in your head, to be aware of something
to know [slowly - broken down by syllable] to know [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Daniel: The first phrase we’ll look at is, “Oh jeez”. This is a phrase that is used when a person expresses surprise, frustration, or even amazement.
Chihiro: It's originally from the expression, “Oh Jesus”. In the dialogue, Oksana expresses surprise at the fact that Vicky doesn't fit into her shorts, therefore uses this phrase to express that. Here's another example.
Daniel: Chihiro, did you know that Tony drew that picture in his art class.
Chihiro: Oh jeez, it's really good!
Daniel: Chihiro here is responding to Tony's drawing, expressing surprise at how good it is. Here's another example.
Chihiro: Oh jeez, not again! The neighbors always play their music too loud!
Daniel: Chihiro is expressing frustration at her neighbor for always playing loud music.
Chihiro: Okay, let's take a look at the grammar point for this lesson.

Lesson focus

Daniel: The focus of this lesson is negative sentences.
Chihiro: For example, in the dialogue, we heard the sentence, “I don't remember where I put them.”
Daniel: In this series, you have heard characters using negative forms of sentences. In this lesson, we'll take a look at how to form the negative of a sentence. The negative form of a sentence requires an auxiliary verb and the word “not”. We will look at several sentences using different auxiliary verbs. In the dialogue, Vicky says,
Chihiro: “I don't remember where I put them.”
Daniel: As you can see, the word “do” is the auxiliary verb, and the word “not” is added to it to form the negative. If you compare the affirmative, “I remember where I put them,” then you can see how the auxiliary is added on in the negative. Chihiro, let's have another example from the dialogue.
Chihiro: “I don't fit in them anymore.”
Daniel: Here the auxiliary “do” is added with the word “not” because it is not there in the affirmative sentence which is...
Chihiro: “I fit in them.”
Daniel: OK, so what's the next structure?
Chihiro: The second negative structure we'll look at is the “not” insertion with sentences that already have an auxiliary in the affirmative. In the dialogue Oksana says to Vicky,
Daniel: “I haven't seen you jog since I can remember!”
Chihiro: The affirmative of the sentence is, “I have seen you jog,” which already has an auxiliary verb. In such a sentence, the word “not” is simply added onto the existing auxiliary. Daniel, what's another example?
Daniel: I can't fly a plane.
Chihiro: In this sentence, the affirmative is, “I can fly a plane,” therefore, “not” is simply added to the auxiliary “can” to form the negative.
Daniel: Right. For more on auxiliary verbs, see Beginner Series, Season 1, Lesson 19.


Chihiro: That just about does it for today. Testing yourself is one of the most effective ways to learn.
Daniel: That’s why we have three types of quizzes.
Chihiro: Vocabulary, grammar, and content-specific.
Daniel: Each quiz targets a specific skill.
Chihiro: And together, these quizzes will help you. And together, these quizzes will help you master several fundamental skills.
Daniel: You can find them in the learning center at EnglishClass101.com.
Chihiro: Bye for now..
Daniel: Bye, everybody.