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Lesson Transcript

Daniel: Daniel here.
Jessi: Jessi here. Beginner Series Season 1, lesson 3 - Who is she?
Daniel: Welcome to EnglishClass101.com, the best place to improve your English skills and have a good time doing it.
Jessi: Thank you for joining us for Beginner Season 1 Lesson 3.
Jessi: In this lesson you will learn how to describe people.
Daniel: This conversation takes place at the social hall of a college.
Jessi: The conversation is between Mike and Vicky, two classmates.
Daniel: The speakers are friends, therefore the speakers will be speaking casual English.
Jessi: Now. if you’re listening on an iPod..
Daniel: Or an iTouch or iPhone..
Jessi: Click the center button of the iPod, or tap the screen on an iTouch or iPhone to see the notes for this lesson while you listen.
Daniel: Read along while you listen.
Jessi: This technique will help you remember faster.
Daniel: Let’s listen to the conversation.
Mike: Vicky! How are you doing?
Vicky: Great! How about you? How’s it going?
Mike: Pretty good. So, how do you like the party?
Vicky: It’s fun. Hey, who is she?
Mike: She? Who?
Vicky: Who is the tall woman?
Mike: The woman wearing red?
Vicky: Yeah, her.
Mike: That is our math teacher. She IS tall, isn't she.
Daniel: So it sounds like Mike and Vicky are enjoying the party.
Jessi: Yeah, it does.
Daniel: Have you been to any parties lately?
Jessi: Any parties lately? Actually, I haven’t, unfortunately. Yeah. How about you?
Daniel: Yes, the most recent party I went to was for a wedding. What are some other examples of parties we have in America?
Jessi: Well, there's birthday parties, those are very common, and also graduation parties…
Daniel: Right. Also we have Christmas parties, and Halloween parties…
Jessi: And oh don't forget New Year's Eve parties.
Daniel: Oh, those are great!
Jessi: Yeah, those are really big.
Daniel: There are many kinds of parties. Sometimes, we just make up excuses to have a party.
Jessi: That's right! Okay, now let's look at some of the vocabulary and phrases for this lesson.
Jessi: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Daniel: How are you doing? [natural native speed]
Jessi: a question to find out about someone's health or situation
Daniel: How are you doing? [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: How are you doing? [natural native speed]
great [natural native speed]
Jessi: very good
great [slowly - broken down by syllable] great [natural native speed]
Daniel: How's it going? [natural native speed]
Jessi: a question to ask about someone's health or situation
Daniel: How's it going? [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: How's it going? [natural native speed]
Daniel: party [natural native speed]
Jessi: social gathering of guests for celebration or entertainment
Daniel: party [slowly - broken down by syllable] party [natural native speed]
Daniel: fun [natural native speed]
Jessi: something people enjoy
Daniel: fun [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: fun [natural native speed]
Daniel: tall [natural native speed]
Jessi: above-average height
Daniel: tall [slowly - broken down by syllable] tall [natural native speed]
Daniel: yeah [natural native speed]
Jessi: yes
Daniel: yeah [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: yeah [natural native speed]
Daniel: And the last one.
math [natural native speed]
Jessi: informal word for mathematics, study of numbers math [slowly - broken down by syllable]
math [natural native speed]
Daniel: In this lesson's conversation, we heard Mike ask Vicky "how do you like the party?" "How do you like" is a phrase we use to ask someone their opinion about something.
Jessi: In this case, Mike is asking Vicky her opinion about the party they are at. The question he asks is like "Are you enjoying the party?" and "Are you having a good time?"
Daniel: Jessi, let's give an example.
Jessi: Sure.
Daniel: How do you like the weather today?
Jessi: It's great. I love sunny weather!
Daniel: Me too.
Jessi: Now, there is something we want you to be careful about. There is a difference between the questions "do you like" and "how do you like".
Daniel: That's right. "Do you like..." is a simple yes or no question. For example, I could ask Jessi
Jessi: Yes! I love it.
Daniel: But the question "HOW do you like..." is asking for your opinion or your thoughts on something, so you cannot answer with a yes or no. So I could ask - Jessi, how do you like this pizza?
Jessi: It's really good!
Daniel: So remember that when you are asked HOW you like something, you must give your opinion!
Jessi: The next phrase we will look at is "Who is (so-and-so)?", where so-and-so is replaced by a
description like "the tall man" or a pronoun like "he", "she", or "that".
Daniel: This phrase is one way to ask about someone you can see. If you think the person you are talking with has information about that person (such as the person's name or role), you can use this question to learn more about that person.
Jessi: Let's look at another example.
Daniel: Okay. Who is the man standing by the window?
Jessi: That is my boyfriend. Let me introduce you to him.
Daniel: All right. Let's turn now to the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Jessi: The focus of this lesson is the words "this" and "that".
Daniel: As we learned in the previous lesson, this and that are called determiners, and they are used to make clear which objects are being talked about, especially when there may be more than one choice.
Jessi: These words can be used by themselves (similar to pronouns like he, she, and it).
Daniel: "This" is used to talk about objects that are near, and "that" is used to talk about objects that are not so near or far away.
Jessi: In the previous lesson we looked at how "this is" is used to introduce people who are near.
Daniel: So let's take a look now at how "that is" is used.
Jessi: The phrase "that is" is used to talk about people who are not nearby the speakers. Let's look at an example from the dialog.
Daniel: In the dialog we heard, "That is our math teacher."
Jessi: In this example from the dialog, Vicky had asked Mike who the woman in red was.
Daniel: And Mike's answer was That is our math teacher.
Jessi: The phrase "that is" is used to refer to the "who is" in Vicky's question. In this case "that" refers to their new math teacher. So, Mike answers "That is our math teacher."
Daniel: Now, let us look at some sample sentences. Who is the handsome man?
Jessi: That is my boyfriend.
Daniel: Who is that in the black suit?
Jessi: That is our new boss.
Daniel: There is a detailed write-up about this grammar point in the PDF for this lesson, so please be sure to visit the website and look at the PDF. Well, that just about does it for today.


Jessi: But before we go, we want to tell you about a way to drastically improve your pronunciation.
Daniel: The voice recording tool.
Jessi: Yes, the voice recording tool in the premium learning center.
Daniel: Record your voice with the click of a button.
Jessi: And then play it back just as easily.
Daniel: So you record your voice and then listen to it.
Jessi: Compare it to the native speakers
Daniel: And adjust your pronunciation
Jessi: This will help you improve your pronunciation quickly.
Daniel: OK, we’ll see you next time.
Jessi: Bye.


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