Lesson Transcript

Hi, everybody! My name is Alisha.
In this lesson, I'm going to talk about using "do" with verbs for emphasis.
I'm going to talk about using this in the present tense and in the past tense.
So, let's get started!
First, I want to talk about the placement and conjugation of "do" in situations like these. So, when we want to use "do" for emphasis purposes, we use "do" before the verb we want to emphasize. So, we need to put it directly before the verb in the sentence and we conjugate "do." We do not conjugate the verb we are emphasizing. So, this is true for present tense and for past tense. So, if you're making a past tense expression, or rather, if you're making a past tense statement that uses this "do + [verb] pattern," you do not need to conjugate the verb to past tense, the emphasis verb. Conjugate "do" to the past tense.
Second, when do we use this?
So, we use this kind of emphasis pattern, usually in conversations. So, you'll see some examples of this in just a moment, but it's usually to contrast something someone said. We're showing strong contrast or sometimes, strong disagreement. So this can sound a little bit aggressive sometimes and we also use our voices to show, like the level of contrast in this situation.
So, this can sound very direct. As a result, we tend to use it more with people we are fairly close to or when we just, we feel comfortable enough making kind of like a very direct contrast statement.
So, let's take a look at how we use this for emphasis.
I want to start by looking at this in present tense. So when we use this in present tense, we''ll use "do," yes, but we need to consider the subject of our sentence. So here, we have "you do," but down here, "she does." So, as I've said in this point, we're conjugating "do" here. We're not conjugating the verb following "do," so please note this for this lesson. Okay, I'm going to come over here.
First, as I said, we use this in conversations really. It's not so much something that we just, we make our own statement. It's usually in response to something someone else has said.
So, in this case:
A says, "I don't have the password for this computer."
B says, "But you do have the phone number for the IT help desk, right?"
So here, you heard it maybe with my voice, "But you do have..." So that's how we're emphasizing the verb "have" here. "But you do haveโ€ฆ," you could use it that way. We tend to really emphasize "do" or "does" with our voice in this way. You'll also notice, when we use this emphasis pattern, we use the same verb the speaker used before. So in this sentence by A, person A, "I don't have," here, we're contrasting it and using the positive "do have" so the verb matches here.
So, in this case, the speaker is offering a solution to a problem. The speaker introduces a problem here, "I don't have the password for this computer" and B introduces the solution, "But you do have the phone number for the IT help desk, right?" So this is kind of a soft suggestion, really. We can use this to show contrast. We're contrasting this point with this point, like "I don't have this thing," but person B points out, "you do have this thing that can help you." So we're, like kind of using it to find a solution in this way, kind of an indirect suggestion. Maybe you should call the IT help desk. Maybe that's an idea.
Let's look at another example in present tense.
First, person A: "She doesn't have to meet with you today."
Person B: "Now, she does have time! This afternoon's meeting was canceled!"
So here again, I'm using the same verb, "have," and in this case, it's reversed.
So, "She doesn't have to meet with you today. Now, she does have time."
So, they're making a direct reversal of the thing that person A said. Person B is reversing the thing that person A said. So, in this case, it's quite a strong contrast, "Now, she does have time." So, this is quite a direct situation then. So, this person is disagreeing strongly with person A and explaining in this case why. So this meeting is afterโ€ฆ or sorry, this afternoon's meeting was canceled. So, now, she does have time to meet with me.
So in this case, I'm using the negative as like in here, "doesn't have," and then we use the positive, "does have." So again, because here, we're using "she," "she does have time," and again, we're not conjugating the verb that comes after "do" here.
So, this is how we would use "do" for emphasis with a present tense situation. So again, it can sound quite direct in, like in an example like this. It is quite direct. Not necessarily unfriendly, but just very straightforward, so this might be a conversation between close colleagues.
Let's look now at how we use this for past tense situations.
Here, Person A: "You told her about our surprise birthday party?"
B: "Yeah, but I didn't tell her when or where it would be held."
Okay, so let's compare this now to using this in past tense. Actually, making past tense expressions here with the negative form is just like making a simple negative statement, but we use our voices to communicate the emphasis.
So let's look at this example, first.
Person A says, "You told her about our surprise birthday party?!"
B says, "Yeah, but I didn't tell her when or where it would be held."
So you'll notice, this is just a regular past tense expression, "I didn't tell her." So, you will hear people use, as I just did, their voice to communicate the emphasis, "Yeah, but I didn't tell her when or where it would be held." So person A is shocked. "Oh my gosh, you told her about our surprise birthday party?!" Why would you do that? Then person B, trying to save himself, "Yeah, but I didn't tell her when or where it would be held." So it's kind of like, well, maybe it's still okay, I didn't tell her. So, if you want to emphasize that, you can use your voice, in this case, when we're making a negative, "didn't tell her."
Let's look though at another example that uses the opposite in terms of negatives and positives. Here, we use the past tense, simple past tense in the first statement and we use a negative in the response statement.
Here, let's look at the opposite, a negative followed by a positive.
Person A says, "Oh no, I didn't bring my sweater."
Person B says, "But you did bring a jacket, right? I saw it in the closet!"
Here, simple past tense statement, "Oh no, I didn't bring my sweater."
And then person B, again, offering a solution like we see here or we saw here, rather, "But you did bring a jacket." So here, "did" is conjugated to past tense. "Bring" is unchanged. There's no conjugation to "bring" here, "But you did bring a jacket, right?" So B is offering a solution to A's problem introduced here as a response.
So, in each of these examples, you can hear with my voice, I'm really emphasizing my verb "do" or "does" or "didn't" or "did." We do that quite a lot when we really want to show that strong contrast there. When you're making these simple past tense statements, yes, because it is just a simple past tense statement, it might be more important to use your voice, to really show that emphasis. Otherwise, you might not communicate it so clearly. But, when you use it in like present tense or in an example like this, you can maybe not focus so much on using your voice unless you really, really want to show a strong contrast.
So, this is how we use the verb "do" in front of other verbs for emphasis purposes in present tense and in past tense, so I hope that this was helpful for you and I hope that you can make stronger contrasting statements with this grammar point.
So, if you have any questions or comments or if you want to practice making some example conversations with this stuff, please feel free to do so in the comment section of this video. Thanks very much for watching this lesson and I will see you again soon. Bye-bye!

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Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:17 AM
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Hello Phouvy and Anika,


Thanks for getting in touch and for your kind feedback.


Glad you're enjoying our lessons!


Chat soon!

Eva

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EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 07:55 PM
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Hello Juana,


SO ARE YOU!!!


Thanks for the comment!


Cheers,

Eva

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JUANA
Sunday at 06:52 AM
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YOU ARE FANTASTICโค๏ธ๏ธ

Anika
Wednesday at 03:16 PM
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Hi Alisha,I enjoy your video's very much, here are my examples:


I don't have enough money to live on my own.

But you do have an opportunity to find a job, right?


He doesn't know how to progress this case. He is a new joiner.

Now he does know! He has just completed the training about that.


You spent the money on a new dress without telling me?! Why would you do that.

Yeah, but I didn't spend the whole money, it was not that expensive.


Oh no, I didn't find the keys!

But you did find the spare ones. I saw them in the kabinet.

Phouvy sayyalath
Wednesday at 03:32 AM
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๐Ÿ‘ I really like your example . i almost interesting very much