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Hi everybody, my name is Alisha, and today I'm going to talk about the difference between “some” and “any.” So let's get started!
Okay, the first point I want to talk about with “some” and “any” is how to use “some” and “any” in terms of where to put these two words in a sentence. So we use “some” and “any” in the same position in a sentence, we use “some” and “any” before the noun or before a noun phrase; so please be careful don't use “some” or “any” after the noun, you should be using “some” and “any” before the noun. Okay, so given this, let's take a look at how to decide whether you should use “some” or you should use “any” in your sentence.
All right, first, I want to talk about “some.” We use “some” in positive statements, so these are statements that do not have a negative in them, we use them for positive statements. A few examples here are, I need some butter. Here, “some” is before the noun. In the next one, we have "some food." “Some” comes before the word “food,” the noun, a positive statement. Third, they had some good ideas. So good ideas is used as a noun phrase here, good ideas; “some” comes before that noun phrase. So these are a few examples of positive statements. We can use “some” in positive statements, that's the first point I want to make.
The second point I want to make is here, it's about requests. We use “some” in a couple of different question patterns, one of them is making requests. When we want to make requests we can use “some” in the request, for example, can I have some time off? We use “some” here because it's a request, making a request to your boss, for example,, in this case, we should use “some.” Can I have some time off?
Second, will you give me some space? Will you give me space? This is another request, we can tell, will you give me, this is a very good hint that someone is asking for something else, a request should use “some.”
Finally, can he take care of some things for me? Can he take care of some things for me? In this case, it's asking for someone's help in a situation, so it's a request we should use the word “some.” Great!
Ok, so the second point I want to talk about is using “some” for offers, to make offers we should use “some.” Again, offers, like requests, are a question, this is a question pattern where we should use the word “some” to make the question. So in the first example, would you like some wine? We use “some” here in the pattern "would you like," this is a really good pattern to know, would you like some bla bla bla? Would you like some wine? Would you like some beer? Would you like some, a few other things we'll see in just a moment, but we should use “some” here because it's an offer-type question.
One more example, do you want some cheese? So these two patterns, "would you like" and "do you want," they really are expressing the same thing, the difference is in the level of formality. "Would you like" is more formal than "do you want," these two questions, really, they have the same point; there's they're offering something, but the level of formality is what's different here.
Okay, last one. Do you want some more time?
So here, again, an offer, a more casual offer with "do you want." And again, we have “some” plus "more time."
So please make sure to use “some” before the noun or before the noun phrase and use it in your offer questions as well as your request questions. So those are the two types of questions I want to talk about today when we're using “some.” Also, please remember we use it in positive statements as well.
Okay, so with that let's continue on to “any.” I want to talk about “any” next. “Any” is sort of the opposite in terms of statement-making from “some,” we use “any” in negative statements. So for example, I don't have any money. Here, I have "don't," "do not," the negative here; I don't have any money, therefore, is correct, we should use “any” in a negative statement.
Another example, they didn't get any new clothes. They "didn't," again, here's our negative, they "didn't," "did not," so we should use “any” before our noun phrase, which is new clothes here.
Finally, we didn't make any cookies. Here "didn't" is in the negative form again, a past tense statement plus “any” before our noun here, in this case, cookies.
So please use “any” when you want to make a negative statement.
Ok, the last point I want to make today is about questions. We use “any” with questions, yes, but we do not use “any” in requests and offers, we just learned that we use “some” to make requests and offers. So in other questions, like information questions, asking for information, not for a request, not for an offer, but asking for information, for example, we use “any” in these cases. So let's take a look the first sentence.
Do we need any salt? So this is an information question, yes or no, do we need any salt? We should use this here. This is not a request, this is not an offer, so “any” is the best choice for this sentence.
In the next example we have, does he have any markers? Again, this is an information question, the person speaking is asking for information, not making a request and not making an offer, so we should use “any” here.
Ok, so the final example here is, did she give you any tips? So our noun phrase here is "tips," "any" comes before that and we notice, also, this is not a request, this is not an offer, so we should use “any,” it's an information question, we're asking for information.
So let's keep this in mind, we use “any” for questions which are not requests and not offers, think about it as asking for information only; you're not making a request for help, not making a request for an item, but if you're looking for information, you should probably use “any” to make your question.
Okay, so let's take a look at a few examples sentences that I've prepared. The first one here is, do we have _____ milk? So here I'm looking for information, I'm not making a request, I'm not making an offer, I want information, so I should use “any” in this case. Do we have any milk is the correct sentence here.
The next one. Can I have _____ cake? Here, I'm looking for something, I'm looking for cake, I want cake, I'm making a request. I know that requests are paired with “some,” so I'm going to use “some” in this sentence. Can I have some cake? is the correct sentence, the correct question.
The next one.
I really need _________ money.
So, this is a statement, not a question, and there's no negative here, so we should use the positive “some.” I really need some money is the correct sentence here. All right, let's take a look at the next sentence.
I don't have _________ pets. Here is a negative and we see this is not a question, so we know we should use “any” because we use “any” for negative statements, this "don't," "do not" shows us that we should use “any” here. Okay, next one.
Do you want _________ pizza? So here we have a question and it looks like this is an offer, so there's this "do you want" pattern, which we talked about right here, do you want. So we should use “some,” this is an offer question.
Do you want some pizza? Making an offer, you should use “some.”
Next sentence. Wanna get _________ food after work?
Again, we have a question and we have this pattern "wanna get," this is a very very casual form of "do you want to get," we've dropped "do you want to" and we use the very casual "wanna" here. So it's, again, an offer question. Wanna get some food after work?
Okay, next sentence. He doesn't have _________ friends. So a statement, yes, but we see a negative here, "doesn't" or "does not" is the negative form, so we know that we should use “any” in this pattern, in this sentence.
He doesn't have any friends.
Okay, final question here, may be a difficult one.
Are you sure you don't want _________ dessert?
So this isn't quite an offer, it's like a very very soft offer, yes, but this person is sort of asking for information.
Are you sure you don't want _________ dessert?
They're asking for a yes or no kind of, and there's a negative here, there's a negative "don't," a "do not," so it's a good idea in this sentence to use “any.”
Are you sure you don't want any dessert?
This sounds a little bit negative.
Are you sure you don't want any dessert?
If you want to make a straightforward offer, like, would you like some dessert? That's okay, it sounds a little bit better because there's a negative here with "don't" to use “any” in this sentence. This is a little bit tricky but I think it's I think it's okay to use.
All right! So those are a few basic points about when to use “some” and when to use “any.” Please remember “some” is used for positive statements, requests, and offers. “Any” is used for negative statements and questions which are not requests or offers, like information questions.
So I hope this video was helpful for you. Thanks very much for watching this episode and I will see you again soon. Bye!

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Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:24 AM
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Hello Haya, Iliass and June,


@Haya - 'Someone,' 'anyone,' 'somebody,' anybody' are indefinite pronouns that refer to an unspecified person. 'Anybody' and 'anyone' refer to a single person (they have the same meaning. 'Someone' and 'somebody' also have the same meaning and mean it could be any number of people.


@Iliass - The word 'offer' is used when you are gesturing to someone/ asking someone if they want something. 'Need information' is when you require further knowledge on a topic.


@June - You can ask either question. You are just choosing between the words 'want' and 'need.' 'Want' meaning desire and 'need' meaning require.


Hope you’ve had a great week so far!


Kindly,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 08:36 PM
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Hello Vijja, Saba, Kunyarut and Suhrab,


Thanks for the posts and the positive feedback!


Feel free to ask us any questions you have throughout your English language studies. 😄😎


Cheers,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

haya
Tuesday at 07:46 PM
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Hi thank you for the lesson(:


I have a question about this lesson.


For the words someone/ anyone or somebody/ anybody, the rules are the same rules or those words have different rules?

Saba
Sunday at 11:50 PM
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Thanks for giving me all information about 'some' and 'any'

Vijja
Saturday at 12:18 PM
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Thanks a lot. Now I get it how different between some and any.

Kunyarut
Saturday at 03:34 AM
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Thank you very much for learning video, I understand for use "some" and "any".

Suhrab khan
Friday at 08:42 PM
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Great Alisha

Thanks alot

Iliass
Friday at 06:13 PM
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This lesson very helpful for me to know the different between "some" and "any" but is some difficult when I want use between "offers" and "need information" in questions look like one

June
Friday at 10:33 AM
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Hello I have a question.

I should use

Do you want some help?

Or Do you need some help?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Friday at 07:02 AM
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Hi Mohamed, Ei Wai, Moe, Lazarus, Juan, Aynur, Bashir, and Diego,


Thank you for taking the time to leave us all your kind messages. 😇❤️️


If you ever have any questions, please let us know.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com