Lesson Transcript

Hi, everybody. My name is Alisha. In this lesson, I'm going to talk about the future perfect tense for statements. I'm not going to talk about making questions but just simple positive and negative statements with this grammar point. Let's get started.
All right. Let's begin with the use of the future perfect tense. Why do we use this grammar point? We use future perfect tense to refer to actions that will or will not be finished at a specific point in the future. A key for this grammar point is we need a deadline. We need some point in the future for an action to be finished or not finished. Again, on this image, in this timeline, if we're speaking now in the present about a specific point in the future, this could be like tomorrow, it could be eight o'clock, it could be next year. If we're talking about some point in the future, we want to refer to an action that will, at that point in time in the future, be finished, or by that point in time, will not be finished.
When we make future perfect tense sentences, as I've started doing, we use "will" or "will not." When we make a positive statement with this grammar point, we use "will" plus "have" plus the past participle form of the verb. I'll show some examples in just a moment. "Will have" plus past participle. When we make the negative form of this grammar point, we use "will not," or we reduce it, we contract it to "won't" plus "have" and the past participle. We use these just to make simple statements. This is the pattern for statements only.
Let's look at how we can use these in some example sentences. Let's look at this first one. "I will have, something, my new job by this time next year." "By" shows us our deadline. In this case, "By this time next year," this is our point in the future. At this time, the following year, this thing, we see, "Will have something, my new job." Here, the verb is "start." The past participle form of the verb "start" is "started." The sentence is, "I will have started my new job by this time next year." Meaning, at this time next year, at this point in the year, next year, my new job will have started. That means sometime before this point in time, I'm going to start my job, and that means at this point in time, the action will be complete. I'll be done. The starting action, this start action will have begun somewhere before that, and like I'll be working maybe. "By this time next year, I will have started my new job."
Okay. Let's look at another example. Here, "she'll." I've used "she'll" here. This is "she will." Again, very common to contract, to reduce "will" in these cases. "She'll have, something, her homework by 8:00." In this case, we have a time, which marks our deadline, by 8:00. Our specific point in the future is 8:00, maybe 8:00 p.m., 8:00 at night. "She will have, she'll have," the verb is "finish," the past participle form of the verb is "finished." "She'll have finished her homework by 8:00." That means by this deadline of eight o'clock, her homework will be done. That means before eight o'clock. In this period before eight o'clock, somewhere in here, she'll make the last steps on her homework. By this time, everything will be done. Everything will be finished by here. Okay. That could mean she finishes before 8:00. It just means eight o'clock as the deadline. By that time, everything will be finished.
Okay. Let's go to another example sentence. Here, we see the deadline at the beginning of the sentence. "By 10:00 p.m., we'll have something dinner already." Here, the verb is "eat." The past participle form of the verb "eat" is "eaten." "By 10:00 p.m., we'll have eaten dinner already." This means by 10:00 p.m., we will have finished eating dinner. "Already" shows us that an expected action is finished. It's finished before the time period indicated, or finished before the point in time indicated, something is done. "By 10:00 p.m., we'll have eaten dinner already," means sometime before 10:00 p.m., we ate dinner. By this time, we will be finished, in other words. We will have eaten dinner somewhere before that time.
Okay. Let's go on to the next one. The verb here is "arrive." Here, we have a negative though. I've given a very open sentence here. "They won't have something, something yet." We could add a deadline here. For example, "By, I don't know, by 9:00 a.m., they won't have," plus our past participle form, "arrived yet." "By 9:00 a.m., they won't have arrived yet." Here, we see an action that will not be complete by our deadline. By 9:00 a.m., in this case, "By 9:00 a.m., some people we are expecting to come, they will not be here. They won't have arrived yet." That means, probably, some point in the future, they're going to arrive. But by this deadline, by this point in time, they will not have arrived. In this period before 9:00 a.m., they will not have arrived. That means that probably in the future, sometime in the future, they'll arrive. Here, a couple hints here, we have the negative. "They won't have arrived yet." Reminder, "yet" shows us expectations. We're expecting someone to arrive in this case. We're expecting people to come. We're expecting people to arrive somewhere. But by this time, it will not have happened.
Okay. Let's move along to the next example, again, a negative. "He won't have, something, the paperwork by tomorrow." Our verb is "check." The past participle form of "check" is "checked." "He won't have checked the paperwork by tomorrow." Deadline is tomorrow. "By tomorrow, he won't have checked the paperwork." Between now, present tense, and this point tomorrow, by tomorrow, the paperwork checking will not be completed. It won't be done. Maybe in the future here. "He won't have checked the paperwork by tomorrow," shows in this time period, the action will not be completed.
Okay. One more example, "I won't have, something, the house yet." Again here, I didn't really include a specific deadline. It's just kind of an open expression. Let's add one here. "By, I don't know, 9:00 a.m. again, by 9:00 a.m., I won't have something." Here, my verb is "leave." "Leave," the past participle of "leave" is "left." "I won't have left the house yet." Again, deadline, "By 9:00 a.m., I won't have left the house yet." "By this point in time, I will still be in my house," in other words. I'm expecting, again we see "yet" here, "I'm expecting to leave the house, but by 9:00 a.m., by this point, I will not have left the house," means I will still be inside my house. I will leave maybe after 9:00 a.m.
Keep in mind with this grammar point. There's typically a deadline that's clear. Though in some of these cases, I didn't write the clear deadline because when you're using this grammar point in speech, sometimes from the conversation, you understand the deadline, and so we drop it in conversation. If speaker A is talking about 9:00 a.m. as a deadline, speaker B doesn't necessarily have to say the deadline again. Oftentimes, speaker B, in this case, drops the deadline and just gives an open statement like this. "They won't have arrived yet," or, "I won't have left the house yet." You don't have to include your deadline in your statement if it's understood, if everyone in the conversation understands the deadline. It's quite common to drop it. But for this lesson, I included a deadline. I just wanted to point out that sometimes we do omit this portion.
Okay. That's a quick introduction to the future perfect tense and making statements with future perfect tense. I hope that it was useful for you. If you have any questions or comments or if you want to practice making a sentence with this grammar point, please feel free to do so in the comment section of this video. Thank you very much for watching this lesson and I will see you again soon. Bye-bye.