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Lesson Transcript

English Prepositions Made Easy Season 1 Lesson 4 - Getting Ready for an American House Party
INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, and welcome back to EnglishClass101.com. This is English Prepositions Made Easy Season 1 Lesson 4 - Getting Ready for an American House Party. John Here.
Becky: Hey I'm Becky.
John: In this lesson, you’ll learn the prepositions “over” and “above”. The conversation takes place at home.
Becky: It's between Kate and Sean.
John: The speakers are friends, so they'll use informal English. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Kate: Is everything ready for the party?
Sean: Nearly! Can you put the streamers up?
Kate: Where do you want them?
Sean: Above the window, please.
Kate: Okay! Is there anything else?
Sean: Can you cover the presents? Just put a sheet over them.
Kate: Yes, let's keep them as a surprise!
John: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Kate: Is everything ready for the party?
Sean: Nearly! Can you put the streamers up?
Kate: Where do you want them?
Sean: Above the window, please.
Kate: Okay! Is there anything else?
Sean: Can you cover the presents? Just put a sheet over them.
Kate: Yes, let's keep them as a surprise!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
John: It’s party time!
Becky: Sounds like it! We didn’t find out who in the conversation, but it’s someone's birthday.
John: Birthday parties are really popular in the States.
Becky: That’s right. It doesn’t matter how old or young you are, everyone has parties.
John: What are children’s parties like?
Becky: They’re often held at special places, like amusement parks, family restaurants, or children’s centers.
John: Or at home, of course.
Becky: Of course! I had a few birthday parties at home when I was in school. My house was decorated, we played lots of games, and there was a clown.
John: I hate clowns.
Becky: Many people do. I can still remember the crying children!
John: I’ve been to a few birthday parties for adults that have been informal affairs held at bars or clubs.
Becky: Yeah, I’ve been to a few more formal ones that were house parties, too. I love birthday parties, but it can be stressful to find the perfect birthday present.
John: Yeah, it’s best to take a present with you, especially for kids’ parties. Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
John: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Becky: everything [natural native speed]
John: all things
Becky: everything[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: everything [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: ready [natural native speed]
John: prepared to continue or move on
Becky: ready[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: ready [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: nearly [natural native speed]
John: close to
Becky: nearly[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: nearly [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: to put up [natural native speed]
John: to place something on the wall or ceiling
Becky: to put up[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: to put up [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: streamers [natural native speed]
John: a long, thin, party decoration, usually made of colorful paper
Becky: streamers[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: streamers [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: window [natural native speed]
John: a glass opening in a wall that lets in light
Becky: window[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: window [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: where [natural native speed]
John: question starter, asking for the location of something
Becky: where [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: where [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: anything [natural native speed]
John: unspecific thing
Becky: anything[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: anything [natural native speed]
John: Next we have..
Becky: else [natural native speed]
John: in a different way or place, additionally
Becky: else[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: else [natural native speed]
John: And last..
Becky: surprise [natural native speed]
John: something unexpected
Becky: surprise[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Becky: surprise [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
John: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is...
Becky: ...everything...
John: meaning "all things." What can you tell us about this word?
Becky: This is a pronoun you use to cover all things in a category.
John: So, for example, if you’re in a restaurant and your friend says that they want to eat “everything”...
Becky:..they mean that they want to eat the entire menu. All the foods.
John: This can be used for any group of items.
Becky: You shouldn’t use it for people, however. Instead, say “everyone” if you mean all people.
John: Can you give us an example using this word?
Becky: Sure. For example, you can say, “Is everything finished?”
John: Which means "Are all of the tasks finished?" Okay, what's the next word?
Becky: Anything...
John: ...meaning "unspecific thing."
John: What can you tell us about this?
Becky: This is another pronoun and it is used for an unspecified thing in a category.
John: Let’s go back to our restaurant. If your friend says that they want to eat “anything”...
Becky: ...it means that any dish on the menu would be okay. They have no preference.
John: Again, it can be used for any group of items.
Becky: And again, it shouldn’t be used for people. Instead, use “anyone”.
John: Can you give us an example using “anything?”
Becky: Sure. For example, you can say, “I'll do anything you ask me to.”
John: .. which means "I’ll do whatever you ask me to.” Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

John: In this lesson, you'll learn about the prepositions “over” and “above”.
John: We have two more prepositions to introduce in this lesson.
Becky: They are both prepositions of place and position, so let’s look at them in turn.
John: First, is “over.”
Becky: If we want to say that something is higher than, directly above or is covering something, we would use “over.”
John: For example, “over the table.”
Becky: Yes. We can also use it for clothes, and for age and speed.
John: Let’s look at some examples.
Becky: An easy example is “The boy climbed over the wall.”
John: Or “You must be over 18 years old to watch this movie.”
Becky: I gave an example of using “over” to mean directly above, and John’s example was of age.
John: There are a couple of idioms using “over,” aren’t there?
Becky: Yes. My favorite is “over the moon.”
John: I like that one too. It means that you’re really happy.
Becky: “I won the lottery and am over the moon!”
John: You would be if you won! The other preposition we’re looking at this time is “above.”
Becky: If we want to say that something is higher than, but not directly above or not covering something, we would use “above.”
John: For example, “above the line.”
Becky: Listeners, try to remember “above” and “below” as a pair, as they have opposite meanings.
John: Sometimes it’s easier to learn opposite words together.
Becky: I think so!
John: Let’s have some examples now, using “above.”
Becky: “There is a bookshelf above the table.”
John: We can also use “above” for temperature and height.
Becky: Yes, you might see instructions such as “Heat the oven to above 100 degrees fahrenheit.”
John: I like baking, so I see things like that all the time.

Outro

John: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Becky: Bye

7 Comments

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EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:30 PM
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Hi Listeners! Try making a sentence using each one of the prepositions we learned on this lesson.

*Post them at the comments.

 

EnglishClass101.com
Tuesday at 05:52 PM
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Hi Enrique,


Great to know that you're enjoying our website!


Please stay tuned! Every week we'll have new lessons for you!


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team EnglishClass101.com

Enrique
Tuesday at 10:33 AM
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This English course is above my expectations! :)

Englishclass101.com Verified
Monday at 08:34 PM
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Hi Chelsea,


Thank you for posting.


If you wish to practice the lesson's prepositions ("over" and "above") you can try making a sentence with them and post the sentences here, ok ?


Looking forward to seeing you often here.


Cristiane

Team Englishclass101.com

Chelsea
Saturday at 08:41 AM
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I like this ?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 05:02 PM
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Hi Mây,


Yes, you can say that! :thumbsup:


Kellie

Team EnglishClass101.com

Mây
Thursday at 03:09 AM
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Should it be "He puts up Christmas decorations early."?