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Lesson Transcript

Sadia: Hi there, thanks for tuning in. This is Sadia.
Keith: And I’m Keith. Welcome to Gengo English, Lesson 19 - “5 Places You Have to See When in New York”
Sadia: In the last lesson, lesson 18, you learned how to talk
about the frequency of actions.
Keith: You also learned about the verb, "to say," adverbs of
frequency, and "won't."
Sadia: In this lesson you will learn how to express desire to do
something, and about adverbs of probability.
Keith: This conversation takes place outside of Madison Square
Garden, the sports famous arena.
Sadia: The conversation is between Zo and his two colleagues.
Keith: Well, let’s listen to the conversation.
Zo: Thank you again!
Colleague #1: So Zo, what will you do this weekend?
Zo: I'm not sure. On Saturday and Sunday I'll do a
homestay, so I have (3) days. I want to go to the
Colleague #1: Oh, the MoMA’s great! Will you go to the
Zo: Probably. I really want to go.
Colleague #1: And what about the Hamptons?
Zo: Maybe, I want to go there, but I don't know. It's a little
Colleague #1: And Coney Island?
Zo: Probably, but I’m not sure
Colleague #3: Oh, St. John the Divine?
Zo: What's that?
Colleague #3: St. John the Divine—it’s a really old, huge cathedral on
Amsterdam Avenue in Morningside Heights. Uptown.
Zo: Can you please write down the name?
Keith: One more time, slowly.
Zo: Thank you again!
Colleague #1: So Zo, what will you do this weekend?
Zo: I'm not sure. On Saturday and Sunday I'll do a
homestay, so I have (3) days. I want to go to the
Colleague #1: Oh, the MoMA’s great! Will you go to the
Zo: Probably. I really want to go.
Colleague #1: And what about the Hamptons?
Zo: Maybe, I want to go there, but I don't know. It's a little
Colleague #1: And Coney Island?
Zo: Probably, but I’m not sure
Colleague #3: Oh, St. John the Divine?
Zo: What's that?
Colleague #3: St. John the Divine—it’s a really old, huge cathedral on
Amsterdam Avenue in Morningside Heights. Uptown.
Zo: Can you please write down the name?
Sadia: Alright, so this is an exciting dialogue! And it makes me want
to go on vacation!
Keith: Oh, I agree! Yeah.
Sadia: Zo is sharing his plans for the rest of his trip with
his coworkers. And he’s got a pretty full trip he has planned! Not
only is he going to do a homestay, but he’s also going to visit a
number of very well known New York sites.
Keith: First they mention the MoMA (which is the
Museum of Modern Art), the Guggenheim Museum,
and Sadia, where else?
Sadia: They also talk about The Hamptons, and Coney Island,
and the Cathedral Church of St. John the Divine.
Keith: Wow, I’ve never gone to that one.
Sadia: Oh yeah?
Keith: Well, actually, the museums, they’re very easy to go to.
Sadia: That’s true.
Keith: By the Hamptons and Coney Island, they’re a little farther, so it’s a little difficult to go to.
Sadia: Let’s talk about the MoMA then. The Museum of Modern Art. MoMA, is an art museum that’s on 53rd between 5th and 6th avenues here in Manhattan. The MoMA is said to have one of the biggest and most important collections of modern art in the world.
Keith: That’s why it’s so famous, I think.
Sadia: In addition to art, it also has a really extensive library and a restaurant.
Keith: A restaurant? I’ve never ate at the restaurant.
Sadia: Me neither.
Keith: I'll have to check it out sometime.
Sadia: Next they mention The Guggenheim
Keith: That's the huge, really modern, white
building on 5th Avenue, right?
Sadia: It's really awesome-looking. It’s super modern looking. And it was
designed by the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright.
Keith: And they have a modern art collection, too, right?
Sadia: And they also have like Impressionist art and maybe some Post-Impressionist art. Next is Coney Island!
Keith: Coney Island, it’s a cool place to go to. It’s a classic New York place to go to.
Sadia: Where is it, exactly?
Keith: It's on the southernmost part of Brooklyn. It’s actually pretty far from Manhattan. Maybe it will take about an hour to get there.
Sadia: Oh really?
Keith: It’s kind of far.
Sadia: So, should I check it out you think?
Keith: It’s a nice place for a one day date type thing.
Sadia: Ah, OK Finally-- they talk about The
Cathedral Church of St. John the Divine New York,
which is uptown on Amsterdam Avenue between
110th and 113th, and that’s called "Morningside Heights,"
that neighborhood.
Keith: And that thing is really big.
Sadia: It is! It’s enormous. And from what I understand a lot of tourists go there because it’s one of the largest churches in the world.
Keith: Wow. Really?
Sadia: Yeah. It’s an interesting thing to see, I think..
Keith: Zo has a full trip ahead! He's going to a lot of places.
Sadia: Right, he’s got a lot of plans, and I really wish I could join him!
Keith: Alright, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Sadia: to do [natural native speed]
Keith: to perform; to make happen
Sadia: to do [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: to do [natural native speed]
week [natural native speed]
Keith: unit of seven days
week [slowly - broken down by syllable]
week [natural native speed]
Sadia: homestay [natural native speed]
Keith: a stay at a residence by a traveler
Sadia: homestay [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: homestay [natural native speed]
day [natural native speed]
Keith: the time of light between one night and the next
day [slowly - broken down by syllable]
day [natural native speed]
Sadia: to want [natural native speed]
Keith: to wish for
Sadia: to want [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: to want [natural native speed]
to go [natural native speed]
Keith: to move or travel to
to go [slowly - broken down by syllable]
to go [natural native speed]
Sadia: definitely [natural native speed]
Keith: absolutely, surely, will certainly happen or is certainly
Sadia: definitely [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: definitely [natural native speed]
probably [natural native speed]
Keith: without much doubt; likely to happen
probably [slowly - broken down by syllable]
probably [natural native speed]
Sadia: maybe [natural native speed]
Keith: possibly, but not certainly, perhaps
Sadia: maybe [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: maybe [natural native speed]
probably not [natural native speed]
Keith: not likely to happen
probably not [slowly - broken down by syllable]
probably not [natural native speed]
Keith: Alright, Sadia, help us out. What are we first taking a look at?
Sadia: Let’s look at the phrase, "I'm not sure."
Keith: And this is basically the same as, “I don’t know.”
Sadia: The only difference is “I don’t know” means, I don’t really know, and “I’m not sure,” when someone says that, they have some idea.
Keith: They know a little bit I think.
Sadia: Let's look at, "I'll do a homestay." To "do a homestay,” means to participate in a homestay program.
Keith: A “homestay” is a type of study abroad program that lets a foreign visitor to live in a home of a local family and learn local customs and language in a realistic situation.
Sadia: The homestay participant, in this case, Zo, is treated as a member of the family, and sometimes takes part in like the cooking or other household chores. I did a homestay when I was in high school-- and it was probably one of the best experiences of my life.
Keith: Next is, "What about The Hamptons?" Zo's colleague asks Zo if he'll be going to The
Hamptons by asking, "What about The Hamptons?"
Sadia: This phrase is short for the complete thought, "What about the Hamptons? Will you also go to The Hamptons?"
Keith: Tom doesn't express this complete thought because
everyone who is part of the conversation, they know
what the topic of conversation is--
Sadia: And the topic is where Zo will go during his stay in
New York.
Keith: Let's check out, "And Coney Island?"
Sadia: This phrase is short for the complete thought, "And will you go to Coney Island?"
Keith: Our next phrase is?
Sadia: Next is, "Can you please write down the name?"
Keith: When Zo’s colleagues mention St. John the Divine, that’s the church we were talking about, right? He asks them to write it down. He asks, “Can you please write down the name?”
Sadia: He makes this request polite by using the phrase, “Can you please…?” The next phrase is, "Definitely!"
Keith: This has the same meaning and is used in the same way as, “Sure,” “Absolutely,” “Certainly,” and other such one-word, very strong affirmative ideas.
Sadia: Right.
Keith: And the next phrase is, "Probably."
Sadia: “Probably” is used when an event is highly likely—when the chances are good that something will happen.
Keith: There is a chance that the event won’t happen, but the chance is small.
Sadia: What about, "Maybe?"
Keith: “Maybe” is used when some event or some thing could happen or possibly be true.
Sadia: So when his coworkers ask him if he’ll go to The Hamptons, Zo says, “Maybe,” which is the same as, you know, “I’m not sure.”
Keith: Finally, let's look at, "Probably not."
Sadia: "Probably not" is used when the event being talked about is not likely—when the chances of the event happening are low or “slim.”
Keith: So Zo says he “probably won’t” go to Coney Island, which means that the likelihood of him going to Coney Island is not very high—it probably won’t happen.

Lesson focus

Sadia: Alright, the focus points of this lesson are "will," and the
Simple Future Tense, the verb, "to want," and
Probably/Probably Not/Maybe.
Keith: How about “will”
Sadia: Yes, WILL! AND the simple future tense.
Keith: Let's do it. Zo and his colleagues are talking
about Zo’s schedule for the rest of his stay.
Sadia: He explains, “On Saturday and Sunday I'll-- or I
WILL-- do a homestay.”
Sadia: Which means it describes the FUTURE-- what
someone might do, or say, or what event or events might
happen. Let's review the forms of will. Singular.
Sadia: Now plural.
Sadia: This is the formula for the use of the
word, “will”
Keith: Just remember that you can make contractions with
“will”— And what that means is you can make it shorter, and that’s used in
conversation or informal writing.
Sadia: That's right. In the dialogue, Zo says, “I’ll do a
homestay.” “I’ll” is short for, “I will.”
Keith: Let's introduce the contractions for “will." How do we make it shorter?
Sadia: I + will = I’ll. I'll. [spell]
Keith: You + will = you’ll. [spell]
Sadia: He + will = he’ll. [spell]
Keith: We + will = we’ll. [spell]
Sadia: You + will = you’ll. [spell]
Keith: They + will = they’ll. [spell]
Sadia: You can also make interrogative
statements—or, questions—using “will.”
Keith: For example, in the dialogue, Zo’s colleague Tom asks, “What will you do this
Sadia: Questions with “will” are created using this
formula... Question word + will + subject + verb + object
Keith: So, in the dialogue - What [question word] + WILL
+ you + do + this week
Sadia: What will you do this week?
Keith: Tom also asks, “Will you go to The Guggenheim?”
Sadia: WILL + you + go + to + The Guggenheim? Will you go to the Guggenheim?
Let's talk about the verb, "want" now.
Keith: To “want” something is to desire that thing.
Sadia: And to “really want” something is to desire it very
Keith: So when Zo’s colleagues ask if he’ll go to the
Guggenheim, Zo says he “really wants” to go. And
that he’ll “probably” go—which, as you can see in the
Vocabulary and Phrases section, that means his
going to the Guggenheim is very likely. I WANT, YOU WANT, HE WANTS-- and there's that S
on the end of the 3rd person singular.
Sadia: Right.
Keith: WE WANT, YOU WANT, THEY WANT. Sadia, can you help us with some
Sadia: OK. I want to go home. She wants to see a movie. They
want to have dinner at our place.
Keith: You can make a sentence that uses the verb, "want"
NEGATIVE, by adding don't/doesn't before, "want." So the formula is
Subject + DON'T or DOESN'T + WANT + Object.
Sadia: So, I WANT to go home becomes I DON'T WANT to go home. She WANTS to see a movie becomes She DOESN'T
WANT to see a movie. They want to have dinner at our place becomes They DON'T WANT to have
dinner at our place.
Keith: That’s Subject + Don't or Doesn't + Want + Object.
Sadia: Finally, the last point of this lesson is
Keith: These are
Sadia: Adverbs of probability express the likelihood of an
Keith: In the dialogue. Zo says, "PROBABLY. I really want to go."
Which means that it is HIGHLY LIKELY that he will
Sadia: And then, when he's asked about Coney Island, Zo
says, "Probably not. I want to go, but I PROBABLY
WON'T." He probably will not go. It is unlikely that
he will go.
Keith: And then, Tom asks Zo about going to the
Hamptons, he says, "Maybe, I want to go there, but I
don't know. It's a little far." There, the word MAYBE means that it's
POSSIBLE but not certain that he will go.
Sadia: Let's review - PROBABLY means that
something is LIKELY to happen-- It PROBABLY
WILL happen.
Keith: PROBABLY NOT means that something is
happen. So, is this the last we'll hear about Zo's
colleague, Tom?
Keith: And what about the word MAYBE?
Sadia: MAYBE means that something may or
may not happen. The likelihood is uncertain.
Keith: Maybe it'll happen...
Sadia: And, maybe not! So... do you think Zo and Michelle
will take their friendship to the "next level?" [laughs]
Keith: ... Maybe. [laughs]


Keith: OK, well everyone, we’ll probably see you next time.
Sadia: We’ll definitely see you next time. Thanks for listening.
Keith and Sadia: Bye


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EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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To those who have visited the United States - where have you been in the US?

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Monday at 12:37 AM
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Sukjai Pholampaisathit
Friday at 12:32 PM
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Dear whom it may concern,

This is my first time I ever study on line in your program. I really don’t get familiar with the program. Probably it’s my age. When I finished one, I didn’t know how I go to the others, for instance. Even though you’ve sent an email explaining how to access, it’s still unclear to me. How can I access the program I gonna study every day in easy way. Often time, I found the sign up button not sign in one as expected. Then I jumped into it, it showed the warning that I don’t need to sign up, though. Make me nervous sometimes.

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Friday at 09:19 AM
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Hello @Hieu, @Almita and @José,

Thank you all for taking the time to post in our comment section.

@Hieu - would you mind clarifying what you don't think is right about this lesson so we can fix it?

@Almita and José - thanks so much for the positive feedback! We love hearing it!❤️️

Feel free to shoot through any questions you have throughout your studies.



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Tuesday at 07:44 PM
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it's look like the list of these lesson is not right. i have doubt about your program.

Almita Moon
Thursday at 02:10 AM
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Thanks for the lesson. It was very helpful.

José Climeris Veiga
Wednesday at 01:36 AM
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Hello,fantastic and excellent lesson,thank you.

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António Piçarra
Sunday at 07:07 PM
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Hi teatchers:

This was a very good and useful lesson!

Thanks for that.