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Lesson Transcript

Sadia: Hi, from New York. This is Sadia. Thanks for tuning in.
Keith: Hey and I’m Keith. Welcome to Gengo English, Lesson 20 - “You Better Ask Before You Do This in America”
Sadia: In our last lesson, Lesson 19, you learned how to
express desire to to do something, and about adverbs of
Keith: You also learned about "will" and the simple future
tense, the verb, "to want," and, "probably/probably
Sadia: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask permission.
Keith: And the conversation takes place at a museum.
Sadia: The conversation is between Zo, a museum worker, and
a security guard.
Keith: Alright, Sadia, are you ready to listen in?
Sadia: Let’s listen.
Zo: Excuse me, what time do you open?
Staff: At 10 am.
Zo: What time is it now?
Staff: 9:50
Zo: Okay, I'll wait.
(10 00 a.m.)
Staff: Sorry to keep you waiting.
Zo: One, please.
Staff: That’ll be $20.
Zo: Here you are.
Staff: That's $20, exactly. Enjoy the museum.
Zo: Excuse me, can I take a photo here?
Security: I'm sorry, sir. No pictures.
Zo: How about video?
Security: Hmmm.... I guess that's all right. Go ahead.
Keith: One more time, slowly.
Zo: Excuse me, what time do you open?
Staff: At 10 am.
Zo: What time is it now?
Staff: 9:50
Zo: Okay, I'll wait.
(10 00 a.m.)
Staff: Sorry to keep you waiting.
Zo: One, please.
Staff: That’ll be $20.
Zo: Here you are.
Staff: That's $20, exactly. Enjoy the museum.
Zo: Excuse me, can I take a photo here?
Security: I'm sorry, sir. No pictures.
Zo: How about video?
Security: Hmmm.... I guess that's all right. Go ahead.
Sadia: It seems as though our main character, Zo, is visiting a museum.
Keith: Yeah, sounds like it! And it’s so... quiet! [laughs]
Sadia: Museums kind of tend to be that way-- which I think is a little bit strange, especially like when the art is modern and crazy, and the museum is so sterile and it’s so quiet!
Keith: Well you have to be quiet. You have to appreciate the art. Wow, it’s so beautiful. If it’s too loud, it’s not good.
Sadia: Anyway, it seems that Zo wants to take photographs in the museum.
Keith: But the security guard tells him, “You can’t do it!”
Sadia: That's right. The guard does, however, allow Zo to take some video footage, which is interesting.
Keith: Yeah, it’s a little different, huh?
Sadia: He sounds unsure though if taking a video is okay, but he let's Zo do it anyway! He puts his job on the line for a perfect stranger!
Keith: Sadia, what does that mean?
Sadia: Job on the line. He risks losing his job for a stranger.
Keith: Zo.
Sadia: He allows him to do something that may or may not be OK.
Keith: Yeah, he might not have a job tomorrow. That’s why he’s such a noble man, if I do say so myself [laughs].
Sadia: Actually, It’s not uncommon for museums to not allow photography, especially flash photography, which I’ve heard can kind of ruin the artwork, especially older art—not to mention, it’s really disturbing for other museum-goers.
Keith: Yeah, a lot of flashes, when you’re trying to take a look at the art
Sadia: Yeah.
Keith: Alright, so let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Sadia: to open [natural native speed]
Keith: to make available for use
Sadia: to open [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: to open [natural native speed]
now [natural native speed]
Keith: at the present moment
now [slowly - broken down by syllable]
now [natural native speed]
Sadia: to wait [natural native speed]
Keith: to stay in place
Sadia: to wait [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: to wait [natural native speed]
dollar [natural native speed]
Keith: United States (US) money
dollar [slowly - broken down by syllable]
dollar [natural native speed]
Sadia: exactly [natural native speed]
Keith: perfectly, not more or less
Sadia: exactly [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: exactly [natural native speed]
to take [natural native speed]
Keith: to get into one's posession; to capture
to take [slowly - broken down by syllable]
to take [natural native speed]
Sadia: photo [natural native speed]
Keith: photograph; an image on paper
Sadia: photo [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: photo [natural native speed]
video [natural native speed]
Keith: moving picture with sound
video [slowly - broken down by syllable]
video [natural native speed]
Sadia: Let’s take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase we’ll look at is, “What time is it now?”
Keith: The phrase is the same as, “What time is it at this
very moment?”
Sadia: "What time is it now?"
Keith: The next phrase is, "One please."
Sadia: Zo approaches the museum ticket window and he says,
“One please.” The noun, “ticket,” is implied—that is, Zo doesn’t say “ticket,” but the context of the
conversation, the subject of the conversation suggests that he’s talking about
purchasing a ticket. So he says, “One please.”
Keith: If you’re at a ticket office or a ticket window, I think he’ll know it’s one of a ticket.
Sadia: This dialogue too is another example of like,
a quick business transaction; there is no time for
small talk, no time for being pleasant or nice.
Keith: Sadia, what's next?
Sadia: Next is, "That’s $20, exactly."
Keith: So Zo gives the museum worker $20
dollars—he doesn’t give him more or less.
Sadia: $20 exactly. A similar phrase is, “$20
Keith: Well, the next phrase we have is, "I'm sorry. No pictures."
Sadia: This phrase is short for, “I’m sorry, but you
can’t take pictures here.”
Keith: And of course, the next phrase is, "How about
Sadia: So when he learns that he’s not allowed to take
photographs, Zo asks, “How about video?” What's
this mean?
Keith: This is short for, “How about video? May I take
video footage?” May I record with a video camera?
Sadia: The next one I love-- it's, "Hmmm..."
Keith: [laughs] That’s not really a word or a phrase, but kind of like a sound..
Sadia: Yeah.
Keith: You use that to show that the
person speaking is thinking! Hmm...
Sadia: Hmm... I wonder what the next phrase is...
Keith: Well, next is, 'I guess that’s alright."
Sadia: Okay. When Zo asks about taking video footage, the
security guard, the noble security guard says, “I guess that is alright.”
Keith: And this means, I’m not entirely sure if it’s okay, I’m not 100 percent sure, but I
will let you do it. You can do it..
Sadia: Nice guy! That’s risky business! [laughs]
Keith: Okay! Last phrase. “Go ahead” and this is an informal way of saying, “Yeah, you can do it,”granting permission.
Sadia: Go ahead. The more formal, or polite, way to grant
permission is to say, “Yes, you may.”
Keith: And that’s the same as, “Go ahead.”

Lesson focus

Sadia: The focus points of this lesson are time expressions (Part 2), the phrase, "What time do you...?" and the phrase, "Excuse me." Let's start with time expressions.
Keith: When Zo arrives at the museum, he asks about the opening time, and the museum worker, he tells Zo it opens at 10 o’clock.
Sadia: Zo asks about the current time and he discovers that he’s a little early—so he can’t buy his ticket or go into the museum. He asks, "What time is it now?"
Keith: And the museum worker says, "9:50."
Sadia: Another way, though to express 9:50 is to say, “It’s 10 to 10,”
Keith: And that’s short for 10 minutes to 10 o’clock. That’s a good point, Sadia. With English, it’s not at all uncommon to tell the time in terms of how far away it is from the next hour.
Sadia: What that means is 9:50 is 10 minutes away from 10 o’clock. 9:50, you could say, it’s “10 to 10.”
Keith: How about another example? 2:55. so that means is means 5 minutes until 3 o’clock. So you would say 5 to 3
Sadia: Here's an interesting one - 12:45 would be quarter to 1, which means it’s 15 minutes until 1 o’clock. 15 minutes is one-quarter of an hour, so 12:45 is “quarter to 1.”
Keith: So remember, this alternative way of talking about time is used usually when the next hour will begin in less than 30 minutes.
Sadia: Let's practice. What’s another way to say 2:45?
Keith: So that would be a quarter to 3. What about 5 to 6-- how else can you say 5 to 6?
Sadia: 5 minutes until 6 o’clock. So that would be 5:55.
Keith: Exactly. Now you knowtwo main ways to talk about time.
Sadia: With practice, it gets easier, right?
Keith: Definitely need practice, though, yeah..
Sadia:. What's next, Keith?
Keith: Our next focus is the phrase, "What time do you…?" And then fill in the blank
Sadia: Zo walks up to the ticket counter and says, “What time do you open?” The phrase,
“What time do you open?” is a casual, informal way of asking, “At what time will you open?”
Keith: And you'll probably hear this phrase used in a lot of places, for a lot of different events. For example, if you’re at a hotel, and you want to know, um, going to be hungry in the morning, "What time do you serve breakfast?"
Sadia: Or, "What time do you close?" if you’re at a store. Or even, if you’re at a theater, "What
time do you start the program?" or “What time do you start the show?”
Keith: How about, "What time do you serve your last customer?"
Sadia: An alternative to “What time do you…?” is, “What time WILL you…?”
Keith: So, "What time WILL you serve breakfast?" and "What time WILL you close?"
Sadia: "What time WILL you start the program?" or "What time WILL you serve your last customer?"
Keith: They’re all the same thing. What time DO you and What time WILL you... Our next focus is, "Excuse me…"
Sadia: Zo says to the museum security guard, “Excuse me, can I take a photo here?” The phrase, “Excuse me” has many, many meanings, I think.
Keith: We talked about “Excuse me” in one of the earlier lessons, and that was when Zo was trying to pass Michelle, who sat next to him on the plane.
Sadia: From getting someone’s attention maybe to asking someone to repeat himself (because you didn’t understand), let’s take a look at a few sentences that include, “Excuse me.” If you're addressing a group of people you could say, "Excuse me; can I have your attention
Keith: So maybe if you're asking a stranger for directions you can say, "Excuse me; do you know how to get to Central Park from here?"
Sadia: Or even if, let's say you were asking a person in a theater to stand up so that you could pass. You'd say, "Excuse me; may I pass you?"
Keith: So, we've covered a lot of ground today. We talked about a lot of things, Sadia.
Sadia: You learned how to express time in two different ways, how to use the phrase, "What time do you...?" and when to say, "Excuse me..."
Keith: Alright, well that’s all for now.
Sadia: Thanks for listening. We’ll see you next time. Bye.
Keith: Bye-bye.


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Do you enjoy going to museums? What kinds?

Team EnglishClass101.com
Monday at 5:30 pm
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Hi Jin,

'Kind of,' means 'sort of.' That is a simple, and bad answer but I used it because I want you to be aware of both phrases.

To explain the meaning, let's look at another example.

"This apple is KIND OF green." This means that the apple is a little green, but not a very strong green.

"She is KIND OF short." The girl is a little bit shorter than the average height for a girl. But not very short.

"This lesson is KIND OF hard." It is a little challenging.

I hope that helped, and that was a great question!


Team EnglishClass101.com

Saturday at 11:57 am
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Hi Sir or Ms.

I wonder a sentence in this lesson's transcript, that is " Museums kind of tend to be that way--". I didn't get it exactly. Because I didn't understand the usage or meaning about "kind of " here.

Thanks for your answers. I am looking forward to getting it!


Monday at 6:32 am
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Excuse me, what time do you get off? ^^