Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Sadia: Hi, from New York. Thanks for joining us today. This is Sadia.
Keith: And I’m Keith. Welcome to Gengo English Lesson 25 - “The Best American Dish You'll Ever Have”
Sadia: In our last lesson, Lesson 24, you learned how to talk about ongoing action using the present progressive tense.
Keith: and also you learned about the words, "here" and "there."
Sadia: In this lesson you’ll learn about visiting a home and talking about family.
Keith: This conversation takes place at Zo's homestay family's home.
Sadia: The conversation is between Zo and his homestay mother and father.
Keith: Let’s listen in to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Host Mother: Welcome to our home! Please come in!
Zo: Thank you very much. I'm Zo. It's nice to meet you!
Host Mother: Nice to meet you, too! I'm Sandy, and this is my husband, Bob.
Host Father: Great to meet you, Zo.
Host Mother: Please come in, and make yourself at home. How about something to drink?
Zo: Oh...yes, please!
Host Mother: I'll bring you some lemonade.
Zo: This is a lovely house. Is this a picture of your family?
Host Father: Yes, this is my son, and these are my two daughters. They all live in Boston.
Host Mother: [wistfully] Ahh, our babies. Zo, how many people are there in your family?
Zo: There are 5 people in my family, including me - my mother, father, sister and brother.
Keith: One more time, slowly.
Host Mother: Welcome to our home! Please come in!
Zo: Thank you very much. I'm Zo. It's nice to meet you!
Host Mother: Nice to meet you, too! I'm Sandy, and this is my husband, Bob.
Host Father: Great to meet you, Zo.
Host Mother: Please come in, and make yourself at home. How about something to drink?
Zo: Oh...yes, please!
Host Mother: I'll bring you some lemonade.
Zo: This is a lovely house. Is this a picture of your family?
Host Father: Yes, this is my son, and these are my two daughters. They all live in Boston.
Host Mother: [wistfully] Ahh, our babies. Zo, how many people are there in your family?
Zo: There are 5 people in my family, including me - my mother, father, sister and brother.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Sadia: Sounds like Zo has left his hotel and will be staying with a homestay family.
Keith: It should, since the dialogue takes place during his arrival at the homestay family’s home
[laughs].
Sadia: The mother and father are very welcoming—and Zo is very polite! And the mother even offers Zo some lemonade!
Keith: She does! He "lucked out" with this family! And to luck out means to be lucky. They
seem like a happy couple too!
Sadia: They do! Zo compliments them on their “lovely home,” and he asks about a family photograph.
Keith: And the father points out his children in the photograph. He tell Zo that “they all live in Boston.”
Sadia: Right-- Boston, in Massachusetts.
Keith: And the whole conversation is a very simple one, but one that’s really important to study.
Sadia: I agree. I think as with most cultures, being invited to someone’s home in America—especially the home of a family—is kind of an honor.
Keith: Yeah, I would say so too. And Zo shows his gratitude and respect by complimenting the home--
Sadia: And more importantly, by inviting the couple to talk about their children. American parents (usually) love talking about their children!
Keith: I don’t think it’s just American parents. I think all parents.
Sadia: Yeah, actually, yes.
Keith: Well there is no better way to get into a friendly conversation with a parent than by
asking about his or her children!
Sadia: No doubt about that-- even when their children are adults! Anyway, Zo tells his homestay mother and father a little about his family, which is a great way for them to get to know Zo.
Keith: Alright, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
The first word we shall see is:
Sadia: home [natural native speed]
Keith: the place where one lives
Sadia: home [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: home [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: husband [natural native speed]
Keith: the male partner of a married couple
Sadia: husband [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: husband [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: wife [natural native speed]
Keith: the female partner of a married couple
Sadia: wife [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: wife [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: to come in [natural native speed]
Keith: to enter
Sadia: to come in [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: to come in [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: to bring [natural native speed]
Keith: to take with
Sadia: to bring [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: to bring [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: lovely [natural native speed]
Keith: pleasant; nice
Sadia: lovely [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: lovely [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: house [natural native speed]
Keith: a dwelling for a family
Sadia: house [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: house [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: apartment [natural native speed]
Keith: a rented room or set of rooms to live in within a larger building
Sadia: apartment [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: apartment [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: picture [natural native speed]
Keith: an image
Sadia: picture [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: picture [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: son [natural native speed]
Keith: a male child
Sadia: son [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: son [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: daughter [natural native speed]
Keith: a female child
Sadia: daughter [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: daughter [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: all [natural native speed]
Keith: everything
Sadia: all [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: all [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: baby [natural native speed]
Keith: an infant
Sadia: baby [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: baby [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: how many [natural native speed]
Keith: what number
Sadia: how many [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: how many [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: people [natural native speed]
Keith: group of human beings
Sadia: people [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: people [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: family [natural native speed]
Keith: a group of people usually related by blood
Sadia: family [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: family [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: mother [natural native speed]
Keith: a woman who has given birth to a child
Sadia: mother [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: mother [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: father [natural native speed]
Keith: male parent
Sadia: father [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: father [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: sister [natural native speed]
Keith: female sibling
Sadia: sister [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: sister [natural native speed]
Next:"
Sadia: brother [natural native speed]
Keith: male sibling
Sadia: brother [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sadia: brother [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Keith: OK, let’s take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Sadia: The first phrase we’ll look at is, “Please come in.”
Keith: “Please come in” is used as a welcoming phrase.
Sadia: It means that the speaker is inviting you into his or her space, usually a home.
Keith: OK, our next phrase is, “Please make yourself at home.”
Sadia: Sure. Zo’s homestay mother says to Zo, “Please make yourself at home.” What does this mean, Keith?
Keith: This means, “Make yourself as comfortable as you would be in your own home.” Be comfortable like it’s your house.
Sadia: Next up is, I'll bring you some lemonade. After inviting Zo inside, the mother tells Zo that she’ll “bring [him] some lemonade.”
Keith: She's offering him lemonade.
Sadia: You can use the phrase, “I’ll bring you some…” for just about anything—“I’ll bring you cookies.”
Keith: Or if we’re in the office, “I’ll bring you some paper."
Sadia: And we'll look more closely at this phrase a little bit later in the lesson. What's next?
Keith: Our next phrase is, “a lovely house.”
Sadia: Zo tells his homestay mother and father that they have “a lovely house.” Why?
Keith: Well, this is a polite compliment to give when someone has invited you to their home— Well, you should say it even if you don’t think it’s true!
Sadia: [laughs] That is terrible!
Keith: It’s polite.
Sadia: It is very polite. The next phrase is, “Is this a picture of your family?”
Keith: What happens is, Zo sees a photograph of a group of people and asks, “Is this a picture of your family?” That means, “Are the people in this photograph your family members?”
Sadia: And in response, the father says the next phrase, “This is my son.”
Keith: Zo’s homestay father explains the photograph of his family to Zo; he points to one young man and says, “This is my son.”
Sadia: Then he says, "These are my daughters."
Keith: This time the father points to two young women in the photo and says, “These are my daughters.”
Sadia: After pointing out his son and daughters in the photo, the father then says, “They all live in Boston.”
Keith: And that means all of my children—my son and two daughters—they live in Boston.”

Lesson focus

Sadia: The focus points of this lesson are the phrases, "How many people are there in your family?"
Keith: And the phrase, "I'll bring you some...something"
Sadia: Let's start with, HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE THERE IN YOUR FAMILY?
Keith: Well, Zo’s very warm homestay mother asks him, “How many people are there in your family?”
Sadia: Yes. Asking about someone’s family is a great way to get to know the person—a great way to break the ice. And Zo's homestay mother does just that.
Keith: Ask “how many” when you’d like to know the number of people or things in a group.
Sadia: Let's talk about some more ways to use “how many."
Keith: To start, How many brothers and sisters do you have?
Sadia: I have one brother. And what about, “How many people are going to be at the party next week?”
Keith: You’re always talking about parties. [laughs]
Sadia: [laughs] I can't help myself. Here's one I always get asked at home-- How many cookies did you eat?
Keith: Your mom says that?
Sadia: My boyfriend.
Keith: Are you having some trouble staying out of the cookie jar?
Sadia: Always.
Keith: [laughs] Listeners, now you know what to offer
Sadia: when she comes to your house!
Sadia: [laughs] That's right! Good point. [laughs]
Keith: After the homestay mother asks Zo how many people he has in his family, Zo responds by saying - There are 5 people in my family.
Sadia: Right. There are five people in Zo's family, including Zo-- there's his mother, his father, his sister and his brother.
Keith: Oh OK, well while we’re at it, why don’t we review family members?
Sadia: There's father, mother, sister, and brother.
Keith: And don’t forget grandmother and grandfather--
Sadia: Your parents' parents. And we can’t forget about uncle-- a parent's brother-- and aunt, or sometimes, “ont” right?
Keith: Yeah, sometimes you can say “ant” and sometimes “ont.” It’s your choice
Sadia: And your “ant” or “ont” is your parent's
sister. One of your parents’ sister.
Keith: We also have the niece, which is the female child of a sibling. And nephew, the male child of a sibling.
Sadia: So if Zo were a little older and maybe if he were married with children, he might say, "There are four people in my family, including me - myself, my wife, my daughter, and my son. And all of these are explained in the lesson notes.
Keith: Listeners, How many people are in YOUR family? We want to know.
Sadia: We do want to know. Are you married? Do you have any children? How many brothers and sisters do you have?
Keith: Let's move right along to our next grammar point, I'LL BRING YOU SOME... something
Sadia: So Zo’s homestay mother says to Zo, “I’ll bring you some lemonade.”
Keith: And you probably know that lemonade is a popular drink all over the world. And in America, lemonade is usually served during the spring or summer months.
Sadia: That’s right. The homestay mother is kind enough to offer some to Zo. She says, I’ll bring you some lemonade.
Keith: “I’ll bring you some…” is a phrase you can use when someone visits your home and you’d like to give them something.
Sadia: As in many other countries, probably most, it is considered polite to give your guests with some food or drink—or both! It’s especially nice if what you offer is homemade—or, made by you in your home.
Keith: And some other ways to use, “I’ll bring you some…” are maybe, I’ll bring you some coffee. Or-- Sadia, you'll like this one-- I’ll bring you some cookies.
Sadia: What about, I’ll bring you some tea? Or, I’ll bring you another glass of water?
Keith: Listeners, what do you give your guests when they come to your house in your country? We want to know. Well, that just about does it. Thanks for listening.
Sadia: Thanks for listening. Bye-bye.
Keith: Bye.

11 Comments

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EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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How many people are in your family? Tell us about your family here!

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 03:00 PM
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Hi there Caesar,


Thanks for taking the time to show us what you've learnt!


Please feel free to shoot through any questions you have throughout your studies.


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Caesar
Wednesday at 07:15 PM
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How many people are there in your family?

I'll bring you some green tea.

EnglishClass101.com
Sunday at 03:32 PM
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Hello Pedro,


Thank you for your post!😄


Those are some great questions to start a conversation with someone.


Keep up the great work!


Sincerely,

Eva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Pedro
Saturday at 09:07 AM
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How many brother do you have ?

How many people are there in your family ?

EnglishClass101.com
Saturday at 11:18 AM
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Hello Julie,


Thank you for your question and I hope you are enjoying our lessons.


If you are asking somebody to come to your house, you would say "You are welcome to come to my house" or "I would like to invite you to my house."


When they arrive at your house/home you can say "Welcome to my house/ home."


I hope this is helpful to you.


Cheers,


Eva

EnglishClass101.com

JULIE.
Tuesday at 06:06 PM
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Hi. I can say .. Welcome to my house and You should come to my home ? Right or wrong ?

Thanks.


Team EnglishClass101.com
Monday at 07:56 PM
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Hi Jin,


Your understanding is correct! And yes, we all have our temptations... that last slice of pizza, that last beer, that guitar you've wanted all year... well, maybe the guitar is just me. :)


Keep studying!

Adam


Team EnglishClass101.com

Jin
Friday at 05:05 PM
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Hi Adam,


Oh, I see that, "to struggle with something"="to have some troubles to do something", then, "cookie jar"="temptation" (in that sentence) and "staying out of "="being away from". Right? :smile:


Of course anyone, as a adult, including me, met many temptations in the life. So people has to struggle with them otherwise that one would really have some troubles with him. :sunglasses:


Thanks a lot. I like your answer.


Jin

Team EnglishClass101.com
Friday at 03:26 PM
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Hi Jin,


What it means is: "are you struggling with temptation?"

Or, do you have a very strong temptation?


Great question!

Adam


Team EnglishClass101.com

Jin
Tuesday at 10:58 PM
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Hi Sir or Ms.,


I didn't understand that meaning of this sentence " Are you having some trouble staying out of cookie jar?".

I am looking forward to getting your help.


Thanks a lot!


Jin