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I lost the iPad.
Hi, everybody. Welcome back to know your verbs. My name is Alisha. And in this episode, we're going to talk about the verb, "lose." Let's get started.
The basic definition of this verb is to miss something from your possessions or to miss something from its typical or its regular location. For example, "I lost my keys." "I always lose a sock in the laundry."
Let's look at the conjugations of this verb. Present, lose, loses. Past, lost. Past participle, lost. Progressive, losing.
Now, let's talk about some additional meanings of this verb. The first additional meaning of this is to suffer because of no longer having something. So, examples of this, "I lost my father in the war." "She lost her arm in a terrible accident." In both of these situations, there's a serious loss. They're serious suffering. In the first example, "I lost my father." It means my father died in the war. In the second example, "She lost her arm in a terrible accident," it means she was separated from her arm, like her arm was so badly injured that she no longer had it as a result of the accident. So, these are serious situations of suffering or serious problems.
The second meaning is to fail to use, to fail to use something. Let's look at some examples. "I lost so much money on this project." And, "You're going to lose a lot of time if you don't work more efficiently." Okay, so in the first one, "I lost so much money on this project," meaning I failed to use money effectively or I failed to use my money in a good way in this project. "I lost money as a result of this project." In the second example, "You're going to lose a lot of time." So, in other words, you're not going to use your time efficiently. You're going to fail to use your time well, in other words. Meaning three, let's go on to the third meaning.
The third meaning is to fail to maintain, to fail to maintain something, like to fail to maintain your mental state, for example. Let's look. Examples, "She lost her mind when she saw her bank account had been emptied." And, "He ran too fast and lost his breath." So, the first one, "She lost her mind." It doesn't mean like her head was separated from her body. It means she lost control of she could not maintain her mental state, her mental condition because something else happened. Like, "She lost her mind when she saw her bank account had been emptied." Like she went crazy. "Oh, my gosh!" it was such a surprising situation. She lost her mind, she lost control. In the second example sentence, "He lost his breath because of running." He could not control his breathing. But we say, "lost my breath," or "He lost his breath." That means he could not maintain his breathing.
The fourth meaning is to get rid of something. So, we see this in examples like, "You really need to lose some weight." And, "We lost our attackers by hiding under a bush." "He really needs to lose some weight." So, meaning you need to get rid of some weight from your body. You need to like remove weight from your body. In the second example, "We lost our attackers," means like we were separated. We were able to separate ourselves. We were able to remove the attackers from us, because we like we hid under a bush. In this case, I don't know the situation. But either way, you're separating from something else. You're removing yourself from something else. Losing weight, or losing your attackers, in this case.
Let's go on to some variations of this verb then. Alright. First variation. The first variation is to lose one's lunch. This is an expression we use that means to vomit. It means to throw up, to lose your lunch. Examples of this, "I'm about to lose my lunch." And, "Someone lost their lunch on the airplane." So, in that second sentence, it doesn't mean that like someone forgot lunch in their seat on the airplane. This is an expression that we use to mean someone vomited on an airplane. Someone lost their lunch on an airplane. But it sounds less disgusting to say lose your lunch. Because the idea is like you ate lunch, and then it came back up and you lost it. It was separated from you. You lost your lunch. That's the idea. We don't say lost your breakfast. We don't say lost your dinner. We only say lunch. I don't know why, but that's the expressions.
Oh, I lost my brunch.
I lost my brunch. It's always lost my lunch. Always lost my lunch. So, it means to vomit, to throw up.
Okay. The last variation for this verb is to lose it. To lose it where it, is your emotional control, to lose it. So, "to lose it" means to go crazy, to lose your emotional control. So, examples of this, "My mom lost it when I said I'd spent all her money." And the second example, "My boss is going to lose it when he finds out we didn't meet our goals for the month." Okay. So, in these sentences, we see in the first one, "My mom lost it,"means my mom lost her emotional control. She was no longer able to maintain her emotional control. So, she lost it. So, it is emotional control. In the second sentence, "My boss is going to lose it." Meaning in the future, my boss is going to go crazy in a bad way when he sees that we didn't meet our sales goals. So, my boss is going to lose his emotional control. He's going to lose it. So, it's quite a casual expression that means like to go crazy for a bad reason often.
So, those are a few ways to use the verb, lose, that maybe you didn't before. If you have any questions or if you want to try to make a sentence, please feel free to do so in the comments section of this video. Thanks very much for watching this episode of Know Your Verbs and we'll see you again soon. Bye.
Don't lose focus on your studies.