Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Verbs are life. Verbs are life. Life is verbs.
Hi everybody, my name is Alisha. Welcome back to Know Your Verbs. In this episode, we're going to talk about the verb, "keep." Let's get started.
The basic definition of the verb, "keep" is to have in possession. So, like to own something, or to hold something is to keep. Here are the conjugations for this verb, present tense, "keep" "keeps." Past tense, "kept," past participle tense, "kept," progressive tense, "keeping."
Now, let's talk about some additional meanings of this verb.
The first additional meaning for this lesson is to stop something from going somewhere. This can mean to stop a person like from leaving, or from going to another place or to stop an object, from moving or from going somewhere.
Let's look at some examples. "Is our manager at the office? Can you keep her there for 10 more minutes?" Okay, next one. "Keep that car inside the gates." So, don't let it go outside the gates, keep it inside the gates.
Meaning number two, additional meaning number two for the verb "keep," to cause to remain in a condition, or to cause to remain in a situation. Let's look at some examples. "Sorry to keep you waiting." So here, "sorry to keep," sorry to make you stay in the waiting condition, in the waiting situation. "Sorry to keep you waiting. "The boss has kept us wondering about changes for months." That was past participle. The boss has kept us wondering so we remain in the state of wandering here. "The boss has kept us wondering for months," so has caused us to wonder continuously for a period of months is the meaning of this sentence.
Meaning number three for this lesson is just to stay or to continue something. So, this is a very broad example. Let's look at a couple examples. First, "Keep your head." "Keep your head," sounds really strange, right? So, to keep your head doesn't mean like hold on to your head but the expression "keep your head" means control your emotions. So, here your head doesn't refer to your head as the object necessarily, it refers to your emotions. So, controlling your emotions to keep your head means like to continue your kind controlled emotional state. So, if someone is getting maybe too excited or they're getting really angry, you can say, "Keep your head."
Let's look at another example of them. "Keep in your lane." So, it's like imagine you're driving, a lane is the lines on the road. Those are the lines on the road that people can drive cars in. So, "Keep in your lane" means stay in your lane, in other words. Continue in your lane. We say "keep" but it doesn't mean "hold." It means continue in your lane. So, if someone else, if maybe, the person you're driving with is trying to move to a different lane, you can say, "Keep in your lane, just stay there." So, it means stay. Another example might be, "Keep quiet." "Keep quiet" means stay quiet or continue being quiet but we just say, "Keep quiet" to mean continue that state.
Meaning number four of "keep" is to persist in a behavior. So, to persist means to do something many, many times, to continue doing something many times. In this case, a behavior. A behavior is repeating. So, let's look at some examples. "This guy keeps calling me." So, a guy in this case keeps calling my phone. "He keeps calling me." So, repeatedly, this person is calling me repeatedly. "He keeps calling me." Another example, "We kept sending messages until they responded." We kept sending messages until they responded so, meaning we continuously, we repeatedly sent messages to someone or maybe to a company until we received a response. So, when we received a response, we stopped sending messages. "We kept sending messages until they responded."
Let's go on to some variations of the verb "keep." The first variation is to "keep an eye on someone." This expression means to watch, like to watch someone closely often too. Some examples, "Yes, she's keeping an eye on me." "She always keeps an eye on the screen." "Our boss keeps an eye on our work." Example. "Keep an eye on him. He's up to something." If someone says, "Keep an eye on him," or like, "Keep an eye on her," with that kind of suspicious intonation, this is kind of a negative expression like that person is suspicious so watch that person to keep an eye on him. But, if you say it with an upward intonation kind of happy, like "Whoa, keep an eye on him. He's doing exciting things," that means like you should watch that person and expect something positive like we have positive expectations for that person so this is an important phrase to listen to the intonation.
Okay, next example of that though, "I'm keeping my eye on you." So, again, this is an expression where intonation is important. "I'm keeping my eye on you" and "I'm keeping my eye on you," have very different meanings. So, "I'm keeping my eye on you," with that downward intonation sounds suspicious. I'm suspicious of you, "I'm keeping my eye on you." If, however, we emphasize you with that kind of upward intonation in the sentence, "I'm keeping my eye on you," it sounds like I'm expecting good things from you. I'm going to watch you with positive expectations.
The next variation is to "keep one's eyes open." "To keep my eyes open," "to keep your eyes open," so to keep your eyes open. I use this actually a lot in live streams, I think. I say, "keep your eyes open for that," or "keep an eye out for that." So, actually you can use, "keep your eyes open," or "keep an eye out." That's sort of a weird expression. So, let's start with "keep your eyes open." So, plural eyes, two eyes, "keep your eyes open" usually for a thing. "Keep your eyes open for new ideas." or "I'll be keeping my eyes open for the exciting announcement." So, that means I will be watching for an announcement or please watch for new ideas in the first example sentence. So, "keep your eyes open" means watch for something.
The expression, to "keep an eye out" for means the same thing but we use the singular. So, "I keep an eye out for new ideas," "Keep an eye out for an exciting announcement." We can use either the singular or the plural eye or eyes.
So, did you learn a little bit more about the word "keep?" I hope so. If you have some other meanings or if you know some other variations, have any questions, or if you want to try to make an example sentence, please feel free to do so in the comment section.
Of course, if you liked the video, please give us a thumbs up, you can subscribe to the channel and you can check us out for more good resources at EnglishClass.101.com. Thanks very much for watching this episode of Know Your Verbs and we'll see you again soon.
Bye.

13 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
๐Ÿ˜„ ๐Ÿ˜ž ๐Ÿ˜ณ ๐Ÿ˜ ๐Ÿ˜’ ๐Ÿ˜Ž ๐Ÿ˜  ๐Ÿ˜† ๐Ÿ˜… ๐Ÿ˜œ ๐Ÿ˜‰ ๐Ÿ˜ญ ๐Ÿ˜‡ ๐Ÿ˜ด ๐Ÿ˜ฎ ๐Ÿ˜ˆ โค๏ธ๏ธ ๐Ÿ‘

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Can you make a sentence using the verb "keep"?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Friday at 11:05 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Shelly,


Thank you very much for your like! We hope you enjoy studying with us.๐Ÿ˜‡

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

Shelly
Tuesday at 04:00 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:12 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Alper,


Great! We are constantly updating the lessons on our site so please stay tuned! ๐Ÿ‘


Enjoy your studies!


Sincerely,

ร‰va

Team EnglishClass101.com

Alper
Monday at 09:37 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I'll keep my eyes open for next videos.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:53 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Florian,


Thank you for sharing!! It's great to have you on board with us!


If you ever have any questions regarding your studies, please let me know.


Sincerely,

ร‰va

Team EnglishClass101.com

Florian
Tuesday at 06:47 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

- Can you keep the keys of my apartment during my holidays journey?

- Keep the lane, there is a big truck coming on the other one.

- Keep your head, you can't give up so close from the target!

EnglishClass101.com
Tuesday at 08:33 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Marco and Mohamed,


Thanks for your comments. ๐Ÿ˜„


@Marco - The difference between "keep" and "hold" is that "hold" sometimes suggests something temporary, while "keep" may suggest something more permanent.


@Mohamed - For details about each of our study plans, please check out: https://www.englishclass101.com/member/member_upnewapi.php


With EnglishClass101's Premium PLUS, you learn English with your own teacher through 1-on-1 interaction anywhere, anytime. You will receive weekly assignments and non-stop feedback to always be improving. To understand better how it works, I suggest you to check the program https://www.englishclass101.com/myteacher


Hope this helps! In case of any further questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

ร‰va

Team EnglishClass101.com

MARCO
Saturday at 11:05 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello teacher, can you tell me the difference about the verb " Keep" and " Hold", please? Thank you.

Mohamed
Monday at 06:47 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I am really interested in these well planned lessons.thanks my beautiful teacher Alisha.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 10:58 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Jafar,

@Michael,


Great to have you here!


Please stay tuned, as we'll have new lessons for you every week! And if you have any questions, feel free to ask us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team EnglishClass101.com