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Lesson Transcript

Braden: In this lesson, you’ll learn about Verbs + Prepositions and Reports.
Barbara: This conversation takes place in Big John’s office.
Braden: And it’s between Big John and June.
Barbara: Big John is the manager and June is an employee, therefore June will speak professionally and Big John will speak semi-professionally.
Braden: Let’s listen to the conversation.
Big John: So, June, are you ready for this?
June: I believe I am, sir.
Big John: That's good to hear. There were a lot of people vying for your position.
June: But you didn't interview anybody else.
Big John: Of course not. Could you imagine one of those clowns as assistant manager? I'd have to insure the store against all sorts of things.
June: Okay then. Well, thank you very much, sir, for this opportunity. I won't let you down.
Big John: Excellent. First things first.
June: Yes.
Big John: June, I'd like you to get those reports ready for tomorrow. There's a meeting tomorrow as a result of our new product roll out, and I'll need those reports.
June: I'm sure I can manage that. Could you tell me which reports they are?
Big John: Susan should be able to help you out with that. She's been handling the production ramp-up until now.
June: Sir, I don't recall anyone named Susan working here at the store.
Big John: Well, could you call her and ask what is deterring her from coming into work? She'd benefit from your work ethic.
Braden: So, we wanted to talk a little bit about Reports.
Barbara: A report is either written or spoken and has as purpose of the relaying of information or recounting of certain events. Written reports are typically documents which present focused and structured content typically chronological order but could also be in the order of importance.
Braden: Reports can also take the shape of graphs, images, videos or films, figures, tables, and could include such elements as headings, charts, tables, pictures, tables of contents, abstracts, summaries, footnotes, etc.
Barbara: In the context of the Big Buys, the reports are probably annual reports, financial reports, inspection reports, and/or progress reports.
Braden: Big John is requesting these reports from June so that you can be prepared for tomorrow's meeting. Since June is new, she doesn't know where to find the reports.
Braden: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is:
Barbara: ramp-up [natural native speed]
Braden: time it takes to do something
Barbara: ramp-up [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: ramp-up [natural native speed]
vying [natural native speed]
Braden: competing eagerly against
vying [slowly - broken down by syllable] vying [natural native speed]
Barbara: opportunity [natural native speed]
Braden: a chance; a set of circumstances that makes it possible to do something
Barbara: opportunity [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: opportunity [natural native speed]
excellent [natural native speed]
Braden: that which excels the others; extremely good
excellent [slowly - broken down by syllable] excellent [natural native speed]
Barbara: report [natural native speed]
Braden: a spoken or written account of something that one has observed, heard, done, or investigated
Barbara: report [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: report [natural native speed]
products [natural native speed]
Braden: a substance that is manufactured or refined, typically for sale
products [slowly - broken down by syllable] products [natural native speed]
Barbara: production [natural native speed]
Braden: the action of making or manufacturing
Barbara: production [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: production [natural native speed]
Braden: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Barbara: In the dialogue, we heard phrases that demonstrated Requesting others do things for you.
Braden: When requesting others to do things for you, it’s best to do it politely so you don’t offend them. An example of this would be, “could you...” instead of “do this.” Some other examples would be,
Barbara: “Please, could you...” “I'd like you to...” and “Would you mind...”
Braden: And the last one would be “I wonder if you could...” These are all excellent examples of requesting others to do things for you. Ok, so what's next?
Barbara: Our next phrase is "rolling out" or "roll out."
Braden: “roll out” can be a noun or a verb “to roll out.” In business, the idea of a roll out is the distribution of products that have already been built.
Braden: Could you break this down for us?
Barbara: rolling out, roll out (slowly)
Braden: And one time fast?
Barbara: rolling out, roll out (fast)
Braden: Excellent. Let’s take a look at the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Braden: Barbara, what’s the focus of this lesson?
Barbara: The focus of this lesson is verbs and prepositions, Part 2
Braden: In the dialogue, we heard the phrase...
Barbara: I’d have to insure the store against all sorts of things.
Braden: This lesson is set up as a reference lesson. We've gathered together a list of over 100 verb/preposition combinations and put them together for this series. This is part 2 in the series.
Barbara: These are not phrasal verbs. However, they are verb/preposition combinations that are frequently use and maybe in the next 50 years, some of these might become phrasal verbs!
Braden: We have quite a few of these so we’ll go through them with minimal explanation.
Barbara: Now let’s look at Verbs used with the preposition Against. First, to be against something / someone. For example, "I am against the new regulation."
Braden: Second, to insure something against something. For example, "We insured our house against storm damage."
Barbara: Third, to protest against (doing) something. For example, "The citizens are protesting against the new law."
Braden: Fourth, to fight against something. For example, "The Allies fought against the Axis powers in World War II."
Barbara: Fifth, to stand up against. For example, "Democracies stand up against tyranny."
Braden: Now, let’s look at Verbs that are commonly used with the preposition “From.”
Barbara: First, to bar someone from (doing) something. For example, "The father barred Alex from visiting his daughter."
Braden: Second, to bar someone from a place. For example, "The police barred Peter from the shopping mall."
Barbara: Third, to benefit from (doing) something. For example, "Students benefit from listening to news reports on the radio."
Braden: Fourth, to derive something from something. For example, "The company derived the majority of their revenue from two products."
Barbara: Fifth, to deter someone from (doing) something. For example, "Please deter your children from walking across busy avenues."
Braden: Sixth, to differ from something. For example, "Our cheese differs from our competitor's cheese because of its superior quality."
Barbara: Seventh, to distinguish one thing from another thing. For example, "I'm afraid he can't distinguish a British accent from an Irish accent."
Braden: Eighth, to distract someone from something. For example, "Please distract Tim from the television."
Barbara: Ninth, to exempt someone from (doing) something. For example, "The judge exempted the young man from doing extra community service.”
Braden: Tenth, to expel someone from a place. For example, "The children were expelled from school for their bad behavior."


Braden: That just about does it for today. Thanks for listening.
Barbara: See you later!