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Lesson Transcript

Braden: Are you running late for your English meeting?
In this lesson, you’ll learn about final consonant sounds and spelling and Promotions.
Barbara: This conversation takes place on the phone after lunch. June is at work and Cody is in his car returning to work.
Braden: And it’s between Cody and June.
Barbara: The speakers are co-workers, therefore the y’ll be speaking informally.
Braden: Let’s listen to the conversation.
Cody: June! Has the meeting started already?
June: Not yet. The meeting was scheduled for two-thirty.
Cody: It's two-ten. Making it to the meeting on time is something I'm not going to be able to do today.
June: Save yourself the stress. Big John called and he's late too.
Cody: It's that, with this horrible weather...Oh! Good! That means I can drive a bit slower and be safe. What a relief!
June: When he called, Big John mentioned he's in need of a new assistant manager. Wouldn't that be neat?
Cody: Are you being sarcastic?
June: No. Why?
Cody: Are you going to apply for the position?
June: I don't know yet. Why? Are you?
Cody: No, no. I've been here long enough to know it's not worth the 2 dollar an hour raise.
June: I think there's a reserved parking place too. It's extra wide and has "reserved" in large white letters.
Cody: But even with that it isn't worth it. Big John makes you take care of everything.
Braden: So, we wanted to talk a little bit about Promotion
Barbara: A promotion is an advancement or movement in the position or rank of an individual within an organized hierarchy. In other words, a promotion is a shift from a lower position to a higher position.
Braden: Within a company, a promotion is usually accompanied by 1. An increase in responsibilities.
Barbara: 2. An increase in compensation or salary.
Braden: and 3. A change in the individual's official title within the organization.
Barbara: In some industries and in some organizations, more or less can accompany a promotion.
Braden: For example, in some industries health benefits, travel benefits, and vacation benefits may also be improved through a promotion.
Barbara: At the store “Big Buys” there is a two dollar an hour raise and a specialized parking place accociated with this promotion.
Braden: The opposite of the promotion is a demotion.
Braden: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we'll look at is...
Barbara: slower [natural native speed]
Braden: move slowly in relation to something else
Barbara: slower [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: slower [natural native speed]
worth [natural native speed]
Braden: equivalent in value to the sum or item specified
worth [slowly - broken down by syllable]
worth [natural native speed]
Barbara: relief [natural native speed]
Braden: a feeling of reassurance and relaxation following release from anxiety or distress
Barbara: relief [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: relief [natural native speed]
sarcastic [natural native speed]
Braden: use of irony in order to mock or convey contempt
sarcastic [slowly - broken down by syllable]
sarcastic [natural native speed]
Barbara: reserve [natural native speed]
Braden: retain or hold for someone
Barbara: reserve [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Barbara: reserve [natural native speed]
raise [natural native speed]
Braden: an increase in salary
raise [slowly - broken down by syllable]
raise [natural native speed]
Braden: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Barbara: In the dialogue, we heard the phrase “was scheduled for.”
Braden: our tip here is about pronunciation. depending on the region you live in, Or the dialect of English you are studying you could pronounce the word “scheduled” in two ways.
The first way is “scheduled.” with an SH sound at the beginning. This is a less common way of pronouncing the word and some might even say that it is wrong. The second, And most frequently heard, way is “scheduled” using a K sound.
Braden: The other pronunciation variable is the –dul syllable. In some dialects, schedule is pronounced “schejul.” While in other dialects, is pronounced “schedule.” (with a U sound at the end.) Could you break this down?
Barbara: was scheduled for (slowly)
Braden: And one time fast?
Barbara: was scheduled for (fast)
Braden: Great! What’s next?
Barbara: Our next words are "it’s not" vs "it isn’t."
Braden: Here again is a pronunciation tip. In this case, the contraction “it’s not” sounds like “it snot.”
“Snot” is a colloquialism for the mucus in the nasal passage.
Braden: For that disagreeable reason, many people prefer using the contraction, “it isn’t.” The meaning is the same and the disagreeable sound is avoided. Could you break down “it’s not?”
Barbara: it’s not (slowly)
Braden: And one time fast.
Barbara: it’s not (fast)
Braden: And now, could you break down “it isn’t?”
Barbara: it isn’t (slowly)
Braden: And one time fast.
Barbara: it isn’t (fast)
Braden: Excellent!

Lesson focus

Braden: Let’s take a look at the grammar point.
Braden: So, Barbara, what’s the focus of this lesson?
Barbara: The focus of this lesson is final consonant sounds and spelling
Braden: In the dialogue, we heard the phrase…
Barbara: Are you going to apply for the position?
Braden: Final consonants make speech clear, yet they are especially troublesome. Some students cut final consonants; they might say “bo–answer–” for “both answers. Other students confuse final voiceless and unvoiced consonants; they might say "Half a good day!” for “Have a good day!”
Barbara: Just to be clear, final consonant sounds are either voiceless (no vocal cord vibration) or voiced (vocal cord vibration).
Braden: Sometimes spelling indicates whether the final consonant is voice or voiceless. For example, "need" and "neat."
Barbara: Sometimes, however, it does not. For example, "close" as a verb has a "z" sound at the end and close as an adjective has an "s" sound at the end. These final consonant guidelines will help make your speech clearer.
Braden: So first rule is that vowels sound longer before final voiced consonants. For example, “safe” as in “safe houses,” compared to “save houses.” Do you hear how the “a” is longer? “safe” vs. “save”
Barbara: Another voiceless example is the word “white” as in “a white shoe.” the corresponding voiced word is “wide” as in “a wide shoe”
Braden: Can you hear the difference in the length of the “i”? white - wide
Barbara: Okay, so rule 2, You can sometimes use parts of speech to help determine pronunciation. The following word pairs are spelled the same but pronounced differently because of their parts of speech.
Braden: For example, “use” is a noun. but “use” is a verb. and “close” is an adjective but “close” is a verb.
Barbara: The pattern here is that final consonants are voiceless in nouns/adjectives and voiced in verbs. Notice also that the vowels still sound longer before word-final voiced consonants.
Braden: To use a phrase for an example, “half a cookie” compared to “have a cookie.”
Barbara: Another example would be “house guests” compared to “house guests.”
Braden: Our last example is “safe money” which either means money that is put in a safe. or money that is safe to use for some purpose. Compare that to “save money” which means to retain money for the future.


Braden: That just about does it for today. Thanks for listening.
Barbara: See you later!


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hello EnglishClass101.com listeners! Are you up for a promotion?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 10:15 AM
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Hello Az Ho,

Thank you so much for your heart! ❤️️❤️️

We are very happy that you like to study with us.

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

Kind regards,


Team EnglishClass101.com

Az Ho
Monday at 02:03 AM
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EnglishClass101.com Verified
Friday at 08:21 PM
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Hello Tommy,

Thanks for your great feedback!

In the statement "She is way too sarcastic for me" the word "way" is used as an adverb. It is being used to create emphasis on just how sarcastic she is.

I hope this helps. 😄👍Please feel free to ask us any questions you have throughout your studies.



Team EnglishClass101.com

Friday at 12:05 AM
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Thank you for the wonderful lessons.

I have a question about the vocabulary.

She is way to sarcastic for me.

In this sentence, is "way" used as a noun or adverb?

Thank you!

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 08:24 AM
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Hello Jeongsoon Heo,

Great to hear that! 😇 Thank you very much for your message.

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

Good luck with your language studies.

Kind regards,


Team EnglishClass101.com

Jeongsoon Heo
Monday at 11:26 AM
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Thank you for your clear answer and it made my head clear, too.

Parking place is a different thing from cluture of promotion in my country.

So I couldn't make heads or tails(what I stuied on English101.com^^) at all.

But I perfectly understood it now.

Thank you again.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 03:47 PM
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Hello Jeongsoon,

Thanks for the great question.

Yes, "neat" can also mean "skilful." In this case they are saying something with the same meaning as "Wouldn't that be well-done/good?"

When "parking place/space" is mentioned above, it is in relation to some of the 'perks' you can get when you have a promotion at work. Someone might be rewarded with their own designated parking space.

I hope this helps.



Team EnglishClass101.com

Jeongsoon Hoe
Friday at 09:14 AM
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I have some questions.

In the 'Wouldn't that be neat?', does the neat means clean as we basically know? or have another meaning?

and all of sudden "parking place" comes out, is it related with position of accistant?

I can't understan the context. I am looking forward to your answer.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 09:37 PM
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Hello Hector,

Thanks for the great question.😄

Usually you will only hear one word in a place in a conversation and I guess you have to discern the context of the conversation and decide which word was most appropriate in that spot. For example, you would know if you hear this question: What is the weather like in Sydney today?" - it would only be in relation to the word 'weather.'

I hope this makes sense and is helpful to you.



Team EnglishClass101.com

Sunday at 12:23 AM
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I have a question? when I heard two wordos whether and weather, how can I understand de diferences when I am talking?