Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Daniel: Hey everybody, Daniel here.
Chihiro: Chihiro here. Getting a Vacation.
Daniel: Okay, Chihiro, what will we be learning in this lesson?
Chihiro: In this lesson, you will learn how to ask for time off.
Daniel: This conversation takes place in an office.
Chihiro: The conversation is between Mike and his boss Mr. Dunkin. The conversation is semi-formal. Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
(Knock knock)
Mike: Ahh, excuse me, Mr. Dunkin. Could I speak to you sometime today about me taking some time off work?
Boss: Sure. I have a few minutes now. Come in. Have a seat.
Mike: Thank you.
(Mike steps into Mr. Dunkin's office and sits down.)
Boss: Help yourself to a doughnut.
Mike: No, thank you, Mr. Dunkin. I just had one this morning.
Boss: Okay. So, when were you thinking of taking time off?
Mike: Well, I was hoping I could take a week off starting the July Fourth weekend. I should be done with the Krispy Kreme account by then.
Boss: True. But we're expecting another huge contract in July. We really need you here, Mike. You're our best designer. Can you push back your vacation until August? You can take as many days as you want.
Mike: I guess. Could I take the first two weeks of August off then?
Boss: You sure can! It's settled then. Just hand in a vacation request form to HR by the end of the week. Make sure you have enough paid vacation days left.
Mike: I will. Thank you, Mr. Dunkin.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Daniel: Mmm…donuts. Now I'm hungry.
Chihiro: (laughter) Me too. What's your favorite donut store Daniel?
Daniel: I like Krispy Kreme. Especially when the donuts are still hot! How about you Chihiro?
Chihiro: Mmmm, I'm not really all that fussy about donuts actually, as long as they're fresh. My favorite donuts are the ones with cream fillings inside though! Mmm!
Daniel: You're making me hungry now. I noticed that there were several donut references in the dialogue.
Chihiro: Yeah, for example, Mike's boss's name is Mr. Dunkin and Dunkin Donuts is a popular donut chain.
Daniel: Yeah, and they also talked about Krispy Kreme, my favorite chain. Whenever Krispy Kreme opens a new store, there's a long line. Have you ever waited in a long line for donuts?
Chihiro: Nope, since I'm not fussy about donuts, I won't stand in line for them!
Daniel: I can understand.
VOCAB LIST
Chihiro: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word is:
Daniel: to take time off [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to rest or miss work
Daniel: to take time off [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: to take time off [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: to have a seat [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to sit down
Daniel: to have a seat [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: to have a seat [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: doughnut [natural native speed]
Chihiro: cake made of fried dough that is usually shaped like a ring
Daniel: doughnut [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: doughnut [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: to expect [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to anticipate, to wish for
Daniel: to expect [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: to expect [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: to push back [natural native speed]
Chihiro: to delay, to change to a later date
Daniel: to push back [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: to push back [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: minute [natural native speed]
Chihiro: unit of time that is sixty seconds
Daniel: minute [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: minute [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: sometime [natural native speed]
Chihiro: at a time in the future that is not specified
Daniel: sometime [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: sometime [natural native speed]
Chihiro: Next...
Daniel: huge [natural native speed]
Chihiro: very big in size
Daniel: huge [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Daniel: huge [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Chihiro: Let’s take a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Daniel: The first phrase we’ll look at is,
Daniel: “Help yourself.” This means to take something yourself without waiting to be served. It's a way of freely
offering something, which in most cases is food. In the dialogue, Mr. Dunkin says to Mike,
Chihiro: “Help yourself to a donut.”
Daniel: Which means Mike can take a donut if he wants to. If somebody says,
Chihiro: “Help yourself to some wine.”
Daniel: It means that you should go ahead and pour some wine if you want to.
Chihiro: Good. The next phrase we'll look at is, “I guess.” This response is a weak agreement to a question or
statement. In the dialogue, Mike's response to his boss' request of pushing back his vacation days was
Daniel: “I guess.”
Chihiro: Because he's either indifferent to the change, or not very keen on the change. Another example is,
Daniel: “I guess we can go to the zoo instead of the amusement park.”
Chihiro: Means that the speaker is saying that the zoo is okay to go to in place of the amusement park, but is not
overly enthusiastic about it either.
Daniel: Okay listeners, what are some things you can think of? Be sure to visit the website and leave your
suggestions in the comments section for this lesson.
Chihiro: Good idea. All right, let's look at the grammar point for this lesson.

Lesson focus

Daniel: In this lesson, we will see how the past progressive form is used for distancing a statement from the present. By doing so, a statement or a question sounds less direct and more polite. There are other distancing verb forms, but we will only look at one in this lesson.
Chihiro: Right. In the dialogue, Mike's boss asks,
Daniel: “So, when were you thinking of taking time off?”
Chihiro: This question does not mean that Mike was thinking about it in the past and has stopped thinking about it now. It's a way of asking a question that sounds temporary. Since it's also in the past, it gives another level of distancing as oppose to, “So, when are you thinking of taking time off?” which sounds slight more direct.
Daniel: Yeah. Another example is when Mike says,
Chihiro: “I was hoping I could take a week off starting the July 4th weekend.”
Daniel: Here, the question in the past progressive sounds less direct and more polite. Again, it has two levels of distancing as oppose to,
Chihiro: “I am hoping I could take a week off starting the July 4th weekend.”
Daniel: Which has only one level of distancing.
Chihiro: Here are a few general examples,
Daniel: “I was wondering if I could borrow your bike.”
Chihiro: “Were you thinking of joining the band?”
Daniel: “He was thinking of moving to another city.”
Chihiro: Here, all of these statements distance the speaker from the statement.
Daniel: Okay. Now let's take a look at forming the past progressive. To form the past progressive, simply put the be-verb in the past tense form according to the pronoun.
Chihiro: Then, use the “-ing” form of the action verb.
Daniel: For more help with formation, please look at the grammar point in the PDF from lesson 15 of the Lower Intermediate series.

Outro

Chihiro: That just about does it for today.
Chihiro: Okay, until later.
Daniel: Bye everyone!
REPETITION OF DIALOGUE
(Knock knock)
Mike: Ahh, excuse me, Mr. Dunkin. Could I speak to you sometime today about me taking some time off work?
Boss: Sure. I have a few minutes now. Come in. Have a seat.
Mike: Thank you.
(Mike steps into Mr. Dunkin's office and sits down.)
Boss: Help yourself to a doughnut.
Mike: No, thank you, Mr. Dunkin. I just had one this morning.
Boss: Okay. So, when were you thinking of taking time off?
Mike: Well, I was hoping I could take a week off starting the July Fourth weekend. I should be done with the Krispy Kreme account by then.
Boss: True. But we're expecting another huge contract in July. We really need you here, Mike. You're our best designer. Can you push back your vacation until August? You can take as many days as you want.
Mike: I guess. Could I take the first two weeks of August off then?
Boss: You sure can! It's settled then. Just hand in a vacation request form to HR by the end of the week. Make sure you have enough paid vacation days left.
Mike: I will. Thank you, Mr. Dunkin.

48 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 07:03 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Jason,


Thanks for taking the time to write to us. 👍


The word 'then' in your example sentence is used to mean 'in this case.' We use 'then' to talk about cause and effect. There are many uses for 'then' as an adverb.


I hope this is helpful to you. 😄👍


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Jason
Saturday at 01:22 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Sir/Madam,

The sentence "Could I take the first two weeks of August off then?", what is the meaning of the word "then"?

Does it have a special meaning here?


Best regard,

Jason

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 03:17 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Amer,


Indeed you can! Thanks for taking the time to write to us.


If you ever need any help throughout your studies here, please feel free to message and we will get back to you asap.


Until next time,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

‪Amer Alkathiri‬‏
Sunday at 02:38 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello,

Can I say this phrase without (just)? I just had one this morning.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 08:01 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Dammi,


Great to hear you've found the answer (Yes, you can say that).


I hope you're enjoying your studies with us. 😄


Please feel free to ask us any questions you have throughout your studies.


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Dammi
Sunday at 06:36 PM
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I' ve already got the answer for my question in grammer section.

Dammi
Sunday at 06:27 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

can I say ''when are you thinking of taking time off''

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 09:16 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Emerson,


We're very glad to have you here!

Thanks for joining us.


Please feel free to ask us any questions you have throughout your studies.


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Emerson Silva
Saturday at 08:20 AM
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👍 I love spot😭😭! But you guys, could change theirs voicers

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 05:39 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Hesham,


Yes, both of those questions have the same meaning!


In case of any more questions, please don't hesitate to contact us.


Most kindly,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com