Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Paste from Google Docs in hereaJonathan: In this lesson, you will learn how to take and leave a message for someone unavailable at the moment and use reported speech further.
Dede: This conversation takes place over the phone between Sheila and Isabel and then in person between Sheila and Dave.
Jonathan: Sheila and Isabel do not know each other very well so they speak a bit more formally while Dave and Sheila use their typical casual register..
Jonathan: Ready to listen?
Dede: You better believe it!
Dede:

Lesson conversation

Sheila: Hi, this is Sheila; may I ask who's calling?
Isabel: Oh, hi, Sheila, this is Isabel.
Sheila: Isabel? Well this is certainly unexpected...
Isabel: Yeah, I suppose so...is Dave available?
Sheila: Uh, sorry, he just left to go to the pharmacy; he has a pretty bad migraine.
Isabel: Oh, that's terrible... Would you mind telling him I called when he gets back?
Sheila: Not at all... Do you want me to tell him anything else?
Isabel: Just tell him that I had an epiphany. I will be at the diner around nine tonight. He should join me if he wants to talk.
Sheila: The usual place? Okay...I'll tell him that when he gets home. Take care, Isabel.
Isabel: Thanks a lot... Bye.
(sound of door opening) Sheila: Oh, hey, Dave...I just hung up the phone. It was Isabel... She said that she had an epiphany and that she would be at the diner tonight; you can join her if you want to talk...
Dave: Whoa...
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Sheila: Hi, this is Sheila; may I ask who's calling?
Isabel: Oh, hi, Sheila, this is Isabel.
Sheila: Isabel? Well this is certainly unexpected...
Isabel: Yeah, I suppose so...is Dave available?
Sheila: Uh, sorry, he just left to go to the pharmacy; he has a pretty bad migraine.
Isabel: Oh, that's terrible... Would you mind telling him I called when he gets back?
Sheila: Not at all... Do you want me to tell him anything else?
Isabel: Just tell him that I had an epiphany. I will be at the diner around nine tonight. He should join me if he wants to talk.
Sheila: The usual place? Okay...I'll tell him that when he gets home. Take care, Isabel.
Isabel: Thanks a lot... Bye.
(sound of door opening) Sheila: Oh, hey, Dave...I just hung up the phone. It was Isabel... She said that she had an epiphany and that she would be at the diner tonight; you can join her if you want to talk...
Dave: Whoa...
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Dede: “This is Your Name.” “Hello?”, “Yo”, and “Your Name speaking.” are all ways that people in the United States answer their phones.
Jonathan: “Hello?” asked as a question is the most common way but it’s polite to identify yourself when you answer the phone and ask who is calling.
Dede: Sheila must have been raised in a very proper household, because while what she said is very correct, it is not that common to hear people answer the phone like this at home.
Jonathan: Answering in that manner has its advantages though – you present a professional and gentle front for anyone contacting you.
Dede: Let’s move onto the vocabulary from this lesson!
Vocabulary and Phrases
Dede: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Jonathan: unexpected [natural native speed]
Dede: surprising
Jonathan: unexpected [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: unexpected [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: available [natural native speed]
Dede: not busy, easy to get or use
Jonathan: available [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: available [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: pharmacy [natural native speed]
Dede: store that sells medicine and other things
Jonathan: pharmacy [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: pharmacy [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: migraine [natural native speed]
Dede: a severe, painful headache
Jonathan: migraine [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: migraine [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: suppose [natural native speed]
Dede: guess, assume that something is the case
Jonathan: suppose [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: suppose [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: epiphany [natural native speed]
Dede: sudden realization, moment of awareness
Jonathan: epiphany [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: epiphany [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: to mind [natural native speed]
Dede: to have a problem with, to be bothered by
Jonathan: to mind [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: to mind [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: diner [natural native speed]
Dede: A café that serves quick and inexpensive food, often 24 hours a day.
Jonathan: diner [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: diner [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: usual [natural native speed]
Dede: regular, normal
Jonathan: usual [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: usual [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Dede: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Jonathan: The first word/phrase we’ll look at is....
Dede: That’s it for this lesson. Why don’t we take a look at some of the phrases from the dialogue.
Jonathan: Sounds good! What’s our first one?
Dede: "would mind", which is a polite way to request that someone do something. In the dialogue, Isabel says this when she asks Sheila “Would you mind telling him that I called…?”
Host 1: That's right. And if we are asked if we “would mind” something, then we should respond with “No”, “Not at all” or another negative response if we can do it because we “don’t mind”. If we say “yes” it can mean that you do not want to do what they are asking you to.
Dede: Hey, Jonathan.
Jonathan: Yes?
Dede: Would you mind passing me that water?
Jonathan: Not at all! What’s our next phrase?
Dede: Sheila confirms the diner by asking “The usual place?” to Isabel.
Jonathan: With friends or people we know, the “usual place” is the restaurant, bar, diner, etc. where you meet most regularly. We can use it when we meet someone someplace regularly.
Dede: Also, clients that often go to a restaurant or bar can be referred to as a “regular” or “usual”
Jonathan: That just about does it! Let’s move onto the grammar.
Dede: Mhmm!

Lesson focus

Jonathan: The focus of this lesson is reported speech in the past and future tenses.
Dede: Sheila said “She said that she had an epiphany and that she would be at the diner tonight; you can join her if you want to talk…”
Jonathan: Previously, we discussed how to report speech both with and without backshift.
Dede: During that lesson, we focused only on reporting speech that was in the present tense.
Jonathan: Before we go forward, let’s look at a review of the language we learned to report present tense speech with and without backshift
Dede: Let’s start without back shift.
Jonathan: "I love fish! And I am eating fish now!"
Dede: Jonathan says he loves fish and is eating fish now.
Jonathan: Without backshift, the tense of the verb does not change, we just have to change the pronoun.
Dede: Let’s hear some examples with backshift now.
Jonathan: "I run everyday. I am trying to eat healthier."
Dede: Jonathan said that he ran everyday, and he said that he was trying to eat healthier.
Jonathan: With backshift, we report present simple tense with past simple.
Dede: And present progressive tense with past progressive.
Jonathan: Let’s take a look at how to report speech that was originally in past tense.
Dede: Reporting speech in past tense is very easy. In past simple, we do not have to worry about the verb changing and we just change the pronoun to make it a 3rd person pronoun.
Jonathan: You will notice that past progressive in reported speech with backshift looks the same as present progressive in reported speech with backshift.
Dede: Let’s try some examples.
Jonathan: OK, "I was playing tennis yesterday when I fell down and hurt my ankle."
Dede: Ouch! Hey listeners, Jonathan told me that he was playing tennis yesterday when he fell down and hurt his ankle.
Jonathan: That shouldn’t be too hard for our listeners!
Dede: Reporting future tense speech is not too difficult either.
Jonathan: When we report future tense with backshift, we just have to remember to replace “will” with “would”.
Dede: And if they use a “going to” construction we add a “was” or “were” (depending on the pronoun) to report it.
Jonathan: Hey, Dede, why don’t you demonstrate some examples this time!
Dede: Sure! "Next month, I’m going on a vacation to Tahiti! I will sit under the sun and relax for a whole week."
Jonathan: Wow… That’s great! Dede said that she was going on a vacation to Tahiti next month. She told me she would sit under the sun and relax for a whole week.
Dede: If only that weren’t an example…
Jonathan: I know!
Dede: Reported speech looks and sounds more difficult than it actually is. Usually it makes sense, so just try and use it naturally, soon you will report speech it without even thinking about it!

11 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Hello Listeners! What is the telephone etiquette in your country?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 12:42 PM
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Hello Gary,


Thank you for joining us! 😄


We have a great team of teachers here at EnglishClass101.com and we are happy to help you with your learning needs.


If you would like further assistance or if you're still having problems understanding this lesson I suggest contacting your teacher through the 'MyTeacher' feature on our site. Your personal teacher will be more than happy to assist you!👍


Most kindly,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Gary
Monday at 11:36 AM
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A: Hi, Gary speaking; may I ask who is calling?

B: Oh, hi Gary, this is Connie.

A: Connie? Well, how do you do?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 09:21 AM
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Hi there Az Ho,


We are constantly updating the lessons on our site so please stay tuned! 👍


Feel free to ask us any questions that come up.


Take it easy,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Az Ho
Wednesday at 02:34 PM
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❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 09:39 AM
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Hi there Genti,


Thanks for writing to us again.😄


Yes, that would be the present simple tense version of the original (Sam: "I love fish").


Feel free to ask us any questions you have.


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Genti
Monday at 07:24 PM
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Hi EnglishClass!

As far as I'm concerned with the Grammar section, would it be correct to say:

"Sam said that he loves fish"?

Thanks in advance.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:25 PM
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Hello Daniel,


You're very welcome! It's great to have you on board with us! 😄


What you likely heard was "I'm going to take a walk" - meaning the person is going to go for a walk. It sounds similar so I understand the error.


Feel free to ask us any other questions that come up.


Cheers,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Daniel
Tuesday at 04:11 PM
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Hello!

Firstly, thank you for these amazing lesson!

Secondly, i did not understand the significance of the expression " I'm going to talk a walk." Can you help me? Thank you.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Friday at 08:06 PM
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Hi Nizar,


Thank you for commenting! We are glad that you enjoyed the lesson! If you ever have any questions, please let us know!


Sincerely,


Cristiane

Team Englishclass101.com

Nizar
Friday at 05:22 AM
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Thank you so much is nice lesson