Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Jonathan: In this lesson you’ll learn how to use multiple adjectives to describe something.
Dede: Sheila calls Dave to congratulate him over the phone; he’s in Oregon with Isabel while she is back home in Washington D.C.
Jonathan: Of course, as we already know, they will be speaking casually. They are both very happy!
Dede: OK… This is the last time we get to do this… You ready?
Jonathan: (sniffs) Let’s listen to the conversation…
Dede:

Lesson conversation

Sheila: Congratulations! I just saw they called the race for your candidate!
Dave: Thanks! I am so relieved! It's been a crazy, long night.
Sheila: I imagine so! How do you feel?
Dave: Sheila, you can't imagine how pumped I am. I bought a three-hundred-dollar bottle of fantastic old French champagne.
Sheila: Whoa! Big spender! You deserve it though; you have been working so hard.
Dave: Thanks! We popped it open and sprayed it everywhere. I wish you could have been here!
Sheila: You silly little boy! That's such a pointless waste!
Dave: Haha, it was great! Straight out of the movies!
Sheila: I guess I am a bit jealous...
Dave: Anyhow, I have to get back to the festivities!
Sheila: Enjoy your special night!
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Sheila: Congratulations! I just saw they called the race for your candidate!
Dave: Thanks! I am so relieved! It's been a crazy, long night.
Sheila: I imagine so! How do you feel?
Dave: Sheila, you can't imagine how pumped I am. I bought a three-hundred-dollar bottle of fantastic old French champagne.
Sheila: Whoa! Big spender! You deserve it though; you have been working so hard.
Dave: Thanks! We popped it open and sprayed it everywhere. I wish you could have been here!
Sheila: You silly little boy! That's such a pointless waste!
Dave: Haha, it was great! Straight out of the movies!
Sheila: I guess I am a bit jealous...
Dave: Anyhow, I have to get back to the festivities!
Sheila: Enjoy your special night!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Dede: Yay! Dave’s candidate won! That sounds like a fun party
Jonathan: Winning is fun. Celebrating your victories is fun. In the US, everyone celebrates in different ways, and later we’ll learn about how some Americans celebrate their victories by spraying each other with champagne.
Dede: What? Spraying each other with champagne? So that is what Dave was talking about…
Jonathan: Later, Jonathan, we’ll discuss that…
Dede: Ok…
Jonathan: Regardless, that is not that common of a practice. While most people do not usually spray it, champagne is the traditional drink of celebration; we use it for toasts on New Year’s, at weddings, and when we have a big personal or team victory. Because champagne is more expensive than other types of drinks, it is usually reserved for these types of special happy occasions.
Dede: I think we should have some champagne for this lesson then!
Jonathan: Not a bad idea at all!
Dede: How about after the vocab?
Dede: Sounds good!
Vocabulary and Phrases
Dede: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Jonathan: to call [natural native speed]
Dede: to declare someone the winner of something
Jonathan: to call [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: to call [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: relieved [natural native speed]
Dede: relaxed after a experiencing a lot of stress
Jonathan: relieved [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: relieved [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: pumped [natural native speed]
Dede: excited
Jonathan: pumped [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: pumped [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: to pop open [natural native speed]
Dede: to open something under pressure (like soda or beer)
Jonathan: to pop open [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: to pop open [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: to spray [natural native speed]
Dede: to squirt, to drive liquid through the air
Jonathan: to spray [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: to spray [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: pointless [natural native speed]
Dede: without meaning or purpose
Jonathan: pointless [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: pointless [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: festivity [natural native speed]
Dede: celebration
Jonathan: festivity [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: festivity [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: jealous [natural native speed]
Dede: feeling of envy toward someone or their achievements
Jonathan: jealous [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: jealous [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Dede: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Jonathan: The first word/phrase we’ll look at is....
Dede: That’s it for our vocab. Let’s take a look at last two phrases we have from this dialogue.
Jonathan: Sure thing. This is what you’ve been waiting for…
Dede: "to spray", which means to drive liquid through the air. So Dave said “We popped it open and sprayed it everywhere.” Why would he want to do that, Jonathan?
Jonathan: Well, a strange tradition in the United States and some European countries is to pop open bottles of champagne and spray them into the air to create a fountain. It is a bit wasteful but considered fun to do after a big victory or special event. Probably the most common time is on New Year’s Eve.
Dede: Hmm… Seems like a waste… I’d much rather drink it than be sprayed by it!
Jonathan: You know… I’d have to agree with you! What’s our next phrase?
Dede: "Pumped", meaning "to be extremely excited."
Jonathan: Dave says “You can’t imagine how pumped I am”. Last lesson we learned about adrenalin, and this phrase also comes from the idea of being “pumped full of adrenalin” meaning that we are so excited because we are full of adrenalin.
Dede: I’m so pumped this is our last lesson!
Jonathan: Me too! Are you pumped for the grammar?
Dede: You better believe it!
Jonathan: Then why don’t you get us started?

Lesson focus

Dede: The focus of this lesson is the order of adjectives.
Jonathan: In this lesson we will learn that when we describe something, that the adjectives we use follow a specific order.
Dede: Dave says…
Dave: I bought a 300-dollar bottle of fantastic old French champagne.
Dede: Why does he say “fantastic old French champagne” and not “French old fantastic champagne”?
Jonathan: Great question. Let’s look at how we put our adjectives in order. The first place will always be taken if we use an adjective that describes what you think about the subject.
Dede: So a cool car or an interesting book.
Jonathan: Exactly. Next come adjectives that describes the size or scale of the subject.
Dede: Like a huge building or a tall giraffe.
Jonathan: Right! And after that comes any adjective that describes the age of the subject
Dede: Like an ancient pyramid, or a new dress.
Jonathan: After that come adjectives that describe the shape of the subject.
Dede: Like a circular box or a rectangular building.
Jonathan: Yup! And then come adjectives that describe the color of the subject.
Dede: Like brown shoes or a white shirt. Geez there are a lot!
Jonathan: There are, but we are almost done. Next to last come adjectives that describe the location where the subject is from.
Dede: Like an African instrument or a Russian doll.
Jonathan: And finally, use adjectives that describe the material of the subject.
Dede: Like a metal bell or a cotton rag.
Jonathan: Phew! That was a lot of work.
Dede: Yeah it was! Check out the lesson notes for a written explanation.
Jonathan: I think it might be easier to see this as a chart rather than just hear them!
Dede: Anyhow though, let’s look at some examples.
Jonathan: OK. If you wanted to describe a violin, and it was made of wood, from Italy, and beautiful, what could you say?
Dede: Uhm, a beautiful Italian wooden violin.
Jonathan: Right! "Beautiful" is your opinion so it goes first.
Dede: Then, "Italy" is where it's from.
Jonathan: And "wooden" is its material.
Dede: OK, let’s look at what Dave said!
Jonathan: He described the champagne as fantastic, old, and French
Dede: Well "fantastic" is what he thinks about it, so it’s first.
Jonathan: And then the age of it is "old", so that's next
Dede: And "French" describes its location so it’s last!
Jonathan: Great job!
Dede: Remember to check out the website for more material related to this topic and for extra practice.
Jonathan: And with that, I hate to say, we are just about finished.

18 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Hello Listeners! Does your country have a custom of celebratory champagne?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 12:31 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hello Rifa,


Thanks for taking the time to post and share. 👍


Please feel free to ask us any questions you have throughout your studies.


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Rifa
Monday at 08:04 AM
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No, my country doesn't have a custom of celebratory champagne. In my opinion, it's rather wasteful to spray champagne like that. I only watch that kind of activity on TV, especially at MotoGP or Formula 1 winning celebrations. 😄

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 08:45 AM
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Hello Xoxox and Green,


Thank you both for getting in touch.


@Xoxox - The first one is correct. The other ones should have the word 'of' included e.g. "If she hadn't of helped me..."


@Green - Sure! You can ask a question. I hope I can help answer it for you. "Straight out of the movies" refers to a situation in everyday life that might be so unbelievable, it would seem that it came from a film/ movie. You might use it if you experienced an extreme event, e.g. a natural disaster. You could also use it for something extremely romantic.


I hope this is helpful to you. 😄👍

Please feel free to ask us any other questions you have throughout your studies.


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

xoxox
Friday at 10:26 AM
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1. If she didn’t help me last year, I wouldn’t work here now.

2. If she hadn’t helped me last year, I wouldn’t work here now.

3. If she hadn’t helped me last year, I wouldn’t have worked here now.


Which sentence is correct?

green
Thursday at 09:03 AM
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Would you mind if I ask a further question?

- Straight out of the movies!

If you explain the meaning of the above sentence, I'll appreciate it.

When do we use this expression in daily life?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:35 PM
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Hello Eugene,


Thank you for posting! We hope you're enjoying your studies with us.


Feel free to shoot through any questions you have throughout your studies.


Cheers,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Eugene
Thursday at 12:53 AM
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We don't have a tradition to pop open a champagne. But sometimes we do it on NEW Year or when we are really pumped and drunk!

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 09:09 AM
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Hello AZIZ HONSALI,


Thank you so much for your heart! ❤️️❤️️

We are very happy that you like to study with us.

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

AZIZ HONSALI
Tuesday at 12:12 AM
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❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 05:58 PM
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Hello Gio Kobiashvili,


You are very welcome. 😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com