Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Jonathan: In this lesson we’ll learn about the past simple and past continuous tenses from listening to a conversation on a Washington D.C. street at night.
Dede: Dave was just a victim of a crime and is speaking with a police officer.
Jonathan: Because they don’t know each other and are in a serious situation, they will be speaking formally. Ready to listen?
Dede: let's listen to the conversation!
Dede:

Lesson conversation

Isabel: Can you explain the incident, sir?
Dave: It happened so fast. I was coming home from work late and walking back from the Metro station; all of a sudden someone jumped out and hit me.
Isabel: Okay. What happened after that?
Dave: Well, as I was falling down, he reached into my pocket and grabbed my wallet and my iPod. Then he ran off.
Isabel: Did you see him clearly? Do you think you could identify him in a lineup?
Dave: No, I was listening to music when he mugged me, and he got me from behind. As he was running away, I could just see his back; he was my height but a lot more muscular.
Isabel: We've been getting a lot of reports lately about this kind of incident. Try and be more careful when you are walking at night. I would recommend not listening to music so you can stay aware. But we'll file your report; at least maybe we can get your wallet back. Usually criminals ditch them after they take the cash and cards.
Dave: I'm just glad I wasn't injured myself.
Isabel: Okay, sir, thank you for filing a report. Here's my card if you have any questions or remember anything else that might help out with the investigation.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Isabel: Can you explain the incident, sir?
Dave: It happened so fast. I was coming home from work late and walking back from the Metro station; all of a sudden someone jumped out and hit me.
Isabel: Okay. What happened after that?
Dave: Well, as I was falling down, he reached into my pocket and grabbed my wallet and my iPod. Then he ran off.
Isabel: Did you see him clearly? Do you think you could identify him in a lineup?
Dave: No, I was listening to music when he mugged me, and he got me from behind. As he was running away, I could just see his back; he was my height but a lot more muscular.
Isabel: We've been getting a lot of reports lately about this kind of incident. Try and be more careful when you are walking at night. I would recommend not listening to music so you can stay aware. But we'll file your report; at least maybe we can get your wallet back. Usually criminals ditch them after they take the cash and cards.
Dave: I'm just glad I wasn't injured myself.
Isabel: Okay, sir, thank you for filing a report. Here's my card if you have any questions or remember anything else that might help out with the investigation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Dede: Oh dear! Poor Dave… Is crime really so common in America?
Jonathan: Well, crime in the United States has actually fallen a lot over the past twenty years, especially in cities, but it still remains a problem in many parts of the country and some major cities.
Dede: I guess you really have to be careful..
Jonathan: Depending on the neighborhood, it can be dangerous to walk alone at night. Similarly, crowded areas like train stations are infamous for “pick-pockets”, people that steal your wallet from your back pocket.
Dede: How can we be careful to make sure that doesn’t happen to us?
Jonathan: Be careful to keep your wallet in a safe place when you are in these areas. Sometimes, criminals even post signs that say “Beware of pick-pockets” because people usually check their wallets after reading the signs and the criminals know exactly where to steal them from.
Dede: That’s scary… but I have to admit kind of clever…
Jonathan: Yup… Americans certainly are creative…
Dede: Enough of this scary talk though, let’s move onto vocab!
Jonathan: Sure thing!
Vocabulary and Phrases
Dede: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Jonathan: incident [natural native speed]
Dede: event or occurrence (often negative)
Jonathan: incident [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: incident [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: to grab [natural native speed]
Dede: to take something quickly and forcefully
Jonathan: to grab [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: to grab [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: to identify [natural native speed]
Dede: to recognize, point out which
Jonathan: to identify [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: to identify [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: line-up [natural native speed]
Dede: a group of accused criminals shown to a witness to see if the witness can identify who committed the crime
Jonathan: line-up [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: line-up [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: to mug [natural native speed]
Dede: to steal something, usually violently or with the threat of violence
Jonathan: to mug [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: to mug [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: to get mugged [natural native speed]
Dede: to be mugged by someone
Jonathan: to get mugged [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: to get mugged [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: muscular [natural native speed]
Dede: strong, with a lot of muscles
Jonathan: muscular [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: muscular [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: to ditch [natural native speed]
Dede: to get rid of, to throw away
Jonathan: to ditch [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: to ditch [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: card [natural native speed]
Dede: business card
Jonathan: card [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: card [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: aware [natural native speed]
Dede: alert, paying attention
Jonathan: aware [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: aware [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Dede: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Jonathan: The first word/phrase we’ll look at is....
Dede: That’s all the words we have for this lesson. Why don’t we take a look at some of the phrases from the dialogue… Hello? Jonathan?
Jonathan: Huh?
Dede: I told you, stay aware when we are recording the lessons!
Jonathan: Oh sorry! Our first phrase for this lesson is…
Dede: "He was about my height but a lot more muscular."
Jonathan: When we are being interviewed by police, they will ask us to provide a physical description of the person who committed the crime. Dave says that while this person was about as tall as he was, he was much more muscular and solidly built.
Dede: Ahh, so when you commit a crime and they ask me about you, how should I describe you?
Jonathan: Well, hopefully you will never have to do that, but I think you should tell them I’m tall and handsome.
Dede: Can’t you get in trouble for lying to the police?
Jonathan: Ouch! Alright then, what’s the next phrase we have?
Dede: "They usually ditch them after they take the cash and cards."
Jonathan: “Cash” and “cards” are informal terms used for paper money (cash) and credit or debit cards (cards). She means that criminals usually only care about the money and usually “ditch” a wallet they have stolen after they take the paper money and credit/debit cards. This is good so that the victim can recover their ID, driver’s license, pictures, and anything else important in their wallet.
Dede: We’ll it’s bad that they lose their money, but at least they can usually get their documents back.
Jonathan: Yes, I think for a lot of people that is the most stressful part about having their wallet stolen.
Dede: I think so too. Let’s move onto the lesson focus.
Jonathan: Alright!

Lesson focus

Dede: The focus of this lesson is using the Past simple and Past continuous tenses.
Jonathan: Right, you probably already know how to use these tenses, but we will review them, go more in depth, and show you how to use multiple verbs in a sentence in order to describe what happened.
Jonathan: Dave said “I was listening to music when he mugged me”
Dede: In this case, Dave used a past continuous verb, that he "was listening", to describe what he was doing when someone did something else, which was the man mugging him.
Jonathan: Right. We use past continuous to describe one action when another one occurred during the first action. Let’s try making a sentence about the dialogue today.
Dede: Uhm. OK, how about “Dave was falling down when the criminal stole his things.”
Jonathan: Perfect! In this case, you used “when” as a connector for the two actions. Depending on the situation, we can use “as” or “during the time” as connectors as well. Remember that the connector can come in between the two verbs like you just used or at the beginning of the sentence. Why don’t you try to describe this situation
Dede: Alright… so I could say… “As I was eating dinner, the phone rang.”
Jonathan: Exactly! Check out the lesson notes for a more detailed explanation of these grammar concepts and to see some more examples. Let’s look at some other sentences when we use only simple past or continuous past.
Dede: OK, We can use two simple past verbs when we are describing actions in order that happened one after another.
Jonathan: Right – like…
Dede: "I went to the doctor’s office and then drove to the pharmacy."
Jonathan: And when do we use only past continuous?
Dede: When two things happened at the same time for the same amount of time.
Jonathan: Great. Care to share an example?
Dede: "At ten o’clock last night, I was taking a shower and singing."
Jonathan: Haha, You like to sing in the shower? You learn something new every day!
Dede: Sure, it's fun! Well, that’s all the time that we have for this lesson
Jonathan: We hope you enjoyed Upper Intermediate Lesson 5.
Dede: Remember to check out EnglishClass101.com for lesson notes, flashcards, and all your English language learning needs!
Jonathan: Come back soon!

16 Comments

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EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hello Listeners! How would you defend yourself when there's someone trying to attack you?

Johanna
Tuesday at 12:00 AM
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Hi I have a question. The phrase; "all of a sudden ......and hit me" can I use just "suddenly" instead "all of a sudden"?


Thanks in advance!

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:11 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Sang An,


I will forward your request to our team for consideration! Thank you!

In the meantime, you can stop the audio/video if you prefer to listen to the sentences one-by-one. 👍


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

Sang An
Wednesday at 09:24 PM
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Hi, EnglishClass 101

I'm having troble listening to multiful sentences at once.

So could you seperate the audio tracks sentence by sentence to listen to individually.

Thank you!

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:58 AM
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Hi Elisha Paulynne Zaldivar Gonzales,


Thank you for your comments and let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,


Khanh

Team EnglishClass101.com

Elisha Paulynne Zaldivar Gonzales
Tuesday at 09:00 PM
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I was watching tv while studying english 101. 😄

Elisha Paulynne Zaldivar Gonzales
Tuesday at 08:58 PM
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I was watching tv and ate my dinner.

EnglishClass101.com
Sunday at 03:26 PM
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Hello Kibret,


Thank you for your question and your positive comment.😄


An example of the best way to use the word 'when' as a connector is "We will be going to the zoo when she has her shoes on."


'As' is used as a conjunction, to join 2 clauses. An example of the best way to use the word 'as' is "No-one makes pumpkin soup as my mother does."


To use 'during the time' - you can say "During the time, I didn't realise it was damaging my health." You can use 'during' as a connector - for example - "He worked in the rice-field during most of the day."


You can't use these words interchangeable as you please. I hope this is helpful to you.


Sincerely,

Eva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Kibret Yohannes
Sunday at 04:03 AM
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Hi, English class 101,

does use of one of the connectors (when, as, during the time ) are all the same. Could we connect with whatever we choose from them? Could we use them interchangeably as we please?

Paul Jedich
Sunday at 09:37 PM
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I'm wondering about this sentence ''as I WAS FALLING, he reached into my pocket and grabbed my wallet and...'' I think ''As I fell down and THEN he reached into my pocket'' will be better here? The second action occured AFTER(not during) the first action.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Monday at 05:11 PM
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Hi Grace,


This means the Lesson Notes, which you can download from the Download PDFs tab at the top of the page.


Thanks,

Kellie

Team EnglishClass101.com