Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Jonathan: In this lesson we’ll listen to a conversation at a bar in Washington, D.C. and learn about using noun phrases in sentences, and how to gossip about politics.
Dede: This conversation takes place between Sheila and Dave.
Jonathan: They’re good friends and relaxing at a bar, so it’s going to be the most informal conversation we’ve had yet.
Dede: Alright- let’s listen to the conversation!
Dede:

Lesson conversation

Sheila: I'm glad we could meet up for happy hour today; I almost couldn't get off work in time.
Dave: Me too. I love drinks that cost less than three dollars.
Sheila: Haha... Oh, Dave... I forget that you were a frat boy.
Dave: Sure was! Delta Tau Chi all the way! So, did you see the State of the Union?
Sheila: Oh my goodness, yeah. He will say anything to be re-elected, won't he?
Dave: He's a total flip-flopper. He said that he was pro-choice. Then he passed a law restricting abortions!
Sheila: Ugh, utterly spineless. It's like his opinion comes straight from the polls.
Dave: Isn't democracy amazing?
Sheila: Sure is! Let's drink to that.
Dave: Cheers to democracy!
Sheila: Long live the Republic!
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Sheila: I'm glad we could meet up for happy hour today; I almost couldn't get off work in time.
Dave: Me too. I love drinks that cost less than three dollars.
Sheila: Haha... Oh, Dave... I forget that you were a frat boy.
Dave: Sure was! Delta Tau Chi all the way! So, did you see the State of the Union?
Sheila: Oh my goodness, yeah. He will say anything to be re-elected, won't he?
Dave: He's a total flip-flopper. He said that he was pro-choice. Then he passed a law restricting abortions!
Sheila: Ugh, utterly spineless. It's like his opinion comes straight from the polls.
Dave: Isn't democracy amazing?
Sheila: Sure is! Let's drink to that.
Dave: Cheers to democracy!
Sheila: Long live the Republic!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Dede: What’s a happy hour, and what’s a flip-flopper? Also… what could Delta Tau Chi be?
Jonathan: Very good questions, there is a lot of culture in this dialogue, isn’t there? Happy hours are special times at bars that usually have cheap drinks and are crowded; a lot of flirting and gossiping is fueled by the alcohol and there is a whole D.C. culture that surrounds them.
Dede: OK… But what about a flip-flopper.
Jonathan: We’ll we will get to that more in the vocab, but in short, it is a favorite criticism for political people to call someone a “flip-flopper”. It means that they change their views and do not have a firm moral center. This is seen by a lot of people as even more negative than someone holding a view opposite to theirs. People feel that flip-floppers lack principles and dignity.
Dede: I see…
Jonathan: As for Delta Tau Chi, it is the name of a fraternity. Fraternities are social organizations that exist at universities.
Dede: I see… and they like cheap beer?
Jonathan: Well, who doesn’t? But yes, they are known for that. Alright, are you ready for vocab?
Dede: Let’s go!
Vocabulary and Phrases
Dede: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Jonathan: happy hour [natural native speed]
Dede: a time period at a bar (usually 1-2 hours in the early evening) where drinks are at a lower price
Jonathan: happy hour [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: happy hour [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: frat-boy [natural native speed]
Dede: A male who is/was a member of a fraternity, an all-male social organization at universities known for partying. The female equivalent is a sorority.
Jonathan: frat-boy [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: frat-boy [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: the State of the Union [natural native speed]
Dede: A speech by the President of the United States makes every year to talk about his accomplishments and plans
Jonathan: the State of the Union [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: the State of the Union [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: be re-elected [natural native speed]
Dede: to be elected again
Jonathan: be re-elected [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: be re-elected [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: flip-flopper [natural native speed]
Dede: a politician that changes his or her views on issues
Jonathan: flip-flopper [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: flip-flopper [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: pro-choice [natural native speed]
Dede: supportive of abortion rights for women
Jonathan: pro-choice [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: pro-choice [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: spineless [natural native speed]
Dede: without firm ideals or morals
Jonathan: spineless [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: spineless [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: poll [natural native speed]
Dede: a survey conducted to measure public opinion
Jonathan: poll [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: poll [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: cheers [natural native speed]
Dede: a common toast
Jonathan: cheers [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: cheers [natural native speed]
: Next:
Jonathan: Republic [natural native speed]
Dede: a system of government which elects people that then make laws
Jonathan: Republic [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Jonathan: Republic [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Dede: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Jonathan: The first word/phrase we’ll look at is....
Dede: That’s all the vocab for this lesson. Do you want to look at some phrases from the dialogue?
Jonathan: Absolutely. The first one is…
Dede: Dave says “Cheers to democracy”
Jonathan: Here Dave is somewhat sarcastically toasting the system of government of the United States. As we learned, “Cheers” is a common toast in the United States when we are drinking. We can also say “Long live” something that we like and personally want to last a long time. What do you like Dede?
Dede: Uhmm… kittens!
Jonathan: Cheers to kittens!
Dede: Haha, and Long live cats!
Jonathan: Haha, let’s move onto the next phrase then.
Dede: “Did you see the State of the Union?”
Jonathan: As we mentioned in the vocab section, the State of the Union is an annual address that the president gives to the nation. It used to be written most of the time but in the 20th century most presidents have delivered it orally and it draws tens of millions of viewers every year. Presidents outline their plans for the next year and review their successes and challenges.
Dede: So if you were president, what you would talk about during your State of the Union?
Hots1: Mostly about how the world needs to learn English…
Dede: With EnglishClass101.com?
Jonathan: Of course!!
Dede: Cheers to EnglishClass101.com!
Jonathan: Let’s move onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Dede: The focus of this lesson is using noun phrases in sentences.
Jonathan: Dave says “I love drinks that cost less than three dollars.”
Dede: In this sentence, we hear a noun phrase used as a direct object.
Jonathan: But we’ll start by discussing their use as the subject of a sentence.
Dede: A noun clause is a phrase that functions as a noun in a sentence. When we say…
Jonathan: “People who are tall often play basketball”
Dede: We are using the noun clause…
Jonathan: “People who are tall”
Dede: By itself, this phrase is not a sentence, but we use the entire phrase as the subject of the sentence. Let’s look at some examples of noun clauses as the subjects of sentences
Jonathan: Animals that live in people’s homes must be well-trained.
Dede: The noun clause here is…
Jonathan: “Animals that live in people’s homes”
Dede: The next example is…
Jonathan: "Bags made in Italy are very expensive."
Dede: The noun clause there is…
Jonathan: “Bags made in Italy”
Dede: Noun clauses can also be used at the end of a sentence as a direct object. In the example from the dialogue, Dave says that he likes “drinks that cost less than three dollars.” “drinks that cost less than three dollars” is a noun clause functioning as an object for the sentence.
Jonathan: Exactly. Noun clauses, either as objects or subjects, they are a great way to spice up your speaking and writing. Use them to conserve words and to make your communication more effective and targeted.
Dede: Right. Instead of these two sentences.
Jonathan: He bought a car. It was made in Japan.
Dede: We can say…
Jonathan: He bought a car made in Japan.
Dede: See how it can make our writing and speaking more economical?
Jonathan: Yeah, it’s a great way to sound more natural and use more complicated sentences, especially when writing.
Dede: Try some out today!
Jonathan: Well, that just about wraps it up!

20 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Hello Listeners! What is your favorite activities after work or class?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 07:18 PM
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Hello Saania,


Thanks for taking the time to post and share. 👍


Please feel free to ask us any questions you have throughout your studies.


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

saania
Saturday at 06:47 PM
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hi everyone this is sania

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 02:38 PM
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Hello Jaew,


Thank you for joining us! 😄


We have a great team of teachers here at EnglishClass101.com and we are happy to help you with your learning needs.


If you would like further assistance or if you're still having problems understanding this lesson I suggest contacting your teacher through the 'MyTeacher' feature on our site. Your personal teacher will be more than happy to assist you!👍


Most kindly,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Jaew
Saturday at 06:16 PM
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Hello teachers,

I have learned the grammar points from this lesson that is helpful a lot for me. However I still confuse about noun clauses and adjective clauses, could you please explain them in more detail?


Thank you so much

Jaew

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:54 PM
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Hello Gary,


Thanks for taking the time to post and share. 👍


Please feel free to ask us any questions you have throughout your studies.


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Gary Wong
Wednesday at 12:34 PM
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After work or class, my favourite activity is relaxation at my home.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 09:38 AM
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Hello Az Ho,


Thank you so much for your heart! ❤️️❤️️

We are very happy that you like to study with us.

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

Az Ho
Saturday at 02:58 AM
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❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️❤️️

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 07:56 AM
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Hello Gio,


Thanks for taking the time to write to us! 😄


Glad to hear you found this lesson interesting.


A noun clause has a subject and a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence e.g. "people that are tall..." and "cars made in Japan." The 'direct object' shows the 'who' or 'what.' It is the subject of the 'thing' being actioned e.g. "football" in 'Harry caught the football.'


I hope this is helpful to you. 😄


Sincerely,

Éva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Gio Kobiashvili
Saturday at 06:35 AM
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This lesson was really interesting, thank you for it. I can't figure out one point in the grammar of this lesson. Can you please explain the difference between the "subject" of the sentence (noun clause) and the "direct object" in the sentence?