Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Kellie: Knowing What’s Important in a British Workplace.
John: In this lesson, we’ll be learning about restrictive adjective clauses.
John: The dialogue takes place between Lucy and Craig and happens in Craig’s flat.
Kellie: As they’re friends, they’ll be speaking informally. Let’s listen to the conversation!
DIALOGUE
Craig: How did the interview go? Did you bottle it?
Lucy: Nice to see that you have so much faith in me! And no, actually. The interview went very well, I thought.
Jessica, the lady who interviewed me, was very nice and seemed to like me.
Craig: Did it seem like a good place to work?
Lucy: Yeah, everyone was friendly and the building was lovely. They even had their own gym on site, free membership for employees of course, and it’s better equipped than the one I go to now.
Craig: Only you would see an on site gym as a plus point. How about the job itself?
Lucy: It seems to be exactly what I want. The graduate programme covers all of the main aspects of the job, I’d be starting in the investment banking section, and there are plenty of opportunities after completing it.
Craig: And how about the two most important things?
Lucy: Hmm? What are those?
Craig: The pay and the tea making facilities.
Lucy: (laughs) Both are top of the range, I’m happy to say, and just the icing on the cake.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Kellie: So here, we heard Lucy tell Craig all about her job interview.
John: Yes, it’s important to tell your friends your news! I’m sure Craig was especially interested because in Lesson 3, he helped Lucy complete her application form.
Kellie: I thought Craig was a little rude to Lucy though.
John: Really? Why?
Kellie: Well, his comment about her bottling it and then mocking her for liking the gym facilities.
John: We’ll talk about some of that vocab in detail later, but Craig wasn’t being mean to Lucy or mocking her. It was just banter.
Kellie: Just friends having fun?
John: Yeah. Banter is very important between friends, and in Britain especially it can sound rude or mean as the British sense of humour can be quite dark and cruel. He didn’t mean to be unkind to her, he was just having a joke and Lucy didn’t take offense.
Kellie: Yeah, Lucy didn’t seem to mind and just carried on with the conversation.
John: British people love to be sarcastic and mock each other but they usually only do it with people they consider to be good friends that they know won’t be offended by it. It’s a sign of affection really.
Kellie: Yes, it never gets that serious.
John: I don’t know… you should try working in an office or a factory the day after a big football game! The supporters of the winning side can be evil to those who support the losers! But, it’s all in good fun. Brits can also be mean to themselves when they speak and put themselves down, so it’s all fair game.
Kellie: Okay! Let’s move on to the vocab now.
VOCAB LIST
John: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is:
Kellie: to bottle [natural native speed]
John: to lose courage, to back down
Kellie: to bottle [slowly - broken down by syllable] to bottle [natural native speed]
John: Next
Kellie: to seem [natural native speed]
John: how something appears
Kellie: to seem [slowly - broken down by syllable] to seem [natural native speed]
John: Next
Kellie: on site [natural native speed]
John: something that is actually there, at that place
Kellie: on site [slowly - broken down by syllable] on site [natural native speed]
John: Next
Kellie: plus point [natural native speed]
John: a good or advantageous thing
Kellie: plus point [slowly - broken down by syllable] plus point [natural native speed]
John: Next
Kellie: aspects [natural native speed]
John: a distinct feature or part of something
Kellie: aspects [slowly - broken down by syllable] aspects [natural native speed]
John: Next
Kellie: investment banking [natural native speed]
John: a section of banking that helps companies raise more money
Kellie: investment banking [slowly - broken down by syllable] investment banking [natural native speed]
John:Next
Kellie: facilities [natural native speed]
John: equipment that helps to perform an action
Kellie: facilities [slowly - broken down by syllable] facilities [natural native speed]
John: Next
Kellie: icing on the cake [natural native speed]
John: something good that happens in an already good situation
Kellie: icing on the cake [slowly - broken down by syllable] icing on the cake [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Kellie: We spoke about it earlier, so let’s start with the idiom “to bottle”.
John: In this situation, “bottle” means your nerves or courage. If I say “do you have the bottle?” I’m not asking if you have a bottle for some milk, I’m asking if you have the courage to do something. If someone has “lost their bottle”, they’ve…?
Kellie: Lost their courage.
John: Yes. They’ve let their nerves and worries get the better of them. A job interview is a nerve wracking experience that needs a lot of confidence and courage, or ‘bottle’, to be successful at. When Craig asks “did you bottle it?” to Lucy, he is asking if she lost her courage, or ‘lost her bottle’.
Kellie: I’d say this is a pretty common expression, wouldn’t you?
John: It’s a slang expression but yeah, you will hear it quite a lot. You may hear people say “I bottled it” and it’s often used when athletes, especially footballers, are in a high pressure situation and fail. If a footballer misses a penalty at an important stage of the game, then he’s “bottled it”.
Kellie: Okay. Next is “on site”.
John: We’re very lucky here as our offices have an “on site” recording studio so we don’t have to go anywhere else. “On site” means that it is in the same building.
Kellie: In the dialogue, the company Lucy is applying to has a gym “on site”. So there’s a gym in the building?
John: Yes. That’s becoming common with bigger buildings that have a lot of employees.
Kellie: And last off is “icing on the cake”.
John: Do you like cake?
Kellie: I love cake!
John: Yeah, cake is a wonderful thing! How about cake with icing? Icing is sometimes called frosting and is a glaze made of sugar mixed with liquid.
Kellie: I love icing! That’s even better.
John: And that’s what the idiom means! You take something that is already great, like cake, and then add an extra thing that makes it even better. That extra thing is the “icing on the cake”.
Kellie: Ahhhh. So if I bought a CD that I really wanted and it came with a free poster, the poster would be the icing on the cake?
John: Yeah, it’s an extra bonus on top of something that you already thought was good. Lucy already likes the job and the office, so having good pay and the facilities to make a good cup of tea are just the icing on the cake for her.
Kellie: Got it! Let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Kellie: In this lesson, you’ll learn restrictive adjective clauses.
John: Okay. An adjective clause is a clause in a sentence that modifies a noun. It acts as an adjective, but is an actual clause instead of just being a single word. There are both restrictive and non-restrictive clauses.
Kellie: What’s the difference?
John: A restrictive clause doesn’t change the meaning of the sentence. You can take it out of the sentence and everything will still make sense and have the same meaning. It stands alone and is signalled by commas at the beginning and end.
Kellie: I guess that a non-restrictive clause is one that when removed, will change the meaning of the sentence?
John: Yeah. That isn’t closed off by commas and is an important part of the sentence. For example, “people who are good at football should join the football team”. The restrictive clause is “who are good at football”. If we removed that from the sentence then it will change the meaning as it would then mean everyone should join the team, when really the team only wants those good at football.
Kellie: Let’s hear some examples from the dialogue.
John: Lucy says “Jessica, the lady who interviewed me, was very nice and seemed to like me”. The restrictive adjective clause here is “the lady who interviewed me”. If you take it out of the sentence you are left with “Jessica was very nice and seemed to like me.”
Kellie: Ah, that still makes perfect sense.
John: The restrictive adjective clause doesn’t change the meaning, it just adds extra background information. Another example is “They even had their own gym on site, free membership for employees of course, and it’s better equipped than the one I go to now”. Could you tell where the restrictive adjective clause is there?
Kellie: Um, “free membership for employees of course?”
John: That’s it! If we remove that from the sentence we’re left with “they even had their own gym on site and it’s better equipped than the one I go to now.”
Kellie: In written text it’s easy to tell them because of the commas, but what about when people are speaking?
John: We verbally separate the restrictive adjective clause. There’s usually a pause and a change in tone to separate it from the rest of the sentence. You may have noticed it when I was reading the examples from the dialogue earlier.
Kellie: Can you do it once more for us?
John: Sure! Listen to how I say “free membership for employees of course”. “They even had their own gym on site, free membership for employees of course, and it’s better equipped than the one I go to Now”.

Outro

Kellie: Ah, I could hear the difference!
John: Right!
Kellie: Alright, well that’s all for this lesson. Thanks for listening and see you next time.
John: Bye, everyone!

10 Comments

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EnglishClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:30 PM
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Hi listeners! Do you have any Brit friends?

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Friday at 01:09 AM
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Hello Guy,


Thank you for taking the time to leave us your feedback. 😇

If you ever have any questions, please let us know.


Best,

Levente

Team EnglishClass101.com

Guy
Wednesday at 06:33 AM
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Hello

Nice lesson .The conversation is a bit quick and I have had to listen each sentence many times. It was a long job but it is good for my memory of song

Thanks

EnglishClass101.com
Monday at 10:29 PM
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Hello Kibret,


Thank you very much for your post.


The reason we use the word 'had' rather than 'have' on this occasion: "They even had their own gym on site....."


Is that, 'have' is used when what is being said is present tense. 'Had' is used when the statement is past tense. Because 'Person B' is discussing the place whether they had her interview earlier that day, they are speaking in the past tense and therefore used the word 'had' in this case.


I hope this is helpful to you. Please let us know if you have any more questions.


Cheers,


Eva

Team EnglishClass101.com

Kibret Yohannes
Saturday at 04:53 AM
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Hi English class 101

In the above lesson, Jessica says, "They even had their own gym on site".

why did she used the word had rather than have.

Percy
Sunday at 10:49 AM
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Hi,


I would like to check out the lesson notes; I transcripted a part of the text to better comprehension:


"How to tell the difference between restrictive and non-restrictive adjective clauses


A restrictive adjective clause is one that can be taken out of the sentence and not alter the meaning of the sentence or leave it grammatically incorrect. It's usually extra information that can help explain things, but isn't necessary to understand the sentence.


For example:


"My employer's new car, which is blue, is in the car park." - the sentence is telling us that the car is in the car park. The fact that the car is blue, is irrelevant and can be omitted without changing the sentence so this is non-restrictive."


As you can see, the explanation says that a restrictive adjective clause can be taken out of the sentence without changing its meaning, but after the example, is said that as the adjective can be "omitted without changing the sentence so this is non-restrictive."


I think this can be confusing, could you guys provide us additional explanation?


Thank you very much.

EnglishClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:20 PM
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Hello AungZW,


Thank you for your message.


Please check out our Elite program: https://www.englishclass101.com/elite


You can learn the English language and the culture via Skype with our English teachers. Talking to a native English speaker is definitely the fastest way to improve your English so please check it out and let us know if you have any question.


Hope this helps!


Thank you,

Cristiane

Team EnglishClass101.com

AungZW
Tuesday at 10:11 PM
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No, I don't have any British friend. I finished Lower Intermediate Season 1, Intermediate Season 1and I'm still learning Upper Intermediate season 2. But I still have some trouble with speaking. When I try to speak English, the words and sentences don't come out of my head. I think englishclass101.com is really good, but we need to practice speaking more. I don't have any speaking English person around me. So englishclass101 should have a plan for learners to practice speaking with the lessons we learned. I mean there should be a group organized with a teacher and two or three students by using skype or WhatsApp or other applications. It's just my suggestion. I hope you will take my comment on board.

Thanks.

Englishclass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:58 PM
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Hi AungZW,


Great to see you here!


Let us know if you have any questions. ;)



Cristiane

Team Englishclass101.com

AungZW
Tuesday at 06:00 PM
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?